Robert Herbert

Sir Robert George Wyndham Herbert, GCB (12 June 1831 – 6 May 1905), was the first Premier of Queensland, Australia. At 28 years and 181 days of age, he was the youngest person ever to be elected premier of an Australian state.[1]

Sir Robert Herbert
Queensland State Archives 2954 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert George Wyndham Herbert Premier of Queensland c 1862.png
1st Premier of Queensland
In office
10 December 1859 – 1 February 1866
Succeeded byArthur Macalister
ConstituencyLeichhardt, West Moreton
In office
20 July 1866 – 7 August 1866
Preceded byArthur Macalister
Succeeded byArthur Macalister
ConstituencyWest Moreton
Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly
for Leichhardt
In office
4 May 1860 – 12 June 1863
Serving with Charles Royds
Preceded byNew seat
Succeeded byGordon Sandeman
Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly
for West Moreton
In office
13 June 1863 – 7 August 1866
Preceded byHenry Challinor
Succeeded byJoseph Fleming
Personal details
Born(1831-06-12)12 June 1831
Brighton, Sussex, England, United Kingdom
Died6 May 1905(1905-05-06) (aged 73)
Ickleton, Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom
NationalityEnglish

Early yearsEdit

Born in Brighton, England, on 12 June 1831,[2] Herbert was the only son of the Hon. Algernon Herbert, a younger son of the first Earl of Carnarvon. He was educated at Eton and Balliol College, Oxford. He won a Balliol scholarship in 1849 and, subsequently, the Hertford and Ireland scholarships. He took a first-class in Classical Moderations, won the Latin verse prize in 1852, and obtained second-class final honours in the classical school. He was elected Fellow of All Souls in 1854, and was Eldon law scholar. In 1855, he became private secretary to William Ewart Gladstone and was called to the bar of the Inner Temple in 1858.[3][4]

Queensland colonyEdit

When Queensland was formed into a separate colony, Sir George Bowen was appointed the first governor. He arrived at Brisbane on 10 December 1859 and brought Herbert with him as his private secretary. On the day of the governor's arrival, Herbert was gazetted as colonial secretary, with Ratcliffe Pring as attorney-general. These with the governor formed an executive council to which additions were made afterwards. At the election held early in 1860, Herbert was returned unopposed for one of the Leichhardt seats in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland, and became the first Premier of Queensland. He showed himself to be a good leader and held office from December 1859 to February 1866.[3]

During his time as Premier, four land acts were passed, and the education question was also the subject of early measures. The governor, in writing to the secretary of state, stated that the Queensland parliament "had passed a greater number of really useful measures than any other parliament in any of the Australian colonies". Certainly, the first Queensland government was in marked contrast to those of the other colonies, each of which averaged half a dozen ministries in the same period. However, Herbert fell into some disfavour when financial difficulties arose. He resigned in February 1866 and was succeeded by Arthur Macalister who served premier until 20 July 1866. Herbert was anxious to return to England on account of private business but, at the request of the governor, formed a ministry which lasted less than three weeks and was merged in the second Macalister ministry. Herbert then left for England, having gained the sort of experience which was to be very useful to him in later years.[3]

Career in EnglandEdit

A few months after Herbert's arrival in England, he was appointed Assistant-Secretary to the Board of Trade. In 1870 was made Assistant Under-Secretary for the Colonies, while his relative, Henry Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon, was the serving Secretary of State and, in 1871, became Permanent Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies. He held that position with great distinction for 21 years. His attitude was generally conciliatory and he was tactful in dealing with men who came in contact with him. In 1882, he was created K.C.B. and, in 1892, G.C.B. In the same year, he was appointed chancellor of the Order of St Michael and St George. He left the Colonial Office in 1892, but afterwards took up his duties again for a few months at the special request of Joseph Chamberlain. In 1893-6, he was agent-general for Tasmania, and did active work in connection with the formation of the British Empire League. In December 1903, he was chairman of the tariff commission.[4]

Later yearsEdit

In later years, Robert Herbert suffered from heart trouble. Believing his health would benefit from a sea voyage, he went for a cruise in the Mediterranean. He met his sister in Marseilles, France, where his health worsened and he returned immediately to England. He was taken in an ambulance railway car on the Great Eastern Railway to his residence at Ickleton, Cambridgeshire, where he died on 6 May 1905.[4]

Personal lifeEdit

 
Herston House, 1800s

Robert Herbert met his companion, John Bramston, at Balliol College Oxford University, England in the early 1850s. The pair shared rooms at Oxford, and also in London.[1] When Herbert was Premier of Queensland, and Bramston his Attorney-General, the two created a farm on what is now the site of the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital. They named the farmhouse in which they both lived "Herston", a combination of their names.

