Wrekenton

Wrekenton is a residential area in Gateshead, located around 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from Newcastle upon Tyne, 11 miles (18 km) from Sunderland, and 14 miles (23 km) from Durham. In 2011, Census data for the Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council ward of High Fell recorded a total population of 6,110.[1]

Wrekenton
Central Wrekenton - geograph.org.uk - 71844.jpg
Wrekenton high street
Wrekenton is located in Tyne and Wear
Wrekenton
Wrekenton
Location within Tyne and Wear
Population6,110 (2011 Census data for High Fell ward)
OS grid referenceNZ 2765 5914
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGATESHEAD
Postcode districtNE9
Dialling code0191
PoliceNorthumbria
FireTyne and Wear
AmbulanceNorth East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear
54°56′N 1°34′W / 54.93°N 1.57°W / 54.93; -1.57Coordinates: 54°56′N 1°34′W / 54.93°N 1.57°W / 54.93; -1.57

Wrekenton is bordered by Beacon Lough to the north, Harlow Green to the west, and Eighton Banks to the south. A large part of Wrekenton consists of a council estate, known as Springwell Estate. This is distinct from Springwell Village, which is located a short distance across the border, within the City of Sunderland.

HistoryEdit

The antiquarian John Hodgson claimed to have named the village. He wrote, "After the enclosure of the common (in 1822), Mr. Watson, of Warburton Place, Carrhill, founded a considerable village at this place, which, at my suggestion, he called Wrekenton." This name was chosen because Wrekenton and Eighton Banks were divided by the remains of the Wrekendyke Roman road. Wrekenton is believed to have been the meeting point of two Roman roads, Cade's Road and the Wrekendyke Road. Cade's Road ran from the Humber to York and Newcastle, with the Wrekendyke Road branching away to the north east passing close to Jarrow, and ending at the Roman fort and harbour of Arbeia, at South Shields. It has even been conjectured that a Roman fort existed at the site now occupied by the Ravensworth Golf Club, but no evidence for this has been found.

In the 1860s, Wrekenton was still a very small village with about two hundred dwellings. It remained so for a further seventy years until slum clearance in Gateshead resulted in many new houses being built in Wrekenton, in order to accommodate the previous slum-dwellers. The main industries of the area surrounding the village during the nineteenth century were coal mining, quarrying, brickmaking and agriculture. The spelling of the town's name is recorded, in the mid 1890s, as "Wreckenton", which survived as the name of the local council ward serving the area until 1981.[2]

Old Durham Road was the main route between Durham and Newcastle until 1827, when a new road was built to the west of it on lower ground and called Durham Road. Old Durham Road climbed the steep bank, known as Long Bank to Wrekenton and from there headed north to Beacon Lough before dropping down the steep bank into Gateshead. The mail coach used to pass along this road and one of the stopping places for the coach was The Coach and Horses, an inn that still exists today. Other equally old public houses in Wrekenton, dating from the nineteenth century, are The Seven Stars and The Ship.

DemographyEdit

According to the 2011 Census, the High Fell ward has a population of 6,110.[1] 51.7% of the population are female, while 48.3% are male. Only 3.4% of the population were from a black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) group, as opposed to 14.6% of the national population, and 3.7% of the population in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead.[3]

Data from the 2011 Census found that the average life expectancy in High Fell is 75.0 years for men, and 78.7 years for women. These statics compare less than favourable, when compared to the average life expectancy in the North East of England, of 77.4 and 81.4 years, respectively.[4]

Car ownership is significantly lower than the average in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead (63.5%), and the national average of 74.2% – with 51.5% of households in the High Fell ward owning at least one car.[3]

Demography (data from 2011 Census)
Demographic % of population
Wrekenton[3]
% of population
Gateshead[5]
% of population
England[6]
Total population 6,110 200,214 53,012,456
Male 48.3% 48.9% 49.2%
Female 51.7% 51.1% 50.8%
BAME 3.4% 3.7% 14.6%
Age 65+ 15.8% 17.6% 16.4%

EducationEdit

Wrekenton is served by two primary schools: Fell Dyke Community Primary School,[7] which was rated "requires improvement" by Ofsted in March 2019, and St. Oswald's Catholic Primary School, which was rated "good" in May 2013.[8]

In terms of secondary education, Wrekenton is located within the catchment area for Cardinal Hume Catholic School, rated "outstanding" by Ofsted in January 2014,[9] as well as Lord Lawson of Beamish Academy in Birtley, which was rated "requires improvement" by Ofsted in June 2019.[10][11] Students also attend the nearby Grace College (formerly known as Joseph Swan Academy).

