University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa (University of Hawaii—Mānoa, U.H. Mānoa, the University of Hawai'i, or simply U.H.) is a public land-grant research university in Mānoa, a neighborhood in Honolulu, Hawaii, United States. It is the flagship campus of the University of Hawai'i system and houses the main offices of the system. Most of the campus occupies the eastern half of the mouth of Mānoa Valley, with the John A. Burns School of Medicine located adjacent to the Kakaʻako Waterfront Park.
|Motto||Maluna aʻe o nā lāhui āpau ke ola ke kānaka (Hawaiian)|
Motto in English
|"Above all nations is humanity"|
|Type||Public flagship land-grant research university|
|University of Hawaiʻi system|
|Endowment||$327.0 million (2019)|
|Budget||$1.1 billion (2019)|
|Students||17,710 (fall 2018)|
|Campus||Urban, 320 acres (1.3 km2)|
|Athletics||NCAA - National Collegiate Athletic Association, Division I|
Big West (most sports); MW, MPSF
|Nickname||"Rainbow Warriors" (men)|
"Rainbow Wahine" (women)
U.H. offers over 200 degree programs across 17 schools. It is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges and governed by the Hawaii State Legislature and a semi-autonomous board of regents. It also a member of the Association of Pacific Rim Universities, which represents 50 research universities across 16 countries.
Mānoa is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity". It is a land-grant university that also participates in the sea-grant, space-grant, and sun-grant research consortia; it is one of only four such universities in the country (Oregon State University, Cornell University and Pennsylvania State University are the others).
Notable U.H. alumni include Robert Ballard, Richard Parsons, and the parents of Barack Obama, Barack Obama Sr. and Stanley Ann Dunham. Forty-four percent of Hawaii's state senators and 51 percent of its state representatives are U.H. graduates.
The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa was founded in 1907 as a land-grant college of agriculture and mechanical arts. A bill by Maui Representative William Coelho introduced into the Territorial Legislature March 1, 1907, and signed into law March 23 by the Governor, enabled construction to begin. In 1912 it was renamed the College of Hawaii and moved to its present location. William Kwai Fong Yap petitioned the Hawaii Territorial Legislature six years later for university status which led to another renaming finally to the University of Hawaii in 1920. This is also the founding year of the College of Arts and Sciences. In 1931 the Territorial Normal and Training School was absorbed into the University, becoming the U.H. College of Education.
UH Mānoa has 17 schools and colleges, including the School of Architecture, School of Earth Science and Technology, the College of Arts and Humanities, the Shidler College of Business, the College of Education and the College of Engineering. The College of Business Administration was renamed the Shidler College of Business on September 6, 2006, after real estate executive Jay Shidler, an alumnus of the college, who donated $25 million to the college.
Together, the colleges of the university offer bachelor's degrees in 93 fields of study, master's degrees in 84 fields, doctoral degrees in 51 fields, first professional degrees in 5 fields, post-baccalaureate degrees in three fields, 28 undergraduate certification programs and 29 graduate certification programs. Total enrollment in 2012 was 20,429 students, 14,402 of which are undergraduates. There are approximately sixteen students per instructor.
The UH Mānoa offers an Honors Program to provide additional resources for students preparing to apply to professional school programs. Students complete core curriculum courses for their degrees in the Honors Program, maintain at least a cumulative 3.2 grade-point average in all courses, and complete a senior thesis project.
The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa Library, which provides access to 3.4 million volumes, 50,000 journals, and thousands of digitized documents, is one of the largest academic research libraries in the United States, ranking 86th in parent institution investment among 113 North American members of the Association of Research Libraries.
The National Science Foundation ranked UH Mānoa 45th among 395 public universities for Research and Development (R&D) expenditures in fiscal year 2014.
According to U.S. News & World Report's rankings for 2021, UH Mānoa was tied at 170th overall and 159th for "Best Value" among national universities; tied at 83rd among public universities; and tied at 145th for its undergraduate engineering program among schools that confer doctorates.
The university offers over 50 distance learning courses, using technology to replace either all or a portion of class instruction. Students interact with their instructors and peers from different locations to further develop their education.
With extramural grants and contracts of $436 million in 2012, research at UH Mānoa relates to Hawaii's physical landscape, its people and their heritage. The geography facilitates advances in marine biology, oceanography, underwater robotic technology, astronomy, geology and geophysics, agriculture, aquaculture and tropical medicine. Its heritage, the people and its close ties to the Asian and Pacific region create a favorable environment for study and research in the arts, genetics, intercultural relations, linguistics, religion and philosophy.
