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The Vendée Globe is a single-handed (solo) non-stop yacht race around the world without assistance.[1][2] The race was founded by Philippe Jeantot in 1989,[3] and since 1992 has taken place every four years. It is named after the Département of Vendée, in France, where the race starts and ends. The Vendée Globe is considered an extreme quest of individual endurance and the ultimate test in ocean racing.[4][5]

Vendée Globe
The route of the Vendée Globe race
First held1989
Typesingle-handed non-stop round-the-world race
ClassesIMOCA 60
StartLes Sables-d'Olonne
FinishLes Sables-d'Olonne
ChampionsBanque Populaire VIII
Armel Le Cléac'h
Most titlesMichel Desjoyeaux (2)

The raceEdit


The race was founded as "The Globe Challenge" in 1989 by French yachtsman Philippe Jeantot.[6] Jeantot had competed in the BOC Challenge (now the Velux 5 Oceans Race) in 1982–83 and 1986–87, winning the 60-foot class ("Class I") both races.[6] Dissatisfied with the race's format, he decided to set up a new round-the-world non-stop race, which he felt would be the ultimate challenge for single-handed sailors.[7]

The first race was run in 1989–90, and was won by Titouan Lamazou; Jeantot himself took part, and placed fourth.[8] The next race was in 1992–93; and it has since then been run every four years. The inaugural race included 11 Frenchmen, one South African (Bertie Reed) and one American (Mike Plant).[9]


Hommage au Vendée Globe by Raphaël Toussaint, 1999

The race is open to monohull yachts conforming to the Open 60 class criteria. Prior to 2004, the race was also open to Open 50 boats. The Open classes are unrestricted in certain aspects, but a box rule governs parameters such as overall length, draught, appendages and stability, as well as numerous other safety features.


The race starts and finishes in Les Sables-d'Olonne, in the Département of Vendée, in France; both Les Sables d’Olonne and the Vendée Conseil Général are official race sponsors.[10] The course is essentially a circumnavigation along the clipper route: from Les Sables d’Olonne, down the Atlantic Ocean to the Cape of Good Hope; then clockwise around Antarctica, keeping Cape Leeuwin and Cape Horn to port; then back to Les Sables d’Olonne.[11] The race generally runs from November to February, and is timed to place the competitors in the Southern Ocean during the austral summer.

Additional waypoints may be set in the sailing instructions for a particular race, in order to ensure safety relative to ice conditions, weather, etc.[12]

The competitors may stop at anchor, but may not draw alongside a quay or another vessel; they may receive no outside assistance, including customised weather or routing information. The only exception is that a competitor who has an early problem may return to the start for repairs and then restart the race, as long the restart is within 10 days of the official start.

The race presents significant challenges; most notably the severe wind and wave conditions in the Southern Ocean, the long unassisted duration of the race, and the fact that the course takes competitors far from the reach of any normal emergency response. A significant proportion of the entrants usually retire, and in the 1996–97 race Canadian Gerry Roufs was lost at sea.[13]

To mitigate the risks, competitors are required to undergo medical and survival courses. They must also be able to demonstrate prior racing experience; either a completed single-handed trans-oceanic race or the completion of a previous Vendée Globe. The qualifying race must have been completed on the same boat as the one the sailor will race in the Vendée Globe; or the competitor must complete an additional trans-oceanic observation passage, of not less than 2,500 miles (4,000 km), at an average speed of at least 7 knots (13 km/h), with his or her boat.

Previous resultsEdit


Titouan Lamazou, winner of the 1989–1990 Vendée Globe

The inaugural Vendée Globe set off from Les Sables d'Olonne, France on 26 November 1989. Frenchman, Titouan Lamazou, sailing Ecureuil d'Aquitaine II, won the race with a time of 109 days.[14] Philippe Jeantot, Vendée Globe founder, had problems with breakdowns, and then unfavorable winds, which held him back from the race lead.[9] Philippe Poupon's ketch Fleury Michon X capsized in the Southern Ocean; and Poupon was rescued by Loïck Peyron, who finally finished second, in what was generally a successful first run of the race.[15] Mike Plant, the lone American in the race, disqualified himself after receiving minor assistance near Campbell Island, New Zealand after a $5 rigging part on his sloop, Duracell, was damaged in the Pacific Ocean. Plant lost the race, but to the admiring French, he emerged a real hero after repairing the rigging and finishing the course as an unofficial competitor in 135 days, a new American single-handed circumnavigation record.[16]

