Ostrov (Karlovy Vary District)
Ostrov, also known as Ostrov nad Ohří (Czech pronunciation: [ˈostrof]; German: Schlackenwerth), is a town in Karlovy Vary District in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 16,000 inhabitants. It is located at a foothill of the Ore Mountains about 10 kilometres (6 miles) northeast of Karlovy Vary. The town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.
Ostrov nad Ohří
|First mentioned||13th century|
|• Mayor||Jan Bureš (ODS)|
|• Total||50.41 km2 (19.46 sq mi)|
|Elevation||398 m (1,306 ft)|
|• Density||330/km2 (850/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Town parts and villages of Arnoldov, Dolní Žďár, Hanušov, Hluboký, Horní Žďár, Kfely, Květnová, Liticov, Maroltov, Mořičov and Vykmanov
The origin of the settlement named Zlaukowerde (Slávek's Island) at the confluence of the Bystřice River and Jáchymov Creeks traces back to the beginning of the 13th century. The town charter for Ostrov was issued by Bohemian king John the Blind in 1331.
During World War II the castle served as a Nazi concentration camp. The population of Ostrov multiplied after World War II as people were moved to work in the uranium mines in nearby Jáchymov. The extensive housing blocks from the 1950s forming the new part of Ostrov are considered one of the best examples of socialist realism architecture in the Czech Republic.
|Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic|
The town was known for production of Škoda trolleybuses for many decades, but this ended in 2004.
- Joachim Andreas von Schlick (1569–1621), nobleman
- Johann Caspar Ferdinand Fischer (1662–1746), organist, Hofkapellmeister and composer
- Johann Josef Loschmidt (1821–1895), physicist and chemist, attended 1833–37 the local school
- Vilma Cibulková (born 1963), actress
- Horst Siegl (born 1969), footballer
- Petr Maděra (born 1970), writer
- Lukáš Bauer (born 1977), cross-country skier
- Jiří Štoček (born 1977), chess Grandmaster
- Zbyněk Drda (born 1987), singer
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
- "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
- "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Karlovy Vary" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 13–14.
- "Ostrov: Uplynulý víkend byl ve znamení významných událostí". parlamentnilisty.cz (in Czech). Parlamentní listy. 2016-05-24. Retrieved 2020-07-24.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ostrov (Karlovy Vary District).|
- (in Czech) Official website