U.S. Route 29 in Virginia
U.S. Route 29 (US 29) is a major north–south route in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It covers 248 miles (399 km) from the North Carolina border at the city of Danville to the Key Bridge in Washington, D.C.. US 29 roughly bisects Virginia into eastern and western halves, and along with Interstate 81 in western Virginia, and 85/95 farther east, provides one of the major north–south routes through the Commonwealth.
|Maintained by VDOT|
|Length||248.00 mi (399.12 km)|
| Journey Through Hallowed Ground Byway|
Future I-785 / US 29 near Reidsville, NC
| US 58 in Danville|
I-66 in Arlington
|North end||US 29 in Washington, DC|
|Counties||City of Danville, Pittsylvania, Campbell, City of Lynchburg, Amherst, Nelson, Albemarle, City of Charlottesville, Greene, Madison, Culpeper, Fauquier, Prince William, Fairfax, City of Fairfax, City of Falls Church, Arlington|
Since 1928, when Virginia General Assembly passed Senate Bill 64, much of US 29 in Virginia is known as the Seminole Trail. Through Northern Virginia, it is known as Lee Highway, except in Falls Church, where it acts as the east/west divider for city streets and is called North or South Washington Street. On April 7, 1993 the Virginia General Assembly officially designated the entire length of US 29 from the North Carolina border to the Potomac River as the "29th Infantry Division Memorial Highway" in honor of that Army unit, which, along with the 1st Infantry Division, formed the spearhead of the American infantry that landed on the morning of June 6, 1944 on Omaha Beach in Normandy as part of the invasion of France to liberate that country during World War II. These divisions next fought their way across France, and into Germany. In addition, the name of this highway serves to honor many members of the Virginia Army National Guard who serve as part of this National Guard Division today. Signs indicating this designation have been placed periodically on both sides of US 29.
For most of its route through Virginia, US 29 has been constructed to be at least four lanes along its route, with the two short exceptions being where the highway passes through Manassas National Battlefield Park, where it is two lanes wide for approximately three miles, and through Fairfax and Arlington counties, where it is sometimes wider.
US 29 in Virginia has eleven highway by-pass routes around various cities and towns. These bypasses are around Danville, Chatham, Gretna, Hurt-Altavista, Lynchburg-Madison Heights-Amherst, Lovingston, Charlottesville, Madison, Culpeper, Remington, and Warrenton. In addition, Interstate 66 serves for the most part as a by-pass of Manassas and also Fairfax and Arlington.
US 29 enters Virginia in Danville from North Carolina, immediately splitting into business and by-pass routes. US 29 joins the Danville Expressway and US 58 around the east side of Danville, entering Pittsylvania County, and re-merging with the business route north of town in Blairs. The interchange where the split of US 29 into Business and Bypass routes/junction with US 58 occurs has ramps that enter North Carolina and ramps that enter Virginia, complete with welcome signs from each state. There is a cloverleaf ramp that dips into North Carolina from Virginia and then crosses the state lines back into Virginia. Along the southeastern quadrant of the Danville Expressway between the North Carolina US 360, the route is designated as part of unsigned State Route 785 for 7.39 mi (11.89 km). Created c. 2000, SR 785 is numbered in contradiction to the conventional system of numbering in the state, where primary routes are numbered less than 600 and secondary routes at or above this number. It is numbered as such because it is part of the planned Interstate 785, which will run south along US 29 to Interstate 85 in Greensboro, North Carolina, and is only one of two routes of this type. The other is Route 895 in Richmond for similar reasons.
The next major city is Lynchburg. US 29 joins the US 460 by-pass of Lynchburg, splitting from it just before entering Amherst County. US 29 again by-passes Madison Heights and Amherst as an expressway, and enters Nelson County and passes the town of Lovingston and enters into Albemarle County. The route then continues north to Charlottesville, intersecting Interstate 64 and by-passing downtown Charlottesville. US 29 rejoins its congested business route just north of downtown, continuing north as a 6 lane road through Charlottesville's business district. Past Charlottesville, it converts back to 4 lanes and continues through Greene and Madison Counties, and then turns north-east toward Culpeper. US 15 joins US 29 around Culpeper, and heads to Warrenton, entering Northern Virginia.
