Ernst Wilhelm "Wim" Wenders (German: [ˈvɪm ˈvɛndɐs]; born 14 August 1945) is a German filmmaker, playwright, author, and photographer. He is a major figure in New German Cinema. Among many honors, he has received three nominations for the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature: for Buena Vista Social Club (1999), about Cuban music culture; Pina (2011), about the contemporary dance choreographer Pina Bausch; and The Salt of the Earth (2014), about Brazilian photographer Sebastião Salgado.
Wenders at the Berlinale 2017
Ernst Wilhelm Wenders
14 August 1945
|Occupation||Filmmaker, director, screenwriter, playwright, author, photographer|
(m. 1968; div. 1974)
(m. 1974; div. 1978)
(m. 1979; div. 1981)
(m. 1981; div. 1982)
for The State of Things (1982)
for Paris, Texas (1984)
Cannes Film Festival
Grand Jury Prize
for Faraway, So Close! (1993)
Silver Bear Jury Prize
for The Million Dollar Hotel (2000)
One of Wenders's earliest honors was a win for the BAFTA Award for Best Direction for his narrative drama Paris, Texas (1984), which also won the Palme d'Or at the 1984 Cannes Film Festival. Many of his subsequent films have also been recognized at Cannes, including Wings of Desire (1987), for which he won the Best Director Award at the 1987 Cannes Film Festival.
Wenders has been the president of the European Film Academy in Berlin since 1996. Alongside filmmaking, he is an active photographer, emphasizing images of desolate landscapes. He is considered to be an auteur director.
Wenders was born in Düsseldorf, Germany, into a traditionally Catholic family. His father, Heinrich Wenders, was a surgeon. The Dutch name "Wim" is a shortened version of the baptismal name "Wilhelm". As a boy, Wenders took unaccompanied trips to Amsterdam to visit the Rijksmuseum. He graduated from high school in Oberhausen in the Ruhr area. He then studied medicine (1963–64) and philosophy (1964–65) at the University of Freiburg and the University of Dusseldorf, but dropped out and moved to Paris in October 1966 in order to become a painter. Wenders failed his entry test at France's national film school, IDHEC (now La Fémis), and instead became an engraver at Johnny Friedlaender's studio in Montparnasse. During this time Wenders became fascinated with cinema, and saw up to five movies a day at the local movie theater.
Set on making his obsession his life's work, he returned to Germany in 1967 to work in the Düsseldorf office of United Artists. That fall, he entered the Hochschule für Fernsehen und Film München (University of Television and Film Munich). Between 1967 and 1970, while at the "HFF", he also worked as a film critic for FilmKritik, the Munich daily newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung, Twen magazine, and Der Spiegel.
Wenders began his career during the late 1960s, the New German Cinema era. Much of the distinctive cinematography in his movies is the result of a highly productive long-term collaboration with Dutch cinematographer Robby Müller. Paris, Texas and Wings of Desire were the result of collaborations with avant-garde authors Peter Handke and Sam Shepard. Handke's novel The Goalie's Anxiety at the Penalty Kick was adapted for Wenders's second feature film, The Goalkeeper's Fear of the Penalty. Handke co-wrote the script for Wings of Desire and Until the end of the World, both featuring Solveig Dommartin.
Wenders has directed several highly acclaimed documentaries, most notably Buena Vista Social Club (1999), about Cuban musicians, and The Soul of a Man (2003), on American blues. He has also directed a documentary style film on the Skladanowsky brothers, known in English as A Trick of the Light. The Skladanowsky brothers were inventing 'moving pictures' when several others like the Lumière brothers and William Friese-Greene were doing the same. Alongside Buena Vista Social Club his documentaries on Pina Bausch, Pina, and Sebastiao Salgado, The Salt of the Earth also received nominations for the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.
Wenders has also directed many music videos for groups such as U2 and Talking Heads, including "Stay (Faraway, So Close!)" and "Sax and Violins". His television commercials include a UK advertisement for Carling Premier Canadian beer.
Wenders's book Emotion Pictures, a collection of diary essays written as a film student, was adapted and broadcast as a series of plays on BBC Radio 3, featuring Peter Capaldi as Wenders, with Gina McKee, Saskia Reeves, Dennis Hopper, Harry Dean Stanton and Ricky Tomlinson, dramatised by Neil Cargill.
In 2015, Wenders collaborated with artist/journalist and longtime friend Melinda Camber Porter on a documentary feature about his body of work, Wim Wenders – Visions on Film, when Porter died. The film remains incomplete.
