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The Taiwan Provincial Government was the government that governed Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. Its functions have been transferred to the National Development Council and other ministries of the Executive Yuan.[3]

Taiwan Provincial Government
臺灣省政府
Táiwān Shěng Zhèngfǔ (Mandarin)
Thòi-vân Sén Chṳn-fú (Hakka)
Taiwan Province Government emblem.svg
Seal of Taiwan Province
Agency overview
Formed1 September 1945 (as Office of the Chief Executive)
16 May 1947 (as Provincial Government)[1]
Preceding agency
Dissolved20 July 2018[2]
Superseding agency
JurisdictionTaiwan Province
Parent agencyExecutive Yuan
Websitewww.tpg.gov.tw
Taiwan Provincial Government
Traditional Chinese臺灣省政府
Simplified Chinese台湾省政府

HistoryEdit

At the end of the World War II, Japan surrendered on August 15, 1945. The Nationalist government started the process to takeover Taiwan on behalf of the Allies. The Taiwan Provincial Administrative Office was established by the Executive Yuan in Chungking on September 1, 1945. The office moved to Taipei on October 25, 1945. After the February 28 incident in 1947, the Executive Yuan decided to restructure the Provincial Administrative Office as a provincial government. On May 16, 1947, the Taiwan Provincial Government was established.

The Republic of China progressively lost control of mainland China to Communist Party forces in the late 1940s and early 1950s and the national government relocated to Taiwan in 1950. However, Taiwan continued to be governed by a provincial government even though from 1955 it was one of only two provincial governments still functioning (the other being Fujian province, controlling some coastal islands). The remaining parts of Fujian province still under Republic of China control were placed under military administration 1956, and Fujian provincial government was downsized and relocated to Taiwan island. This left Taiwan province as the only fully functioning provincial government. From 1967, a number of major cities in Taiwan were elevated to special municipalities directly controlled by the national government, and moved outside the jurisdiction of Taiwan province.

Since 1998, the provincial government has been downsized and its major functions transferred to the Executive Yuan of the central government. The counties and cities under the province are administered directly by the central government since then.

In July 2018, all of its remaining duties and functions were transferred to the National Development Council and other ministries of the Executive Yuan.[4] However, the position of the Chairman of the Provincial Government is retained to comply with the Constitution.

Historical government buildingsEdit

Historically, before all its functionalities were handed to the Executive Yuan in July 2018. the provincial government was located in Taipei from 1947 to 1956, and in Zhongxing New Village from 1957 to July 2018.

Order First Second
Location Ch'êng-chung, Taipei City
(now Zhongzheng, Taipei)
Zhongxing New Village,
Nantou City, Nantou County
Date in use May 1947 to 1956 1957 to July 2018
Photo    
Notes Currently the Executive Yuan building Currently the Office of the Zhongxing New Village Revitalization Project, National Development Council

Governor of TaiwanEdit

Official titles of the governorEdit

Year Full title Literally Notes
Chinese Mandarin
(Pinyin)
Hokkien
(Pe̍h-ōe-jī)
1945–1947 臺灣省
行政長官
Táiwānshěng
Xíngzhèng
Zhǎngguān
Tâi-oân-séng
Hêng-chèng
Tióng-Kuaⁿ
Chief Executive of
Taiwan Province
The position of Chief Executive was temporarily part of the Executive Yuan, the position was legalized in Taiwan Provincial Administrative Executive Office Organizational Outline (臺灣省行政長官公署組織條例 Táiwān-shěng xíngzhèng zhǎngguān gōngshǔ zǔzhī tiáolì) of September 20, 1945.
1947–1994 臺灣省政府
主席
Táiwānshěng
Zhèngfǔ Zhǔxí
Tâi-oân-séng
Chèng-hú Chú-se̍k
Chairman of Taiwan
Provincial Government
After the February 28 Incident, the Administrative Executive Office was reformed to a provincial government. The title often abbreviate as 省主席 shěngzhǔxí.
1994–1998 臺灣省
省長
Táiwānshěng
Shěngzhǎng
Tâi-oân-séng
Séng-tiúⁿ
Governor of
Taiwan Province
During the democratic reforms, the title "Governor" was first legally used in the Self-Governance Law for Provinces and Counties (省縣自治法) of July 29, 1994. The governor was directly elected by the people of the province.
1998–2018 臺灣省政府
主席
Táiwānshěng
Zhèngfǔ Zhǔxí
Tâi-oân-séng
Chèng-hú Chú-se̍k
Chairman of Taiwan
Provincial Government
Since the streamlining of the Taiwan Provincial Government in 1998, the government was headed by a provincial council of nine members, including one chairperson, all of which were appointed by the Taiwanese President. Since July 2018, there has been no council member or chairperson.