US 29 / 15 is joined by US 17 south of Warrenton in Fauquier County, and continues around the town, with US 17 splitting off. US 29/15 continues mostly eastward to Gainesville where US 15 splits and US 29 intersects Interstate 66 for the first time. US 29 continues into Fairfax County, where it passes along the boundary of the city of Falls Church, where the road has two different names. The portion of the street running northbound is located in the City of Falls Church is called Washington Boulevard, and has different street addresses than the other side running southbound in Fairfax County, where it is named Lee Highway. The road continues into Arlington, having intersected I-66 five more times before crossing into the District.
US 29 originated in 1931 as a replacement of US 170 from Danville to Lynchburg. It was then added to VA 18 between Lynchburg and Charlottesville, and to VA 28 between Charlottesville and Culpeper. The route originally ended at US 15 in Culpeper. In 1934, US 29 was extended to run concurrently with US 15 to Warrenton, and with US 211 to Washington DC (US 211 now ends at US 29 Business in Warrenton).
The portion of what is now US 29 from the North Carolina state line to Warrenton was named the Seminole Trail by an act of the Virginia General Assembly on February 16, 1928. Although it was apparently not part of the National Auto Trails initiative early in the 20th century, the Seminole Trail is believed to have originated as part of an effort to promote the road as a through-route to Florida, home of the Native American Seminole tribe. Many road maps of the 1930s and 1940s list the Seminole Trail on highways in Virginia, the Carolinas, Georgia and ultimately Florida.
In an October 4, 2006 meeting of the Albemarle County Board of Supervisors, the University of Virginia athletic department and basketball coach Dave Leitao suggested that Seminole Trail in Charlottesville should be renamed Cavalier Way. The board did not act on this suggestion.
The Gainesville Interchange project took place at the interchange between Lee Highway (US 29) and Interstate 66 at the junction with Linton Hall Road (SR 619) starting in July 2011, with board planning on it dating back to 2006. The project was worth $230 million and included interchanges at many other heavily traveled roads in the area due to the rapid growth in development in Gainesville and Haymarket, along with it being a major area drivers departure off of I-66 to travel towards other major cities along Lee Highway, such as Charlottesville. Reasoning for this is because of the lack of road development to accommodate the new heavy traffic in the area. The plan included a single point interchange design and bridges over train tracks to ease traffic flow on Lee Highway onto I-66. Lee Highway was also widened around the interchange to combat this issue. What was once a two-lane country road is now a four lane suburban highway. Land was acquired by VDOT at the intersection of US 29 and Linton Hall Road/SR 619. The entire project was completed and opened to the general public on July 9, 2015.
Charlottesville Interchange (Rio Road)Edit
The Charlottesville Interchange project took place at the intersection of US 29 and Rio Road/SR 631, with construction starting in summer 2015 and ending in December 2016. A diamond interchange was built, with two lanes from each direction of US 29, deemed the 'local lanes,' exiting from main traffic and meeting Rio Rd at a traffic signal. The project cost $69.7 million dollars.
The Lynchburg Interchange project took place at the intersection of US 29/US 460/US 501 and Old Fellows Road, with construction starting in January 2016 and ending in August 2018. A diamond interchange was constructed at a cost of about $30 million. The interchange was built to reduce congestion on Candlers Mountain Drive/US 501 and to make access to Mayflower Dr/SR 128 easier. As part of the construction, roundabouts were constructed on Odd Fellows Road at its intersection with Mayflower Drive, west of the interchange, and Top Ridge Road, east of the interchange.
A western Route 29 bypass around Charlottesville was originally proposed in 1979. Engineering and environmental work on the project began in late 1984 and the location was approved by the Commonwealth Transportation Board in 1990.
