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Walter C. Pfister, ASC (born July 8, 1961) is an American cinematographer and director, who is best known for his work with Christopher Nolan. Pfister won an Academy Award for Best Cinematography for Inception (2010). Pfister is also known for his work on director F. Gary Gray's The Italian Job and Bennett Miller's Moneyball. Pfister made his directorial debut with Transcendence (2014), through Alcon Entertainment. He has also directed commercials and television, including episodes of Flaked and The Tick.

Wally Pfister
Walter C. Pfister

(1961-07-08) July 8, 1961 (age 57)
Other namesWalter Pfister
EducationAFI Conservatory
OccupationCinematographer, director
Years active1988–present
Spouse(s)Anna Julien (1992– div 2015)
ChildrenNicholas, Claire, Mia Rose


Early lifeEdit

Pfister was born in Chicago, Illinois and raised in the New York suburb of Irvington-on-Hudson.[1] He is the son of Patricia Ann (née Conway) and Walter J. Pfister, Jr.[2] His grandfather was the city editor of a newspaper in Wisconsin. His father, also known as Wally, was a TV news producer, who began his career with CBS-TV in Chicago in 1955. Later, as an executive at ABC News, the elder Pfister worked with David Brinkley and Peter Jennings, covering political conventions, space flights and the civil rights movement.

When Pfister was about 11, a film company shot scenes for Shamus (1973), featuring Burt Reynolds, in his Irvington neighborhood. The boy was fascinated by the crew setting up lights and cameras. Soon afterwards, he began shooting 8 mm home movies and short films. Pfister also emulated his father by shooting slides on Kodachrome film and assembling them into little shows for family and friends.


After high school, Pfister found a job as a production assistant at a television station, WMDT-TV, in Salisbury, Maryland. Within a couple of months, he borrowed a CP-16 news camera and began shooting little films on weekends, including a visual essay about a Victorian house. "I did these slow, little intricate moves around the architecture of the house," he recalls, "cut it together with music, and showed it to the production manager. They made me a cameraman. I shot very low budget PSAs for $125 a week."

Within a few months, Pfister found a job as a cameraman for a Washington news service, which provided film for TV stations around the country. He covered the United States Congress, the White House and breaking news from 1982 through 1985. In 1985 Pfister began a freelance career shooting documentaries for the PBS series "Frontline" and industrial videos for various Washington production companies.

In 1988, Robert Altman came to Washington to direct a mini-series for HBO called Tanner '88 (1988). Altman was looking for a real news cameraman to play that role in his show. They hired Pfister and asked him to also shoot some B-roll. When the producers saw his work, they brought Pfister on the show as the second unit cameraman. It was the first time he was exposed to acting and dramatic material.

After that experience, Pfister enrolled at the American Film Institute. During his second year, he collaborated with his classmates on a short film called "Senzeni Na?", which was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Live Action Short Film in 1991. The film told the story of a man caught up in the apartheid struggle. Pfister drew on his documentary experience, and lit it darkly and stark, using a single light so the actor could play in and out of that source.

Janusz Kamiński had just graduated from the AFI Conservatory, and met Pfister that year. He saw Pfister's film and recruited him as a grip and electrician for various projects, including a few with Phedon Papamichael.

Roger Corman gave Pfister an opportunity to shoot pickup shots and inserts for a Papamichael film. It was the first time he shot 35 mm film. After that, Pfister handled second unit for Papamichael on Body Chemistry and also on other Corman films.

Pfister shot The Unborn, his first feature, in 1991. After that, he filmed an array of horror movies, typically on 15-day schedules.

In 1995, Papamichael asked Pfister to operate for him on Diane Keaton's Unstrung Heroes (1995).

