Mithridates III of Commagene

Mithridates III Antiochus Epiphanes (Greek: Μιθριδάτης Ἀντίοχος ὀ Ἐπιφανής, flourished 1st century BC) was a prince who served as a King of Commagene.

Mithridates III
King of Commagene
Reign20 BC – 12 BC
(8 years)
PredecessorMithridates II
SuccessorAntiochus III
Died12 BC
SpousePrincess Iotapa of Media Atropatene
IssueAka II of Commagene
Antiochus III of Commagene
Iotapa, Queen of Emesa
Iotapa, Queen of Commagene
Names
Mithridates III Antiochus Epiphanes
HouseOrontid Dynasty
FatherKing Mithridates II of Commagene
MotherLaodice

BiographyEdit

Mithridates III was the son and successor of King Mithridates II of Commagene and Queen Laodice. He was of Iranian[1] and Greek descent.

Mithridates III, sometime after 30 BC, had married his paternal cousin Iotapa, a Princess of Media Atropatene who was a daughter of Artavasdes I of Media Atropatene and his wife, Athenais.

Iotapa bore Mithridates III one daughter, Aka II of Commagene;[2][3] one son called Antiochus III and two daughters both called Iotapa. One daughter called Iotapa married King Sampsiceramus II of Emesa, Syria and another Iotapa, later married and ruled with her brother Antiochus III.

When Mithridates III’s father died in 20 BC, he succeeded his father. He reigned as king between 20 BC–12 BC. Very little is known on his life and his reign. When he died in 12 BC, Antiochus III of Commagene became King.

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Marciak 2017, p. 157; Garsoian 2005; Erskine, Llewellyn-Jones & Wallace 2017, p. 75; Babaie & Grigor 2015, p. 80; Sartre 2005, p. 23
  2. ^ Royal genealogy of Aka II of Commagene at rootsweb
  3. ^ Royal genealogy of Mithradates III of Commagene at rootsweb

SourcesEdit

  • Babaie, Sussan; Grigor, Talinn (2015). Persian Kingship and Architecture: Strategies of Power in Iran from the Achaemenids to the Pahlavis. I.B.Tauris. pp. 1–288. ISBN 9780857734778.
  • Erskine, Andrew; Llewellyn-Jones, Lloyd; Wallace, Shane (2017). The Hellenistic Court: Monarchic Power and Elite Society from Alexander to Cleopatra. The Classical Press of Wales. ISBN 978-1910589625.
  • Garsoian, Nina (2005). "Tigran II". Encyclopaedia Iranica.
  • Marciak, Michał (2017). Sophene, Gordyene, and Adiabene: Three Regna Minora of Northern Mesopotamia Between East and West. BRILL. ISBN 9789004350724.
  • Sartre, Maurice (2005). The Middle East Under Rome. Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674016835.