According to the National Science Foundation, UH Mānoa spent $276 million on research and development in 2018, ranking it 84th in the nation. Extramural funding increased from $368 million in FY 2008 to nearly $436 million in FY 2012. Research grants increased from $278 million in FY 2008 to $317 million in FY 2012. Nonresearch awards totaled $119 million in FY 2012. Overall, extramural funding increased by 18%.
For the period of July 1, 2012 to June 20, 2013, the School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST) received the largest amount of extramural funding among the Mānoa units at $92 million. SOEST was followed by the medical school at $57 million, the College of Natural Sciences and the University of Hawai‘i Cancer Center at $24 million, the Institute for Astronomy at $22 million, CTARH at $18 million, and the College of Social Sciences and the College of Education at $16 million.
Across the UH system, the majority of research funding comes from the Department of Health and Human Services, the Department of Defense, the Department of Education, the National Science Foundation, the Department of Commerce, and the National Aeronautics Space Administration (NASA). Local funding comes from Hawaii government agencies, non-profit organizations, health organizations and business and other interests.
The $150-million medical complex in Kaka‘ako opened in the spring of 2005. The facility houses a biomedical research and education center that attracts significant federal funding and private sector investment in biotechnology and cancer research and development.
Research (broadly conceived) is expected of every faculty member at UH Mānoa. Also, according to the Carnegie Foundation, UH Mānoa is an RU/VH (very high research activity) level research university.
In 2013, UH Mānoa was elected to membership in the Association of Pacific Rim Universities, the leading consortium of research universities for the region. APRU represents 45 premier research universities—with a collective 2 million students and 120,000 faculty members—from 16 economies.
U.H. is the fourth most diverse university in the U.S. According to the 2010 report of the Institutional Research Office, a plurality of students at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa are Caucasian, making up a quarter of the student body. The next largest groups were Japanese Americans (13%), native or part native Hawaiians (13%), Filipino Americans (8%), Chinese Americans (7%) and mixed race (12%). Pacific Islanders and other ethnic groups make up the balance (22%).
All UH Mānoa residence halls are coeducational. These include the Hale Aloha Complex, Johnson Hall, Hale Laulima, and Hale Kahawai. Suite-style residence halls include Frear Hall and Gateway House. First year undergraduates who choose to live on campus live in the traditional residence halls.
Two apartment-style complexes are Hale Noelani and Hale Wainani. Hale Noelani consists of five three-story buildings and Hale Wainani has two high rise buildings (one 14-story and one 13-story) and two low-rise buildings. Second-year undergraduates and above are permitted to live in Hale Noelani and Hale Wainani.
The university reserves some low-rise units for graduate students and families.
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- The Newman Center / Catholic Campus Ministry serves the community at the University and surrounding area.
- The Lyon Arboretum is the only tropical arboretum belonging to any US University. The Arboretum, located in Mānoa Valley, was established in 1918 by the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association to demonstrate watershed restoration and test tree species for reforestation, as well as to collect living plants of economic value. In 1953, it became part of the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. Its over 15,000 accessions focus primarily on the monocot families of palms, gingers, heliconias, bromeliads and aroids.
- The Waikiki Aquarium, founded in 1904, is the third-oldest public aquarium in the United States. A part of the University of Hawaiʻi since 1919, the Aquarium is located next to a living reef on the Waikiki shoreline.
The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa competes in NCAA Division I, the only Hawaii school to do so. It competes in the Mountain West Conference for football only and the Big West Conference for most other sports. UH competes in the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation in men's and women's swimming and diving, and indoor track and field while the coed and women's sailing teams are members of the Pacific Coast Collegiate Sailing Conference.
Men's teams are known as Rainbow Warriors, and women's teams are called Rainbow Wahine. "Wahine" means "woman" in Hawaiian. They are most notable for men's and women's basketball, volleyball, baseball, and football programs. The University won the 2004 Intercollegiate Sailing Association National Championships. The women's volleyball program won NCAA championships in 1982, 1983 and 1987. The men's volleyball won an NCAA championship in 2002, but it was later vacated due to violations.
The university's athletic budget in FY 2008–2009 is $29.6 million.
From 1986 to 2001, the President of the University of Hawaiʻi System also served as the Mānoa campus's chancellor. In 2001, the position of Chancellor was recreated by then-UH president Evan Dobelle over conflict of interest concerns, but was again abolished in April 2019.
