Jules Verne Trophy

The Trophy, displayed at the National Maritime Museum, Paris.

The Jules Verne Trophy is a prize for the fastest circumnavigation of the world by any type of yacht with no restrictions on the size of the crew provided the vessel has registered with the organization and paid an entry fee.[1] A vessel holding the Jules Verne trophy will not necessarily hold the absolute round the world record. The trophy was first awarded to the first yacht which sailed around the world in less than 80 days. The name of the award is a reference to the Jules Verne novel Around the World in Eighty Days in which Phileas Fogg traverses the planet (albeit by railroad and steamboat) in 80 days. The current holder is IDEC Sport skippered by Francis Joyon in 40 days 23 hours 30 minutes 30 seconds.[2]

RouteEdit

 
Starting line

Rules[3]Edit

The Jules Verne Trophy is awarded to the challenger who breaks the previous Jules Verne record of the round the world voyage under sail. The winner holds the trophy until such time as his/her record has been bettered. The boats must solely be propelled by natural forces of the wind and of the crew, but the trophy is open to any type of boat with no restrictions. Crew size is not restricted either.

The circumnavigation must be completed non-stop and with no physical outside assistance, although on-shore weather routing is allowed. The challengers must respect certain safety rules.

HistoryEdit

The original idea for this competition has been attributed to Yves Le Cornec in 1985. The rules were defined in 1990. A committee was put in place to guarantee respect of the rules and fairplay. This committee included Peter Blake, Florence Arthaud, Jean François Coste, Yvon Fauconnier, Gabrie Guilly, Robin Knox-Johnston, Titouan Lamazou, Yves Le Cornec, Bruno Peyron, Olivier de Kersauson, and Didier Ragot.

While the current holder of the trophy, Francis Joyon, also holds the around the world sailing record, this has not always been the case. In 2004 Steve Fossett broke the world record with the catamaran Cheyenne but was not awarded the trophy. According to reports, the trophy organizers requested a higher entrance fee from Fossett than from the other competitors, the difference which he refused to pay. The winner of the trophy that year was Olivier de Kersauson on Geronimo, with a time which was five days slower than Fossett's world record.[1]

RecordsEdit

Year Skipper Yacht Type Time
2017   Francis Joyon IDEC Sport Trimaran 40 days 23 hours 30 minutes 30 seconds[4]
2012   Loïck Peyron Banque Populaire V Trimaran 45 days 13 hours 42 minutes 53 seconds
2010   Franck Cammas Groupama 3 Trimaran 48 days 7 hours 44 minutes 52 seconds[5]
2005   Bruno Peyron Orange II Catamaran 50 days 16 hours 20 minutes 4 seconds[6]
2004   Olivier de Kersauson Geronimo Trimaran 63 days 13 hours 59 minutes 46 seconds[1]
2002   Bruno Peyron Orange Catamaran 64 days 8 hours 37 minutes 24 seconds
1997   Olivier de Kersauson Sport Elec Trimaran 71 days 14 hours 22 minutes 8 seconds
1994   Robin Knox-Johnston
  Peter Blake
ENZA New Zealand Catamaran 74 days 22 hours 17 minutes 22 seconds
1993   Bruno Peyron Explorer Catamaran 79 days 6 hours 15 minutes 56 seconds
Skipper Date Equator Good

Hope

Cape

Agulhas

Cape

Leeuwin

Tasmania Anti

méridian

Cape Horn Equator

return

Ushant
Francis Joyon 2016 05 j 18 h 59 min 12 j 19 h 28 min 12 j 21 h 22 min 17 j 06 h 59 min R 18 j 18 h 31 min R 20 j 07 h 04 min R 26 j 15 h 45 min R 35 j 04 h 09 min R 40 j 23 h 30 min R
Loïck Peyron 2011 05 j 14 h 55 min 11 j 21 h 48 min R 11 j 23 h 49 min R 17 j 23 h 57 min 20 j 07 h 11 min 22 j 11 h 34 min 30 j 22 h 19 min 38 j 02 h 46 min 45 j 13 h 42 min
Yann Guichard 2015 04 j 21 h 29 min R 11 j 22 h 04 min 12 j 00 h 02 min 18 j 11 h 25 min 20 j 04 h 37 min 22 j 07 h 43 min 30 j 04 h 07 min 39 j 13 h 31 min 47 j 10 h 59 min
Francis Joyon 2015 05 j 05 h 01 min 13 j 05 h 11 min 13 j 09 h 15 min 18 j 20 h 37 min 20 j 08 h 18 min 22 j 09 h 48 min 31 j 01 h 47 min 40 j 14 h 53 min 47 j 14 h 47 min
Franck Cammas 2009 05 j 15 h 23 min 14 j 13 h 31 min 14 j 15 h 48 min 21 j 14 h 22 min 22 j 20 h 27 min 25 j 07 h 36 min 32 j 04 h 34 min 41 j 21 h 09 min 48 j 07 h 44 min
Bruno Peyron 2005 07 j 02 h 56 min 14 j 05 h 21 min 14 j 08 h 19 min 21 j 13 h 23 j 19 h 23 min 25 j 21 h 33 min 32 j 13 h 29 min 40 j 19 h 05 min 50 j 16 h 20 min
O. de Kersauson 2003 06 j 11 h 26 min 16 j 14 h 35 min 26 j 04 h 53 min 31 j 22 h 53 min 41 j 16 h 27 min 53 j 09 h 37 min 68 j 01 h 58 min[7]
Bruno Peyron 2002 07 j 22 h 18 j 18 h 40 min 29 j 07 h 22 min 34 j 09 h 20 min 42 j 02 h 52 min 53 j 04 h 49 min 64 j 08 h 37 min
Skipper Date Ushant Equator

