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Žagubica (Serbian Cyrillic: Жагубица, pronounced [ʒǎɡubitsa]) is a village and municipality located in the Braničevo District of the eastern Serbia. It is situated in the geographical region of Homolje. In 2011, the population of the village is 2,584, while population of the municipality is 12,737.

Žagubica

Жагубица
Zagubica skyline.jpg
Flag of Žagubica
Flag
Coat of arms of Žagubica
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Žagubica within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Žagubica within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°12′N 21°48′E / 44.200°N 21.800°E / 44.200; 21.800Coordinates: 44°12′N 21°48′E / 44.200°N 21.800°E / 44.200; 21.800
Country Serbia
RegionSouthern and Eastern Serbia
DistrictBraničevo
Settlements18
Government
 • MayorSafet Pavlović (SNS)
Area
 • Municipality760 km2 (290 sq mi)
Elevation
314 m (1,030 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)[2]
 • Town
2,584
 • Municipality
12,737
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
12320
Area code+381(0)12
Car platesPO
Websitewww.zagubica.org.rs

NameEdit

In Serbian, the village is known as Žagubica or Жагубица, and in Vlach as Jagubiţa, Jăgobiţa or Iaguba .

GeographyEdit

The municipality of Žagubica is located between municipalities of Kučevo and Majdanpek in the north, municipality of Bor in the east, municipality of Despotovac in the south, and municipality of Petrovac in the west.

HistoryEdit

By 1836, the craft shops were numerous. That year, there were 23 cloth tailors (abadžija) in Žagubica and its vicinity, 20 blacksmiths, and a number of furriers (ćučija), tinsmiths, coppersmiths, gunsmiths, coopers. As the trade developed with so many craftsmen, in the 1840s first proper shops were open. At that time, Žagubica developed from a village into the small town (varošica), with a čaršija. The Crafts-Trade Guild was established in the settlement, having 15 trade and 11 craft members in 1900. By 1905 the number doubled, so the guild was split in two, one for trade, other for crafts.[3]

However, the prosperity of the town wasn't followed by the prosperity of the surrounding villages. There, money was spent only on the merchandise that couldn't be made by the villagers themselves. They produced their own clothes, wooden household items and furniture, tools, agricultural utensils, etc. Rural population was at odds with the town's one, as reported by the 1883 communique of the Homolje District Administration: "peasantry in the district is opposing the shops because of the bad influence on the youth's moral which steals food from their houses so that they would acquire cheap, unnecessary merchandise from the shop owners."[3]

After the state issued a prohibition on the "raw" opanak, a craft production of opanak, a common footwear at the time, blossomed. Part of the state strategy to develop the production is prohibition on selling opanak in the shops, only craftsmen were allowed to sell it. Žagubica was one of the rare towns in Serbia which neglected this prohibition, so the production of the footwear never lift off, despite constant protests from the craftsmen against the shops. A product that the area was known were the cradles called ljagan, which were made to be worn on the back. They were ellipsoid, elongated and mad e ofwood, with ornaments either made of glued thin wood panels or painted paper.[3]

In 1836 there were 10 kafanas in the Homolje region, out of which 3 were in Žagubica. They were center of the social life and place where trade deals were made. By 1928, number of kafanas grew from 3 to 15.[3]

From 1929 to 1941, Žagubica was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

ReligionEdit

One of the oldest and most valuable monuments of the Orthodox culture in this area is the Trška Monastery. Originating from the 13th century, it is the oldest surviving sacral object in the Braničevo District.[3]

In the Gornjak Gorge of the Mlava river valley, Gornjak Monastery was built from 1378 to 1381, as an endowment of Prince Lazar. After the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, Lazar's widow Princess Milica and their two underage sons, Stefan and Vuk, spent some time in the monastery. There is a unique representation of Jesus Christ in the monastery, who is painted as a human shepherd with another human across his shoulder, instead of a lamb. Next to the monastery is the "Gate of Homolje", at the entrance into the gorge. It is unusual stone edifice, built into the rock and walled with ramparts, overlooking the monastery.[3]

The Church of Holy Trinity is in the center of the settlement. It was built in the late 19th century. It is considered a symbol of Žagubica and the wider Homolje region.[3]

SettlementsEdit

Aside from the village of Žagubica, the municipality includes the following settlements, all rural:

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality has 12,737 inhabitants.

Ethnic groupsEdit

The ethnic groups in the Žagubica municipality include (2011 census):

EconomyEdit

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2017):[4]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 102
Mining 252
Processing industry 161
Distribution of power, gas and water 21
Distribution of water and water waste management 42
Construction 67
Wholesale and retail, repair 191
Traffic, storage and communication 51
Hotels and restaurants 80
Media and telecommunications 12
Finance and insurance 6
Property stock and charter -
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 47
Administrative and other services 11
Administration and social assurance 155
Education 177
Healthcare and social work 108
Art, leisure and recreation 13
Other services 71
Total 1,566

TourismEdit

There are numerous festivals in the surrounding area throughout the year. The include the honey trade fair, the cheese and proja festival in Medveđica, Privega and Poklada in Laznica, but also some newer, like the Homolje saxophone festival.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Dragoljub Stevanović (19 November 2017), "Zanimljiva Srbija: Žagubica - putovanje u prošlost" [Interesting Serbia: Žagubica - journey into past], Politika-Magazin, No. 1051 (in Serbian), pp. 20–21
  4. ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2018" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 16 March 2019.

External linksEdit