1702 in science

The year 1702 in science and technology involved some significant events.

List of years in science (table)


  • April 20 – Comet of 1702 (C/1702 H1): The 10th-closest comet approach in history, it missed Earth by a distance of 0.0437 AU (6,537,000 km).[1]
  • David Gregory publishes the first textbook, Astronomiae physicae et geometricae elementa, the first astronomy textbook based on Isaac Newton's principles of motions and theory of gravitation.[2][3]


  • A fountain pen was developed by Frenchman M. Bion.[4] (Nicolas Bion (1652–1733) described a fountain pen in a treatise published in 1709; he did not claim to have invented them nor is there any evidence that he made them.)[5]
  • Pierre Varignon applies calculus to spring-driven clocks.



  • April – Clopton Havers, English physician who did pioneering research on the microstructure of bone (born 1657)
  • December 12 – Olof Rudbeck, Swedish physiologist who discovered that the thoracic duct is connected to the intestinal lymphatics (born 1630)


  1. ^ "Historic Comet Close Approaches". NASA. Archived from the original on 9 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  2. ^ Bunch, Bryan H.; Alexander Hellemans (2004). The history of science and technology: a browser's guide to the great discoveries, inventions, and the people who made them, from the dawn of time to today. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp. 776 pages. ISBN 978-0-618-22123-3. Retrieved 30 July 2010.
  3. ^ "Archives Hub: Papers of David Gregory (1661–1708)". Archives Hub. Archived from the original on 2012-07-18. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  4. ^ Narayanan, Vivek (2005-05-18). "Patent and Trademark History in the Fountain Pen Industry" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2004-02-28. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  5. ^ "Who invented the fountain pen?". vintagepens.com. Retrieved 2013-07-31.
  6. ^ Mann, Ralph (2004). "Stone, Edward (1702–1768)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/38014. Retrieved 2011-02-17. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)