1914 Open Championship
The 1914 Open Championship was the 54th Open Championship, held 18–19 June at Prestwick Golf Club in Prestwick, South Ayrshire, Scotland. Harry Vardon won a record sixth Open Championship title, three strokes ahead of runner-up J.H. Taylor, the defending champion. Entering the championship, Vardon, Taylor, and James Braid had five Open wins each. This was the sixteenth and final Open title for these three, the Great Triumvirate. Due to World War I, it was the last Open for six years; the next was in 1920.
|Dates||18–19 June 1914|
|Location||Prestwick, South Ayrshire, Scotland|
|Course(s)||Prestwick Golf Club|
|Length||6,526 yards (5,967 m)|
Qualification took place the week before on 11−12 June at Troon, with 18 holes on the Old Course and 18 holes on Troon municipal number 2, and exactly 100 players qualified. Taylor and Ted Ray, winners of the last two Opens, led the field on 150 and 96 players at 163 or better advanced. The thirteen at 164 played an additional 18 holes at Prestwick the next day to determine the final four places; scores of 79 and better qualified.
After the first two rounds on Thursday, Vardon led at 150, by one shot ahead of a relatively unknown James Ockenden from West Drayton Golf Club. Taylor was a shot back in third at 152. One shot back after an opening 74, Braid's 82 in the afternoon dropped him into a tie for ninth.
Vardon and Taylor were paired together on Friday and, after Ockenden had a disappointing 83, they were clear leaders after the morning's third round. Taylor led on 226 with Vardon two back; amateur James Jenkins was third on 232 and three were tied at 233.
With the two leaders playing together, huge crowds followed in the final round that afternoon. Taylor extended his lead to three at the first hole, but at the third, he was distracted by a photographer and dropped a stroke to Vardon. The championship was largely decided at the fourth hole, where Taylor found the water and took seven to Vardon's four, which changed the lead. Taylor dropped more strokes to Vardon at the 5th, 8th, 10th, and 11th holes and Vardon led by five. Taylor recovered somewhat and shot 83, but Vardon won by three shots at 78 for 306. Phil Gaudin had the best score in the final round at 74.
This was the penultimate Open at Prestwick, which hosted 24, including the first twelve; the last was eleven years later in 1925. It was replaced by adjacent Troon Golf Club ("Royal Troon" since 1978) as the Open venue for southwestern Scotland. Turnberry was added to the rota in 1977, southwest of Prestwick.
Past champions in the fieldEdit
|Harry Vardon||Jersey||1896, 1898,
1899, 1903, 1911
|J.H. Taylor||England||1894, 1895
1900, 1909, 1913
|James Braid||Scotland||1901, 1905,
1906, 1908, 1910
|Harold Hilton (a)||England||1892, 1897||79||81||WD||T88|
Thursday, 18 June 1914 (morning)
Thursday, 18 June 1914 (afternoon)
|Cecil Hutchison (a)||Scotland||81-75=156|
Friday, 19 June 1914 (morning)
|3||James Jenkins (a)||Scotland||79-80-73=232|
Friday, 19 June 1914 (afternoon)
|T4||Abe Mitchell||England||76-78-79-79=312||8 15s|
|6||Reg Wilson||England||76-77-80-80=313||7 10s|
|James Jenkins (a)||Scotland||79-80-73-83=315||0|
- "Golf championship - Vardon leading". Glasgow Herald. 19 June 1914. p. 16.
- "Media guide". The Open Championship. 2011. p. 120. Archived from the original on 18 April 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- "Vardon wins - golf champion for the sixth time". Glasgow Herald. 20 June 1914. p. 14.
- "Vardon tops British golf". Chicago Daily Tribune. 20 June 1914. p. 14.
- "Vardon wins title". Pittsburg Press. 19 June 1914. p. 36.
- "Golf championship - prospects for today". Glasgow Herald. 18 June 1914. p. 9.
- "Golf championship - qualifying stage". Glasgow Herald. 11 June 1914. p. 14.
- "Golf championship - qualifying stage, first day's play at Troon". Glasgow Herald. 12 June 1914. p. 16.
- "Golf championship - the qualified players". Glasgow Herald. 13 June 1914. p. 14.
- "Golf - Open Championship draw - Saturday's qualifying ties". Glasgow Herald. 13 June 1914. p. 14.
- Brenner, Morgan G. (2009). The Majors of Golf: Complete Results of the Open, the U.S. Open, the PGA Championship and the Masters, 1860-2008. 1. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-3360-5.