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Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona

Ramon Berenguer II the Towhead[1] or Cap de estopes[2] (1053 or 1054 – December 5, 1082) was Count of Barcelona from 1076 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona and Almodis de La Marche.[3] The Chronicle of San Juan de la Pena called him, ". . . exceeding brave and bold, kind, pleasant, pious, joyful, generous, and of an attractive appearance".[4] Because of the extremely thick hair he had on top of his head, he was known as Cap d'Estop."

Ramon Berenguer II
Count of Barcelona
Ramon Berenguer II.jpg
Ramon Berenguer II
Bornc. 1053
Died6 December 1082
Sant Feliu de Buixalleu
Noble familyBarcelona
Spouse(s)Mahalta of Apulia
Issue
FatherRamon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona
MotherAlmodis de La Marche
SignatureSignum-ramon-berenguer-II-barcelona.jpg

He succeeded his father, Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona, as co-ruler with his twin brother, Berenguer Ramon, in 1075.[5] The twins failed to agree and divided their possessions between them, against the will of their late father. Ramon Berenguer the Towhead, so called because of the thickness and colour of his hair, was killed while hunting in the woods in 1082.[6] His brother, who went on to become the sole ruler of Catalonia, was credited by popular opinion of having orchestrated this murder.[6] Berenguer Ramon II the Fratricide[6] was later succeeded by Ramon Berenguer's son, Ramon Berenguer III.

Family and issueEdit

Ramon Berenguer married Mahalta (or Maud) of Apulia, born ca. 1059, died 1111/1112, daughter of Duke Robert Guiscard and of Sikelgaita de Salerno.[7] Following his murder, she remarried to Aimery I of Narbonne, and was the mother of his son Aimery II.

Ramon Berenguer and Mahalta's son, Ramon Berenguer III (before 1082–1131), was count of Barcelona and Provence.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Benito 2017, p. 95.
  2. ^ Bensch 1995, p. 61.
  3. ^ Graham-Leigh 2005, p. table 4.
  4. ^ Peña 1991, p. 48.
  5. ^ Peña 1991, p. 119.
  6. ^ a b c Bamford 2018, p. 41.
  7. ^ Heygate 2013, p. 178.

SourcesEdit

  • Bamford, Heather (2018). Cultures of the Fragment: Uses of the Iberian Manuscript, 1100-1600. University of Toronto Press.
  • Benito, Pere (2017). "An Intense but Stymied Occitan Campaign". In Sabaté, Flocel (ed.). The Crown of Aragon: A Singular Mediterranean Empire. Brill. pp. 92–124.
  • Bensch, Stephen P. (1995). Barcelona and Its Rulers, 1096-1291. Cambridge University Press.
  • Graham-Leigh, Elaine (2005). The Southern French Nobility and the Albigensian Crusade. The Boydell Press.
  • Heygate, Catherine (2013). "Marriage Strategies among the Normans of Southern Italy in the Eleventh Century". In Stringer, Keith J.; Jotischky, Andrew (eds.). Norman Expansion: Connections, Continuities and Contrasts. Routledge. pp. 165–186.
  • Peña (1991). The Chronicle of San Juan de la Peña: A Fourteenth-century Official History of the Crown of Aragon. Translated by Nelson, Lynn H. University of Pennsylvania Press.



Preceded by
Ramon Berenguer I
Count of Barcelona
with Berenguer Ramon II

1076–1082
Succeeded by
Berenguer Ramon II