Open main menu

The Governor of Queensland is the representative in the state of Queensland of the Queen of Australia. In an analogous way to the Governor-General of Australia at the national level, the Governor performs constitutional and ceremonial functions at the state level. In particular the governor has the power to appoint and dismiss the Premier of Queensland and all other ministers in the cabinet, and issue writs for the election of the state parliament.

Governor of Queensland
Badge of the Governor of Queensland.svg
US Navy 110507-N-1X994-001 Members of the U.S. 7th Fleet Band are inspected by acting Governor and Chief Justice of Queensland the Honorable Paul d (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Paul de Jersey
AC QC

since 29 July 2014
Viceroy
StyleHis Excellency The Honourable
ResidenceGovernment House, Brisbane
AppointerAustralian monarch
Term lengthAt Her Majesty's Pleasure
Formation10 December 1859
First holderSir George Bowen
WebsiteOffice of the Governor

The current Governor of Queensland, Paul de Jersey, was sworn in on 29 July 2014.[1] The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Queensland, currently Catherine Holmes, acts in the position of Governor in the governor’s absence. As from June 2014, the Queen, upon the recommendation of then-Premier Campbell Newman, accorded all current, future and living former governors the title 'The Honourable' in perpetuity.[2]

Official residenceEdit

 
Flag of the Governor of Queensland, bearing St. Edward's crown
 
Flag of the Governor of Queensland from 1901-1952, bearing a Tudor crown
 
Flag of the Governor of Queensland from 1876-1901, bearing an Imperial crown
 
Flag of the Governor of Queensland from 1870-1876

The Governor of Queensland has resided at Government House, Brisbane since 1910. The mansion, set in 14 hectares (35 acres) of gardens and bushland in the Brisbane suburb of Bardon, is also known as "Fernberg". Unlike Fernberg, the original Government House was purpose-built and was used from 1862 to 1910; the building still exists today on the grounds of Queensland University of Technology.

Constitutional provisionsEdit

The office of Governor is established by the Constitution of Queensland. Section 29 of the Constitution as passed in 2001 provides that the office of Governor must exist and be appointed by the Sovereign, but parts of the earlier Constitution Act of 1867 relating to the Governor are still in force owing to the double entrenchment of them within the constitution by the government of Joh Bjelke-Petersen, who feared that the office and powers of State Governor might be abolished following the controversies of the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis at a federal level.

In accordance with the conventions of the Westminster system of parliamentary government, the Governor nearly always acts solely on the advice of the head of the elected government, the Premier of Queensland. Nevertheless, the Governor retains the reserve powers of the Crown, and has the right to appoint and dismiss Ministers, issue pardons, and dissolve Parliament.

The Queensland constitution expressly provides that the Governor is not subject to direction by any person and is not limited as to the Governor's sources of advice on the appointment or dismissal of Ministers (s. 35), another provision inserted by the Bjelke-Petersen government in the wake of the 1975 federal dismissal. This provision worked against Bjelke-Petersen when, in the dying days of his government in November 1987, he tried and failed to convince Governor Sir Walter Campbell to remove several ministers to shore up his own support within Parliament. When the parliamentary wing of the National Party deposed Bjelke-Petersen and elected one of the dissident ministers, Mike Ahern, as new Leader of the National Party, Sir Joh initially refused to resign as Premier and Sir Walter resisted calls to dismiss him. Sir Joh elected to resign on 1 December 1987.

The Governor is head of the Executive Council, a Queensland equivalent to the Federal Executive Council. The Council is composed of ministers from the government of the day. The Chief Justice of Queensland and other judges in the Queensland judicial system are appointed by the Governor acting on the advice of the Executive Council.

List of Governors of QueenslandEdit

The first Australian- (and Queensland-) born Governor of Queensland was Lieutenant-General Sir John Lavarack (appointed 1946). His successor, Sir Henry Abel Smith was British. All subsequent governors have been Australian-born, except for Leneen Forde, who was born in Canada but who emigrated to Australia at an early age.

