Xinyang

Xinyang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: 信陽; pinyin: Xìnyáng; postal: Sinyang) is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Henan province, People's Republic of China, the southernmost administrative division in the province. Its population was 6,109,106 according to the 2010 census, and 1,230,042 of them lived in 2 urban districts, Pingqiao and Shihe.

Xinyang

信阳市

Sinyang
View of Xinyang, 2014
View of Xinyang, 2014
Location of Xinyang City jurisdiction in Henan
Location of Xinyang City jurisdiction in Henan
Xinyang is located at the southern end of the North China Plain, north of the Dabie Mountains
Xinyang is located at the southern end of the North China Plain, north of the Dabie Mountains
Xinyang
Location on the North China Plain
Xinyang is located at the southern end of the North China Plain, north of the Dabie Mountains
Xinyang is located at the southern end of the North China Plain, north of the Dabie Mountains
Xinyang
Xinyang (China)
Coordinates (Xinyang municipal government): 32°08′56″N 114°05′28″E / 32.149°N 114.091°E / 32.149; 114.091Coordinates: 32°08′56″N 114°05′28″E / 32.149°N 114.091°E / 32.149; 114.091
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHenan
Municipal seatPingqiao District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city18,908.27 km2 (7,300.52 sq mi)
 • Urban75 km2 (29 sq mi)
 • Metro
3,665.9 km2 (1,415.4 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 Census)
 • Prefecture-level city6,109,106
 • Density320/km2 (840/sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2018)[2]
600,000
 • Urban density8,000/km2 (21,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,230,042
 • Metro density340/km2 (870/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s)0376
ISO 3166 codeCN-HA-15
GDP 2010109.2
Major NationalitiesHan
License plate prefixesS
Websitewww.xinyang.gov.cn/sitesources/xinyang/page_pc/index.html

GeographyEdit

 
Map including Xinyang (labeled as HSIN-YANG (SINYANG) (walled) 信陽) (AMS, 1954)
 
Jinlanshan National Forest Park (金兰山国家森林公园), Xin County
 
Xinyang panorama, 2014

The prefecture-level city of Xinyang has a total land area of 18,819 square kilometres (7,266 sq mi). The city is located in the southernmost part of Henan Province, on the south bank of the Huai River. It borders the cities Zhumadian to the north and Nanyang to the northwest, and the provinces of Anhui and Hubei to the east and south respectively. The region where Xinyang is located is considered a subtropical area and the Dabie Mountains cover most of its territory.

ClimateEdit

Xinyang has a monsoon-influenced, four-season humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with cold, damp winters, and hot, humid summers. The months of April through June here are slightly cooler than much of the rest of the province. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 2.4 °C (36.3 °F) in January to 27.3 °C (81.1 °F) in July; the annual mean is 15.54 °C (60.0 °F). The annual precipitation is just above 1,100 millimetres (43 in), and close to two-thirds of it occurs from May to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 38% in March to 47% in four months, the city receives 1,974 hours of bright sunshine annually; January through March are the cloudiest months.

Climate data for Xinyang (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
26.5
(79.7)
30.7
(87.3)
34.3
(93.7)
36.3
(97.3)
38.7
(101.7)
40.1
(104.2)
40.9
(105.6)
37.3
(99.1)
34.2
(93.6)
30.0
(86.0)
21.7
(71.1)
40.9
(105.6)
Average high °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
9.6
(49.3)
14.7
(58.5)
21.7
(71.1)
26.4
(79.5)
29.7
(85.5)
31.5
(88.7)
30.5
(86.9)
26.7
(80.1)
21.8
(71.2)
15.6
(60.1)
9.4
(48.9)
20.4
(68.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
4.9
(40.8)
9.7
(49.5)
16.4
(61.5)
21.4
(70.5)
25.0
(77.0)
27.3
(81.1)
26.2
(79.2)
21.8
(71.2)
16.4
(61.5)
10.3
(50.5)
4.7
(40.5)
15.5
(60.0)
Average low °C (°F) −1.1
(30.0)
1.2
(34.2)
5.7
(42.3)
12.0
(53.6)
17.0
(62.6)
21.0
(69.8)
24.1
(75.4)
22.9
(73.2)
18.0
(64.4)
12.4
(54.3)
6.3
(43.3)
1.0
(33.8)
11.7
(53.1)
Record low °C (°F) −20.0
(−4.0)
−16.0
(3.2)
−6.6
(20.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
5.0
(41.0)
11.9
(53.4)
17.0
(62.6)
14.1
(57.4)
7.9
(46.2)
−0.4
(31.3)
−6.4
(20.5)
−12.4
(9.7)
−20.0
(−4.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 30.1
(1.19)
41.7
(1.64)
69.3
(2.73)
77.0
(3.03)
116.9
(4.60)
136.5
(5.37)
224.9
(8.85)
174.6
(6.87)
88.6
(3.49)
74.2
(2.92)
49.0
(1.93)
23.4
(0.92)
1,106.2
(43.54)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.2 7.9 10.7 9.9 11.5 11.0 12.6 11.9 10.5 10.2 7.6 6.2 117.2
Average relative humidity (%) 71 71 70 69 71 76 81 83 79 76 72 69 74
Mean monthly sunshine hours 127.0 121.7 139.3 175.6 196.1 197.4 205.7 194.8 160.2 162.2 149.9 143.8 1,973.7
Percent possible sunshine 40 39 38 45 46 47 47 47 43 46 47 46 44.5
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days and sunshine 1971–2000)[3][4]

AdministrationEdit

The Xinyang City is divided into two districts and eight counties.

Map
English Name Simplified Traditional Pinyin Area Population Density
Shihe District 浉河区 浉河區 Shīhé Qū 1,782.51 594,391 333
Pingqiao District 平桥区 平橋區 Píngqiáo Qū 1,883.42 635,651 337
Huangchuan County 潢川县 潢川縣 Huángchuān Xiàn 1,638 630,333 385
Huaibin County 淮滨县 淮濱縣 Huáibīn Xiàn 1,208 570,156 472
Xi County 息县 息縣 Xī Xiàn 1,835 793,746 433
Xin County 新县 新縣 Xīn Xiàn 1,612 275,285 171
Shangcheng County 商城县 商城縣 Shāngchéng Xiàn 2,130 495,491 233
Gushi County 固始县 固始縣 Gùshǐ Xiàn 2,946 1,023,857 348
Luoshan County 罗山县 羅山縣 Luóshān Xiàn 2,065 504,542 244
Guangshan County 光山县 光山縣 Guāngshān Xiàn 1,835 275,282 150

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2010 Census, the population of Xinyang is of 6,109,106 inhabitants, 6.39% less than the population marked on the last census of 2000, when there were 6,527,368 inhabitants in the city.[5]

Its built up area is home to 1,230,042 inhabitants spread out on 2 urban districts and 3,665.9 square kilometres (1,415.4 sq mi).

CultureEdit

 
Guishan Pavillion (龟山亭)
 
Huaihe Museum (淮河博物馆), Huaibin County

Xinyang Tea Culture Festival is held during April, 28th and 30th every year. The 25,000-capacity Xinyang Stadium, which has a capacity of 25,000, is located in the city. It is used mostly for association football and sometimes for athletics.

TransportationEdit

EducationEdit

RecreationEdit

Twin townsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  2. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  4. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
  5. ^ (in Chinese) Compilation by LianXin website. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China Archived March 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit