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1977 Open Championship

The 1977 Open Championship was the 106th Open Championship, held 6–9 July on the Ailsa Course at Turnberry, Scotland. Tom Watson won the second of his five Open titles by one stroke over runner-up Jack Nicklaus.[2] The two played together in the final two rounds and had separated themselves from the field under clear skies, leading this Open to be remembered as the "Duel in the Sun." This was the first Open ever held at Turnberry, which renamed its 18th hole after the duel.[3][4] Three months earlier, Watson had held off Nicklaus to win his first green jacket at the Masters.

1977 Open Championship
Tournament information
Dates6–9 July 1977
LocationAyrshire, Scotland
Course(s)Ailsa Course, Turnberry
Tour(s)European Tour
PGA Tour
Statistics
Par70[1]
Length6,875 yards (6,286 m)[1]
Field156 players
87 after 1st cut
64 after 2nd cut[1]
Cut150 (+10) (1st cut)
221 (+11) (2nd cut)[1]
Prize fund£100,000[1]
$170,000
Winner's share£10,000
$17,000
Champion
United States Tom Watson
268 (−12)
← 1976
1978 →
 Turnberry is located in Scotland
 Turnberry
 Turnberry
Location in Scotland
Turnberry is located in South Ayrshire
Turnberry
Turnberry
Location in South Ayrshire, Scotland

In the second round, Mark Hayes rebounded from his opening 76 (+6) with 63 to establish a new single round record at The Open Championship by two strokes. The previous record of 65 was set by Henry Cotton in the second round in 1934 at Royal St. George's and later equaled by nine others.[5][6] Lightning briefly interrupted play in the third round on Friday.[7]

Americans dominated the final leaderboard, filling the top eight spots and eleven of the first twelve.[8][9] The first page of the leaderboard was loaded with future members of the World Golf Hall of Fame.

The leader after 36 holes, Roger Maltbie, finished with 80 for 289 (+9), in a tie for 26th place.

The previous year, Watson was defending champion, but missed the 54-hole cut after an 80 in the third round, while Nicklaus finished in a tie for second.

Duel in the SunEdit

Watson's victory is considered by many to be the finest tournament played in the latter half of the 20th century. After two rounds, he and Nicklaus were one shot out of the lead, in a four-way tie for second, and were paired for the third round on Friday.[6] Both shot five-under 65 for 203 (−7), three shots clear of Ben Crenshaw and six ahead of the remainder of the field after 54 holes.[10][11][12]

Paired again for the final round on Saturday afternoon, Nicklaus birdied twice and was up by three strokes after four holes. Watson birdied three of the next four to pull even at two-under for the round, then bogeyed the ninth hole to fall one back at the turn. Nicklaus birdied the 12th hole to go two strokes ahead, then Watson birdied 13 and the par-3 15th, rolling in a putt from off the green to even up the round at three-under.[13]

After halving the 16th with pars, it was on to the reachable par-5 17th, where Nicklaus missed the green to the right but chipped his third to four feet (1.2 m) from the cup. Watson missed an eagle putt and tapped in for birdie, but then Nicklaus two-putted for par to go a stroke down with one hole remaining. On the 18th tee, Watson drove to an ideal position in the fairway, but Nicklaus went right and into the rough. Watson's 7-iron approach stopped pin-high and two feet left of the flag, and with Nicklaus in trouble, appeared to seal the victory. But Nicklaus slashed his 8-iron recovery onto the front of the green and sank his 35-foot (11 m) putt for a remarkable birdie and a bogey-free 66. Now needing a seventh birdie of the round to avoid an 18-hole playoff, Watson sank the two-footer for his second straight 65, second Open, and third major title. With birdies on four of the final six holes, his total of 268 was eight strokes better than the previous best score ever in the Open.[3][4]

Watson and Nicklaus finished well ahead of the other challengers, and shot the same score every day, except on Saturday. The third place finisher, reigning U.S. Open champion Hubert Green, shot a final round 67 and was a distant ten strokes behind Nicklaus, who won his third Open (and third career grand slam) the following year at St. Andrews.[13]

