Year 12 BC was either a common year starting on Saturday, Sunday or Monday or a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Friday of the Proleptic Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Messalla and Quirinius (or, less frequently, year 742 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 12 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
12 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar12 BC
Ab urbe condita742
Ancient Greek era192nd Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar4739
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−604
Berber calendar939
Buddhist calendar533
Burmese calendar−649
Byzantine calendar5497–5498
Chinese calendar戊申年 (Earth Monkey)
2686 or 2479
    — to —
己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
2687 or 2480
Coptic calendar−295 – −294
Discordian calendar1155
Ethiopian calendar−19 – −18
Hebrew calendar3749–3750
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat45–46
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga3089–3090
Holocene calendar9989
Iranian calendar633 BP – 632 BP
Islamic calendar652 BH – 651 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendar12 BC
Korean calendar2322
Minguo calendar1923 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1479
Seleucid era300/301 AG
Thai solar calendar531–532
Tibetan calendar阳土猴年
(male Earth-Monkey)
115 or −266 or −1038
    — to —
(female Earth-Rooster)
116 or −265 or −1037

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