Wenders is a member of the advisory board of World Cinema Foundation. The project was founded by Martin Scorsese and aims to find and reconstruct world cinema films that have been neglected. As of 2015 he served as a Jury Member for the digital studio Filmaka, a platform for undiscovered filmmakers to show their work to industry professionals.
In 2011, he was selected to stage the 2013 cycle of Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen at the Bayreuth Festival. The project fell through when he insisted on filming in 3-D, which the Wagner family found too costly and disruptive.
In 2012, while promoting his 3-D dance film, Pina, Wenders told the Documentary channel Blog in December 2011 that he had begun work on a new 3-D documentary about architecture. He also said he would only work in 3-D from then on. Wenders had admired the dance choreographer Pina Bausch since 1985, but only with the advent of digital 3-D cinema did he decide that he could sufficiently capture her work on screen.
In June 2017, Wenders stage-directed Georges Bizet's opera Les Pêcheurs de perles, starring Olga Peretyatko and Francesco Demuro and conducted by Daniel Barenboim at the Berlin State Opera (Staatsoper).
In a 2018 interview, Wenders said his favorite movie of all time was his film about Pope Francis, and that his entire career had been building up to it. His admiration for Francis is profound; he said he felt the Pope is doing his best in a difficult time, in a world full of calamities. He also said that, though raised Catholic, he had converted to Protestantism years earlier.
Wenders has worked with photographic images of desolate landscapes and themes of memory, time, loss, nostalgia and movement. He began his long-running project "Pictures from the Surface of the Earth" in the early 1980s and pursued it for 20 years. The initial photographic series was titled "Written in the West" and was produced while Wenders criss-crossed the American West in preparation for his film Paris, Texas (1984). It became the starting point for a nomadic journey across the globe, including Germany, Australia, Cuba, Israel and Japan, to take photographs capturing the essence of a moment, place or space.
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- Written in the West, in conjunction with the publication, Written in the West, Munich: Schirmer/Mosel (1987), touring exhibition: Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris (1986); Encontros de Fotografia, Coimbra (1987); Palazzo della Triennale di Milano (1988); Film Society of Miami (1988); Goethe Institut, Stockholm (1988); Goethe Institut, Copenhagen (1988); Saint-Yrieix-La-Perche (1990); Städtische Galerie Schwarzes Kloster, Freiburg (Breisgau) (1992)
- Wim Wenders Photographs, touring exhibition: Galerie F. C Gundlach, Hamburg (1989); Galerie Marie-Louise Wirth, Zürich (1990); Hochschule für Fernsehen und Film, Munich (1991); Fahey/Klein Gallery, Los Angeles (1991); Shibuya Seibu Dept. Store, Tokyo (1992); Kiyomizu
- Temple, Kyoto (1992); Musée de l'Élysée, Lausanne (1992); Amerika Haus, Berlin (1992); Venice Biennale (1993); Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek (1993); Sala Parpallo Palau Dels Scala, Valencia (1994); San Telmo Museum, San Sebastian (1994)
- Wim Wenders Photo Exhibition, in conjunction with the publication, Once, Munich: Schirmer/ Mosel (2001), touring exhibition: Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome (1993); Villa delle Rose, Bologna (1994); FNAC, Paris (1994); Parco, Tokyo (1994); FNAC, Berlin (1995); Villa Rufolo, Ravello (1995)
- Wim Wenders: Landscape and Memory, Gallery of Contemporary Photography, Santa Monica, California
- Wim Wenders: Landscape and Memory, Gallery of Contemporary Photography, Santa Monica
- Wim Wenders: Photos, in conjunction with the publication, Wim Wenders: Photos, Munich Goethe Institute (1996), Goethe Institutes worldwide
- Buena Vista Social Club, Rose Gallery, Bergamot Station, Santa Monica, California
- Pictures from the Surface of the Earth, touring exhibition: Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin (2001), Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao (2002), Haunch of Venison, London (2003); Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney (2003); City Art Gallery, Wellington, New Zealand; Millennium Art Museum, Beijing, China; Shanghai Museum of Art, Shanghai, China; Guangdong Museum of Art, Guangzhou, China (2004)
- Wim Wenders, James Cohan Gallery, New York
- Wim Wenders, Galerie Judin Belot, Zurich, Switzerland
- Pictures from the Surface of the Earth, Australia and Japan, James Cohan Gallery, New York
- Between The Lines, group exhibition, James Cohan Gallery, New York
- Images of Time and Place: Contemporary Views of Landscape, group exhibition, Lehman College Art Gallery, Bronx, New York
- Wim Wenders, Galleria Marabini, Bologna, Italy
- Through the Lens: Eight Photographers, group exhibition, C. Grimaldis Gallery, Baltimore, Maryland.