No. Portrait Governor[3] From To Time in Office
1   The Rt. Hon. Sir George Bowen, GCMG 10 December 1859 4 January 1868 8 years, 25 days
2   Colonel Sir Samuel Blackall 14 August 1868 2 January 1871 2 years, 141 days
3   The Most Hon. George Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby, GCB, GCMG, PC 12 August 1871 12 November 1874 3 years, 92 days
4   Sir William Cairns, KCMG 23 January 1875 14 March 1877 2 years, 50 days
5   Sir Arthur Kennedy, CB 20 July 1877 2 May 1883 5 years, 286 days
6   Sir Anthony Musgrave, KCMG 6 November 1883 9 October 1888 4 years, 338 days
7   Field Marshal Sir Henry Norman , GCB, GCMG, CIE 1 May 1889 31 December 1895 6 years, 244 days
8   The Rt. Hon. Lord Lamington, GCMG, GCIE 9 April 1896 19 December 1901 5 years, 254 days
9   Lieutenant General Sir Herbert Chermside , GCMG, CB 24 March 1902 10 October 1904 2 years, 200 days
10   The Rt. Hon. Frederic Thesiger, 3rd Baron Chelmsford, GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, GBE, PC 30 November 1905 26 May 1909 3 years, 177 days
11   The Rt. Hon. Sir William MacGregor, GCMG, CB 2 December 1909 16 July 1914 4 years, 226 days
12   Major Sir Hamilton Goold-Adams, GCMG, CB 15 March 1915 3 February 1920 4 years, 325 days
13   Lieutenant Colonel Sir Matthew Nathan, GCMG 3 December 1920 17 September 1925 4 years, 288 days
14   Lieutenant General Sir John Goodwin, KCB, KCMG, DSO 13 June 1927 7 April 1932 4 years, 299 days
15   The Rt. Hon. Sir Leslie Wilson, GCMG, GCSI, GCIE, DSO, PC 13 June 1932 23 April 1946 13 years, 314 days
16   Lieutenant General Sir John Lavarack, KCMG, KCVO, KBE, CB, DSO 1 October 1946 4 December 1957 11 years, 64 days
17   Colonel Sir Henry Abel Smith, KCMG, KCVO, DSO 18 March 1958 18 March 1966 8 years, 0 days
18   Sir Alan Mansfield, KCMG, KCVO 21 March 1966 21 March 1972 6 years, 0 days
19   Air Marshal Sir Colin Hannah, KCMG, KCVO, KBE, CB 21 March 1972 20 March 1977 5 years, 213 days
20   Commodore Sir James Ramsay, KCMG, KCVO, CBE, DSC 22 April 1977 21 July 1985 8 years, 90 days
21   Sir Walter Campbell, AC, QC 22 July 1985 29 July 1992 7 years, 7 days
22 Leneen Forde, AC 29 July 1992 29 July 1997 5 years, 0 days
23   Major General Peter Arnison, AC, CVO 29 July 1997 29 July 2003 6 years, 0 days
24   Quentin Bryce, AC, CVO 29 July 2003 29 July 2008 5 years, 0 days
25   Penelope Wensley, AC 29 July 2008 29 July 2014 6 years, 0 days
26   Paul de Jersey, AC, QC 29 July 2014 Present 5 years, 80 days

Living former governorsEdit

Four former governors of Queensland are alive, the oldest being Leneen Forde (1992–97, born 1935).

Name Term as governor Date of birth
Leneen Forde 1992–1997 (1935-05-12) 12 May 1935 (age 84)
Peter Arnison 1997–2003 (1940-10-21) 21 October 1940 (age 78)
Dame Quentin Bryce 2003–2008 (1942-12-23) 23 December 1942 (age 76)
Penelope Wensley 2008–2014 (1946-10-18) 18 October 1946 (age 72)

The most recent death of a former governor was that of Sir Walter Campbell (1985–92), on 4 September 2004.

List of Administrators and Lieutenant-Governors of QueenslandEdit

Administrators and Lieutenant-Governors are deputy roles generally appointed to carry out the duties of the Governor when the Governor is unavailable, due to travel or illness. If one is not appointed, then the duties are carried out by the Chief Justice of Queensland (or the most senior judge available).[4] The following are the Administrators and Lieutenant-Governors of Queensland:[5]

Name Term Notes
Maurice Charles O’Connell 4 January 1868 – 14 August 1868 Administrator
Maurice Charles O'Connell 2 January 1871 – 12 August 1871 Administrator
Maurice Charles O'Connell 12 November 1874 – 23 January 1875 Administrator
Maurice Charles O'Connell 14 March 1877 – 10 April 1877 Administrator
Arthur Edward Kennedy 10 April 1877 – 20 July 1877 Administrator
Joshua Peter Bell 19 March 1880 – 22 November 1880 Administrator
Arthur Hunter Palmer 2 May 1883 – 6 November 1883 Administrator
Arthur Hunter Palmer 20 April 1886 – 13 December 1886 Administrator
Arthur Hunter Palmer 9 October 1888 – 1 May 1889 Administrator
Arthur Hunter Palmer 15 November 1895 – 9 April 1896 Lieutenant Governor Administrator
Samuel Griffith 21 June 1901 – 24 March 1902 Lieutenant Governor
Hugh Muir Nelson 10 October 1904 – 30 November 1905 Lieutenant Governor
Arthur Morgan 27 May 1909 – 2 December 1909 Lieutenant Governor
Arthur Morgan 16 July 1914 – 15 March 1915 Lieutenant Governor
William Lennon 3 February 1920 – 3 December 1920 Lieutenant Governor
William Lennon 17 September 1925 – 13 June 1927 Lieutenant Governor
William Lennon 8 May 1929 – 2 June 1929 Lieutenant Governor
James William Blair 7 April 1932 – 1 June 1932 Administrator
James William Blair 17 May 1937 – 21 November 1937 Administrator
Frank Cooper 24 April 1946 – 30 September 1946 Lieutenant Governor
Alan Mansfield 25 January 1957 – 18 March 1958 Administrator
Alan Mansfield 31 March 1960 – 24 May 1960 Administrator
Alan Mansfield 18 April 1963 – 18 October 1963 Administrator
William Mack 10 March 1966 – 21 March 1966 Administrator
William Mack 20 March 1969 – 30 June 1969 Administrator
Joseph Aloysius Sheehy 30 June 1969 – 18 September 1969 Administrator
Mostyn Hanger 9 March 1972 – 21 March 1972 Administrator
Mostyn Hanger 21 March 1977 – 22 April 1977 Administrator

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Queensland Governor Paul de Jersey sworn in at Parliament House". ABC News. 29 July 2014. Archived from the original on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
  2. ^ "20 June 2014" (PDF). Queensland Government Gazette. p. 15. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  3. ^ "Governors of Queensland". Governor of Queensland. Archived from the original on 23 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  4. ^ "The Executive Government of Queensland". Queensland Parliament. Archived from the original on 25 November 2017. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Governors and Deputy Governors of Queesland" (PDF). Queensland Parliament. 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 March 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2016.

External linksEdit