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State Route 3 is a primary state highway in the U.S. state of Virginia that extends from the town of Culpeper south and eastwardly to Gloucester in Virginia's Middle Peninsula region. For many years, a portion was named "Historyland Highway".

State Route 3 marker

State Route 3
Route information
Maintained by VDOT
Length151 mi[1] (242 km)
Virginia Byway
Major junctions
West end
US 15 Bus. / US 522 in Culpeper
  I-95 / US 17 in Fredericksburg

SR 3 Bus. / US 360 in Warsaw
East end
US 17 Bus. / SR 14 in Gloucester
Highway system
SR 2SR 4
SR 3 in rural Lancaster County


Route descriptionEdit

Gloucester CountyEdit

Route 3 begins as the John Clayton Memorial Highway in Gloucester, sharing the highway with State Route 14.

Mathews CountyEdit

After entering Mathews County, Virginia, Route 3 takes a left onto Windsor Road and then a Right on Dutton Road. After that, it takes a left and crosses the Piankatank River.

Middlesex CountyEdit

After crossing the Piankatank River, goes through Hartfield and Greys Point, and then crosses the Rappahannock River on the Robert O. Norris Bridge.

Lancaster CountyEdit

Route 3 is called Mary Ball Road in Lancaster County, named after George Washington's mother Mary Ball Washington, who was born there. A section is the Lancaster Courthouse Historic District, including the "post village" which has long been the county seat.

Richmond CountyEdit

In Richmond County, Route 3 splits into a business route and a bypass in Warsaw. The business route is concurrent with US 360 going through the town. After leaving the town, it narrows into two lanes.

Westmoreland CountyEdit

Route 3 is a Scenic Byway between Montross and Oak Grove. It passes by Westmoreland State Park and the George Washington Birthplace National Monument.

King George CountyEdit

The King George County segment of State Route 3 is known as King's Highway throughout the county. It traverses the county boundaries in a fairly east–west direction, starting at the King George County-Westmoreland County boundary line. It extends westward, crossing U.S. Route 301 and widening back to four lanes as it continues towards Stafford County and the city of Fredericksburg.

Kings Highway is also the main access road to Interstate 95 through Fredericksburg for King George County.

A large portion of the King George County Administration is situated on Kings Highway. The county courthouse, county seat, Sheriff's office, the offices of the Board of Supervisors and School Board are located at State Route 3 through King George County.

Stafford CountyEdit

Route 3 enters the county after passing over Muddy Creek. In Stafford County, Route 3 is called Kings Highway. It passes by Ferry Farm, the boyhood home of George Washington.

City of FredericksburgEdit

Route 3 splits into a business route and a bypass while going through Fredericksburg. The bypass is called the Blue and Gray Parkway. The business route follows William Street. Both routes enter the city by passing over the Rappahannock River, although on different bridges. They rejoin as William Street just before the U.S. 1 interchange. The street name changes to Plank Road somewhere between Route 1 and Interstate 95.

Spotsylvania CountyEdit

View west along SR 3 in Spotsylvania County, just west of Fredericksburg

Route 3 is known as Plank Road in Spotsylvania County. It's a divided highway of at least four lanes, sometimes six and eight, for the duration of this segment. The Spotsylvania Mall and large Central Park regional shopping center next to it, are located at the junction with Interstate 95. It is the most heavily traveled portion of Route 3.

Orange CountyEdit

SR 3 slightly goes through Orange County. When entering westbound the highway intersects VA 20 at Wilderness.

Culpeper CountyEdit

Route 3 is known as Germanna Highway in Culpeper County, after an early colonial community of German ironworkers.

Town of CulpeperEdit

Route 3 enters the town of Culpeper after crossing over the U.S. Route 15/U.S. Route 29 bypass of the city. It ends at U.S. Route 15 Business at an intersection with Orange Road.


State Route 7 was defined as part of the original 1918 state highway system from Winchester southeast via Front Royal, and Culpeper to Fredericksburg, and then along the Northern Neck via Warsaw to Reedville.[2] This is now approximated by U.S. Route 522, State Route 3, and U.S. Route 360.

In late 1921, the State Highway Commission looked at possible routes between Winchester and Front Royal, specifically via Middletown to Cedarville and via Boyce, White Post, Stone Bridge, and Rockland to Cedarville, and decided on the direct route via Double Toll Gate.[3]

SR 7 at first ran from Montross via Templeman to Warsaw and then east via Heathsville to Reedville.[4] By late 1922, a branch northwest from Callao via Hague to Templeman was added and assigned the State Route 7-X designation.[5][6]

In the 1923 renumbering, SR 7 became State Route 37 (and SR 7-X became State Route 371). By the end of that year, SR 37's east end was moved from Reedville to Westland,[7] and the old road between Warsaw and Reedville became part of SR 371.