Table: Order of Finish, 1989-1990 Vendée Globe[8]

Sailor Yacht Time
  Titouan Lamazou Ecureuil d'Aquitaine II 109d 08h 48' 50"
  Loïck Peyron Lada Poch 110d 01h 18' 06"
  Jean-Luc Van Den Heede 36.15 MET 112d 01h 14' 00"
  Philippe Jeantot Crédit Agricole IV 113d 23h 47' 47"
  Pierre Follenfant TBS-Charente Maritime 114d 21h 09' 06"
  Alain Gautier Generali Concorde 132d 13h 01' 48"
  Jean-François Coste Cacharel 163d 01h 19' 20"
Did not finish
  Mike Plant Duracell received minor assistance (New Zealand)
  Patrice Carpentier Le Nouvel Observateur damaged auto-pilot (Falklands)
  Bertie Reed Grinaker damaged rudder
  Jean-Yves Terlain UAP dismasted
  Philippe Poupon Fleury Michon X capsized
  Guy Bernardin O-Kay toothache


The second race attracted a great deal of media coverage.[citation needed] American Mike Plant, one of the entrants in the first Vendée race, was lost at sea on the way to the race, his boat found capsized near the Azores.[17]

The race set off into extremely bad weather in the Bay of Biscay, and several racers returned to the start to make repairs before setting off again (the only stopover allowed by the rules).[citation needed] Four days after the start, British sailor Nigel Burgess was found drowned off Cape Finisterre, having presumably fallen overboard.[citation needed] Alain Gautier and Bertrand de Broc led the race down the Atlantic; however, keel problems forced de Broc to abandon in New Zealand.[citation needed] Gautier continued with Philippe Poupon close behind, but a dismasting close to the finish held Poupon back, allowing Jean-Luc Van Den Heede to take second place.[18]

Table: Order of Finish, 1992-1993 Vendée Globe[19]

Sailor Yacht Time
  Alain Gautier Bagages Superior 110d 02h 22' 35"
  Jean-Luc Van Den Heede Groupe Sofap-Helvim 116d 15h 01' 11"
  Philippe Poupon Fleury-Michon X 117d 03h 34' 24"
  Yves Parlier Cacolac d'Aquitaine 125d 02h 42' 24"
  Nándor Fa K&H Banque Matav 128d 16h 05' 04"
  José Luis de Ugarte Euskadi Europ 93 BBK 134d 05h 04' 00"
  Jean-Yves Hasselin PRB / Solo Nantes 153d 05h 14' 00"
Did not finish
    Bernard Gallay Vuarnet Watches rigging problems
  Vittorio Malingri Everlast / Neil Pryde Sails lost rudder
  Bertrand de Broc Groupe LG keel problems
  Alan Wynne-Thomas Cardiff Discovery medical reasons
  Loïck Peyron Fujicolor III sail failure
  Thierry Arnaud Maître Coq / Le Monde unprepared[20]
  Nigel Burgess Nigel Burgess Yachts lost at sea
Did not start
  Mike Plant Coyote lost at sea prior to departure[17]


Another heavy-weather start in the Bay of Biscay knocked Nándor Fa and Didier Munduteguy out of the race early, and several others returned to the start for repairs before continuing.[citation needed] The rest of the fleet raced to the Southern Ocean, where a second attrition began: Yves Parlier and Isabelle Autissier broke rudders,[citation needed] leaving Christophe Auguin to lead the way into the south.[citation needed]

Heavy weather took a serious toll on the sailors in the far Southern Ocean. Raphaël Dinelli's boat capsized, and he was rescued by Pete Goss.[21] Then, within a few hours of each other, two other boats capsized, with both rescues performed by the Royal Australian Navy.[22] Finally, contact was lost with Canadian sailor Gerry Roufs; his body was never found, but his boat was found five months later off the Chilean Coast.[13]

The race was won by Christophe Auguin.[23] Catherine Chabaud, sixth and last, was the first woman to finish the race.[24]

Pete Goss was later awarded the Légion d'honneur for his rescue of Dinelli.[21] The capsize of several boats in this race prompted tightening up of the safety rules for entrants, particularly regarding boat safety and stability.[25]

