List of International League champions

  (Redirected from Governors' Cup)

The International League of Minor League Baseball is one of two Triple-A baseball leagues in the United States. A league champion is determined at the end of each season. From the league's creation in 1884 until 1932, champions were simply the regular season pennant winners. Since 1933, postseason playoffs have been held to determine champions. Playoff winners are awarded the Governors' Cup.

Governors' Cup
A trophy made of metal and wood
Governors' Cup replica
SportBaseball
LeagueInternational League
Given forWinning the league championship
History
First award1933
Editions87
First winnerBuffalo Bisons
Most winsColumbus Clippers (11)
Most recentColumbus Clippers (2019)

Currently, three division winners and a wild card team (the team with the best second-place record in the league) are determined at the end of the season. The North Division champion plays the wild card team, while the champions of the South and West Divisions play one another in best-of-five series. The winners then play each other in a best-of-five series to determine a league champion.

The Rochester Red Wings have won 19 titles, the most in the league's history, followed by the Buffalo Bisons (12) and Columbus Clippers and Toronto Maple Leafs (11). Since the introduction of the Governors' Cup in 1933, the most cup titles have been won by the Columbus Clippers (11), followed by the Rochester Red Wings (10) and Syracuse Mets (8).

HistoryEdit

League champions have been determined by different means since the International League's formation in 1884. Champions from 1884 to 1932 were simply the regular season pennant winners. Frank Shaughnessy, general manager of the IL's Montreal Royals, was interested in developing a way for multiple clubs to share in the excitement of postseason play. His new playoff format, devised to maintain the interest of fans and players alike during the Depression era, provided an opportunity for four teams to compete for the league's championship. In 1933, he introduced his plan to league president Charles H. Knappe, and the Governors' Cup was born. Several other leagues, including the Pacific Coast League, noticed the success of the "Shaughnessy Plan" and began using the system as well.[1]

In response to the new playoff format, the governors of Maryland, New Jersey, and New York and the lieutenant governors of the provinces of Quebec and Ontario sponsored a trophy to be awarded annually to the winner of the International League playoffs. The original trophy, designed by the supervisor of the league's umpires and silversmith W. B. Carpenter, was created out of solid silver and has been appraised at over $3,000.[1] In 1988, IL president Harold Cooper donated the trophy to the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York, where it is on permanent display. A new trophy of the same name was minted in its place and is presented annually to the winner of the Governors' Cup Championship Series.[1]

Playoff formatEdit

Typically, from 1933 to 1987, the four teams with the best records at the end of the season competed in semi-finals and then a final best-of-seven series for the championship. For the few years in which the league was split into two divisions, the top two teams in each division competed against one another, with the winners competing to determine a champion. The championship series was shortened to a best-of-five series in some years. The league also competed in two divisions from 1988 to 1997.

Since 1998, the league has been split into three divisions. Under this format, the three division winners and a wild card team (the team with the best second-place record in the league) are determined at the end of the season. The North Division champion plays the wild card team, while the champions of the South and West Divisions play one another in best-of-five series. The winners then play each other in the best-of-five Governors' Cup Playoffs to determine the champion.[2]

League championsEdit

Scores and additional teams are absent from 1884 to 1932 when pennant winners were declared champions.
 