List of GovernorsEdit

  Kuomintang   Non-partisan/ unknown   Democratic Progressive Party

Chief ExecutiveEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
1   Chen Yi
陳儀
Chén Yí
(1883–1950)
August 29, 1945 April 22, 1947 Kuomintang

Chairperson of the Provincial GovernmentEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
1   Wei Tao-ming
魏道明
Wèi Dàomíng
(1899–1978)
May 16, 1947 January 5, 1949 Kuomintang
2   Chen Cheng
陳誠
Chén Chéng
(1897–1965)
January 5, 1949 December 21, 1949 Kuomintang
3   K. C. Wu
吳國楨
Wú Guózhēn
(1903–1984)
December 21, 1949 April 16, 1953 Kuomintang
4   Yu Hung-chun
俞鴻鈞
Yú Hóngjūn
(1897–1960)
April 16, 1953 June 7, 1954 Kuomintang
5   Yen Chia-kan
(C.K. Yen)

嚴家淦
Yán Jiāgàn
(1905–1993)
June 7, 1954 August 16, 1957 Kuomintang
6   Chow Chih-jou [zh]
周至柔
Yán Jiāgàn
(1899–1986)
August 16, 1957 December 1, 1962 Kuomintang
7   Huang Chieh
黃杰
Huáng Jié
(1902–1995)
December 1, 1962 July 5, 1969 Kuomintang
8   Chen Ta-ching
陳大慶
Chén Dàqìng
(1904–1973)
July 5, 1969 June 6, 1972 Kuomintang
9   Hsieh Tung-min
謝東閔
Xiè Dōngmǐn
(1908–2001)
June 6, 1972 May 20, 1978 Kuomintang
Chu Shao-hwa [zh]
瞿韶華
Qú Sháohuá
(1914–1996)
May 20, 1978 June 11, 1978 Kuomintang
As acting; Secretary General of the Provincial Government.
10   Lin Yang-kang
林洋港
Lín Yánggǎng
(1927–2013)
June 12, 1978 December 5, 1981 Kuomintang
11   Lee Teng-hui
李登輝
Lǐ Dēnghuī
(1923–)
December 5, 1981 May 20, 1984 Kuomintang
Liu Chao-tien
劉兆田
Liú Zhàotián
May 20, 1984 June 8, 1984 Kuomintang
As acting; Secretary General of the Provincial Government.
12   Chiu Chuang-huan
邱創煥
Qīu Chuànghuàn
(1925–)
June 9, 1984 June 16, 1990 Kuomintang
13   Lien Chan
連戰
Lián Zhàn
(1936–)
June 16, 1990 February 25, 1993[5] Kuomintang
Tu Teh-chi
凃德錡
Tú Déqí
February 27, 1993 March 19, 1993 Kuomintang
As acting; Secretary General of the Provincial Government.
14   James Soong
宋楚瑜
Sòng Chǔyú
(1942–)
March 20, 1993 December 20, 1994 Kuomintang

GovernorEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
1   James Soong
宋楚瑜
Sòng Chǔyú
(1942–)
December 20, 1994 December 21, 1998 Kuomintang

Chairperson of the Provincial GovernmentEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
15   Chao Shou-po
趙守博
Sòng Chǔyú
(1941–)
December 21, 1998 May 2, 2000 Kuomintang
Chiang Ching-hsien
江清馦
Jiāng Qīngxiān
May 2, 2000 May 19, 2000 Independent
As acting; Secretary General of the Provincial Government.
16   Chang Po-ya
張博雅
Zhāng Bóyă
(1942–)
May 20, 2000 February 1, 2002 Independent
First female chairperson. Concurrently held post of Minister of the Interior.
17 Fan Kuang-chun
范光群
Fàn Guāngqún
(1939–)
February 1, 2002 October 7, 2003 Democratic Progressive Party
18 Lin Kuang-hua
林光華
Lín Guānghuá
(1945–)
October 13, 2003 January 25, 2006 Democratic Progressive Party
Jeng Peir-fuh [zh]
鄭培富
Zhèng Péifù
January 25, 2006 December 7, 2007 Independent
As acting; Secretary General of the Provincial Government.
19   Lin Hsi-yao
林錫耀
Lín Xíyào
(1961–)
December 7, 2007 May 19, 2008 Democratic Progressive Party
Concurrently held post of Minister Without Portfolio.
20 Tsai Hsun-hsiung
蔡勳雄
Cài Xūnxióng
(1941–)
May 20, 2008 September 10, 2009 Kuomintang
Concurrently held post of Minister Without Portfolio.
21   Chang Jin-fu
張進福
Zhāng Jìnfú
(1948–)
September 10, 2009 February 26, 2010 Independent
Concurrently held post of Minister Without Portfolio.
22   Lin Junq-tzer
林政則
Lín Zhèngzé
(1944–)
February 26, 2010 May 20, 2016 Kuomintang
Concurrently held post of Minister Without Portfolio.
23   Shih Jun-ji
施俊吉
Shī Jùnjí
(1955–)
May 20, 2016 June 30, 2016 Independent
Concurrently held post of Minister Without Portfolio. Shortest serving chairperson.
24   Hsu Jan-yau
許璋瑤
Xǔ Zhangyáo
(1951–)
July 1, 2016 November 5, 2017 Independent
Concurrently holds post of Minister Without Portfolio.
25   Wu Tze-cheng
吳澤成
Wú Zéchéng
(1945–)
November 6, 2017 June 30, 2018[6][7] Independent
Concurrently holds post of Minister Without Portfolio.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "臺灣省政府全球資訊網". tpg.gov.tw. Retrieved 2014-08-22.
  2. ^ 中興新村活化專案辦公室揭牌
  3. ^ "Taiwan Provincial Government Official Website". Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  4. ^ "Taiwan Provincial Government Official Website". Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  5. ^ 歷任首長 [Past Chiefs]. tpg.gov.tw (in Chinese). Taiwan Provincial Gov't. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
  6. ^ Executive Yuan website
  7. ^ Taiwan Provincial Government website

External linksEdit