- Pictures from the Surface of the Earth, ARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum, Århus C, Denmark
- The Forest: Politics, Poetics, and Practice, Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University, Durham, North Carolina
- Through the Lens, group exhibition, C. Grimaldis Gallery, Baltimore, Maryland
- Wim Wenders: Immagini dal pianeta terra, Scuderie del Quirinale, Rome, Italy
- Journey to Onomichi – Photos by Wim and Donata Wenders, Omotesando Hills, Tokyo, Japan
- Pictures from the Surface of the Earth, images from touring exhibition, Salon of the Museum of Contemporary Art, Belgrade, Serbia
- Dark Places, curated by Joshua Decter, Santa Monica Museum of Art, Santa Monica, California
- Places, strange and quiet, Museu de Arte de São Paulo, São Paulo, BR
- Places, strange and quiet, Haunch of Venison, London, UK
- Places Strange and Quiet, Ostlicht. Galerie Für Fotografie, Vienna, AT
- Places, strange and quiet, Harald Falckenberg Exhibition Space, Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, DE
- Wim Wenders: Pictures from the Surface of the Earth, Multimedia Art Museum, Moscow, RU
- Wim Wenders. Appunti di Viaggio. Armenia Giappone Germani. Villa Pignatelli, Naples, IT
- Wim Wenders: Photographs, Fundació Sorigué, Leida, ES
- Wim Wenders: Places Strange & Quiet, GL Strand, Copenhagen, DK
- Wim Wenders: Urban Solitude, Palazzo Incontro, Rome, IT
- Wim Wenders: America, Villa e collezione la Panza, Varese, IT
- Wim Wenders: 4REAL & TRUE2. Wim Wenders. Landscapes and Photographs, Museum Kunstpalast, Düsseldorf, DE
- "time capsules. by the side of the road. Wim Wenders' recent photographs", BlainSouthern, Berlin, DE
- "In broad daylight even the sounds shine. Wim Wenders scouting in Portugal", curated by Anna Duque y González and Laura Schmidt Reservatório da Mãe d'Água das Amoreiras, Lisbon
"The Space Between the Characters Can Carry the Load", Collection Ivo Wessel, Weserburg Museum for modern Art, Bremen, DE
Legacy and honorsEdit
Wenders has received many awards, including the Golden Lion for The State of Things at the Venice Film Festival (1982); the Palme d'Or at the 1984 Cannes Film Festival for his movie Paris, Texas; and Best Direction for Wings of Desire in the 1987 Bavarian Film Awards and the 1987 Cannes Film Festival. He won the Bavarian Film Awards for Best Director for Faraway, So Close! in 1993. In 2004, he received the Master of Cinema Award of the International Filmfestival Mannheim-Heidelberg. He was awarded the Leopard of Honour at the Locarno International Film Festival in 2005. In 2012, his dance film Pina was nominated for the Best Documentary Feature of the 84th Academy Awards. Wenders also received a nomination for the Writers Guild of America Award for Best Documentary Screenplay for the film.
The Wim Wenders Foundation was established in Düsseldorf in 2012. The foundation provides a framework to bring together his cinematic, photographic, artistic and literary works in his native country and to make it permanently accessible to the public.
Wenders was awarded the Honorary Golden Bear at the 65th Berlin International Film Festival in February 2015. In 2016, Wenders received the Großer Kulturpreis of the Sparkassen Culture-Foundation Rhineland, one of the highest-endowed cultural honorings in Germany, with previous winners such as photographer legend Hilla Becher, sculptor Tony Cragg, musician Wolfgang Niedecken and director Sönke Wortmann. In 2017, Wenders received the Douglas Sirk Award at the Hamburg Film Festival.