The 1888 champion Syracuse Stars
 
The 1902 champion Toronto Maple Leafs
 
The 1903 champion Jersey City Skeeters
 
The 1914 champion Providence Grays
 
The 1920 champion Baltimore Orioles
 
The 1948 champion Montreal Royals
Year Champion Score Runner-up Other playoff teams
1884 Trenton Trentonians
1885 Syracuse Stars
1886 Newark Little Giants
1887 Utica Pent-Ups
1888 Syracuse Stars
1889 Detroit Wolverines
1890 Detroit Wolverines
1891 Buffalo Bisons
1892 Binghamton Bingoes
1893 Erie Blackbirds
1894 Providence Clamdiggers
1895 Springfield Maroons
1896 Providence Grays
1897[a] Toronto Maple Leafs
1898 Montreal Royals
1899 Rochester Bronchos
1900 Providence Grays
1901 Rochester Bronchos
1902 Toronto Maple Leafs
1903 Jersey City Skeeters
1904 Buffalo Bisons
1905 Providence Clamdiggers
1906 Buffalo Bisons
1907 Toronto Maple Leafs
1908 Baltimore Orioles
1909 Rochester Bronchos
1910 Rochester Bronchos
1911 Rochester Bronchos
1912 Toronto Maple Leafs
1913 Newark Indians
1914 Providence Grays
1915 Buffalo Bisons
1916 Buffalo Bisons
1917 Toronto Maple Leafs
1918 Toronto Maple Leafs
1919 Baltimore Orioles
1920 Baltimore Orioles
1921 Baltimore Orioles
1922 Baltimore Orioles
1923 Baltimore Orioles
1924 Baltimore Orioles
1925 Baltimore Orioles
1926 Toronto Maple Leafs
1927 Buffalo Bisons
1928 Rochester Red Wings
1929 Rochester Red Wings
1930 Rochester Red Wings
1931 Rochester Red Wings
1932 Newark Bears
1933 Buffalo Bisons 4–2 Rochester Red Wings Baltimore Orioles & Newark Bears
1934 Toronto Maple Leafs 4–1 Rochester Red Wings Albany Senators & Newark Bears
1935 Syracuse Chiefs 4–3 Montreal Royals Buffalo Bisons & Newark Bears
1936 Buffalo Bisons 4–2 Baltimore Orioles Newark Bears & Rochester Red Wings
1937 Newark Bears 4–0 Baltimore Orioles Montreal Royals & Syracuse Chiefs
1938 Newark Bears 4–1 Buffalo Bisons Rochester Red Wings & Syracuse Chiefs
1939 Rochester Red Wings 4–3 Newark Bears Buffalo Bisons & Jersey City Giants
1940 Newark Bears 4–3 Baltimore Orioles Jersey City Giants & Rochester Red Wings
1941 Montreal Royals 4–3 Newark Bears Buffalo Bisons & Rochester Red Wings
1942 Syracuse Chiefs 4–0 Jersey City Giants Montreal Royals & Newark Bears
1943 Syracuse Chiefs 4–2 Toronto Maple Leafs Montreal Royals & Newark Bears
1944 Baltimore Orioles 4–3 Newark Bears Buffalo Bisons & Toronto Maple Leafs
1945 Newark Bears 4–3 Montreal Royals Baltimore Orioles & Toronto Maple Leafs
1946 Montreal Royals 4–1 Syracuse Chiefs Baltimore Orioles & Newark Bears
1947 Syracuse Chiefs 4–3 Buffalo Bisons Jersey City Giants & Montreal Royals
1948 Montreal Royals 4–1 Syracuse Chiefs Newark Bears & Rochester Red Wings
1949 Montreal Royals 4–1 Buffalo Bisons Jersey City Giants & Rochester Red Wings
1950 Baltimore Orioles 4–2 Rochester Red Wings Jersey City Giants & Montreal Royals
1951 Montreal Royals 4–1 Syracuse Chiefs Buffalo Bisons & Rochester Red Wings
1952 Rochester Red Wings 4–2 Montreal Royals Syracuse Chiefs & Toronto Maple Leafs
1953 Montreal Royals 4–0 Rochester Red Wings Baltimore Orioles & Buffalo Bisons
1954 Syracuse Chiefs 4–3 Montreal Royals Rochester Red Wings & Toronto Maple Leafs
1955 Rochester Red Wings 4–0 Toronto Maple Leafs Havana Sugar Kings & Montreal Royals
1956 Rochester Red Wings 4–3 Toronto Maple Leafs Miami Marlins & Montreal Royals
1957 Buffalo Bisons 4–1 Miami Marlins Richmond Virginians & Toronto Maple Leafs
1958 Montreal Royals 4–1 Toronto Maple Leafs Columbus Jets & Rochester Red Wings
1959 Havana Sugar Kings 4–2 Richmond Virginians Buffalo Bisons & Columbus Jets
1960 Toronto Maple Leafs 4–1 Rochester Red Wings Buffalo Bisons & Richmond Virginians
1961 Buffalo Bisons 4–1 Rochester Red Wings Charleston Marlins & Columbus Jets
1962 Atlanta Crackers 4–3 Jacksonville Suns Rochester Red Wings & Toronto Maple Leafs
1963 Indianapolis Indians 4–2 Atlanta Crackers Syracuse Chiefs & Toronto Maple Leafs
1964 Rochester Red Wings 4–2 Syracuse Chiefs Buffalo Bisons & Jacksonville Suns
1965 Toronto Maple Leafs 4–1 Columbus Jets Atlanta Crackers & Syracuse Chiefs
1966 Toronto Maple Leafs 4–1 Richmond Braves Columbus Jets & Rochester Red Wings
1967 Toledo Mud Hens 4–1 Columbus Jets Richmond Braves & Rochester Red Wings
1968 Jacksonville Suns 4–0 Columbus Jets Rochester Red Wings & Toledo Mud Hens
1969 Syracuse Chiefs 4–1 Columbus Jets Louisville Colonels & Tidewater Tides
1970 Syracuse Chiefs 3–1 Columbus Jets Rochester Red Wings & Tidewater Tides
