Open main menu

U.S. Route 29 (US 29) is a major north–south route in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It covers 248 miles (399 km) from the North Carolina border at the city of Danville to the Key Bridge in Washington, D.C.. US 29 roughly bisects Virginia into eastern and western halves, and along with Interstate 81 in western Virginia, and 85/95 farther east, provides one of the major north–south routes through the Commonwealth.

U.S. Route 29 marker

U.S. Route 29
Route information
Maintained by VDOT
Length248.00 mi[1] (399.12 km)
Existed1931–present
Tourist
routes
Journey Through Hallowed Ground Byway
Virginia Byway
Major junctions
South end
Future I-785 / US 29 near Reidsville, NC
  US 58 in Danville

US 460 near Lynchburg
I-64 near Charlottesville
US 250 in Charlottesville
US 33 near Ruckersville
US 522 near Culpeper
US 17 near Warrenton
US 15 in Gainesville
US 50 in Fairfax

I-66 in Arlington
North end US 29 in Washington, DC
Location
CountiesCity of Danville, Pittsylvania, Campbell, City of Lynchburg, Amherst, Nelson, Albemarle, City of Charlottesville, Greene, Madison, Culpeper, Fauquier, Prince William, Fairfax, City of Fairfax, City of Falls Church, Arlington
Highway system
SR 28SR 30
I-664SR 785SR 895

Since 1928, when Virginia General Assembly passed Senate Bill 64, much of US 29 in Virginia is known as the Seminole Trail[2][3]. Through Northern Virginia, it is known as Lee Highway, except in Falls Church, where it acts as the east/west divider for city streets and is called North or South Washington Street. On April 7, 1993 the Virginia General Assembly officially designated the entire length of US 29 from the North Carolina border to the Potomac River as the "29th Infantry Division Memorial Highway" in honor of that Army unit, which, along with the 1st Infantry Division, formed the spearhead of the American infantry that landed on the morning of 6 June 1944 on Omaha Beach in Normandy as part of the invasion of France to liberate that country during World War II. These divisions next fought their way across France, and into Germany. In addition, the name of this highway serves to honor many members of the Virginia Army National Guard who serve as part of this National Guard Division today. Signs indicating this designation have been placed periodically on both sides of US 29.

For most of its route through Virginia, US 29 has been constructed to be at least four lanes along its route, with the two short exceptions being where the highway passes through Manassas National Battlefield Park, where it is two lanes wide for approximately three miles, and through Fairfax and Arlington counties, where it is sometimes wider.

US 29 entering Virginia from North Carolina; The Bus/Byp split, Bus. entering, and Byp. entering.

US 29 in Virginia has eleven highway by-pass routes around various cities and towns. These bypasses are around Danville, Chatham, Gretna, Hurt-Altavista, Lynchburg-Madison Heights-Amherst, Lovingston, Charlottesville, Madison, Culpeper, Remington, and Warrenton. In addition, Interstate 66 serves for the most part as a by-pass of Manassas and also Fairfax and Arlington.

Contents

Route descriptionEdit

US 29 enters Virginia in Danville from North Carolina, immediately splitting into business and by-pass routes. US 29 joins the Danville Expressway and US 58 around the east side of Danville, entering Pittsylvania County, and re-merging with the business route north of town in Blairs. The interchange where the split of US 29 into Business and Bypass routes/junction with US 58 occurs has ramps that enter North Carolina and ramps that enter Virginia, complete with welcome signs from each state. There is a cloverleaf ramp that dips into North Carolina from Virginia and then crosses the state lines back into Virginia. Along the southeastern quadrant of the Danville Expressway between the North Carolina US 360, the route is designated as part of unsigned State Route 785 for 7.39 mi (11.89 km).[4] Created c. 2000, SR 785 is numbered in contradiction to the conventional system of numbering in the state, where primary routes are numbered less than 600 and secondary routes at or above this number. It is numbered as such because it is part of the planned Interstate 785, which will run south along US 29 to Interstate 85 in Greensboro, North Carolina, and is only one of two routes of this type. The other is Route 895 in Richmond for similar reasons.

 
View north along US 29 at US 29 Bus. in Lovingston

US 29 then continues north where it splits into business and by-pass routes for Chatham, Gretna, and Hurt before entering Campbell County.

 
US 29 outside of Gainesville

The next major city is Lynchburg. US 29 joins the US 460 by-pass of Lynchburg, splitting from it just before entering Amherst County. US 29 again by-passes Madison Heights and Amherst as an expressway, and enters Nelson County and passes the town of Lovingston and enters into Albemarle County. The route then continues north to Charlottesville, intersecting Interstate 64 and by-passing downtown Charlottesville. US 29 rejoins its congested business route just north of downtown, continuing north as a 6 lane road through Charlottesville's business district. Past Charlottesville, it converts back to 4 lanes and continues through Greene and Madison Counties, and then turns north-east toward Culpeper. US 15 joins US 29 around Culpeper, and heads to Warrenton, entering Northern Virginia.

