Julius Francis, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg

Julius Francis (16 September 1641 – 30 September 1689) was duke of Saxe-Lauenburg between 1666 and 1689. He was a son of Duke Julius Henry and his third wife Anna Magdalena of Lobkowicz (1606 – 1668), daughter of Baron William the Younger Popel of Lobkowicz. He was officially known as Julius Franz von Sachsen, Engern und Westfalen.

Julius Francis
JuliusFranzSaLauenburg.jpg
Caption: IULIUS FRANCISCUS, Sax., Angriae et Westphaliae Dux
Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
Reign1666 – 1689
PredecessorFrancis Erdmann
SuccessorGeorge William
Born(1641-09-16)16 September 1641
Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia
Died30 September 1689(1689-09-30) (aged 48)
Reichstadt, Kingdom of Bohemia
ConsortHedwig of the Palatinate-Sulzbach
Issue
more...
Anna Maria Franziska, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Sibylle, Margravine of Baden-Baden
HouseHouse of Ascania
FatherJulius Henry, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
MotherAnna Magdalena of Lobkowicz
ReligionRoman Catholic

LifeEdit

His father Julius Henry had acquired sprawling estates around and a castle in Ploschkowitz (Ploskovice) and Schlackenwerth (Ostrov), Kingdom of Bohemia. Julius Francis had inherited more estates from his Bohemian mother, which is why the dukes of Saxe-Lauenburg had been adopted into the Bohemian nobility, however, not as imperially immediate aristocrats, as in their homeland.

Having no sons Julius Francis provided for the legal grounds of female succession in Saxe-Lauenburg. With his death, the Lauenburg line of the House of Ascania was extinct in the male line. So Julius Francis' two daughters Anna Maria Franziska and Sibylle fought for the succession of the former, the elder sister. Also, Julius Francis' cousin, Eleonore Charlotte of Saxe-Lauenburg-Franzhagen, claimed the succession.

 
His two surviving daughters (L) Sibylle and Anna Maria Franziska, anonymous, c.1690

Their weakness was abused by George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who invaded Saxe-Lauenburg with his troops, thus inhibiting the ascension of the legal heiress.

Also other monarchies claimed the succession, resulting in a conflict involving further the neighboring duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and of Danish Holstein, as well as the five Ascanian-ruled Principalities of Anhalt, the Electorate of Saxony, which had succeeded the Dukes of Saxe-Wittenberg in 1422, Sweden and Brandenburg.

Militarily engaged were Celle and Danish Holstein, which agreed on 9 October 1693 (Hamburger Vergleich), that Celle - anyway de facto holding most of Saxe-Lauenburg - would retain the duchy in personal union. In 1728 Charles VI finally legitimized the de facto takeover. Anna Maria Franziska and Sibylle, never waiving their claim, were dispossessed in Saxe-Lauenburg and the former exiled in Ploschkowitz.

Marriage and issueEdit

On 9 April 1668 Julius Francis married in Sulzbach Hedwig of the Palatinate (1650 – 1681), daughter of Christian Augustus, Count Palatine of Sulzbach. They had three daughters:

married firstly on 29 October 1690 in Raudnitz upon Elbe to Philip William August, Count Palatine of Neuburg (1668–1693), son of Philip William, Elector Palatine;
married secondly on 2 July 1697 in Düsseldorf to Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1671–1737)

ReferencesEdit

  • Otto von Heinemann (1881), "Julius Franz", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 14, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, p. 670
  • Julius Franz von Sachsen-Lauenburg on tuerkenbeute.de (in German)
Julius Francis, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
Born: 16 September 1641 in Prague Died: 30 September 1689 in Reichstadt
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Francis Erdmann
Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
1666 – 1689
Succeeded by
George William