- The second electric machine is invented by British engineer Francis Hauksbee the elder (1660–1713): it is a sphere of glass rotated by a wheel.
- For watch movements, Peter Debaufre invents the Debaufre escapement, the first frictional rest watch escapement produced: the escapement consists of two saw-tooth escape wheels of the same count.
- For watch bearings, a jewel bearing made of ruby, comprising a ring (the "hole") with a sink for oil, is invented by Nicholas Facio with Peter and Jacob Debaufre, who use pierced natural rubies. Other gemstones are used subsequently, including garnet (which is too soft) and diamond; in the 20th century, synthetic ruby or sapphire becomes universal for jewel bearings.
- In oil painting, colormaker Diesbach of Berlin (Germany) accidentally invents the pigment Prussian blue, a powerful dark blue pigment with greenish undertones (made from alum and animal bones); therefore, Prussian blue cannot be found in a paint layer predating this year.
- February 2 – Guillaume François Antoine, Marquis de l'Hôpital, French mathematician (born 1661)
- March 17 – Menno, Baron van Coehoorn, Dutch military engineer (born 1641)
- April 15 – Johann van Waveren Hudde, Dutch mathematician (born 1628)
- April 20 – Agnes Block, Dutch horticulturalist (born 1629)
- June 14 – Ralph Bathurst, English theologian, physician and academic (born 1620)
- July 7 – Pierre-Charles Le Sueur, French fur trader and explorer (born c. 1657)
- November 20 – Charles Plumier, French botanist (born 1646)
- Paolo Falconieri, Florentine polymath (born 1638)