US 29 / 15 is joined by US 17 south of Warrenton in Fauquier County, and continues around the town, with US 17 splitting off. US 29/15 continues mostly eastward to Gainesville where US 15 splits and US 29 intersects Interstate 66 for the first time. US 29 continues into Fairfax County, where it passes along the boundary of the city of Falls Church, where the road has two different names. The portion of the street running northbound is located in the City of Falls Church is called Washington Boulevard, and has different street addresses than the other side running southbound in Fairfax County, where it is named Lee Highway. The road continues into Arlington, having intersected I-66 five more times before crossing into the District.

HistoryEdit

The portion of what is now US 29 from the North Carolina state line to Warrenton was named the Seminole Trail by an act of the Virginia General Assembly on February 16, 1928. Although it was apparently not part of the National Auto Trails initiative early in the 20th century, the Seminole Trail is believed to have originated as part of an effort to promote the road as a through-route to Florida, home of the Native American Seminole tribe. Many road maps of the 1930s and 1940s list the Seminole Trail on highways in Virginia, the Carolinas, Georgia and ultimately Florida.

Gainesville InterchangeEdit

The Gainesville Interchange project took place at the interchange between Lee Highway (US 29) and Interstate 66 at the junction with Linton Hall Road (SR 619) starting in July 2011, with board planning on it dating back to 2006. The project was worth $230 million and included interchanges at many other heavily traveled roads in the area due to the rapid growth in development in Gainesville and Haymarket, along with it being a major area drivers departure off of I-66 to travel towards other major cities along Lee Highway, such as Charlottesville. Reasoning for this is because of the lack of road development to accommodate the new heavy traffic in the area. The plan included a single point interchange design and bridges over train tracks to ease traffic flow on Lee Highway onto I-66. Lee Highway was also widened around the interchange to combat this issue. What was once a two-lane country road is now a four lane suburban highway. Land was acquired by VDOT at the intersection of US 29 and Linton Hall Road/SR 619. The entire project was completed and opened to the general public on July 9, 2015.

Charlottesville BypassEdit

A western Route 29 bypass around Charlottesville was originally proposed in 1979. Engineering and environmental work on the project began in late 1984 and the location was approved by the Commonwealth Transportation Board in 1990.

 
This bridge carried Route 29 across the Buffalo River until its destruction by Hurricane Camille in 1969.

Acquisition of right of way for the project began in 1991 and continued until 2001. No additional right of way has been purchased since then. VDOT owns 36 properties that are currently leased and occupied.

In 1998 a lawsuit was filed challenging the project, alleging that the environmental impact review of the project violated the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). In 2001 the federal court ruled in favor of VDOT on the suit but required the agency to complete a Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement addressing the road's impacts on the South Fork Rivanna Reservoir and the mitigation to minimize those impacts. That document was completed and accepted by the Federal Highway Administration in 2003.

In 1996 the Charlottesville-Albemarle Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) inserted language into its Transportation Improvement Program that prevented additional funds from being allocated to construction of the Western Bypass. That language was removed by the MPO Policy Board in July 2011.[5]

All activities on the Route 29 Charlottesville Bypass project were suspended in March 2014 following notification from the Federal Highway Administration that a new Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement would be required before the environmental process could be completed. The new Supplemental EIS was required due to the history of litigation and controversy associated with the project.[6]

Major intersectionsEdit

CountyLocationmikmExitDestinationsNotes
City of Danville0.000.00    
   Future I-785 / US 29 south – Greensboro, Charlotte
SR 785 begin
Continuation into North Carolina
?  
   US 29 Bus. north / US 58 west – Danville, Martinsville
South end of US 58 overlap
?Corning DriveSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
?Elizabeth Street Extended
?  SR 86 (South Main Street) – Yanceyville, Chapel Hill
?  SR 737 (Goodyear Boulevard)
?River Park Drive – Dan Daniel Memorial Park
?   
    US 58 east / US 360 / US 58 Bus. west (South Boston Road) – Danville, South Boston, Richmond
SR 785 end
North end of concurrency with US 58; future northern terminus of I-785
Pittsylvania   SR 41 (East Franklin Turnpike) to SR 360 – Danville, Halifax
  