Good Hope

Good Hope

Cape Leeuwin

Cape Leeuwin

Cape Horn

Cape Horn

Equator

Equator

Ushant

Francis Joyon 2016 05 j 18 h 59 min 7 j 00 h 29 min 4 j 11 h 31 min 9 j 08 h 46 min 8 j 12 h 24 min 5 j 19 h 21 min
Loïck Peyron 2011 05 j 14 h 55 min 6 j 06 h 53 min 6 j 02 h 09 min 12 j 22 h 22 min 7 j 04 h 27 min 7 j 10 h 58 min
Yann Guichard 2015 04 j 21 h 29 min 7 j 00 h 35 min 6 j 13 h 21 min 12 j 06 h 03 min 9 j 09 h 24 min 7 j 21 h 28 min
Francis Joyon 2015 05 j 05 h 01 min 8 j 04 h 10 min 5 j 15 h 26 min 12 j 05 h 10 min 9 j 13 h 06 min 6 j 23 h 56 min
Franck Cammas 2009 05 j 15 h 23 min 7 j 02 h 23 min 7 j 00 h 51 min 10 j 14 h 12 min 9 j 16 h 35 min 6 j 10 h 44 min
Bruno Peyron 2005 07 j 02 h 56 min 7 j 05 h 23 min 7 j 07 h 39 min 12 j 00 h 29 min 8 j 05 h 36 min 9 j 21 h 15 min
O. de Kersauson 2003 06 j 11 h 26 min
Bruno Peyron 2002 07 j 22 h 00 min 11 j 01 h 57 min 11 j 03 h 48 min
Skipper Date Good Hope

Cape Horn

Equator

Equator

Equator

Cape Horn

Cape Horn

Ushant

Indian Ocean

WSSRC

Pacific Ocean

WSSRC

Francis Joyon 2016 13 j 20 h 13 min 29 j 09 h 10 min 20 j 20 h 46 min 14 j 07 h 45 min 5 j 21 h 09 min 7 j 21 h 14 min
Loïck Peyron 2011 19 j 00 h 31 min 32 j 11 h 51 min 25 j 07 h 23 min 14 j 15 h 25 min 8 j 07 h 23 min 10 j 15 h 07 min
Yann Guichard 2015 18 j 06 h 03 min 34 j 08 h 02 min 25 j 06 h 38 min 17 j 06 h 54 min 8 j 04 h 45 9 j 23 h 30 min
Francis Joyon 2015 17 j 20 h 36 min 35 j 13 h 52 min 26 j 00 h 46 min 16 j 13 h 02 min 7 j 00 h 00 10 j 23 h 10 min
Franck Cammas 2009 17 j 15 h 03 min 36 j 02 h 03 min 26 j 09 h 27 min 16 j 03 h 19 min 8 j 17 h 39 min 8 j 18 h 41 min
Bruno Peyron 2005 18 j 08 h 08 min 33 j 16 h 06 min 25 j 10 h 33 min 18 j 02 h 39 min 9 j 11 h 04 min 8 j 18 h 08 min
O. de Kersauson 2003 25 j 01 h 52 min
Bruno Peyron 2002 23 j 08 h 12 min 22 j 05 h 45 min