1971 Rochester Red Wings 3–2 Tidewater Tides Charleston Charlies & Syracuse Chiefs
1972 Tidewater Tides 3–2 Louisville Colonels Charleston Charlies & Rochester Red Wings
1973 Pawtucket Red Sox 3–2 Charleston Charlies Rochester Red Wings & Tidewater Tides
1974 Rochester Red Wings 4–3 Syracuse Chiefs Memphis Blues & Richmond Braves
1975 Tidewater Tides 3–1 Syracuse Chiefs Charleston Charlies & Rochester Red Wings
1976 Syracuse Chiefs 3–1 Richmond Braves Memphis Blues & Rochester Red Wings
1977 Charleston Charlies 4–0 Pawtucket Red Sox Richmond Braves & Tidewater Tides
1978 Richmond Braves 4–3 Pawtucket Red Sox Charleston Charlies & Toledo Mud Hens
1979 Columbus Clippers 4–3 Syracuse Chiefs Richmond Braves & Tidewater Tides
1980 Columbus Clippers 4–1 Toledo Mud Hens Richmond Braves & Rochester Red Wings
1981 Columbus Clippers 2–1 Richmond Braves Rochester Red Wings & Tidewater Tides
1982 Tidewater Tides 3–0 Rochester Red Wings Columbus Clippers & Richmond Braves
1983 Tidewater Tides 3–1 Richmond Braves Charleston Charlies & Columbus Clippers
1984 Pawtucket Red Sox 3–2 Maine Guides Columbus Clippers & Toledo Mud Hens
1985 Tidewater Tides 3–1 Columbus Clippers Maine Guides & Syracuse Chiefs
1986 Richmond Braves 3–0 Rochester Red Wings Pawtucket Red Sox & Tidewater Tides
1987 Columbus Clippers 3–2 Tidewater Tides Pawtucket Red Sox & Rochester Red Wings
1988 Rochester Red Wings 3–1 Tidewater Tides
1989 Richmond Braves 3–1 Syracuse Chiefs
1990 Rochester Red Wings 3–2 Columbus Clippers
1991 Columbus Clippers 3–0 Pawtucket Red Sox
1992 Columbus Clippers 3–2 Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons Pawtucket Red Sox & Richmond Braves
1993 Charlotte Knights 3–2 Rochester Red Wings Ottawa Lynx & Richmond Braves
1994 Richmond Braves 3–0 Syracuse Chiefs Charlotte Knights & Pawtucket Red Sox
1995 Ottawa Lynx 3–1 Norfolk Tides Richmond Braves & Rochester Red Wings
1996 Columbus Clippers 3–0 Rochester Red Wings Norfolk Tides & Pawtucket Red Sox
1997 Rochester Red Wings 3–2 Columbus Clippers Charlotte Knights & Pawtucket Red Sox
1998 Buffalo Bisons 3–2 Durham Bulls Louisville Redbirds & Syracuse SkyChiefs
1999 Charlotte Knights 3–1 Durham Bulls Columbus Clippers & Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons
2000 Indianapolis Indians 3–2 Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons Buffalo Bisons & Durham Bulls
2001[b] Louisville RiverBats 1–0 Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons Buffalo Bisons & Norfolk Tides
2002 Durham Bulls 3–1 Buffalo Bisons Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons & Toledo Mud Hens
2003 Durham Bulls 3–0 Pawtucket Red Sox Louisville Bats & Ottawa Lynx
2004 Buffalo Bisons 3–1 Richmond Braves Columbus Clippers & Durham Bulls
2005 Toledo Mud Hens 3–0 Indianapolis Indians Buffalo Bisons & Norfolk Tides
2006 Toledo Mud Hens 3–2 Rochester Red Wings Charlotte Knights & Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons
2007 Richmond Braves 3–2 Durham Bulls Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees & Toledo Mud Hens
2008 Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees 3–1 Durham Bulls Louisville Bats & Pawtucket Red Sox
2009 Durham Bulls 3–0 Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees Gwinnett Braves & Louisville Bats
2010 Columbus Clippers 3–1 Durham Bulls Louisville Bats & Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees
2011 Columbus Clippers 3–1 Lehigh Valley IronPigs Durham Bulls & Pawtucket Red Sox
2012 Pawtucket Red Sox 3–0 Charlotte Knights Indianapolis Indians & Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees
2013 Durham Bulls 3–1 Pawtucket Red Sox Indianapolis Indians & Rochester Red Wings
2014 Pawtucket Red Sox 3–2 Durham Bulls Columbus Clippers & Syracuse Chiefs
2015 Columbus Clippers 3–2 Indianapolis Indians Norfolk Tides & Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders
2016 Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders 3–1 Gwinnett Braves Columbus Clippers & Lehigh Valley IronPigs
2017 Durham Bulls 3–1 Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders Indianapolis Indians & Lehigh Valley IronPigs
2018 Durham Bulls 3–2 Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders Lehigh Valley IronPigs & Toledo Mud Hens
2019 Columbus Clippers 3–0 Durham Bulls Gwinnett Stripers & Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders
2020 None (season cancelled due to COVID-19 pandemic)[3]