Acquisition of right of way for the project began in 1991 and continued until 2001. No additional right of way has been purchased since then. VDOT owns 36 properties that are currently leased and occupied.
The bypass was projected to be 6.2 miles long, from the US 250 bypass to current US 29 north of the South Fork of the Rivanna River. It would have been two lanes in each direction with no other exits, to decrease possible interruption of commercial and residential growth in the area.
In 1998 a lawsuit was filed challenging the project, alleging that the environmental impact review of the project violated the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). In 2001 the federal court ruled in favor of VDOT on the suit but required the agency to complete a Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement addressing the road's impacts on the South Fork Rivanna Reservoir and the mitigation to minimize those impacts. That document was completed and accepted by the Federal Highway Administration in 2003.
In 1996 the Charlottesville-Albemarle Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) inserted language into its Transportation Improvement Program that prevented additional funds from being allocated to construction of the Western Bypass. That language was removed by the MPO Policy Board in July 2011.
All activities on the Route 29 Charlottesville Bypass project were suspended in March 2014 following notification from the Federal Highway Administration that a new Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement would be required before the environmental process could be completed. The new Supplemental EIS was required due to the history of litigation and controversy associated with the project.
VADOT is currently working with Shirley Contracting Company and Dewberry Inc, to build a grade-separated interchange, costing $26.9 million, at the intersection of US 15/17/29, Business US 15/17/29, and SR 808 (Lord Fairfax Road) south of Warrenton. A bridge will be built to connect Business US 15/17/29 and SR 808, and traffic lights which currently service the intersection will be replaced by an interchange, in which exit ramps from each direction will meet Business US 15/17/29 and SR 808 at two respective traffic circles. In addition, a park-and-ride with 20 parking spots will be built and connect to SR 808. Construction has started and is expected to be completed in winter 2020.
Charlottesville Interchange (Hydraulic Road)Edit
The Charlottesville City Council voted on May 6, 2018 to add a long-range development plan for a diamond interchange at the intersection of US 29 and Hydraulic Road/SR 743 at an estimated cost of $63-80 million.
|City of Danville||0.00||0.00|| |
Future I-785 / US 29 south – Greensboro, Charlotte
SR 785 begin
|Continuation into North Carolina|
US 29 Bus. north / US 58 west – Danville, Martinsville
|South end of US 58 overlap|
|0.70||1.13||?||Corning Drive||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|1.33||2.14||?||Elizabeth Street Extended|
|3.65||5.87||?||SR 86 (South Main Street) – Yanceyville, Chapel Hill|
|5.61||9.03||?||SR 737 (Goodyear Boulevard)|
|6.36||10.24||?||River Park Drive – Dan Daniel Memorial Park|
US 58 east / US 360 / US 58 Bus. west (South Boston Road) – Danville, South Boston, Richmond
SR 785 end
|North end of concurrency with US 58; future northern terminus of I-785|
|Pittsylvania||||9.59||15.43||—||SR 41 (East Franklin Turnpike) to SR 360 – Danville, Halifax|
SR 726 to US 29 Bus. – Blairs, Danville
|Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
US 29 Bus. south to SR 726 – Blairs, Danville
|North end of freeway; southbound exit and northbound entrance|
US 29 Bus. north – Chatham