The book Godforsaken Sea by Derek Lundy profiles the 1996–1997 running of the race.[26]

Table: Order of Finish, 1996-1997 Vendée Globe[27]

Sailor Yacht Time
  Christophe Auguin Geodis 105d 20h 31' (new record)
  Marc Thiercelin Crédit Immobilier 113d 08h 26'
  Hervé Laurent Groupe LG-Traitmat 114d 16h 43'
  Éric Dumont Café Legal-Le Goût 116d 16h 43'
  Pete Goss Aqua Quorum 126d 21h 25'
  Catherine Chabaud Whirlpool-Europe 2 140d 04h 38'
Did not finish
  Isabelle Autissier PRB broken rudder
  Yves Parlier Aquitaine Innovations broken rudder
  Bertrand de Broc Pommes Rhône Alpes capsized
  Tony Bullimore Exide Challenger capsized
  Thierry Dubois Amnesty International capsized
  Nándor Fa Budapest collision
  Didier Munduteguy Club 60è Sud dismasted
  Raphaël Dinelli Algimouss capsized
  Patrick de Radiguès Afibel beached
  Gerry Roufs Groupe LG2 lost at sea[13]


Michel Desjoyeaux, the only sailor to win the Vendée Globe twice

This race was the first major test of the new safety rules, introduced following the tragedies the previous races.[citation needed] Overall, it was a success; although some boats were again forced to retire from the race, none were lost.[citation needed] This race also featured the youngest entrant ever; Ellen MacArthur, who at 24 years old managed to put together a serious campaign with her custom-built boat Kingfisher.[28]

Yves Parlier was the first to establish a lead, and headlines were made by Dominique Wavre of Switzerland on 10 December 2000 when his 430 nautical miles broke the 24-hour record for distance sailed single-handed.[28] Parlier was soon under attack by Michel Desjoyeaux, who then moved into the lead.[28] Parlier dismasted while pushing to catch up and lost contact with race organizers, resulting in MacArthur's being diverted to provide assistance.[28] MacArthur resumed racing when contact with Parlier was restored, and managed to maintain fourth place.[28]

Desjoyeaux extended his lead to 600 miles (970 km) by Cape Horn, and MacArthur had closed steadily, moving up to second place.[28] By the mid-Atlantic she had caught up, and while negotiating the calms and variable winds of the Doldrums, the two traded the lead position several times.[28]

MacArthur's chance to win was lost when she struck a semi-submerged container and was forced to make repairs.[28] Desjoyeaux and PRB, flying the French flag, would go on to win the race at 93d 3h 57', with MacArthur and Kingfisher under the flag of Great Britain finishing second at 94d 4h 25', and Roland Jourdain and Sill Matines La potagère, also under French flag, finishing third at 96d 1h 2'.[citation needed] MacArthur pulled in to a rapturous reception, as "the youngest ever competitor to finish, the fastest woman around the planet—and only the second solo sailor to get around the globe in less than 100 days."[28] Parlier, meanwhile, had anchored off New Zealand, and managed to fabricate by himself a new carbon-fibre mast from his broken one, and continuing racing, gained an official place.[29][30]

Table: Order of Finish, 2000–2001 Vendée Globe[31]

Sailor Yacht Time
  Michel Desjoyeaux PRB 93d 3h 57' (new record)
  Ellen MacArthur Kingfisher 94d 4h 25'
  Roland Jourdain Sill Matines La potagère 96d 1h 2'
  Marc Thiercelin Active Wear 102d 20h 37'
  Dominique Wavre Union bancaire Privée 105d 2h 45'
  Thomas Coville Sodébo 105d 7h 24'
  Mike Golding Team Group 4 110d 16h 22'
    Bernard Gallay Voilà.fr 111d 16h 7'
  Josh Hall Gartmore 111d 19h 48'
  Joé Seeten Chocolats du Monde 115d 16h 46'
  Patrice Carpentier VM Matériaux 116d 0h 32'
  Simone Bianchetti 121d 1h 28'
  Yves Parlier Aquitaine Innovations 126d 23h 36'
  Didier Munduteguy DDP / 60e Sud 135d 15h 17'
  Pasquale de Gregorio Wind Telecommunicazioni 158d 2h 37'
Did not finish
  Catherine Chabaud Whirlpool dismasted
  Thierry Dubois Solidaires electronic problems
  Raphaël Dinelli Sogal Extenso damaged rudder
  Fyodor Konyukhov Modern Univ./Humanities retired
  Javier Sansó Old Spice retired
  Éric Dumont Euroka Services damaged rudder
  Richard Tolkien This Time – Argos – Help For Autistic Children rig damage
  Bernard Stamm Armor-Lux/foies Gras steering problem
  Patrick de Radiguès Libre Belgique beached


