The following lists events that happened during 1862 in Australia.
- Governor of New South Wales – John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar
- Governor of Queensland – Sir George Bowen
- Governor of South Australia – Sir Richard G. MacDonnell, Sir Dominick Daly
- Governor of Tasmania – Colonel Thomas Browne
- Governor of Victoria – Sir Henry Barkly.
- Governor of Western Australia – Sir Arthur Kennedy, then Dr John Hampton.
Exploration and settlementEdit
- 24 July – Explorer John McDouall Stuart successfully returns from crossing the Australian continent from north to south on his third attempt.
Music, arts and literatureEdit
- 18 January – William Higgs, Queensland politician (d. 1951)
- 4 February – George Ernest Morrison, journalist and geologist (d. 1920)
- 24 March – John Clemons, Tasmanian politician and lawyer (d. 1944)
- 29 July – Mona McBurney, pianist, teacher and composer (born in the United Kingdom) (d. 1932)
- 29 August – Andrew Fisher, 5th Prime Minister of Australia (born in the United Kingdom) (d. 1928)
- 25 September – Billy Hughes, 7th Prime Minister of Australia (born in the United Kingdom) (d. 1952)
- 16 November – Charles Turner, cricketer (d. 1944)
- 8 December – Kate Rickards, trapeze artist and musical theatre actress (d. 1922)
- B. A. Knox (1969). "Australian Dictionary of Biography - Volume 3: Barkly, Sir Henry (1815–1898)". adb.online.anu.edu.au. Melbourne University Press. pp. 95, 96. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
- Andrews, B. G. "Turner, Charles Thomas (1862–1944)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 20 December 2021.