|South end of expressway; northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|||24.79||39.90||—||SR 57 – Chatham, South Boston|
|||25.71||41.38||—||SR 685 – Chatham|
US 29 Bus. south to SR 57 west – Chatham
|North end of expressway|
US 29 Bus. north – Gretna
|South end of expressway; northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|||35.00||56.33||—||SR 40 – Gretna, Rocky Mount|
US 29 Bus. south – Gretna
|North end of expressway; southbound exit and northbound entrance|
US 29 Bus. north – Hurt
|South end of expressway|
|||41.74||67.17||—||SR 924 – Hurt|
|Campbell||||48.60||78.21||—||SR 43 – Altavista, Leesville|
|||49.54||79.73||—||SR 714 – Altavista|
|Altavista||50.79||81.74||—||SR 711 (Clarion Road)|
US 29 Bus. south – Altavista
|North end of expressway|
|Yellow Branch||61.30||98.65||SR 24 (Colonial Highway) – Evington, Rustburg, Smith Mountain Lake|
US 460 west / US 29 Bus. north (Wards Road) – Lynchburg, Roanoke
|South end of freeway section; south end of concurrency with US 460|
|City of Lynchburg||68.64||110.47||University Boulevard||Southbound entrance only|
|69.43||111.74||—||To SR 670 (Candlers Mountain Road) – Liberty University||University Blvd. not signed northbound; SR 670 not signed southbound|
|70.02||112.69||—||US 501 north (Candlers Mountain Road) – Buena Vista||South end of concurrency with US 501|
|71.24||114.65||—||Odd Fellows Road|
US 501 south / US 460 Bus. west / US 501 Bus. north (Campbell Avenue) – South Boston
|North end of freeway section; north end of concurrency with US 501|
|Campbell||||74.31||119.59||—||US 460 east (Richmond Highway) – Appomattox||South end of freeway; north end of concurrency with US 460|
|Amherst||||76.05||122.39||—||SR 210 west – Madison Heights, Downtown Lynchburg|
|||80.05||128.83||—||SR 130 west – Madison Heights|
|Sweet Briar||86.97||139.96||—|| |
US 29 Bus. – Madison Heights, Amherst
|Amherst||88.89||143.05||—||US 60 – Amherst, Lexington, Richmond|
US 29 Bus. south (Main Street) / SR 739 north (Boxwood Farm Road) – Amherst
|North end of freeway; SR 739 is former southern terminus of SR 150|
|||92.17||148.33||SR 151 north (Patrick Henry Highway) – Piney River, Afton, Wintergreen|
|||96.74||155.69||SR 739 – Tye River||Former SR 150|
|||97.07||156.22||SR 739 south (Napier Loop)||Former northern terminus of SR 150|
|Nelson||Colleen||100.72||162.09||SR 56 west (Tye Brook Highway) – Piney River||South end of concurrency with SR 56|
US 29 Bus. north / SR 56 east (Front Street) – Lovingston, Shipman
|North end of concurrency with SR 56|
US 29 Bus. south (Northside Lane) – Lovingston
|Woods Mill||112.29||180.71||SR 6 west (River Road) – Afton, Wintergreen||South end of concurrency with SR 6|
|||116.16||186.94||SR 6 east (Irish Road) – Scottsville, Schuyler||North end of concurrency with SR 6|
|Albemarle||Crossroads||125.48||201.94||SR 692 (Plank Road) – Batesville, North Garden||Former SR 230 north|
|||134.15||215.89||—||I-64 – Staunton, Richmond||South end of freeway; I-64 exit 118|
US 29 Bus. north – Charlottesville, University of Virginia Health System
US 250 west / US 250 Bus. east – Waynesboro, Charlottesville, Ivy
|South end of concurrency with US 250|
|||136.51||219.69||—||To SR 601||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|||136.93||220.37||—||Leonard Sandridge Road – University of Virginia||Northbound exit and entrance only|
|||137.68||221.57||—||SR 654 (Barracks Road)|
|City of Charlottesville||138.16||222.35||—|| |
US 250 east / US 29 Bus. south (Emmet Street) – Richmond, University of Virginia
|North end of freeway; north end of concurrency with US 250|
|Albemarle||||140.22||225.66||SR 631 (Rio Road) – Charlottesville||Interchange|