Championship wins by teamEdit

Active International League teams appear in bold.

Wins Governors'
Cup wins
Team Championship years
19 10 Rochester Bronchos/Red Wings 1899, 1901, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1939, 1952, 1955, 1956, 1964, 1971, 1974, 1988, 1990, 1997
12 6 Buffalo Bisons 1891, 1904, 1906, 1915, 1916, 1927, 1933, 1936, 1957, 1961, 1998, 2004
11 11 Columbus Clippers 1979, 1980, 1981, 1987, 1991, 1992, 1996, 2010, 2011, 2015, 2019
11 4 Toronto Maple Leafs 1897, 1902, 1907, 1912, 1917, 1918, 1926, 1934, 1960, 1965, 1966
10 2 Baltimore Orioles 1908, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1944, 1950
8 7 Montreal Royals 1898, 1941, 1946, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1953, 1958
8 8 Syracuse Chiefs (Syracuse Mets) 1935, 1942, 1943, 1947, 1954, 1969, 1970, 1976
6 6 Durham Bulls 2002, 2003, 2009, 2013, 2017, 2018
5 4 Newark Bears 1932, 1937, 1938, 1940, 1945
5 0 Providence Grays/Clamdiggers 1894, 1905, 1896, 1900, 1914
5 5 Richmond Braves 1978, 1986, 1989, 1994, 2007
5 5 Tidewater Tides (Norfolk Tides) 1972, 1975, 1982, 1983, 1985
4 4 Pawtucket Red Sox 1973, 1984, 2012, 2014
3 3 Toledo Mud Hens 1967, 2005, 2006
2 2 Charlotte Knights 1993, 1999
2 0 Detroit Wolverines 1889, 1890
2 2 Indianapolis Indians 1963, 2000
2 2 Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees/RailRiders 2008, 2016
2 0 Syracuse Stars 1885, 1888
1 1 Atlanta Crackers 1962
1 0 Binghamton Bingoes 1892
1 1 Charleston Charlies 1977
1 0 Erie Blackbirds 1893
1 1 Havana Sugar Kings 1959
1 1 Jacksonville Suns 1968
1 0 Jersey City Skeeters 1903
1 1 Louisville RiverBats (Louisville Bats) 2001
1 0 Newark Indians 1913
1 0 Newark Little Giants 1886
1 1 Ottawa Lynx 1995
1 0 Springfield Maroons 1895
1 0 Trenton Trentonians 1884
1 0 Utica Pent-Ups 1887


NotesEdit

  1. ^ The Syracuse Stars finished the season in first place, but the title was awarded to Toronto.
  2. ^ The playoffs were cancelled in the wake the September 11 terrorist attacks. Louisville, which had won the first game of the series, 2–1, before its cancellation, was declared the winner.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Specific

  1. ^ a b c "International League Governors' Cup Championship". Triple-A Baseball. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
  2. ^ "International League Personnel and Staff". International League. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
  3. ^ "2020 Minor League Baseball Season Shelved". Minor League Baseball. June 30, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.

General