This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (August 2017)
Year 1053 (MLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
|Ab urbe condita||1806|
|Balinese saka calendar||974–975|
|English Regnal year||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||壬辰年 (Water Dragon)|
3749 or 3689
— to —
癸巳年 (Water Snake)
3750 or 3690
|- Vikram Samvat||1109–1110|
|- Shaka Samvat||974–975|
|- Kali Yuga||4153–4154|
|Japanese calendar||Eishō 8 / Tengi 1|
|Minguo calendar||859 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1364/1365 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1595–1596|
1179 or 798 or 26
— to —
1180 or 799 or 27
- End of the Pecheneg Revolt: Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos makes peace with the Pechenegs. However, Pecheneg raids do not cease; they not only damage the economy by plundering, but Constantine is also forced to buy protection or peace from them by gifts, land grants, privileges and titles.
- June 18 – Battle of Civitate: Norman horsemen (3,000 men), led by Humphrey of Hauteville, count of Apulia and Calabria, rout the combined forces under Pope Leo IX, in Southern Italy. The Normans destroy the allied Papal army and capture Leo, who is imprisoned (as a hostage for 8 months) in Benevento.
- December – Conrad I, duke of Bavaria, is summoned to a Christmas court at Merseburg, and deposed by Emperor Henry III. He flees to King Andrew I in Hungary, and joins a coalition with the rebellious Welf III, duke of Carinthia. Henry's 4-year-old son Henry becomes the new duke of Bavaria.
- April – Harold Godwinson succeeds his father Godwin as earl of Wessex. He invites the exiled Edward the Exile, son of Edmund II, to return in the hope that he can claim the English throne from King Edward the Confessor.
- Jōchō sculpts Amida Buddha for the Byōdō-in Temple during the Heian Period (approximate date).
- July 7 – Shirakawa, emperor of Japan (d. 1129)
- Berenguer Ramon II, count of Barcelona (approximate date)
- Guibert of Nogent, French historian and theologian (d. 1124)
- Hugh of Châteauneuf, bishop of Grenoble (d. 1132)
- Iorwerth ap Bleddyn, prince of Powys (d. 1111)
- Maria of Alania, Byzantine empress (d. 1118)
- Ramon Berenguer II, count of Barcelona (or 1054)
- Solomon (or Salomon), king of Hungary (d. 1087)
- Toba Sōjō, Japanese artist-monk (d. 1140)
- Vladimir II, Grand Prince of Kiev (d. 1125)
- March 25 – Procopius of Sázava, Czech hermit
- April 15 – Godwin of Wessex, English nobleman
- October 25 – Enguerrand II, count of Ponthieu
- November 7 – Lazaros, Byzantine monk and stylite
- Abu'l-Fath an-Nasir ad-Dailami, imam of Yemen
- Chananel ben Chushiel, Tunisian Jewish rabbi (b. 990)
- Cormac O'Ruadrach, Irish priest and archdeacon
- Liu Yong, Chinese poet of the Song Dynasty (b. 987)
- Murchadh Ua Beolláin, Irish priest and archdeacon
- Rhys ap Rhydderch, co-ruler of Morgannwg
- Wulfsige (or Wulsy), bishop of Lichfield
- ^ Fine, John V. A. Jr. (1991) . The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. p. 210. ISBN 0-472-08149-7.
- ^ "Vladimir II Monomakh - grand prince of Kiev". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved June 14, 2018.