- The seed drill, invented by Jethro Tull, allows farmers to sow seeds in well-spaced rows at specific depths.
- Sir Isaac Newton, reporting (anonymously) to the British Royal Society, describes creation of a liquid-in-glass thermometer that is 3 ft (1 m) long and has a two-inch (5-cm) diameter bulb using linseed oil.
- January 28 – Charles Marie de La Condamine, French geographer (died 1774)
- May 14 – William Emerson, English mathematician (died 1782)
- November 27 – Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer, physicist, and mathematician (died 1744)
- Approximate date
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- "Geomagnetism - Early Concept of the North Magnetic Pole". Geological Survey of Canada. 2008. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-10.
- Serafini, Anthony (2001). The Epic History of Biology. New York: Basic Books. p. 70. ISBN 0-7382-0577-X.
- Pierce, Allan D. (1992). "Acoustics is the Science of Sound". Retrieved 5 January 2008. Sauveur's original work was titled "Principes d’acoustique et de musique".