GovernanceEdit

High Fell is a local council ward in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead. This ward covers an area of around 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2), and has a population of 6,110.[12] As of April 2020, the ward is served by three councillors: Judith Gibson, Jean Lee and Jennifer Reay.[13] Wrekenton is located within the parliamentary constituency of Gateshead. As of April 2020, the constituency is served by MP Ian Mearns.[14]

Gateshead Council Local Elections 2019:
High Fell[15]
Candidate Political party No. of
votes
% of
votes
Jennifer Reay  Labour  828 56.4%
Edward Bohill  Conservative  187 12.7%
Lynda Ann Duggan  Liberal Democrats  178 12.1%
Heather Rosemary White  Save Us Now  142 9.7%
Elaine Brunskill  Socialist Alternative  133 9.1%

TransportEdit

AirEdit

The nearest airport to Wrekenton is Newcastle International Airport, which is located around 14 miles (23 km) away by road. Teesside International Airport and Carlisle Lake District Airport are located around 33.5 and 59 miles (53.9 and 95.0 km) away by road, respectively.

BusEdit

Wrekenton is served by Go North East's local bus services, with frequent routes serving Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead, Sunderland and Washington and County Durham.

RailEdit

The nearest Tyne and Wear Metro station is located at Gateshead. The Tyne and Wear Metro provides a regular service to Newcastle, with trains running up to every 6 minutes (7–8 minutes during the evening and Sunday) between Pelaw and South Gosforth, increasing to up to every 3 minutes at peak times.[16] Heworth is nearest rail station, with Northern Trains providing an hourly service along the Durham Coast Line.[17]

RoadEdit

Wrekenton is served by the B1296 – a part of the former route of the Great North Road. By road, Gateshead can be reached in under 10 minutes, Newcastle in 15 minutes, and Newcastle International Airport in 30 minutes.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Census 2011 Ward Factsheet: High Fell" (PDF). Gateshead Council. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Wreckenton, Durham". UK Genealogy Archives. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b c UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – High Fell Ward (as of 2011) (E05001077)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Health state life expectancy by 2011 Census wards, England and Wales: 2009 to 2013". Office for National Statistics. 7 March 2018. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  5. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Gateshead Local Authority (E08000037)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  6. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – England Country (E92000001)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  7. ^ "School report: Fell Dyke Community Primary School". Ofsted. 28 February – 1 March 2019. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  8. ^ "School report: St Oswald's Roman Catholic Voluntary Aided Primary School". Ofsted. 15–16 May 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  9. ^ "School report: Cardinal Hume Catholic School". Ofsted. 14–15 January 2014. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  10. ^ "School report: Lord Lawson of Beamish Academy". Ofsted. 11–12 June 2019. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  11. ^ O’Neill, Caroline (July 2019). "Gateshead Local Authority: Admission to Secondary School (2020)" (PDF). Gateshead Council. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  12. ^ "High Fell Ward Factsheet" (PDF). Gateshead Council. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Councillors by Ward". Gateshead Council. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  14. ^ "MPs representing Gateshead (Constituency)". UK Parliament. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  15. ^ "Local election results 2019: High Fell". Gateshead Council. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  16. ^ "Timetables and stations: Gateshead". Nexus. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  17. ^ "Train times: Nunthorpe and Middlesbrough to Newcastle and Metrocentre" (PDF). Northern Trains. 15 December 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2020.


External linksEdit

  Media related to Wrekenton at Wikimedia Commons