Zákupy

Zákupy (Czech pronunciation: [ˈzaːkupɪ]; German: Reichstadt) is a town in Česká Lípa District in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 2,800 inhabitants. The town centre with the castle is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.

Zákupy
Svobody Square, historical centre
Svobody Square, historical centre
Flag of Zákupy
Coat of arms of Zákupy
Zákupy is located in Czech Republic
Zákupy
Zákupy
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°41′29″N 14°39′4″E / 50.69139°N 14.65111°E / 50.69139; 14.65111Coordinates: 50°41′29″N 14°39′4″E / 50.69139°N 14.65111°E / 50.69139; 14.65111
Country Czech Republic
RegionLiberec
DistrictČeská Lípa
First mentioned1315
Government
 • MayorRadek Lípa
Area
 • Total40.78 km2 (15.75 sq mi)
Elevation
271 m (889 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01)[1]
 • Total2,845
 • Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal codes
470 02, 471 23, 473 01
Websitewww.zakupy.cz

Administrative partsEdit

Villages of Božíkov, Brenná, Kamenice, Lasvice, Šidlov and Veselí are administrative parts of Zákupy.

GeographyEdit

The town is located in the north of the historic Bohemia region, on the Svitávka River near its junction with the Ploučnice.

HistoryEdit

 
Zákupy Castle

Early historyEdit

The fortress of Richinstadt was mentioned in a 1315 deed. The Czech name Zákupy first appeared in 1352, probably denoting two villages beneath the fort, which grew together over the centuries. Zákupy was referred to as a market town already in 1359.

The estates were held by Bohemian nobles like the Panczer dynasty, from 1363 by the Lords of Wartenberg, who sold Zákupy to the Berka z Dubé noble family in 1460–63. They erected a Renaissance castle on the foundations from 1541 to 1552 and rebuilt the adjacent town with its parish church. The town rights were confirmed by Emperor Rudolf II in 1582.

During the Thirty Years' War, the town and castle were acquired by the Imperial field marshal Julius Henry of Saxe-Lauenburg in 1632, and devastated by Swedish troops shortly afterwards. His son Julius Francis had it rebuilt in a Baroque style. The last heiress, Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg, died at Reichstadt Castle in 1741. Her daughter was married to Ferdinand Maria Innocenz of Bavaria and hence the possessions went to his family.

Duke of ReichstadtEdit

In 1805, the estates were purchased by the Habsburg archduke Ferdinand III. In 1818, Emperor Francis I of Austria awarded the title of Duke of Reichstadt (German: Herzog von Reichstadt) to his grandson, Napoleon Franz, who was the son of Emperor Napoleon I and Empress Marie Louise.[2] Napoleon Franz died without heirs in 1832, having never visited the town.

Later historyEdit

After his resignation in 1848, Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria took over the management of the Reichstadt manor, with considerable success. He used the castle as a summer residence and had the interior lavishly decorated. Upon his death in 1875, the property went to Emperor Franz Joseph.

On 8 July 1876, Russia's Chancellor Alexander Gorchakov and Austria's Emperor Franz Joseph reached the Reichstadt Agreement on the following Russo-Turkish War and the partition of the Balkans at the castle. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and Countess Sophie Chotek of Chotkov were married there on 1 July 1900.

In October 1938, the town was annexed by Nazi Germany according to the Munich Agreement and incorporated into the Reichsgau Sudetenland. After World War II, the German population was expelled.

SightsEdit

 
Church of Saints Fabian and Sebastian

The town is known for Zákupy Castle. The castle includes French garden and English park. Since 2002, it has been protected as a national cultural heritage.[3]

The historical core is formed by Svobody Square. Main landmarks of the square are pseudo-Gothic town hall from 1867 and Baroque plague column with the statue of Holy Trinity from 1708.[3]

Other sights include Church of Saints Fabian and Sebastian, former Capuchine monastery with Church of Saint Francis of Assisi, and stone bridges over the Svitava.[3]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. ^ German description of the majorat of the Duke of Reichstadt, circa 1830.
  3. ^ a b c "Pamětihodnosti" (in Czech). Město Zákupy. Retrieved 2021-08-09.

External linksEdit