12th century in literature

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in the 12th century.

List of years in literature (table)
Scribe of Eadwine Psalter (mid-12th century, English)

The 12th century in Western Europe saw an increase in the production of Latin texts and a proliferation of literate clerics from the multiplying cathedral schools. At the same time, vernacular literatures ranging from Provençal to Icelandic embodied in lyric and romance the values and worldview of an increasingly self-conscious and prosperous courtly aristocracy. These two trends contributed to a sweeping revival of letters with a lasting influence on the development of literature in the following centuries.





Epic/Saga/Chanson de GesteEdit










See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Lu, You (2007). Watson, Philip (ed.). Grand Canal, Great River: the travel diary of a twelfth-century Chinese poet. London: Frances Lincoln. ISBN 9780711227194.
  2. ^ Shirlee Emmons; Wilbur Watkins Lewis (22 December 2005). Researching the Song:A Lexicon. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 443. ISBN 978-0-19-803469-8.
  3. ^ Randy Malamud (1992). T.S. Eliot's Drama: A Research and Production Sourcebook. Greenwood Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-313-27813-6.
  4. ^ Leonard Cabell Pronko. The World of Jean Anouilh. University of California Press. p. 56.
  5. ^ Billington, Michael (11 November 1999). "Look back in rancour". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 May 2007.
  6. ^ Conrad Ferdinand Meyer (March 1976). The Complete Narrative Prose of Conrad Ferdinand Meyer. Bucknell University Press. p. 271. ISBN 978-0-8387-1036-4.
  7. ^ Ken Follett (2014). The Pillars of the Earth. Pan Books. p. 1075. ISBN 978-1-4472-6544-3.
  8. ^ "Fiction Book Review: Time and Chance". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  9. ^ Minhaj-i-Siraj (1260), Tabaqat-i Nasiri
  10. ^ Allen, Charles (2002). The Buddha and the Sahibs. London: John Murray.
  11. ^ Scott, David (May 1995). "Buddhism and Islam: Past to Present Encounters and Interfaith Lessons". Numen. 42 (2): 141–155. doi:10.1163/1568527952598657. JSTOR 3270172.
  12. ^ Sen, Gertrude Emerson (1964). The Story of Early Indian Civilization. Orient Longmans. OCLC 610346317.
  13. ^ Abridged in Flores Historiarum. The Cambridge History of English and American Literature vol. II, chapter XIII, section 10.