|144.30||232.23||SR 649 (Airport Road / Proffit Road) – Earlysville, Proffit, Charlottesville Albemarle Airport, Sentara Martha Jefferson Hospital|
|Greene||Ruckersville||152.14||244.85||US 33 (Spotswood Trail) – Harrisonburg, Richmond|
|Burtonville||155.16||249.71||SR 609 (Fredericksburg Road)||former SR 243 west|
|Madison||||161.36||259.68||SR 230 west (Wolftown–Hood Road) / SR 626 (Gibbs Road) – Stanardsville||South end of concurrency with SR 230|
|||161.89||260.54||SR 230 east / SR 231 south (Orange Road) – Gordonsville, Orange||North end of concurrency with SR 230; south end of concurrency with SR 231|
US 29 Bus. north / SR 231 north (South Main Street) – Madison, Shenandoah National Park, Skyline Drive, Historic Downtown Madison
|North end of concurrency with SR 231; northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|||163.42||263.00||SR 687 (Fairground Road)||former SR 27|
|||164.21||264.27||SR 634 (Washington Street / Oak Park Road) – Madison, Locust Dale||former SR 230|
US 29 Bus. south (North Main Street) / SR 722 (Fishback Road) to SR 231 north – Madison
US 29 Bus. north / SR 299 south – Culpeper
|South end of expressway|
US 15 south / US 15 Bus. north – Culpeper, Orange
|South end of concurrency with US 15|
|||181.38||291.90||—||US 522 / SR 3 – Mineral, Fredericksburg|
|||183.71||295.65||SR 666 – Culpeper|
US 15 Bus. south / US 29 Bus. south – Culpeper, Brandy Station
|North end of expressway|
US 15 Bus. north / US 29 Bus. north (Remington Road) – Remington
US 15 Bus. south / US 29 Bus. south (James Madison Street) – Remington
|||194.79||313.48||SR 28 north (Catlett Road) / SR 657 (Kings Hill Road) – Manassas, Warrenton-Fauquier Airport|
|US 17 south (Marsh Road) / SR 687 (Opal Road) to I-95 – Fredericksburg||Interchange; south end of concurrency with US 17|
US 15 Bus. north / US 17 Bus. north / US 29 Bus. north / SR 880 (Lord Fairfax Road) – Warrenton, Lord Fairfax Community College Fauquier Campus
|Future interchange; currently intersection using traffic signals|
|Warrenton||205.27||330.35||SR 643 (Meetze Road / Lee Street) – Warrenton||Interchange|
US 17 north / US 15 Bus. south / US 29 Bus. south to I-66 west / I-81 / US 211 west – Winchester, Warrenton, Luray
|Interchange; north end of concurrency with US 17|
|Buckland||213.00||342.79||SR 215 east (Vint Hill Road) – Vint Hill Farms Station, Lake Brittle|
|Prince William||||213.98||344.37||US 15 north (James Madison Highway) – Leesburg||North end of concurrency with US 15|
|Gainesville||216.98||349.20||SR 55 west (John Marshall Highway) / SR 619 east (Linton Hall Road) – Haymarket, Front Royal||Interchange|
|217.77||350.47||I-66 – Front Royal, Washington||Interchange; I-66 exit 43|
|Manassas National Battlefield Park||221.84||357.02||SR 234 (Sudley Road) to I-66 – Visitor Center, NVCC, Manassas|
|Fairfax||Bull Run||224.71||361.64||SR 609 (Pleasant Valley Road)|
|Centreville||226.32||364.23||I-66 – Washington, Front Royal||I-66 exit 52|
|227.18||365.61||SR 28 to I-66 east – Dulles Airport, Manassas|
|Willow Springs||228.62||367.93||SR 645 (Stringfellow Road / Clifton Road) – Clifton|
|||230.25||370.55||SR 286 (Fairfax County Parkway) / SR 608 (West Ox Road) to I-66||Interchange|
|Jermantown||232.31||373.87||SR 655 south (Shirley Gate Road) / SR 665 (Waples Mill Road) to I-66 to I-495 to SR 123 south – George Mason University|
|City of Fairfax||233.07||375.09||US 50 west / SR 236 east (Fairfax Boulevard / Main Street) to I-66 – Old Town Fairfax||South end of concurrency with US 50|
|234.04||376.65||SR 123 (Chain Bridge Road) to I-66 – Old Town Fairfax, George Mason University|
|235.83||379.53||US 50 east / SR 237 west (Fairfax Boulevard) / Old Lee Highway||Fairfax Circle (traffic circle with cut-through); north end of concurrency with US 50; south end of concurrency with SR 237|
