Lu'an[2][3] (Chinese: 六安; pinyin: Lù'ān), is a prefecture-level city in western Anhui province, People's Republic of China, bordering Henan to the northwest and Hubei to the southwest. As of the 2020 census, it had a total population of 4,393,699 inhabitants whom 1,752,537 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of Yu'an and Jin'an urban districts. Neighbouring prefecture-level cities are the provincial capital of Hefei to the east, Anqing to the south, Huanggang (Hubei) and Xinyang (Henan) to the west, and Huainan and Fuyang to the north. Although the character (literally: "six") is normally pronounced "Liù", in this case it changes to "Lù" on account of the historical literary reading.

Lu'an
六安市
Liuan
From top, left to right:
Coordinates (Lu'an municipal government): 31°44′10″N 116°31′12″E / 31.736°N 116.520°E / 31.736; 116.520
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceAnhui
County-level divisions7
Township-level divisions196
Municipal seatJin'an District
Government
 • CPC SecretarySun Yunfei (孙云飞)
 • MayorYe Luzhong (叶露中)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city15,436 km2 (5,960 sq mi)
 • Urban
4,127.5 km2 (1,593.6 sq mi)
 • Metro
3,561 km2 (1,375 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city4,393,699
 • Density280/km2 (740/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,968,766
 • Urban density480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,752,537
 • Metro density490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (CST)
Area code0564
ISO 3166 codeCN-AH-15
License Plate Prefix皖N
Administrative division code341500

Geography and climate edit

 
Map including Lu'an (labeled as LIU-AN 六安) (AMS, 1953)

Lu'an is marked by the southern fringes of the North China Plain in its north and the northern part of the Dabie Mountains in its south. Its administrative area spans 31°01′−32°40′ N latitude and 115°20′−117°14′ E longitude, respectively.

Lu'an has a monsoon-influenced, humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with four distinct seasons. Winters are cold and damp, with average low temperatures in January dipping just below freezing; the January 24-hour average temperature is 2.8 °C (37.0 °F). Summers are typically hot and humid, with a July average of 28.0 °C (82.4 °F). The annual mean is 16.0 °C (60.8 °F), while annual precipitation averages just above 1,100 mm (43 in), a majority of which occurs from May to August. Annual sunshine duration is 2,000 to 2,300 hours.

Climate data for Lu'an (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1971–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
28.7
(83.7)
34.9
(94.8)
35.3
(95.5)
37.6
(99.7)
38.4
(101.1)
40.6
(105.1)
39.7
(103.5)
40.0
(104.0)
34.6
(94.3)
31.2
(88.2)
25.1
(77.2)
40.6
(105.1)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 7.2
(45.0)
10.3
(50.5)
15.6
(60.1)
22.3
(72.1)
27.0
(80.6)
29.6
(85.3)
32.6
(90.7)
31.6
(88.9)
27.7
(81.9)
22.5
(72.5)
16.3
(61.3)
9.8
(49.6)
21.0
(69.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
5.8
(42.4)
10.7
(51.3)
17.0
(62.6)
22.0
(71.6)
25.3
(77.5)
28.2
(82.8)
27.3
(81.1)
23.1
(73.6)
17.6
(63.7)
11.3
(52.3)
5.3
(41.5)
16.4
(61.5)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
2.5
(36.5)
6.9
(44.4)
12.6
(54.7)
17.8
(64.0)
21.8
(71.2)
24.9
(76.8)
24.2
(75.6)
19.7
(67.5)
13.8
(56.8)
7.5
(45.5)
2.1
(35.8)
12.8
(55.1)
Record low °C (°F) −13.6
(7.5)
−11.6
(11.1)
−3.2
(26.2)
0.2
(32.4)
7.6
(45.7)
12.1
(53.8)
18.0
(64.4)
15.3
(59.5)
10.7
(51.3)
1.7
(35.1)
−4.7
(23.5)
−11.7
(10.9)
−13.6
(7.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 52.3
(2.06)
53.0
(2.09)
84.3
(3.32)
88.7
(3.49)
101.6
(4.00)
156.4
(6.16)
214.2
(8.43)
150.7
(5.93)
83.8
(3.30)
60.1
(2.37)
59.5
(2.34)
35.0
(1.38)
1,139.6
(44.87)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9.1 9.3 11.5 10.4 11.4 11.1 12.9 12.6 9.9 9.1 9.1 7.5 123.9
Average snowy days 5.0 3.0 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 1.7 11.3
Average relative humidity (%) 73 72 70 68 70 77 79 81 77 73 72 70 74
Mean monthly sunshine hours 121.0 122.0 152.8 183.1 190.7 171.4 196.9 181.0 154.9 159.8 150.5 136.8 1,920.9
Percent possible sunshine 38 39 41 47 45 40 46 44 42 46 48 44 43
Source 1: China Meteorological Administration[4][5]
Source 2: Weather China[6]

Administration edit

The prefecture-level city of Lu'an administers seven county-level divisions, including three districts and four counties.

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2015)
Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Districts
Jin'an District 金安区 Jīn'ān Qū 878,600 1653.58 531
Yu'an District 裕安区 Yù'ān Qū 1,024,600 1925.61 532
Yeji District 叶集区 Yèjí Qū 168,000 555.17 302
Counties
Huoqiu County 霍邱县 Huòqiū Xiàn 1,702,200 3248.16 524
Shucheng County 舒城县 Shūchéng Xiàn 995,000 2109.77 471
Jinzhai County 金寨县 Jīnzhài Xiàn 674,400 3914.74 172
Huoshan County 霍山县 Huòshān Xiàn 362,600 2040.42 177

These are further divided into 142 township-level divisions.

Transport edit

References edit

  1. ^ "China: Ānhuī (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. ^ Xia Zhengnong (夏征农); Chen Zhili (陈至立), eds. (September 2009). 辞海:第六版彩图本 [Cihai (Sixth Edition in Color)] (in Simplified Chinese). Shanghai: Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House. p. 1451. ISBN 9787532628599. 六 (lù) (...)用于地名。如:六安;(...) 六安(...) 市名。在安徽省西部。(...)
  3. ^ Putonghua Pronunciation Committee (普通话审音委员会) (20 December 1962), 文字改革月刊社 (ed.), 普通話异讀詞审音表初稿(第三編), Wenzi Gaige (文字改革) (in Chinese), Beijing: 文字改革出版社 (85): 8, (...)六安(安徽) Lù'ān(...)
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
  6. ^ 六安 - 气象数据 -中国天气网 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 29 November 2022.

External links edit