- David Lassner 2017–April 2019 (currently President of the University of Hawaiʻi)
- Robert Bley-Vroman 2014–2017 interim
- Tom Apple 2012–2014
- Virginia Hinshaw 2007–2012
- Denise Konan 2005–2007 interim
- Peter Englert 2002–2005
- Deane Neubauer 2001–2002 interim
- University president 1986–2002
- Kenneth P. Mortimer
- Albert J. Simone
Notable alumni and facultyEdit
Notable alumni of the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa include:
- Daniel Inouye, (B.A. 1950), U.S. Senator
- Daniel Akaka, (B.A. 1952, M.Ed. 1966), U.S. Senator
- Patsy Mink, (B.A. 1948), former U.S. Congresswoman
- Neil Abercrombie, (M.A. 1964, PhD 1974) former governor of Hawai'i
- Robert Ballard, (M.S. 1966), oceanographer
- Robert Blust, (B.A. 1967, PhD 1974), linguist and Austronesian language expert
- Richard Parsons, (B.A. 1968), businessman, former chairman of Citigroup
- Mazie Hirono, (B.A. 1970), U.S. Senator
- Ana Paula Höfling, dance researcher and academic
- Mark Takai, (B.A. 1989, M.P.H. 1991), U.S. Congressman
- Tammy Duckworth, (B.A. 1990), U.S. Senator
- Janet Mock, (B.A. 2004), writer
- Georgia Engel, (B.A. 1967), actress
- Esther T. Mookini, linguist and translator
- Robert Huey, Japanologist
- Michael Savage, (M.S., 1970, M.A., 1972), author
- Robyn Ah Mow-Santos, 1996, USA Volleyball Team member and former Olympian
- Arsenio Balisacan, PhD, 1985, Socioeconomic Planning Secretary and Director General of the National Economic and Development Authority of the Philippines
- Colleen Hanabusa, (B.A. 1970, M.A. 1975, J.D. 1977), former U.S. Congresswoman
- Nainoa Thompson, (B.A. 1986) navigator and former trustee of Kamehameha Schools
- Mark Takai, (B.A. 1990, M.P.H. 1993) U.S. Congressman
- Jay H. Shidler, (B.B.A. 1968) entrepreneur and benefactor of the Shidler College of Business
- Ann Dunham, (PhD 1992) American anthropologist and mother of President Barack Obama
- Pat Saiki, (B.S. 1952), former member of the U.S. House of Representatives and teacher
- Ed Lu, Postdoctoral fellow, former NASA astronaut
- Corinne K. A. Watanabe, judge
Notable faculty of the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa include:
- Lee Altenberg, theoretical biologist
- Tom Apple, physical chemist
- Kim Binsted, computer scientist
- Lyle Campbell, linguist
- Monique Chyba, mathematician
- Edward DeLong, atmospheric science, member of the National Academy of Sciences
- Milton Diamond, anatomist
- Mike Douglass, urban planner
- David Cameron Duffy, conservation biologist
- Kathy Ferguson, political scientist
- Ruth Haas, mathematician
- Richard S. Hamilton, mathematician, member of the National Academy of Sciences
- Bruce Houghton, vulcanologist
- Hope A. Ishii, geophysicist
- Kenneth Y. Kaneshiro, evolutionary biologist
- David Karl, microbiologist and oceanographer, member of the National Academy of Sciences
- Klaus Keil, geophysicist
- Patrick Vinton Kirch, archaeologist, member of the National Academy of Sciences
- Denise Konan, economist
- Michelle Manes, mathematician
- Margaret McFall-Ngai, biologist, member of the National Academy of Sciences
- Karen Jean Meech, astronomer
- Michael J. Shapiro, political scientist
- Manfred Steger, sociologist
- Steven M. Stanley, paleontologist and evolutionary biologist, member of the National Academy of Sciences
- Stephen Vargo, marketing
- Bin Wang, meteorologist
- Ryuzo Yanagimachi, biologist, member of the National Academy of Sciences
Notable late faculty include:
- Isabella Abbott, ethnobotanist
- Glenn Cannon, theatre
- Hampton L. Carson, evolutionary biologist
- Ruth D. Gates, marine biologist
- George Herbig, astronomer, member of the National Academy of Sciences
- W. Wesley Peterson, computer scientist and mathematician
- Joseph Rock, botanist
- Shunzo Sakamaki, Japanese studies