   SR 726 to US 29 Bus. – Blairs, Danville
Northbound exit and southbound entrance
  
   US 29 Bus. south to SR 726 – Blairs, Danville
North end of freeway; southbound exit and northbound entrance
Chatham 
  US 29 Bus. north – Chatham
South end of expressway; northbound exit and southbound entrance
  SR 57 – Chatham, South Boston
  SR 685 – Chatham
  
   US 29 Bus. south to SR 57 west – Chatham
North end of expressway
 
  US 29 Bus. north – Gretna
South end of expressway; northbound exit and southbound entrance
  SR 40 – Gretna, Rocky Mount
 
  US 29 Bus. south – Gretna
North end of expressway; southbound exit and northbound entrance
 
  US 29 Bus. north – Hurt
South end of expressway
  SR 924 – Hurt
Campbell  SR 43 – Altavista, Leesville
  SR 714 – Altavista
Altavista  SR 711 (Clarion Road)
 
  US 29 Bus. south – Altavista
North end of expressway
Yellow Branch  SR 24 (Colonial Highway) – Evington, Rustburg, Smith Mountain Lake
  
   US 460 west / US 29 Bus. north (Wards Road) – Lynchburg, Roanoke
South end of freeway section; south end of concurrency with US 460
City of LynchburgChampions CircleSouthbound entrance only
Candlers Mountain Road to SR 670 / University Boulevard – Liberty UniversityUniversity Blvd. not signed northbound; SR 670 not signed southbound
  US 501 north (Candlers Mountain Road) – Buena VistaSouth end of concurrency with US 501
Odd Fellows RoadFuture interchange; under construction[7]
       
    US 501 south / US 460 Bus. west / US 501 Bus. north (Campbell Avenue) – South Boston
North end of freeway section; north end of concurrency with US 501
Campbell  US 460 east (Richmond Highway) – AppomattoxSouth end of freeway; north end of concurrency with US 460
Amherst  SR 210 west – Madison Heights, Downtown Lynchburg
  SR 130 west – Madison Heights
Sweet Briar 
  US 29 Bus. – Madison Heights, Amherst
Amherst  US 60 – Amherst, Lexington, Richmond
  
   US 29 Bus. south (Main Street) / SR 739 north (Boxwood Farm Road) – Amherst
North end of freeway; SR 739 is former southern terminus of SR 150
  SR 739Former SR 150
  SR 739 south (Napier Loop)Former northern terminus of SR 150
  SR 151 north (Patrick Henry Highway) – Piney River, Afton, Wintergreen
NelsonColleen  SR 56 west (Tye Brook Highway) – Piney RiverSouth end of concurrency with SR 56
Lovingston  
   US 29 Bus. north / SR 56 east (Front Street) – Lovingston, Shipman
North end of concurrency with SR 56
 
  US 29 Bus. south (Northside Lane) – Lovingston
Woods Mill  SR 6 west (River Road) – Afton, WintergreenSouth end of concurrency with SR 6
  SR 6 east (Irish Road) – Scottsville, SchuylerNorth end of concurrency with SR 6
AlbemarleCrossroads  SR 692 (Plank Road) – Batesville, North GardenFormer SR 230 north
  I-64 – Staunton, RichmondSouth end of freeway; I-64 exit 118
 
  US 29 Bus. north – Charlottesville
    
   US 250 west / US 250 Bus. east – Waynesboro, Charlottesville, Ivy
South end of concurrency with US 250
  To SR 601Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Leonard Sandridge Road – University of VirginiaNorthbound exit and entrance only
  SR 654 (Barracks Road)
City of Charlottesville  
   US 250 east / US 29 Bus. south (Emmet Street) – Richmond, University of Virginia
North end of freeway; north end of concurrency with US 250
GreeneRuckersville  US 33 (Spotswood Trail) – Harrisonburg, Richmond
Burtonville  SR 609 (Fredericksburg Road)former SR 243 west
Madison   SR 230 west (Wolftown–Hood Road) / SR 626 (Gibbs Road) – StanardsvilleSouth end of concurrency with SR 230
   SR 230 east / SR 231 south (Orange Road) – Gordonsville, OrangeNorth end of concurrency with SR 230; south end of concurrency with SR 231
  
   US 29 Bus. north / SR 231 north (South Main Street) – Madison, Shenandoah National Park, Skyline Drive, Historic Downtown Madison
North end of concurrency with SR 231; northbound exit and southbound entrance
  SR 687 (Fairground Road)former SR 27
  SR 634 (Washington Street / Oak Park Road) – Madison, Locust Daleformer SR 230
   
    US 29 Bus. south (North Main Street) / SR 722 (Fishback Road) to SR 231 north – Madison
Culpeper  
   US 29 Bus. north / SR 299 south – Culpeper
South end of expressway
  