CourseEdit

Ailsa Course

Hole Name Yards Par Hole Name Yards Par
1 Ailsa Craig 355 4 10 Dinna Fouter 452 4
2 Mak Siccar 428 4 11 Maidens 177 3
3 Blaw Wearie 462 4 12 Monument 391 4
4 Woe-Be-Tide 167 3 13 Tickly Tap 411 4
5 Fin Me Oot 411 4 14 Risk-An-Hope 440 4
6 Tappie Toorie 222 3 15 Ca' Canny 209 3
7 Roon The Ben 528 5 16 Wee Burn 409 4
8 Goat Fell 427 4 17 Lang Whang 500 5
9 Bruce's Castle 455 4 18 Ailsa Hame ^ 431 4
Out 3,455 35 In 3,420 35
Source:[14] Total 6,875 70

^ The 18th hole was renamed "Duel in the Sun" in 2003.

Past champions in the fieldEdit

Made both cutsEdit

Player Country Year(s) won R1 R2 R3 R4 Total To par Finish
Tom Watson   United States 1975 68 70 65 65 268 −12 1
Jack Nicklaus   United States 1966, 1970 68 70 65 66 269 −11 2
Lee Trevino   United States 1971, 1972 68 70 72 70 280 E 4
Arnold Palmer   United States 1961, 1962 73 73 67 69 282 +2 7
Johnny Miller   United States 1976 69 74 67 74 284 +4 T9
Peter Thomson   Australia 1954, 1955,
1956, 1958, 1965
74 72 67 73 286 +6 T13
Gary Player   South Africa 1959, 1968, 1974 71 74 74 69 288 +8 T22
Tom Weiskopf   United States 1973 74 71 71 72 288 +8 T22
Bob Charles   New Zealand 1963 73 72 70 78 293 +13 T43
Roberto De Vicenzo   Argentina 1967 76 71 70 78 295 +15 T48

Source:[15]

Missed the first cutEdit

Player Country Years won R1 R2
Henry Cotton   England 1934, 1937, 1948 93 82
Bobby Locke   South Africa 1949, 1950, 1952, 1957 84 WD

Source:[16]

Round summariesEdit

First roundEdit

Wednesday, 6 July 1977

Place Player Country Score To par
1 John Schroeder   United States 66 −4
2 Martin Foster   England 67 −3
T3 Jack Nicklaus   United States 68 −2
Lee Trevino   United States
Tom Watson   United States
T6 Seve Ballesteros   Spain 69 −1
Gaylord Burrows   United States
Johnny Miller   United States
T9 George Burns   United States 70 E
Raymond Floyd   United States
Tommy Horton   England
Chi-San Hsu   Taiwan
Hale Irwin   United States
Ian Stanley   Australia

Source:[17]

Second roundEdit

Thursday, 7 July 1977

Place Player Country Score To par
1 Roger Maltbie   United States 71-66=137 −3
T2 Hubert Green   United States 72-66=138 −2
Jack Nicklaus   United States 68-70=138
Lee Trevino   United States 68-70=138
Tom Watson   United States 68-70=138
T6 Peter Butler   England 71-68=139 −1
Mark Hayes   United States 76-63=139
T8 Seve Ballesteros   Spain 69-71=140 E
George Burns   United States 70-70=140
Howard Clark   England 72-68=140
Ben Crenshaw   United States 71-69=140
Chi-San Hsu   Taiwan 70-70=140
John Schroeder   United States 66-74=140

Source:[6][16]
Amateurs: Garner (+13), McEvoy (+13), Powell (+13), Carrick (+15), Lyle (+15), Pierse (+16), Wilson (+16), Cosh (+21), Chapman (+25).