- Richard Schmidt, linguist
- Harold St. John, botanist
- Satosi Watanabe, theoretical physicist
Art on campusEdit
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Campus art includes:
- The John Young Museum of Art
- The Jean Charlot collection at the Hamilton Library
- Murals by Jean Charlot: The Relation of Man and Nature in Old Hawaii (1949), Commencement (1953), Inspiration, Study, Creativity (1967), and Mayan Warrior (1970)
- Sculptures by Edward M. Brownlee: Maka ʻIo (Hawk's Eye) (1984), and an untitled reflecting pool with copper and iron sculpture (1962)
- Sculptures by Bumpei Akaji: Maka ʻa e ʻIke Aku i ke Awawa Uluwehi i na Kuahiwi o Mānoa (Glowing Eyes Looking at the Lush Valley in the Mountains of Mānoa) (1979), Manaʻoʻiʻo (Confidence and Faith) (1981), and VVV (1995)
- Murals by Mataumu Toelupe Alisa: Backyard Cooking (1977), and Hula (1982)
- Works by Shige Yamada: ʻAlae a Hina (Mud Hen of Hina) (1977), and Rainbows (1997)
- Sculptures by Greg Clurman: Sumotori (Sumo Wrestler, 1975), and Hina o na Lani (Mother of the Universe, 1975)
- Wa (Harmony), ceramic sculpture by Wayne A. Miyata, 1982
- Founders' Gate, stone arches by Ralph Fishbourne, 1933
- Neumes o Hawaiʻi, ceramic tile bench and planter by Suzi Pleyte Horan, 1976
- Chance Meeting, cast bronze sculpture by George Segal, 1991
- Three untitled murals by Frank M. Moore, 1919
- Silent Sound, brass bas relief by Paul Vanders, 1973
- The Net Effect, cast bronze sculpture by Fred H. Roster, 1982
- Rainbow Spirit, painted copper sculpture by Babs Miyano-Young, 1997
- Untitled ceramic wall sculpture by Isami Enomoto, 1964
- Gate of Hope, red-orange painted steel sculpture by Alexander Liberman, 1972
- Divers, red brass sculpture by Robert Stackhouse, 1991
- Krypton 1 x 6 x 18, mixed media monolith by Bruce Hopper, 1973
- Wisdom of the East, fresco by Affandi, 1967
- Pulelehua (Kamehameha Butterfly), ceramic mural by Bob Flint, 1986
- Makahiki Hoʻokupu (Harvest Celebration), charcoal and sanguine mural by Juliette May Fraser, 1938
- Nana i ke Kumu (Look to the Source), batik triptych by Yvonne Cheng, 1978
- GovDocs, mural by Judith Yamauchi, 1982
- ʻAnuenue #2 (Rainbow #2), three-part woven wall hanging by Reiko Brandon, 1977
- Seated Amida Buddha, 15th-century Japanese wood sculpture with gold over black lacquer
- Epitaph, bronze, steel and granite sculpture by Harold Tovish, 1970
- Grid/Scape, terrazzo and aluminum landscape sculpture by Mamoru Sato, 1982
- The Great Manoa Crack Seed Caper, by Lanny Little and student assistants, 1981
- The Bilger Frescoes representing Air, Water, Earth and Fire by Juliette May Fraser, David Asherman, Sueko Matsueda Kimura and Richard Lucier, 1951–1953
- The Fourth Sign, painted steel sculpture by Tony Smith, 1976
- Varney Circle Fountain, by Henry H. Rempel and Cornelia McIntyre Foley, 1934
- Spirit of Loyalty, cast glass sculpture Rick Mills, 1995
- Mind and Heart, metal sculpture by Frank Sheriff, 1995
- To the Nth Power, steel sculpture by Charles W. Watson, 1971
- Bamboo Forest, mural painted on bricks by Padraic Shigetani, 1978
- Peace Pole, painted obelisk, 1995
- Hawaiʻi Kaʻu Kumu (Hawai‘i My Teacher), pair of murals by Calley O'Neill and assistants, 1982
- Untitled painted photorealist mural by Donald Yatomi, 1990
- Arctic Portals, stainless steel sculpture by Jan-Peter Stern, 1975
- Adam, bronze sculpture by Satoru Abe, 1954
These artworks are off the main campus:
- East-West Center gallery
- Pleiades, overhead installation of mounted prisms at the Institute for Astronomy by Otto Piene, 1976
- Shadow of Progress mixed media sculpture at the Pacific Biomedical Research Center by Rebecca Steen, 1990
- Woven wall hanging at KHET (2350 Dole Street) by Jean Williams, 1972
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