Varkaus (before year 1929 Warkaus) is a Middle-Savonian industrial town and municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Eastern Finland and is part of the Northern Savonia region, between city of Kuopio and town of Savonlinna.
Varkaus in July 2006
Location of Varkaus in Finland
|• Town manager||Hannu Tsupari|
|• Total||524.48 km2 (202.50 sq mi)|
|• Land||386.04 km2 (149.05 sq mi)|
|• Water||138.45 km2 (53.46 sq mi)|
|Area rank||206th largest in Finland|
|• Rank||51st largest in Finland|
|• Density||53.96/km2 (139.8/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||98.2% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||14.8%|
|• 15 to 64||64.7%|
|• 65 or older||20.5%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||20%|
The municipality has a population of 20,830 (31 January 2019) and covers an area of 524.48 square kilometres (202.50 sq mi) of which 138.45 km2 (53.46 sq mi) is water. The population density is 53.96 inhabitants per square kilometre (139.8/sq mi).
The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Oddly enough, 'Varkaus' translates to 'theft', even though it is not the reason for giving that name to the city. In old Finnish the same word also meant strait, and this city is located in the lake district on straits between two parts of Lake Saimaa. An extension of the Saimaa Canal passes through the town.
Varkaus was born in the late 19th century as an industrial community of the A. Ahlström paper mills. It was a part of the municipalities of Leppävirta and Joroinen until 1929 when Varkaus became a market town. During the Finnish Civil War in 1918 the town was taken over by the Reds, but because of its isolated location in rural Finland, it was soon taken by the Whites on the Battle of Varkaus 19–21 February. The whites proceeded to execute every tenth Red soldier.
The municipality of Kangaslampi was consolidated to Varkaus on 1 January 2005.
- Onni Hiltunen (1895–1971), politician
- Jukka Keskisalo (born 1981), steeplechaser
- Antti Kupiainen (born 1954), mathematical physicist
- Esa Pakarinen (1911–1989), actor and musician
- Esa Pakarinen Jr. (born 1947), actor; son of Esa Pakarinen
- Piia Pantsu (born 1971), equestrian rider
- Lassi Parkkinen (1917–1994), speed skater
- Erkki Pulliainen (born 1938), biologist and politician
- Pekka Siitoin (1944–2003), occultist and neo-Nazi
- Petri Varis (born 1969), ice hockey forward
Parts of the town of VarkausEdit
Twin towns — sister citiesEdit
Varkaus is twinned with:
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Media related to Varkaus at Wikimedia Commons
- Varkaus travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Town of Varkaus – Official website
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