|Fairfax||||236.04||379.87||SR 655 (Blake Lane) to SR 236 (Pickett Road)|
|Merrifield||236.71||380.95||SR 243 north (Nutley Street) to I-66 – Vienna/Fairfax-GMU Station|
|238.66||384.09||SR 650 (Gallows Road) to I-495|
|||239.02||384.67||I-495 Express south|
|City of Falls Church||241.52||388.69||SR 338 east (Hillwood Avenue)|
|241.80||389.14||SR 7 (Broad Street)|
|Arlington||East Falls Church||242.43||390.15||SR 237 east to I-66 west||North end of concurrency with SR 237|
|Glebewood||244.63||393.69||SR 120 (North Glebe Road) – Chain Bridge, Alexandria|
|Waverly Hills||244.77||393.92||SR 309 west (Old Dominion Drive)||South end of concurrency with SR 309; no left turn northbound|
|244.82||394.00||SR 309 east (Lee Highway) / to Lorcom Lane||North end of concurrency with SR 309|
|Cherrydale||245.51||395.11||SR 309 west (Lee Highway / Military Road / N Quincy St])|
|Lyon Village||246.05||395.98||I-66 west – Front Royal, Dulles Airport||I-66 exit 72|
|246.20||396.22||SR 124 east|
|Rosslyn||246.97||397.46||I-66 west – Front Royal, Dulles Airport||I-66 exit 74; southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|247.63||398.52||I-66 east to I-395 – Washington, Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport||I-66 exit 74|
|247.71||398.65||George Washington Parkway north to I-495||Interchange; no southbound entrance|
|Potomac River||248.00||399.12||US 29 north (Key Bridge) – Washington||Continuation into D.C.|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- "2010 Traffic Data". Virginia Department of Transportation. 2010. Retrieved January 9, 2012.
- Pittsylvania County and City of Danville (PDF)
- Campbell County and City of Lynchburg (PDF)
- Amherst County (PDF)
- Nelson County (PDF)
- Albemarle County and City of Charlottesville (PDF)
- Greene County (PDF)
- Madison County (PDF)
- Culpeper County (PDF)
- Fauquier County (PDF)
- Prince William County, City of Manassas, and City of Manassas Park (PDF)
- Fairfax County, City of Fairfax, and City of Falls Church (PDF)
- Arlington County and City of Alexandria (PDF)
- Dave McNair (October 9, 2006). "Route 29 to become Wahoo Highway?". The Hook.
- "2005 Virginia Department of Transportation Jurisdiction Report - Daily Traffic Volume Estimates - Pittsylvania County" (PDF). (483 KiB)
- "US 29". www.vahighways.com. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
- link, Get; Facebook; Twitter; Pinterest; Email; Apps, Other. "US 29 through Virginia - The Seminole Trail". Retrieved August 9, 2019.
- "Charlottesville Tomorrow News Center: Seminole Trail becomes Cavalier Way?". cvilletomorrow.typepad.com. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
- "Route 29 Solutions: Rio Road Intersection". www.route29solutions.org. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
- "NEW US 29/460 INTERCHANGE at ODD FELLOWS ROAD to OPEN - Newsroom | Virginia Department of Transportation". virginiadot.org. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
- "PHOTOS: Odd Fellows Road interchange nearly ready for traffic". NewsAdvance.com. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
- Gillis, Casey (August 8, 2018). "Odd Fellows Road, U.S. 460 interchange to open Thursday morning". The News and Advance. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
- "US-29 Charlottesville Bypass". www.roadstothefuture.com. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 8, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 8, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Warrenton interchange work will begin Monday". Fauquier Now. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
- "Route 29: Hydraulic Road Intersection". www.route29solutions.org. Retrieved August 9, 2019.