Failed record attemptsEdit

Year Skipper Yacht Type Notes
2019   Yann Guichard Spindrift 2
formerly Banque Populaire V
Trimaran Rudder problem, about 50 miles West of Porto, Portugal on December 4, 2019 after 23 hours from departure.
2019   Yann Guichard Spindrift 2
formerly Banque Populaire V
Trimaran Broken starboard rudder, Southwest of Cape Leewin on February 1, 2019.
2016   Francis Joyon IDEC 3
formerly Banque Populaire VII and Groupama 3
Trimaran Turned around after one week due to weather window did not evolve as forecasted[8]
2015   Francis Joyon IDEC 3
formerly Banque Populaire VII and Groupama 3
Trimaran 47 days 14 hours 47 minutes,[9] record not broken, crossed the finish line on January 8, 2016
2015   Yann Guichard
  Dona Bertarelli
Spindrift 2
formerly Banque Populaire V
Trimaran 47 days 10 hours 59 minutes,[10] record not broken, crossed the finish line on January 8, 2016
2011   Pascal Bidégorry Banque Populaire V Trimaran Damaged centerboard, west of the Cape of Good Hope[11]
2009   Franck Cammas Groupama 3 Trimaran

Broken aft beam bulkhead, South Africa[12]

2008   Franck Cammas Groupama 3 Trimaran Loss of leeward float leading to capsize, New Zealand[13]
2004   Bruno Peyron Orange II Catamaran Damaged starboard hull, Cap Verde islands
2004   Bruno Peyron Orange II Catamaran Damaged starboard crashbox, Spain
2004   Olivier de Kersauson Geronimo Trimaran Damaged gennaker, North Atlantic
2003   Olivier de Kersauson Geronimo Trimaran Circumnavigation achieved, record not broken
2003   Ellen MacArthur Kingfisher 2
(formerly Orange)
Catamaran Broken mast, South-East Kerguelen Islands
2002   Olivier de Kersauson Geronimo Trimaran Damaged rudder, Brasil
2002   Bruno Peyron Orange
(formerly Innovation Explorer)
Catamaran Damaged mast, Ouessant
1998   Tracy Edwards Royal et SunAlliance
(formerly ENZA New Zealand)
Catamaran Broken mast, Southern seas
1996   Olivier de Kersauson Sport-Elec Trimaran Excessive delay
1995   Olivier de Kersauson Sport-Elec
(formerly Lyonnaise des Eaux)
Trimaran Extreme weather
1994   Olivier de Kersauson Lyonnaise des Eaux
(formerly Charal)
Trimaran Circumnavigation achieved, record not broken
1993   Peter Blake
  Robin Knox-Johnston
ENZA New Zealand Catamaran Damaged hull, Indian Ocean
1993   Olivier de Kersauson Charal Trimaran Damaged outrigger hull, South of Cape Town

The TrophyEdit

The "Trophy Jules Verne" was the subject of a public order of the visual arts delegation with the American artist Tom Shannon and is patroned by the French Ministry of Culture.

The work is a floating hull on a magnetic field, much as an anchorage for a ship. All dimensions have rigorous symbolic meaning. The midship beam of the hull corresponds to the diameter of the Earth, the ray of each end is proportional to that of the moon and the radius of the curvature of the frames is that of the sun. The competitors of the Trophy Jules Verne race around the Earth against time, with only the sun and the moon as companions and time keepers.

The sculpture is placed on a cast aluminium base, on which the names of the sailors having won the Trophy are engraved. The Musée national de la Marine in Paris hosts and maintains the Trophy. Each winner receives a miniature of the Trophy, magnetized like the original one.

When a record is broken, an official ceremony is held for the previous record holders to hand over the trophy to the new record holders, who are given the hull and must place it in its magnetic field mooring.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Bunting, Elaine (2012-01-09). "The strange story of the Jules Verne Trophy". Yachting World. Retrieved 2015-12-31.
  2. ^ "Francis Joyon - IDEC Sport". Jules Verne Trophy.
  3. ^ a b "Rules". Trophée Jules Verne. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
  4. ^ "Francis Joyon - IDEC Sport". Jules Verne Trophy. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  5. ^ WSSR Council (2010-03-26). "WSSR Newsletter No 182". Retrieved 2010-04-07.
  6. ^ International Sailing Federation (2005-03-16). "ISAF". Retrieved 2008-02-19.World Sailing Speed Record Council (2009-02-01). "Round the World Eastbound Non-Stop Records". Retrieved 2009-11-11.
  7. ^ "Trophée Jules-Verne - Tentative d'Olivier de Kersauson / Geronimo - 2003"..
  8. ^ "Trophée Jules-Verne : Francis Joyon (IDEC Sport) et son équipage font demi-tour à cause des conditions de navigation". lequipe.fr. November 27, 2016. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
  9. ^ IDEC completes circumnavigation
  10. ^ Spindrift arrival
  11. ^ "Banque Populaire forced to retire". sail-world. 2011-02-05.
  12. ^ Team Groupama Website (2009-11-16). "Damage, destination Cape Town". Archived from the original on 2009-11-19. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
  13. ^ Team Groupama Website (2008-02-18). "Groupama 3 capsizes in the Pacific ocean". Archived from the original on 2009-12-04. Retrieved 2009-12-07.

External linksEdit