Third roundEdit

Friday, 8 July 1977

Place Player Country Score To par
T1 Jack Nicklaus   United States 68-70-65=203 −7
Tom Watson   United States 68-70-65=203
3 Ben Crenshaw   United States 71-69-66=206 −4
T4 Tommy Horton   England 70-74-65=209 −1
Gaylord Burrows   United States 69-72-68=209
Roger Maltbie   United States 71-66-72=209
T7 Johnny Miller   United States 69-74-67=210 E
Lee Trevino   United States 68-70-72=210
T9 Raymond Floyd   United States 70-73-68=211 +1
Mark Hayes   United States 76-63-72=211

Source:[10][11]

Final roundEdit

Saturday, 9 July 1977

Place Player Country Score To par Money (£)
1 Tom Watson   United States 68-70-65-65=268 −12 10,000
2 Jack Nicklaus   United States 68-70-65-66=269 −11 8,000
3 Hubert Green   United States 72-66-74-67=279 −1 6,000
4 Lee Trevino   United States 68-70-72-70=280 E 5,000
T5 George Burns   United States 70-70-72-69=281 +1 4,250
Ben Crenshaw   United States 71-69-66-75=281
7 Arnold Palmer   United States 73-73-67-69=282 +2 3,750
8 Raymond Floyd   United States 70-73-68-72=283 +3 3,500
T9 John Schroeder   United States 66-74-73-71=284 +4 2,875
Mark Hayes   United States 76-63-72-73=284
Johnny Miller   United States 69-74-67-74=284
Tommy Horton   England 70-74-65-75=284

Source:[8][15]

ScorecardEdit

Final round

Hole   1     2     3     4     5     6     7     8     9    10   11  12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Par 4 4 4 3 4 3 5 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 3 4 5 4
  Watson −7 −6 −6 −6 −7 −7 −8 −9 −8 −8 −8 −8 −9 −9 −10 −10 −11 −12
  Nicklaus −7 −8 −8 −9 −9 −9 −9 −9 −9 −9 −9 −10 −10 −10 −10 −10 −10 −11
  Green +2 +1 +1 +1 E E E E −1 −1 −1 −1 E E E E −1 −1

Cumulative tournament scores, relative to par

Birdie Bogey

Source:[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Media guide". The Open Championship. 2011. pp. 59, 203. Archived from the original on 18 April 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
  2. ^ Jenkins, Dan (18 July 1977). "A braw brawl for Tom and Jack". Sports Illustrated. p. 28.
  3. ^ a b Deford, Frank (14 July 1986). "The best against the best". Sports Illustrated. p. 58.
  4. ^ a b Garrity, John (28 July 2008). "The Duel in the Sun: Watson vs. Nicklaus at Turnberry in 1977". Golf.com. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  5. ^ "Hayes' 63 an Open record". Glasgow Herald. 8 July 1977. p. 24.
  6. ^ a b c "Hayes shoots Open record". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. 8 July 1977. p. 19.
  7. ^ Ritche, Murray (9 July 1977). "Lee Trevino relives his nightmare as lightning storm sweeps Open". Glasgow Herald. p. 1.
  8. ^ a b "1977 Open Championship results". databasegolf.com. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  9. ^ a b "Jack's best shot not good enough". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). (wire services). 10 July 1977. p. 1B.
  10. ^ a b "Classic duel set in British Open". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. 9 July 1977. p. 33.
  11. ^ a b Jacobs, Raymond (9 July 1977). "Nicklaus, Watson in a two-man tussle". Glasgow Herald. p. 16.
  12. ^ "Battle of Britain: Nicklaus vs. Watson". Chicago Tribune. wire services. 9 July 1977. p. 1, sec. 2.
  13. ^ a b "Tom Watson wins; Jack Nicklaus' best one stroke short". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. 10 July 1977. p. D1.
  14. ^ "British Open bywords: 'lang whang, tickly tap'". Chicago Tribune. Associated Press. 6 July 1977. p. 2, sec. 4.
  15. ^ a b "How they finished". Glasgow Herald. 11 July 1977. p. 20.
  16. ^ a b Jacobs, Raymond (8 July 1977). "An All-American drive for Open". Glasgow Herald. p. 24.
  17. ^ "Longshot U.K. Open leader blasts 'star' system". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. 7 July 1977. p. 23.

External linksEdit