Vincent Riou, winner of the 2004-2005 Vendée Globe

The start of the 2004 race was watched by an estimated 300,000 people,[citation needed] which took place in mild weather.[citation needed] A fast start was followed by a few minor equipment problems, allowing the first racers to cross the equator just after 10 days.[citation needed] This was three days faster than the previous race, with all of the starters still sailing.[citation needed]

Attrition began on entry into the Roaring Forties: Alex Thomson diverted to Cape Town to make unassisted repairs and continue racing.[citation needed] The fleet encountered a number of other problems. Hervé Laurent retired with serious rudder problems, Thomson abandoned, and Conrad Humphreys anchored to make unassisted rudder repairs.[citation needed] Gear problems and abandonments continued, then the fleet ran into an area of ice, and Sébastien Josse hit an iceberg head-on.[32]

The lead changed several times as the fleet re-entered the Atlantic.[citation needed] The race remained close right to the finish, which saw three boats finish within 29 hours.[33]

Table: Order of Finish, 2004–2005 Vendée Globe[34]

Sailor Yacht Time
  Vincent Riou PRB 87d 10h 47' 55" (new record)
  Jean Le Cam Bonduelle 87d 17h 20' 8"
  Mike Golding Ecover 88d 15h 15' 13"
  Dominique Wavre Temenos 92d 17h 13' 20"
  Sébastien Josse VMI 93d 0h 2' 10"
  Jean-Pierre Dick Virbac-Paprec 98d 3h 49' 38"
  Conrad Humphreys Hellomoto 104d 14h 32' 24"
  Joé Seeten Arcelor Dunkerque 104d 23h 2' 45"
  Bruce Schwab Ocean Planet 109d 19h 58' 57"
    Benoît Parnaudeau Max Havelaar / Best Western 116d 1h 6' 54"
  Anne Liardet ROXY 119d 5h 28' 40"
  Raphaël Dinelli AKENA Vérandas 125d 4h 7' 14"
  Karen Leibovici Benefic 126d 8h 2' 20"
Did not finish
  Marc Thiercelin Pro-Form technical problems
  Roland Jourdain Sill Véolia keel problems
  Alex Thomson Hugo Boss hole in the deck
  Patrice Carpentier VM Matériaux broken boom
  Nick Moloney Skandia lost the keel
  Hervé Laurent UUDS rudder problem
  Norbert Sedlacek Brother keel problems


Foncia, the winning boat of the 2008-2009 Vendée Globe

The 2008 Vendée Globe began on 9 November 2008. The problems encountered by Jean Le Cam—losing his keel bulb and capsizing in the Southern Ocean—had a major impact on the order of finish.[citation needed] Vincent Riou diverted and found his boat, circling to try to toss a rope to Le Cam who had exited a security hatch to hang onto the rudder.[citation needed] After three failed attempts, Riou went in closer, managing to rescue Le Cam but also damaging his mast. Riou retired, but was awarded third place on redress, as he was third when diverted to assist the boat in distress.[35]

The 2008 Vendée Globe was won by Michel Desjoyaux, who set a new record at 84d 3h 9' 8".[36]

Table: Order of Finish, 2008–2009 Vendée Globe[37]