Herbert never married, and modern historians, such as Robert Aldrich and Garry Wotherspoon, conclude that he was likely gay.[5][6][7] In 1864, Herbert gave this explanation as to why he had not married: "It does not seem to me reasonable to tell a man who is happy and content, to marry a woman who may turn out a great disappointment."[1]

LegacyEdit

Herston became the name of a modern-day Brisbane suburb surrounding the site of the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital.

The Herbert River is located in Far North Queensland, Australia. The southernmost of Queensland's wet tropics river systems, it was named in 1864 by the explorer George Elphinstone Dalrymple after Robert Herbert.[8]

The Queensland federal electorate of Herbert, one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election, was named after him.

Governor George Bowen, Queensland's first Governor, appointed Sir Robert George Wyndham Herbert as first Colonial Secretary of Queensland before leaving England in 1859. This document was ranked #5 in the ‘Top 150: Documenting Queensland’ exhibition when it toured to venues around Queensland from February 2009 to April 2010.[9] The exhibition was part of Queensland State Archives’ events and exhibition program which contributed to the state’s Q150 celebrations, marking the 150th anniversary of the separation of Queensland from New South Wales.[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Aldrich, Robert; Wotherspoon, Garry (2001). Who's Who in Contemporary Gay and Lesbian History: From World War II to the Present Day. Routledge. p. 207. ISBN 0-415-15982-2. Retrieved 26 September 2008.
  2. ^ "DEATH OF SIR ROBERT HERBERT". The Queenslander. 13 May 1905. p. 32. Retrieved 29 October 2013 – via National Library of Australia.
  3. ^ a b c Serle, Percival (2006) [1949]. Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Project Gutenberg of Australia. OCLC 74490966.
  4. ^ a b c "Death of Sir Robert Herbert". The Times. 8 May 1905. p. 6.
  5. ^ Clive Moore (2001). Sunshine and Rainbows: The Development of Gay and Lesbian Culture in Queensland. University of Queensland Press. pp. 43–45. ISBN 9780702232084.
  6. ^ Robert Aldrich, Garry Wotherspoon (2002). Who's who in Gay and Lesbian History: From Antiquity to World War II. Psychology Press. pp. 245, 246. ISBN 9780415159838.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  7. ^ Feeney, Katherine (4 June 2009). "Sex, politics and how Herston got its name". The Brisbane Times. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  8. ^ "Herbert River Place name details (entry 15762)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  9. ^ corporateName=Queensland State Archives (5 April 2015). "Number 5 - Appointment of Sir Robert George Wyndham Herbert as first Colonial Secretary of Queensland (1859)". Number 5 - Appointment of Sir Robert George Wyndham Herbert as first Colonial Secretary of Queensland (1859). Archived from the original on 5 April 2015. Retrieved 6 August 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  10. ^ Queensland State Archives (2014), "Annual report", Queensland State Archives Annual Report, Queensland State Archives: 6, 9, ISSN 1448-8426, retrieved 6 August 2020

External linksEdit

  Media related to Robert Herbert at Wikimedia Commons

Parliament of Queensland
New division Member for Leichhardt
1860–1863
Served alongside: Charles Royds
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member for West Moreton
1863–1866
Served alongside: Benjamin Cribb, Joshua Peter Bell
Succeeded by
Political offices
New title Premier of Queensland
1859 – 1866
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Arthur Macalister
Premier of Queensland
1866
Succeeded by
Government offices
Preceded by Permanent Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies
1871 – 1892
Succeeded by
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by Agent-General for Tasmania
1893–1896
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by High Sheriff of the County of London
1899 – 1900
Succeeded by