Udaloy-class destroyer

The Udaloy class, Soviet designation Project 1155 Fregat and Russian designation Project 11551 Fregat-M (Russian: Фрегат, 'Fregat' meaning Frigate), are series of anti-submarine guided-missile destroyers built for the Soviet Navy, seven of which are currently in service with the Russian Navy. Twelve ships were built between 1980 and 1990, while the thirteenth ship built to a modified design, known as Udaloy II class, followed in 1999. They complement the Sovremenny-class destroyers in anti-aircraft and anti-surface warfare operations. The codename Udaloy comes from an archaic Russian adjective удалой, meaning daring or bold.

Admiral Vinogradov underway
Class overview
NameUdaloy class
Preceded bySovremenny class
Succeeded byLider class
In commission1980–present
Completed13 (12 Udaloy I, 1 Udaloy II)
Laid up1
General characteristics
TypeGuided-missile destroyer
  • 6,930 tons standard
  • 7,570 tons full load[1]
Length163 m (535 ft)
Beam19.3 m (63 ft)
Draught6.2 m (20 ft)
Propulsion2-shaft COGAG, 2 × D090 6.7 MW and 2 × DT59 16.7 gas turbines, 120,000 hp (89 MW)
SpeedIn excess of 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph)[2]
Range10,500 nmi (19,400 km; 12,100 mi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Sensors and
processing systems
  • Radar: MR-760MA Fregat-MA/Top Plate 3-D air search radar and MR-320M Topaz-V/Strut Pair air/surface search radar
  • Sonar: Horse Tail LF VDS sonar and Horse Jaw bow mounted LF sonar
  • Fire control: 2 × MR-360 Podkat/Cross Sword SA-N-9 SAM control, 2 × 3P37/Hot Flash SA-N-11 SAM control, Garpun-BAL SSM targeting
Electronic warfare
& decoys
  • Bell Squat jammer
  • Bell Shroud intercept
  • Bell Crown intercept
  • 2 × PK-2 decoy RL
  • 10 × PK-10 decoy RL in later ships
Aircraft carried2 × Ka-27 series helicopters
Aviation facilitiesHelipad and hangar

History Edit

The Project 1155 dates to the 1970s when it was concluded that it was too costly to build large-displacement, multi-role combatants. The concept of a specialized surface ship was developed by Soviet designers. Two different types of warships were laid down, which were designed by the Severnoye Design Bureau: Project 956 destroyer and Project 1155 large anti-submarine ship. The Udaloy class are generally considered the Soviet equivalent of the American Spruance-class destroyers. There are variations in SAM and air search radar among units of the class. Based on the Krivak class, the emphasis on anti-submarine warfare (ASW) left these ships with limited anti-surface and anti-air capabilities.

In 2015, the Russian Navy initially announced that five out of the eight Project 1155 ships will be refurbished and upgraded as part of the Navy modernization program by 2022. In 2020 it was suggested that a total of eight Project 1155/1155.1 vessels would be upgraded to the same standard, though work on the remaining three units would extend beyond 2022.[3] In addition to overhauling their radio-electronic warfare and life support systems, they will receive modern missile complexes to fire P-800 Oniks and Kalibr cruise missiles.[4] The ships are to have their service life extended by 30 years until sufficient numbers of Admiral Gorshkov-class frigates are commissioned. Upgrades will include replacing the Rastrub-B missiles with 3S24 angling launchers fitted with four containers using the 3M24 anti-ship missile, and two 3S14-1155 universal VLS with 16 cells for Kalibr land attack, anti-ship, and anti-submarine cruise missiles in place of one of the AK-100 guns.[5]

Udaloy II Edit

Following Udaloy's commissioning, designers began developing an upgrade package in 1982 to provide more balanced capabilities with a greater emphasis on anti-shipping. The Project 1155.1 Fregat II Class Large ASW Ship (NATO Codename Udaloy II) is roughly the counterpart of the Improved Spruance class; only one was originally completed.

Similar to Udaloy externally, it was a new configuration replacing the SS-N-14 with P-270 Moskit (NATO reporting designation SS-N-22 "Sunburn") anti-ship missiles, a twin 130 mm gun, UDAV-1 anti-torpedo rockets, and gun/SAM CIWS systems. A standoff ASW capability is retained by firing RPK-2 Vyuga (NATO reporting designation 'SS-N-15 Starfish') missiles from the torpedo tubes.

Powered by a modern gas turbine engine, the Udaloy II is equipped with more capable sonars, an integrated air defense fire control system, and a number of digital electronic systems based on state-of-the-art circuitry. The original MGK-355 Polinom integrated sonar system (with NATO reporting names 'Horse Jaw' and 'Horse Tail' respectively for the hull-mounted and towed portions) on Udaloy-I ships is replaced by its successor, a newly designed Zvezda M-2 sonar system that has a range in excess of 100 kilometres (62 mi) in the 2nd convergence zone.[6] The Zvezda sonar system is considered by its designers to be the equivalent in terms of overall performance of the AN/SQS-53 on US destroyers, though much bulkier and heavier than its American counterpart: the length of the hull-mounted portion is nearly 30 m (98 ft). The torpedo approaching warning function of the Polinom sonar system is retained and further improved by its successor.