Sailor Yacht Time
  Michel Desjoyeaux Foncia 84d 3h 9' 8" (new record)
  Armel Le Cléac'h Brit Air 89d 9h 39' 35"
  Vincent Riou PRB day 59: dismasted. Redress Given: 3rd place
  Marc Guillemot Safran 95d 3h 19' 36"
  Samantha Davies Roxy 95d 4h 39' 1"
  Brian Thompson Bahrain Team Pindar 98d 20h 29' 55"
  Dee Caffari Aviva 99d 1h 10' 57"
  Arnaud Boissières Akena Verandas 105d 2h 33' 50"
  Steve White Toe In The Water 109d 0h 36' 55"
  Rich Wilson Great American III 121d 0h 41' 19"
  Raphaël Dinelli Fondation Ocean Vital 125d 2h 32' 24"
  Norbert Sedlacek Nauticsport-Kapsch 126d 5h 31' 56"
Did not finish
  Roland Jourdain Veolia Environnement day 85: lost keel
  Jean Le Cam VM Matériaux day 58: lost keel bulb, capsized
  Jonny Malbon Artemis day 56: delaminated mainsail
  Jean-Pierre Dick Paprec-Virbac 2 day 53: lost port rudder
  Derek Hatfield Algimouss Spirit of Canada day 50: broken spreaders
  Sébastien Josse BT day 50: broken rudder system
  Yann Eliès Generali day 40: fractured femur
  Mike Golding Ecover 3 day 38: dismasted
  Jean-Baptiste Dejeanty Groupe Maisonneuve day 37: faulty halyards, broken auto-pilot
  Loïck Peyron Gitana Eighty day 36: dismasted
  Bernard Stamm Cheminées Poujoulat day 36: ran aground
  Dominique Wavre Temenos day 35: damaged keel box
  Unai Basurko Pakea Bizkaia day 28: faulty starboard rudder box
  Jérémie Beyou Delta Dore day 17: damaged rig
  Alex Thomson Hugo Boss day 6: cracked hull
  Yannick Bestaven Energies Autour du Monde day 4: dismasted
  Marc Thiercelin DCNS day 4: dismasted
  Kito de Pavant Groupe Bel day 4: dismasted


The 2012 Vendée Globe started on 10 November 2012. The race saw the 24-hour singlehanded distance record repeatedly reset by several competitors. Armel Le Cléac’h (Banque Populaire) set a new race record for shortest time to the longitude of the Cape of Good Hope,[38] and François Gabart (Macif) set new race records for shortest time to the longitude of Cape Leeuwin in Australia and to Cape Horn. On 27 January 2013, Gabart set a new Vendée Globe record with just over 78 days to complete the circumnavigation. The interval of 3h 17’ between the arrivals of the first and second contenders is also the shortest in the race's history.[39]

Table: Order of Finish, 2012–2013 Vendée Globe[40]

Sailor Yacht Time
  François Gabart Macif 78d 2h 16' 40" (new record)
  Armel Le Cléac’h Banque Populaire 78d 5h 33' 52"
  Alex Thomson Hugo Boss 80d 19h 23' 43"
  Jean-Pierre Dick Virbac-Paprec 3 86d 3h 3' 40"
  Jean Le Cam SynerCiel 88d 0h 12’ 58"
  Mike Golding Gamesa 88d 6h 36' 26"
  Dominique Wavre Mirabaud 90d 3h 14' 42"
  Arnaud Boissières Akena Vérandas 91d 2h 09' 02"
  Bertrand De Broc Votre Nom autour du Monde avec EDM Projets 92d 17h 10' 14" (incl. 12h time penalty for unsealing and using emergency water supply)
  Tanguy De Lamotte initiatives cœur 98d 21h 56' 10"
    Alessandro Di Benedetto Team Plastique 104d 02h 34' 30"
Did not finish
  Javier Sanso Acciona 100% EcoPowered day 84: capsized
  Bernard Stamm Cheminées Poujoulat day 51: disqualified after receiving assistance, however he completed the course in 88d 10h 27' 50"
  Vincent Riou PRB day 14: broken outrigger stay resulting from collision
  Zbigniew Gutkowski Energa day 11: electrical issues resulting in autopilot not being able to work
  Jérémie Beyou Maître CoQ day 9: broken keel ram
  Samantha Davies Savéol day 5: dismasted
  Louis Burton Bureau Vallée day 3: collision
  Kito de Pavant Groupe Bel day 2: collision
  Marc Guillemot Safran day 1: damaged keel


Armel Le Cléac'h, departure day

The 2016 - 17 race started from Les Sables d'Olonne on 6 November 2016; it was the eighth competition, with 29 skippers from ten countries.[41] It lasted 124.5 days while going around the three great capes - the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa), Cape Leeuwin (Australia) and Cape Horn (Chile) and saw a record 18 skippers make it to the finish line.[42]

