Yangmingshan Administrative Bureau
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|Administrative Bureau of Taiwan|
|119.01 km2 (45.95 sq mi)|
|August 26 1949|
|December 31 1973|
|Political subdivisions||2 Urban townships|
|Today part of||Beitou District, Taipei|
Shilin District, Taipei
The territory of the Yangmingshan Administrative Bureau was administered by Shirin Town (士林街) and Hokutō Town (北投街) under Shichisei District (七星郡) of Taihoku Prefecture (臺北州). It is famous for the hot springs (Onsen) from the Tatun Volcano Group. After the Chinese Civil War, the Kuomintang led Government of the Republic of China relocated to Taiwan. The President Chiang Kai-shek settled his residence in this region. This region was then made a special zone to protect the leadership of the country.
- 26 August 1949, Tsaoshan Administrative Bureau (草山管理局) was established by Taiwan Provincial Government. Its territory covers Shihlin Township and Peitou Township under Taipei County.
- 31 March 1950, Tsaoshan was renamed Yangmingshan. The bureau was also renamed accordingly.
- 1 July 1968, the bureau transferred from Taiwan Province to the newly established special municipality — Taipei City. It still remained as a county level division, the two townships were reformed as Districts.
- 1 January 1974, Taipei City Government took over the administrative power of the bureau. Shilin District and Beitou District are directly lead by the city government. The bureau remained as the first level department under the Taipei City Government, but it only administered environmental maintenance and tourism only.
- 1 January 1977, The bureau was downgraded to Yangmingshan Administrative Office (陽明山管理處), a second level office under the Department of Civil Affairs, Taipei City Government (臺北市政府民政局).
- 1 January 1980, Yangmingshan Administrative Office was downgraded to Yangmingshan Park Administrative Establishment (陽明山公園管理所), a third level office under the Parks and Street Lights Office, Public Works Department, Taipei City Government (臺北市政府工務局公園路燈工程管理處).
The Magistrate of Yangmingshan Administrative Bureau was appointed by the Taiwan Provincial Government. All budgets of the bureau were directly from the provincial government. However, the resident in the territory of the bureau elected legislators to supervise officials and budget of the bureau in Taipei County Council (then Taipei City Council after 1968).
|Time||Before 1945||Oct 1945 – Aug 1949||Aug 1949 – Jun 1968||1 Jul 1968 – 31 Dec 1973||1 Jan 1974 – present|
|Hierarchy||1st||Taihoku Prefecture||Taiwan Province||Taipei City||Taipei City|
|2nd||Shichisei District||Taipei County||Yangmingshan Administrative Bureau|
- Grass Mountain Chateau — Residence of Chiang Kai-shek from December 1949 to 1950, then used as summer residence
- Shilin Official Residence — Residence of Chiang Kai-shek, the President of the Republic of China, from 1950 to 1975
- Zhongxing Guesthouse — Guesthouse of Chiang Kai-shek
- Chung-Shan Building — Meeting place of the National Assembly