Operational history Edit

In 2008, Admiral Chabanenko became the first Russian warship to transit the Panama Canal since World War II.[7]

Vice-Admiral Kulakov deployed to the Mediterranean Sea from its home base in Russia's Northern Fleet in June 2014.[8]

Ships Edit

Name Namesake Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
Udaloy I class
Udaloy "bold" 23 July 1977 5 February 1980 31 December 1980 Decommissioned in 1997. Scrapped at Murmansk in 2002.
Vice-Admiral Kulakov Nikolai Kulakov 4 November 1977 16 May 1980 29 December 1981 Modernization completed in 2010. In service with the Northern Fleet.
Marshal Vasilyevsky Aleksandr Vasilevsky 22 April 1979 29 December 1981 8 December 1983 Decommissioned in 2006 and scrapped.
Admiral Zakharov Mikhail Zakharov 16 October 1981 4 November 1982 30 December 1983 Caught fire in 1991. Decommissioned in 2002 and scrapped.
Admiral Spiridonov Emil Spiridonov 11 April 1982 28 April 1984 30 December 1984 Decommissioned in 2001 and scrapped.
Admiral Tributs Vladimir Filippovich Tributs 19 April 1980 26 March 1983 30 December 1985 Caught fire in 1991, but modernized and returned to service.[9] In service with the Pacific Fleet.[10]
Marshal Shaposhnikov Boris Shaposhnikov 25 May 1983 27 December 1984 30 December 1985 Returned to service on 27 April 2021 after reconfiguration, now referred to as a frigate. In service with the Pacific Fleet.[11][12]
Severomorsk Severomorsk 12 June 1984 24 December 1985 30 December 1987 In service with the Northern Fleet.
Admiral Levchenko Gordey Levchenko 27 January 1982 21 February 1985 30 September 1988 Active[13] with the Northern Fleet as of 2022[14]
Admiral Vinogradov Nikolai Vinogradov 5 February 1986 4 June 1987 30 December 1988 Undergoing refit to Marshal Shaposhnikov standard.[15] Set to return to service with the Pacific Fleet.
Admiral Kharlamov Nikolay Kharlamov 8 July 1986 29 June 1988 30 December 1989 Decommissioned on 1 December 2020.[16]
Admiral Panteleyev Yuri Aleksandrovich Panteleyev 28 January 1988 7 February 1990 19 December 1991 In service with the Pacific Fleet.
Udaloy II class
Admiral Chabanenko Andrei Chabanenko 28 February 1989 16 June 1994 28 January 1999 In overhaul, planned to return to service with the Northern Fleet by 2025.[17][18]
Admiral Basisty Nikolai Basistiy 1991 Scrapped in 1994
Admiral Kucherov Stepan Kucherov Scrapped in 1993

Gallery Edit

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ Апалков, Ю.В. (2005). Корабли ВМФ СССР: Противолодочные корабли, Том III, часть I. Санкт-Петербург: Галея Принт.
  2. ^ Saunders, Stephen, ed. (2009). Jane's Fighting Ships 2009–2010. Janes Information Group. pp. 668–669. ISBN 978-0710628886.
  3. ^ "Russian Navy upgraded missile frigate deploys to Sea of Japan for 2nd stage of trials". TASS. 19 October 2020.
  4. ^ "Russian Navy to modernize five Udaloy-class (Project 1155) ASW Destroyers by 2020". Navyrecognition.com. 23 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Russian Navy Udaloy I-class ASW Destroyer Marshal Shaposhnikov to Receive Kalibr Missiles". Navyrecognition.com. 22 August 2017.
  6. ^ "Udaloy Class Anti-Submarine Destroyers". Naval Technology. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
  7. ^ "Russian ship sails through Panama". BBC News. 6 December 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2008.
  8. ^ "Russian Naval Destroyer Moving to Mediterranean". RIA Novosti. 29 July 2014. Archived from the original on 2 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  9. ^ "Pacific Fleet Moving South". Kommersant. 21 September 2005. Archived from the original on 9 May 2006.
  10. ^ "Admiral Tributs, Pacific Fleet's missile boats conduct artillery fire in Sea of Japan". TASS. 16 February 2021.
  11. ^ "Upgraded frigate enters service with Russian Pacific Fleet's constant alert forces".
  12. ^ "Большой противолодочный корабль "Адмирал Виноградов" отправят на модернизацию - командующий ТОФ -".
  13. ^ "Russian Navy to focus on frigates, submarines - part 2". Navyrecognition.com. 12 February 2020.
  14. ^ "The Russian Navy will receive the Admiral Levchenko ship by the end of 2022". vpk.name. 24 December 2021.
  15. ^ Крецул, Роман; Рамм, Алексей (10 December 2020). ""Удалой" фрегат: тихоокеанские рубежи защитит корабль с "Цирконами"" ["Udaloy" frigate: the Pacific borders will be protected by the ship with "Zircons"]. Izvestia (in Russian).
  16. ^ "БПК "Адмирал Харламов" вывели из состава Северного флота" [BPK "Admiral Kharlamov" withdrawn from the Northern Fleet]. Vzglyad. 2 December 2020.
  17. ^ Shishkin, A. (1 January 2021). "Корабельный состав ВМФ России (боевые корабли основных классов)" [Ships of the Russian Navy (Warships of the main classes)]. Navy Korabel (in Russian).
  18. ^ "Источник назвал новые сроки завершения модернизации БПК "Адмирал Чабаненко"". flotprom.ru (in Russian). 19 September 2023.

External links Edit