This edition of the race was the first to feature foiling monohull boats equipped with hydrofoils and was therefore closely watched to evaluate the durability of foils in such circumstances.[43] Of note, the four foiling boats sailed by professional skippers that made it to the finish line took the top places, indicating that such appendages are likely to be adopted by other sailors (see table below). The winner of this edition was Armel Le Cléac'h, finishing on 19 January 2017 in a record breaking time of 74 days, three hours and 35 minutes.[44] Other records were set during the course, including the greatest distance covered by a monohull over the course of 24h,[45][46] the fastest southbound crossing of the Equator[47] and Cape of Good Hope[48] by Alex Thomson. Winner Armel le Cleac'h also broke the record for the fastest crossing of Cape Leeuwin,[49] Cape Horn[50] and the Equator (northbound).[51]

The race featured the youngest and oldest skippers ever to complete the race - on consecutive days (Alan Roura, 23 years old; Rich Wilson, aged 66). Also, Didac Costa was forced to return to harbour after less than one hour of sailing as a result of water damage to the boat's electric system. He returned to the race four days later and finished in 14th place.[42] In addition, Conrad Colman finished under jury rig after dismasting 715 nm from the finish, while running short on food and electric power. The latter was compounded by the fact that his boat - Foresight Natural Energy - was propelled solely by renewable energy sources and the critical speed required for using hydrogenerators as well as sunlight to feed his solar panels were short of par. Colman was the first skipper to complete the Vendée Globe without using fossil fuels, two weeks after breaking his mast.[52]

Table: Registrants, 2016–2017 Vendée Globe[53]

Sailor Yacht Launch Date/Designer Time
  Armel Le Cléac'h Banque Populaire VIII § Jun 2015/VPLP-Verdier 74d 03h 35' 46" (current record)[54]
  Alex Thomson Hugo Boss § Sep 2015/VPLP-Verdier 74d 19h 35' 15"[55]
  Jérémie Beyou Maître CoQ § Sep 2010/VPLP-Verdier 78d 06h 38' 40"[56]
  Jean-Pierre Dick StMichel-Virbac § Sep 2015/VPLP-Verdier 80d 01h 45' 45"[57]
  Yann Eliès Quéguiner - Leucémie Espoir Aug 2007/VPLP-Verdier 80d 03h 11' 09"[58]
  Jean Le Cam Finistère Mer Vent Jan 2007/Farr 80d 04h 41' 54"[59]
  Louis Burton Bureau Vallée Sep 2006/Farr 87d 19h 45' 49"[60]
  Nándor Fa Spirit Of Hungary Apr 2014/Nándor Fa & Attila Déry 93d 22h 52' 09"[61]
  Éric Bellion Comme un Seul Homme May 2008/Finot-Conq 99d 04h 56' 20"[62]
  Arnaud Boissières La Mie Câline Feb 2007/Farr 102d 20h 24' 09"[63]
  Fabrice Amedeo Newrest - Matmut Jul 2007/Farr 103d 21h 01' 00"[64]
  Alan Roura La Fabrique Jul 2000/Pierre Rolland 105d 20h 10' 32"[65]
  Rich Wilson Great American IV Sep 2006/Owen Clarke 107d 00h 48' 18"[66]
  Didac Costa One Planet One Ocean Jan 2000/Owen Clarke 108d 19h 50' 45"[67]
  Romain Attanasio Famille Mary - Etamine Du Lys Jan 1998/Marc Lombard 109d 22h 04' 00"[68]
 /  Conrad Colman Foresight Natural Energy Jan 2005/Lavranos-Artech 110d 01h 58' 41"[52]
  Pieter Heerema No Way Back § Aug 2015/VPLP-Verdier 116d 09h 24' 12"[69]
  Sébastien Destremau TechnoFirst - FaceOcean Jan 1998/Finot 124d 12h 38' 18"[70]
Did not finish
  Enda O’Coineen Kilcullen Voyager - Team Ireland Aug 2007/Owen Clarke & Clay Oliver day 56: Dismasted 180 nm SE of New Zealand[71]
  Paul Meilhat SMA Jan 2011/VPLP-Verdier day 49: Hydraulic-keel fissured[72]
  Thomas Ruyant Le Souffle Du Nord Pour Le Projet Imagine Jan 2007/VPLP-Verdier day 44: Damaged hull due to collision with an UFO[73]
  Stéphane Le Diraison Compagnie Du Lit - Boulogne Billancourt Jan 2007/Finot-Conq day 41: Dismasted 950 nautical miles away from Australia[74]
  Sébastien Josse Edmond De Rothschild § Aug 2015/VPLP-Verdier day 30: Damage port foil - South of Australia[75]
  Kito de Pavant Bastide Otio May 2010/VPLP-Verdier day 30: Damaged keel - North of Crozet Islands[76]
  Kojiro Shiraishi Spirit Of Yukoh Jan 2007/Farr day 27: Damaged masthead - South of Cape of Good Hope[77]
  Tanguy De Lamotte Initiatives-Cœur Sep 2006/Farr day 23: Damaged masthead - North of Cape Verde Islands[78]
  Morgan Lagravière Safran § Mar 2015/VPLP-Verdier day 19: Damaged rudder - South Atlantic[79]
  Vincent Riou PRB Mar 2010/VPLP-Verdier day 17: Damaged keel - South Atlantic[80]
  Bertrand De Broc MACSF Jul 2007/Finot-Conq day 14: Damaged keel[81]