Work with Christopher NolanEdit

In 1998, Pfister shot The Hi-Line in Montana in the dead of winter on a $300,000 budget. It got into the competition at Sundance Film Festival. There, he met Nolan, who had a film at Slamdance. Pfister's first collaboration with Nolan was on the neo-noir thriller Memento (2000). The success of this collaboration resulted in Pfister taking over as director of photography for Nolan's subsequent films: Insomnia (2002), Batman Begins (2005), The Prestige (2006), The Dark Knight (2008), which he partially shot with IMAX cameras, and Inception, which was shot partially in 5-perf 65 mm. He is the only cinematographer that has worked with director Christopher Nolan between Memento and The Dark Knight Rises, and has served as cinematographer for all of Nolan's films except for Following (1998), for which Nolan acted as cinematographer himself, Interstellar (2014), Dunkirk (2017), and Tenet (2020), in those of which he was replaced by Hoyte van Hoytema, after Pfister got the chance to direct his first film, Transcendence. Pfister has stated that he "turned down many projects (including several Harry Potter films), in some cases just to be available for Nolan, or to stay home with my family."[3]

Pfister has been nominated for an Academy Award for Best Cinematography four times, each time for a film directed by Nolan. He won an Academy Award for his work on Inception at the 83rd Academy Awards. He also has been nominated three times for the American Society of Cinematographers Award for Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Theatrical Releases, for Batman Begins, The Dark Knight and Inception, winning for the latter, in 2011.

Directorial workEdit

Pfister made his directorial debut with the science fiction thriller Transcendence, starring Johnny Depp, which was released by Warner Bros. on April 18, 2014.[4] The cast also featured Morgan Freeman, Kate Mara, Cillian Murphy, Rebecca Hall, and Paul Bettany.[5]

Personal lifeEdit

Pfister currently resides in Los Angeles, California and has three children: Nick, actress Claire Julien, and Mia.[6]

He is a member of the American Society of Cinematographers (ASC) since 2002, and the British Society of Cinematographers (BSC) since 2011.

The Batman Begins video game includes a character named "Walter Pfister".


As cinematographerEdit

Year Film Director Other notes
1993 Stepmonster Jeremy Stanford
1995 The Granny Luca Bercovici
1998 Rhapsody In Bloom Craig Saavedra
2000 Memento Christopher Nolan Nominated – Independent Spirit Award for Best Cinematography
2001 Rustin Rick Johnson
Scotland, PA Billy Morrissette
2002 Insomnia Christopher Nolan
Laurel Canyon Lisa Cholodenko
2003 The Italian Job F. Gary Gray
2005 Slow Burn Wayne Beach
Batman Begins Christopher Nolan Nominated – Academy Award for Best Cinematography
Nominated – American Society of Cinematographers Award for Outstanding Cinematography
2006 The Prestige Nominated – Academy Award for Best Cinematography
2008 The Dark Knight Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Cinematography
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Cinematography
Nominated – American Society of Cinematographers Award for Outstanding Cinematography
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Cinematography
2010 Inception Academy Award for Best Cinematography
American Society of Cinematographers Award for Outstanding Cinematography
Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Cinematography
San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Cinematography
Satellite Award for Best Cinematography
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Cinematography
Nominated – Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Cinematography
2011 Moneyball Bennett Miller
2012 The Dark Knight Rises Christopher Nolan
Marley Kevin MacDonald

Other worksEdit

Awards and nominationsEdit


  1. ^ "Wally Pfister, ASC". Cameraguild. Archived from the original on 2012-05-03. Retrieved 2009-08-05.
  2. ^ "Sheboygan Press Newspaper Archives, Jun 8, 1957, p. 7". 8 June 1957.
  3. ^ "Christopher Nolan: The Movies. The Memories. – Part 2: Wally Pfister on Memento". Empire. July 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  4. ^ McClintock, Pamela (March 1, 2013). "Johnny Depp's 'Transcendence' to Hit Theaters in April 2014". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  5. ^ "Cillian Murphy Reuniting with Wally Pfister for 'Transcendence' Sci-Fi".
  6. ^ "Inception" winning Best Cinematography on YouTube

External linksEdit