   US 15 south / US 15 Bus. north – Culpeper, Orange
South end of concurrency with US 15
   US 522 / SR 3 – Mineral, Fredericksburg
Inlet  
   US 15 Bus. south / US 29 Bus. south – Culpeper, Brandy Station
North end of expressway
  
   US 15 Bus. north / US 29 Bus. north (Remington Road) – Remington
Fauquier  
   US 15 Bus. south / US 29 Bus. south (James Madison Street) – Remington
    SR 28 north (Catlett Road) / SR 657 (Kings Hill Road) – Manassas, Warrenton-Fauquier Airport
Opal    US 17 south (Marsh Road) / SR 687 (Opal Road) to I-95 – FredericksburgInterchange; south end of concurrency with US 17
    
     US 15 Bus. north / US 17 Bus. north / US 29 Bus. north / SR 880 (Lord Fairfax Road) – Warrenton, Lord Fairfax Community College Fauquier Campus
Warrenton  SR 643 (Meetze Road / Lee Street) – WarrentonInterchange
      
       US 17 north / US 15 Bus. south / US 29 Bus. south to I-66 west / I-81 / US 211 west – Winchester, Warrenton, Luray
Interchange; north end of concurrency with US 17
Buckland  SR 215 east (Vint Hill Road) – Vint Hill Farms Station, Lake Brittle
Prince William  US 15 north (James Madison Highway) – LeesburgNorth end of concurrency with US 15
Gainesville   SR 55 west (John Marshall Highway) / SR 619 east (Linton Hall Road) – Haymarket, Front RoyalInterchange
  I-66 – Front Royal, WashingtonI-66 exit 43
Manassas National Battlefield Park   SR 234 (Sudley Road) to I-66 – Visitor Center, NVCC, Manassas
FairfaxBull Run  SR 609 (Pleasant Valley Road)
Centreville  I-66 – Washington, Front RoyalI-66 exit 52
   SR 28 to I-66 east – Dulles Airport, ManassasInterchange
Braddock Road (SR 620) / Old Centreville Road (SR 898)
Willow Springs  SR 645 (Stringfellow Road / Clifton Road) – Clifton
    SR 286 (Fairfax County Parkway) / SR 608 (West Ox Road) to I-66Interchange
Jermantown   SR 655 south (Shirley Gate Road) / SR 665 (Waples Mill Road)
City of Fairfax    US 50 west / SR 236 east (Fairfax Boulevard / Main Street) to I-66 – Old Town FairfaxSouth end of concurrency with US 50
   SR 123 (Chain Bridge Road) to I-66
   US 50 east / SR 237 west (Fairfax Boulevard) / Old Lee HighwayFairfax Circle (traffic circle with cut-through); north end of concurrency with US 50; south end of concurrency with SR 237
FairfaxBlake Lane (SR 655) / Pickett Road
Merrifield   SR 243 north (Nutley Street) to I-66
   SR 650 (Gallows Road) to I-495
  I-495 Express southInterchange
City of Falls Church  SR 338 east (Hillwood Avenue)
  SR 7 (Broad Street)
ArlingtonEast Falls Church  SR 237 east (Fairfax Drive)North end of concurrency with SR 237
  To I-66 west / Washington Boulevard
Glebewood  SR 120 (North Glebe Road) – Chain Bridge, Alexandria
Waverly Hills  SR 309 west (Old Dominion Drive)South end of concurrency with SR 309; no left turn northbound
  SR 309 east (Lee Highway) / to Lorcom LaneNorth end of concurrency with SR 309
CherrydaleLee Highway (SR 309 west)
Lyon Village  I-66 west – Front Royal, Dulles AirportI-66 exit 72
  SR 124 east (Spout Run Parkway)
Rosslyn  I-66 west – Front Royal, Dulles AirportI-66 exit 74; southbound exit and northbound entrance
    I-66 east to I-395 – Washington, AirportI-66 exit 74
  George Washington Parkway north to I-495Interchange; no southbound entrance
Potomac River  US 29 north (Key Bridge) – WashingtonContinuation into D.C.
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2010 Traffic Data". Virginia Department of Transportation. 2010. Retrieved 2012-01-09.
  2. ^ Dave McNair (9 Oct 2006). "Route 29 to become Wahoo Highway?". The Hook.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "2005 Virginia Department of Transportation Jurisdiction Report - Daily Traffic Volume Estimates - Pittsylvania County" (PDF). (483 KiB)
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-12. Retrieved 2014-08-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2014-08-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Odd Fellows Road Interchange and Roadway Improvements" (PowerPoint). Virginia Department of Transportation. VDOT. January 12, 2016. p. 3. Retrieved July 29, 2017.

External linksEdit