Open main menu

Victor Ciorbea (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈviktor ˈt͡ʃjorbe̯a]; born on 26 October 1954) is a Romanian jurist, politician and civil servant. He was the Mayor of Bucharest in 1996-1997 and, after his resignation from office, Prime Minister of Romania from 12 December 1996 to 30 March 1998. He is now the People's Advocate.

Victor Ciorbea
Victor Ciorbea (1).JPG
Prime Minister of Romania
In office
12 December 1996 – 30 March 1998
PresidentEmil Constantinescu
Preceded byNicolae Văcăroiu
Succeeded byGavril Dejeu (Acting)
Mayor of Bucharest
In office
June 1996 – 12 December 1996
Preceded byCrin Halaicu
Succeeded byViorel Lis (Acting)
Assumed office
April 2014
Personal details
Born (1954-10-26) 26 October 1954 (age 64)
Ponor, Romania
Political partyNational Liberal Party (2012-2014)
Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party (1989–2012)
Alma materBabeş-Bolyai University
University of Bucharest, Case Western Reserve University



Born in Ponor, Alba County, Ciorbea trained as a jurist (graduating from the University of Cluj-Napoca in 1979), and worked for the municipal tribunal in Bucharest, as well as lecturing in Law at the University of Bucharest. He was awarded a doctorate in Law by the University of Bucharest, and later specialized in management at the Case Western Reserve University in the United States (1992).

Originally a trade unionist (between 1990 and 1996, he was leader of the Federation of Free Trade Unions in Education, FSLI, and, between 1990 and 1993, leader of the nationwide National Confederation of Free Trade Unions of Romania - Brotherhood) and member of the National Peasants' Party (PNȚCD), he was backed for the premiership by the Romanian Democratic Convention after the elections of 1996. Ciorbea enforced several measures in order to advance Romania's transition toward a market economy, including an austerity budget (following a program known as Contractul cu România - "Contract with Romania").

He resigned following a conflict with PNȚCD leader Ion Diaconescu, moving on to found the minor Alianța Natională Creștin Democrată (the National Christian Democratic Alliance, ANCD), which merged back into the PNȚCD after the latter lost the 2000 elections, and soon after became leader of the reunited party.

Faced with the task of regaining voter confidence, Ciorbea resigned his party office in 2004, in favour of Gheorghe Ciuhandu, the Mayor of Timişoara. Following the latter's nomination, the party became the Christian-Democratic People's Party.

In 2012, as a member of National Liberal Party, he was elected as senator. In April 2014, without the support of his own party colleagues but with the help of the ruling PSD, he became Ombudsman.



See alsoEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Nicolae Văcăroiu
Prime Minister of Romania
Succeeded by
Gavril Dejeu