Ostrov (Karlovy Vary District)

  (Redirected from Schlackenwerth)

Ostrov, also known as Ostrov nad Ohří (Czech pronunciation: [ˈostrof]; German: Schlackenwerth), is a town in Karlovy Vary District in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 16,000 inhabitants. It is located at a foothill of the Ore Mountains about 10 kilometres (6 miles) northeast of Karlovy Vary. The town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.

Ostrov
Ostrov nad Ohří
Old Town Square
Old Town Square
Flag of Ostrov
Coat of arms of Ostrov
Ostrov is located in Czech Republic
Ostrov
Ostrov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°18′30″N 12°56′52″E / 50.30833°N 12.94778°E / 50.30833; 12.94778Coordinates: 50°18′30″N 12°56′52″E / 50.30833°N 12.94778°E / 50.30833; 12.94778
Country Czech Republic
RegionKarlovy Vary
DistrictKarlovy Vary
First mentioned13th century
Government
 • MayorJan Bureš (ODS)
Area
 • Total50.41 km2 (19.46 sq mi)
Elevation
398 m (1,306 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01)[1]
 • Total16,491
 • Density330/km2 (850/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
363 01
Websitewww.ostrov.cz

Administrative partsEdit

Town parts and villages of Arnoldov, Dolní Žďár, Hanušov, Hluboký, Horní Žďár, Kfely, Květnová, Liticov, Maroltov, Mořičov and Vykmanov

HistoryEdit

The origin of the settlement named Zlaukowerde (Slávek's Island) at the confluence of the Bystřice River and Jáchymov Creeks traces back to the beginning of the 13th century. The town charter for Ostrov was issued by Bohemian king John the Blind in 1331.

During World War II the castle served as a Nazi concentration camp. The population of Ostrov multiplied after World War II as people were moved to work in the uranium mines in nearby Jáchymov. The extensive housing blocks from the 1950s forming the new part of Ostrov are considered one of the best examples of socialist realism architecture in the Czech Republic.

DemographyEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18693,664—    
18804,313+17.7%
18904,420+2.5%
19004,577+3.6%
19104,810+5.1%
19214,670−2.9%
19305,135+10.0%
19504,047−21.2%
YearPop.±%
196117,136+323.4%
197018,519+8.1%
198019,450+5.0%
199117,872−8.1%
200117,451−2.4%
201117,859+2.3%
202116,491−7.7%
Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic[2]

EconomyEdit

The town was known for production of Škoda trolleybuses for many decades, but this ended in 2004.

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Ostrov is twinned with:[3]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Karlovy Vary" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 13–14.
  3. ^ "Ostrov: Uplynulý víkend byl ve znamení významných událostí". parlamentnilisty.cz (in Czech). Parlamentní listy. 2016-05-24. Retrieved 2020-07-24.

External linksEdit