§ - boat equipped with hydrofoils

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit


  1. ^ SSN Staff (13 November 2016). "Vendée Globe: Thomson Leads into the Doldrums". Scuttlebutt Sailing News. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  2. ^ Vendé Staff (13 November 2016). "Home Page, Vendée Globe 2016-2017 [race]". Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  3. ^ BBC Staff (27 January 2013). "Vendee Globe 2012-13: Francois Gabart Breaks Solo Record [BBC Sport: Sailing]". Retrieved 13 November 2016. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ Museler, Chris (9 November 2008). "Racers in Vendée Globe Start Nonstop Solo Quest". New York Times. Retrieved 8 December 2008. Compared with other global ocean races […] the Vendée Globe is considered the most extreme sailing event in the world
  5. ^ "Vendée Globe: Sailing's Everest". The Independent. 11 November 2008. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  6. ^ a b The Museum of Yachting (14 November 2016) [1990]. "Philippe Jeantot, 1952-". The Single-Handed Sailors' Hall of Fame. Newport, RI: The Museum of Yachting. Retrieved 14 November 2016 – via Windlass Creative [Sally Anne Santos]. [Quote:] Inducted to Single-Handed Sailors' Hall of Fame, 1990.
  7. ^ "Introduction". Vendée Globe. Archived from the original on 15 May 2008. Retrieved 8 December 2016.[third-party source needed]
  8. ^ a b "Edition 1989/1990 : Une grande course est née". Vendée Globe (in French). Archived from the original on 22 October 2004. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Vendée Globe 1989-90". Vendée Globe. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  10. ^ Vendé Staff (13 November 2016). "Partners - Vendée Globe 2016-2017". Retrieved 13 November 2016.[third-party source needed]
  11. ^ Nielsen, Peter (11 May 2016). "Inside the Vendée Globe". Sail Magazine. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  12. ^ Laven, Kate (3 December 2012). "Vendee Globe 2012-13: Dicing with ice as fleet heads into desolate Southern Ocean". The Telegraph. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  13. ^ a b c Evans, Jeremy (1 April 2008). Sailing. Dorling Kindersley Ltd. p. 317. ISBN 9781405334723. Tragically, another life was lost as French Canadian Gerry Roufs was lost at sea
  14. ^ "Yachting's 1990 Honor Roll". Yachting. 170 (4). April 1991. ISSN 0043-9940. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  15. ^ Byrne, Dan (27 January 1990). "'Roaring 40s' Claim 3 Sailboats". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  16. ^ Excerpt from Broken Seas by Marlin Bree Retrieved 8 October 2013
  17. ^ a b Lloyd, Barbara (26 November 1992). "Solo Sailor Is Presumed To Be Dead". New York Times. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  18. ^ "French Toast Tough Vendée Globe Fleet". Yachting. 174 (1). July 1993. ISSN 0043-9940. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  19. ^ "Edition 1992/1993 : L'édition des premiers drames". Vendée Globe (in French). Archived from the original on 22 October 2004. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  20. ^ Agnus, Christophe; Lautrou, Pierre-Yves (13 October 2004). Le roman du Vendée-Globe (in French). Grasset. ISBN 9782246675990.
  21. ^ a b "Hero sailor Yachtsman of the Year". BBC. 10 January 1998. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
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Coordinates: 46°29′42″N 1°47′19″W / 46.4951°N 1.7886°W / 46.4951; -1.7886