|Year||English title||German title||Notes|
|1970||Summer in the City||First full-length feature film (Dedicated to The Kinks)|
|1972||The Goalkeeper's Fear of the Penalty (UK) or The Goalie's Anxiety at the Penalty Kick (USA)||Die Angst des Tormanns beim Elfmeter||Adaptation of a novel by Peter Handke|
|1973||The Scarlet Letter||Der Scharlachrote Buchstabe||Adapted from the novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne|
|1974||Alice in the Cities||Alice in den Städten||First part of Wenders's Road Movie Trilogy|
|1975||The Wrong Move||Falsche Bewegung||Second part of Wenders's Road Movie Trilogy, with Nastassja Kinski|
|1976||Kings of the Road||Im Lauf der Zeit||Third part of Wenders's Road Movie Trilogy|
|1977||The American Friend||Der Amerikanische Freund||Adaptation of Patricia Highsmith's novel Ripley's Game|
|1980||Lightning Over Water||Documentary about the last days of Nicholas Ray|
|1982||Hammett||Fictional story about Dashiell Hammett, American writer; based on a novel by Joe Gores|
|1982||Room 666||Chambre 666||Short documentary interviews directors on the future of cinema, including Steven Spielberg, Jean-Luc Godard, and Rainer Werner Fassbinder. Filmed at Cannes|
|1982||Reverse Angle||Short film documents Wenders's disputes with Coppola during Hammett|
|1982||The State of Things||Stand der Dinge|
|1985||Tokyo-Ga||Documentary about Japanese film director Yasujirō Ozu|
|1987||Wings of Desire||Der Himmel über Berlin||Written with Peter Handke. A guardian angel is tempted to prefer human experience over the outsider's immortality.|
|1989||Notebook on Cities and Clothes||Aufzeichnungen zu Kleidern und Städten||Documentary about Japanese fashion designer Yohji Yamamoto.|
|1990||Red Hot + Blue||Music video for "Night and Day" performed by U2|
|1991||Until the End of the World||Bis ans Ende der Welt|
|1992||Arisha, the Bear and the Stone Ring||Arisha, der Bär und der steinerne Ring|
|1993||Faraway, So Close!||In weiter Ferne, so nah!||Sequel to Wings of Desire|
|1994||Lisbon Story||Partially a sequel to The State of Things|
|1995||Beyond the Clouds||Jenseits der Wolken||(with Michelangelo Antonioni)|
|1995||A Trick of Light||Die Gebrüder Skladanowsky||Also known as The Brothers Skladanowsky|
|1995||Lumière et compagnie||Anthology film made in collaboration between forty-one international film directors|
|1997||The End of Violence||Am Ende der Gewalt|
|1998||Willie Nelson at the Teatro|
|1999||Buena Vista Social Club||Documentary about Cuban musicians; made with Ry Cooder|
|2000||The Million Dollar Hotel|
|2000||Un matin partout dans le monde||TV Short|
|2001||Souljacker Part 1||Music Video for "Souljacker Pt 1" by Eels|
|2002||Ode to Cologne: A Rock 'N' Roll Film||Viel passiert – Der BAP-Film||Documentary about the Cologne rock group BAP|
|2002||Ten Minutes Older||Ten Minutes Older: The Trumpet||Contributed segment "Twelve Miles to Trona"|
|2003||Other Side of the Road||Short|
|2003||The Soul of a Man||Documentary about Blues musicians, from the doc series Martin Scorsese Presents The Blues|
|2004||Land of Plenty||based on a story by Scott Derrickson, with Michelle Williams and John Diehl|
|2005||Don't Come Knocking||Script by Wenders and Sam Shepard who also played the main character|
|2007||Invisibles||Documentary, contributed segment "Invisible Crimes"|
|2007||To Each His Own Cinema||Contributed segment "War in Peace"|
|2008||Palermo Shooting||dedicated to Ingmar Bergman and Michelangelo Antonioni|
|2008||8||Contributed segment "Person to Person"|
|2010||If Buildings Could Talk||Short doc about the Rolex Learning Center|
|2011||Pina||Documentary about the late choreographer Pina Bausch, in 3D, premiered Out of Competition at the Berlin Film Festival|
|2012||Mundo Invisível||segment "Ver ou Não Ver"|
|2014||The Salt of the Earth||Das Salz der Erde||Documentary about photographer Sebastião Salgado|
|2015||Every Thing Will Be Fine||Drama|
|2016||The Beautiful Days of Aranjuez||Die schönen Tage von Aranjuez||based on the play for two persons by Peter Handke, filmed in 3D|
|2017||Submergence||Grenzenlos||Adaptation from war journalist JM Ledgard's novel|
|2018||Pope Francis: A Man of His Word||Papst Franziskus – Ein Mann seines Wortes||Documentary|
- Lindbergh, Peter; Wenders, Wim (2002), Peter Lindbergh: stories, Santa Fe: Arena Editions, ISBN 978-1-892041-64-7
- Shepard, Sam; Wenders, Wim (1991), Paris, Texas: Screenplay, New York: Ecco Press, ISBN 978-0-88001-266-9
