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Year 1445 (MCDXLV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
|Ab urbe condita||2198|
|Balinese saka calendar||1366–1367|
|English Regnal year||23 Hen. 6 – 24 Hen. 6|
|Chinese calendar||甲子年 (Wood Rat)|
4141 or 4081
— to —
乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
4142 or 4082
|- Vikram Samvat||1501–1502|
|- Shaka Samvat||1366–1367|
|- Kali Yuga||4545–4546|
|Japanese calendar||Bun'an 2|
|Minguo calendar||467 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1987–1988|
1571 or 1190 or 418
— to —
1572 or 1191 or 419
- October 10 – Battle of Mokra: The Albanian forces under Skanderbeg defeat the Ottoman forces (Pope Eugene IV raises a hymn of praise, that Christendom has been provided with a new defender, after he hears of the battle).
- The Portuguese set up their first trading post (Feitoria) in Africa, on the island of Arguin.
- Portuguese explorer Dinis Dias discovers the Cap-Vert, on the western coast of Africa.
- Battle of Gomit: Emperor Zara Yaqob of Ethiopia defeats and kills Sultan Arwe Badlay, of Adal.
- Vlad II Dracul, aided by a crusaders' fleet from Burgundy, attacks Giurgiu, and massacres the Ottoman garrison after their surrender.
- Stephen II remains sole ruler of Moldavia.
- March 16 – Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born priest (d. 1510)
- April 4 – Wiguleus Fröschl of Marzoll, Bishop of Passau (1500–1517) (d. 1517)
- October 25 – Fulk Bourchier, 10th Baron FitzWarin, English baron (d. 1479)
- October 31 – Hedwig, Abbess of Quedlinburg, Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg (d. 1511)
- December 11 – Eberhard I, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1496)
- date unknown – Albert Brudzewski, Polish astronomer (d. 1497)
- probable – Nicolas Chuquet, French mathematician
- approximate – Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter (d. 1510)
- January 19 – Antonio Correr, Spanish cardinal (b. 1359)
- February 19 – Leonor of Aragon, queen of Portugal (b. 1402)
- April 7 – Louis VIII, Duke of Bavaria, German noble (b. 1403)
- May 15 – Johanna van Polanen, Dutch noblewoman (b. 1392)
- June 5 – Leonel Power, English composer
- July 15 – Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scotland
- August 2 – Oswald von Wolkenstein, Austrian composer (b. 1377)
- date unknown – Olug Moxammat of Kazan, Khan of Kazan
- ^ Wendy Sacket (1997). Chronology of European History, 15,000 B.C. to 1997: 15,000 B.C. to 1469. Salem Press. p. 442. ISBN 978-0-89356-419-3.
- ^ Adolfo Venturi (1927). Botticelli. A. Zwemmer. p. 101.
- ^ The early Italian pictures in the collection of Her Majesty the Queen. 1983. p. 195. ISBN 978-0-521-24214-1.
- ^ Norman Macdougall (1982). James III: A Political Study. J. Donald. pp. 10–13. ISBN 978-0-85976-078-2.