Major intersectionsEdit

   US 15 Bus. / US 522 north (Orange Road / Germanna Highway) – Winchester, Orange
Western end of US 522 concurrency
1.302.09   US 15 / US 29 – Washington, Charlottesvilleinterchange
1.622.61  US 522 south (Zachary Taylor Highway) – Mineral, PowhatanEastern end of US 522 concurrency
OrangeWilderness19.2430.96  SR 20 south (Constitution Highway) – Orange, Charlottesville, Wilderness Battlefield, James Madison's MontpelierNorthern terminus of SR 20
SpotsylvaniaWilderness Corner20.2032.51  SR 613 (Brock Road) – Spotsylvania CHformer SR 210 south
City of Fredericksburg31.9151.35  I-95 (US 17) – Washington, RichmondExit 130 (I-95)
33.1553.35  US 1 – Falmouth, Washington, Massaponax, Richmondinterchange
  SR 3 Bus. east (William Street) – Fredericksburg, University of Mary Washington
Western terminus of SR 3 Bus.
  US 1 Bus. (Lafayette Boulevard)
   US 17 Bus. / SR 2 (Dixon Street) – Tappahannock, Bowling Green, Shannon Airport
  SR 3 Bus. west – Fredericksburg
King GeorgeArnolds Corner50.8481.82  SR 206 east (Dahlgren Road) – Dahlgren, Caledon Natural AreaWestern terminus of SR 206
Purkins Corner53.4285.97  SR 205 east (Ridge Road) – Edgehill, Colonial BeachWestern terminus of SR 205
Office Hall54.9888.48  US 301 (James Madison Parkway) – Baltimore, Richmond
WestmorelandOak Grove65.00104.61   SR 205 west (James Monroe Highway) / SR 638 (Leedstown Road) – Colonial BeachEastern terminus of SR 205
Wakefield Corner67.83109.16  SR 204 east (Popes Creek Road)Western terminus of SR 204
Flat Iron69.80112.33  SR 624 (Flat Iron Road)to former SR 204 west
Baynesville72.71117.02  SR 347 (State Park Road)Southern terminus of SR 347
Lerty73.39118.11  SR 214 east (Stratford Hall Road) – Stratford HallWestern terminus of SR 214
Templeman81.29130.82  SR 202 east (Cople Highway) – Mt. Holly, HagueWestern terminus of SR 202
  SR 690 (Menokin Road)former SR 202 west
RichmondLyells87.33140.54  SR 203 north (Oldhams Road) – Kinsale, Sandy PointSouthern terminus of SR 203
  SR 3 Bus. east (Main Street) – Warsaw
Western terminus of SR 3 Bus.
   US 360 / SR 3 Bus. west (Richmond Road) – Callao, Warsaw, Tappahannock, Richmond
Eastern terminus of SR 3 Bus.
  SR 642 (Sharps Road) – Sharpsformer SR 228 south
Lancaster105.43169.67  SR 354 south (River Road) – Litwalton, BertrandNorthern terminus of SR 354
Lively110.76178.25   SR 201 (White Chapel Road) to SR 354 – Heathsville, Belle Isle State Park
  SR 604 (Merry Point Road)to Merry Point Ferry
Kilmarnock120.57194.04  SR 200 north (East Church Street) – Wicomico Church, Burgess, ReedvilleWestern end of SR 200 concurrency
120.66194.18  SR 200 south (Irvington Road)Eastern end of SR 200 concurrency
White Stone125.16201.43   SR 200 north / SR 695 south (Chesapeake Drive) – Irvington, Palmer, Foxwells, Historic Christ ChurchSouthern terminus of SR 200; former SR 3 east
Rappahannock River126.71203.92Robert O. Norris Bridge
MiddlesexHarmony Village132.55213.32  SR 33 west (General Puller Highway) – Saluda, RichmondWestern end of SR 33 concurrency
Hartfield136.00218.87  SR 33 east (General Puller Highway) – DeltavilleEastern end of SR 33 concurrency
Piankatank RiverTwigg Bridge
MathewsDixie140.57226.23  SR 198 east (Buckley Hall Road) – MathewsWestern end of SR 198 concurrency
Soles142.12228.72   SR 198 west (Buckley Hall Road) to US 17 – SaludaEastern end of SR 198 concurrency
Fort Nonsense144.19232.05  SR 14 east (John Clayton Memorial Highway) – MathewsWestern end of SR 14 concurrency
GloucesterGloucester Court House150.55242.29  
   US 17 Bus. / SR 14 west (Main Street) – York River Bridge, Gloucester Historic District
Eastern end of SR 14 concurrency
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Special routesEdit

Fredericksburg Business RouteEdit



State Route 3 Business
View west along SR 3 Bus. entering Fredericksburg

State Route 3 Business runs through historic Fredericksburg primarily along William Street and the Kings Highway, although a one-way split of the route exists between Washington Avenue and Amelia Street.

Warsaw Business RouteEdit



State Route 3 Business
SR 3 Bus. and US 360 in Warsaw

State Route 3 Business in Warsaw includes Main Street and a concurrency with US 360.


Route map:

KML is from Wikidata
  1. ^ a b 2010 Virginia Department of Transportation Traffic Data Culpeper County - Orange County - Spotsylvania County - City of Fredericksburg - Stafford County - King George County - Westmoreland County - Richmond County - Lancaster County - Middlesex County - Mathews County - Gloucester County
  2. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (July 5, 1922). Minutes of the First Meeting of the State Highway Commission Created Under the Acts of 1922 (PDF) (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. Proposed "State Highway System" for Virginia, as Recommended by the State Roads Committee, January, 1918
  3. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (November 29 – December 3, 1921). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission and an Inspection Trip (PDF) (Report). Richmond, VA, and Washington, DC: Commonwealth of Virginia. pp. 36, 51.
  4. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (July 5–8, 1921). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission, an Inspection Trip, and a Public Hearing (PDF) (Report). Culpeper, Richmond, and Manassas, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 3.
  5. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (November 8–11, 1922). Minutes of the Fifth Meeting of the State Highway Commission (PDF) (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 1.
  6. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (November 27–28, 1922). Minutes of the Sixth Meeting of the State Highway Commission (PDF) (Report). Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 6.
  7. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (December 11–12, 1923). Minutes of Meeting (PDF) (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. p. 14.
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