- Steinhilber, Berthold; Wenders, Wim (2003), Ghost towns of the American West, New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., ISBN 978-0-8109-4508-1
- Wenders, Wim (1986), Emotion pictures: Essays und Filmkritiken, 1968–1984, Frankfurt: Verlag der Autoren, ISBN 978-3-88661-078-5
- Wenders, Wim (1989), Emotion pictures: reflections on cinema, London: Faber and Faber, ISBN 978-0-571-15271-1
- Wenders, Wim (2001), Once: pictures and stories, New York: DAP/Schirmer/Mosel, ISBN 978-1-891024-25-2
- Wenders, Wim (1984), Paris, Texas, Nördlingen: Greno, ISBN 978-3-921568-11-8
- Wenders, Wim (2001), Written in the West, New York: teNeues, ISBN 978-3-8238-5469-2
- Wenders, Wim; Handke, Peter (1998), Der Himmel über Berlin: Ein Filmbuch von Wim Wenders und Peter Handke (in German), Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag, ISBN 978-3-518-02406-5
- Wenders, Wim; Hofmann, Michael (1992), The logic of images: essays and conversations, London: Faber and Faber, ISBN 978-0-571-16517-9
- Wenders, Wim; Hofmann, Michael (2000), My time with Antonioni: the diary of an extraordinary experience, London: Faber and Faber, ISBN 978-0-571-20076-4
- Wenders, Wim; Hofmann, Michael (2001), On film: essays and conversations, London: Faber and Faber, ISBN 978-0-571-20718-3
- Wenders, Wim; Tawada, Yoko (2007), Where Europe begins, New York: New Directions Publishers, ISBN 978-0-8112-1702-6
- Wenders, Wim; Wenders, Donata (2000), The heart is a sleeping Beauty: the Million Dollar Hotel - a film book, New York: teNeues, ISBN 978-3-8238-5468-5
- Wenders, Wim; Zournazi, Mary (2013), Inventing Peace: A Dialogue on Perception, London: I.B.Tauris, ISBN 978-1-78076-693-5
- "Wim Wenders: Places, Strange And Quiet – in pictures | Art and design". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- Art Photography. "Wim Wenders: Show, don't tell". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- Lehrer, Adam. "MoMA Celebrates Auteur Director Wim Wenders With Retrospective". Retrieved 23 June 2017.
- "Wim Wenders". polkagalerie.com. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
- A Trick of the Light on IMDb
- http://www.wimwendersfilmfestival.com/#!a-b-o-u-t/cfp1 Archived 22 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- "Profile Jury". Filmaka.com. 14 August 1945. Archived from the original on 10 July 2009. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- "German Information Centre South Asia | Facebook". German-info.com. 8 March 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
-  Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
-  Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
-  Archived 5 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "It's 3D or Bust for 'Pina' Director Wim Wenders – Speakeasy – WSJ". The Wall Street Journal. 23 December 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- "Wim Wenders On 'Pina': A Dance Documentary in 3-D". NPR. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- Amanpour, Christiane (host) (23 May 2018). "Amanpour: Joseph Yun and Wim Wenders". Amanpour on PBS. PBS.
- Rose, Barbara (1 January 2004). "Wim Wenders: Pictures From the Surface of the Earth". The Brooklyn Rail. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- "Wim Wenders, Pictures from the Surface of the Earth". Multimedia Art Museum, Moscow.
- Italiano, FAI – Fondo Ambiente. "Wenders in mostra a Villa Panza con il FAI – Fondo Ambiente Italiano". wimwendersvillapanza.it. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
-  Archived 25 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- "Nominees for the 84th Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- Fernandez, Jay A. (19 February 2012). "Writers Guild Awards: Complete Winners List". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
- "The Foundation – Wim Wenders Stiftung". wimwendersstiftung.de. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
- "Homage 2015 and Honorary Golden Bear for Wim Wenders". Berlinale.de. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "Awards Ceremony". filmfesthamburg.de.
- Michael, Chris (23 September 2014). "Wim Wenders on his Berlin: 'Oh man, has it ever changed!'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
- Burger, John (17 May 2018). "Exclusive interview: Wim Wenders discusses the Catholic influences on his film about Pope Francis". Aleteia. Aleteia SAS. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
- "Berlinale 2011: First Competition Films". Berlinale.de. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
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