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U.S. Route 42 (US 42) is an east–west United States highway that runs southwest-northeast for 355 miles (571 km) from Louisville, Kentucky to Cleveland, Ohio. The route has several names including Pearl Road from Cleveland to Medina in Northeast Ohio, Reading Road in Cincinnati, Cincinnati and Lebanon Pike in southwestern Ohio and Brownsboro Road in Louisville. Traveling east, the highway ends in downtown Cleveland, Ohio; and traveling west it ends in Louisville.

U.S. Route 42 marker

U.S. Route 42
Route information
Length 355 mi[citation needed] (571 km)
Existed 1926[citation needed] – present
Major junctions
West end US 31E / US 60 in Louisville, KY
 

I-64 in Louisville, KY
I-71 / I-75 in Florence, KY, Fort Mitchell, KY, Covington, KY, and Cincinnati, OH
I-71 in Cincinnati, OH, Middleburg Heights, OH, and Cleveland, OH
I-70 near London, OH
I-80 in Strongsville, OH

I-90 in Cleveland, OH
North end US 6 / US 20 / US 322 / US 422 / SR 3 / SR 8 / SR 14 / SR 43 / SR 87 in Cleveland, OH
Location
States Kentucky, Ohio
Highway system
US 41AKYKY 43
SR 41OHSR 42

Interstate 71 fully supplanted US 42 as an interurban highway in the early 1960s, relegating US 42 to its current role as an ordinary town-to-town surface road. Additionally, I-71 passes through Columbus, where US 42 avoids Columbus completely. It remains intact as a route; no part of it has ever been diverted to any Interstate highway. It is not the "parent" of any US route with a related number.

In spite of its even number, US 42 is posted north-south in Ohio.[1]

Contents

Route descriptionEdit

KentuckyEdit

U.S. Route 42 starts in Louisville, Kentucky, heading northeast through Prospect on the Oldham County and Jefferson County line. From here US 42 is a two lane road passing through the northern KY hills paralleling between Interstate 71 and the Ohio River. Next, it passes through Goshen and North Oldham High School, which sits off to its north side. U.S. 42 continues through Oldham County into Trimble County. In Bedford US 42 intersects with US 421 and is concurrent through downtown. The route still heading northeast crosses into Carroll County prior to crossing the Kentucky River and entering Carrollton. US 42 follows northeast along the south bank of the Ohio River passing Markland Lock and Dam and KY 1039 Markland Dam Bridge which connects between Kentucky Speedway and Indiana. Heading east US 42 parallels the Ohio River passing through Warsaw, Gallatin County about 5 miles (8.0 km) prior to intersecting with U.S. Route 127 starting an extended concurrency. US 127 heads south toward Glencoe, Owenton, and eventually Frankfort.

From the intersection with US 127, US 42 turns away from the Ohio River bank. US 42 enters Boone County about 2.25 miles (3.62 km) prior to intersecting with the western terminus of KY 14. Continuing North US 42-127 in about 6 miles (9.7 km) intersects Beaver Road KY 338 creating a wrong-way concurrency between U.S. 127 and KY 338: when going north, drivers are traveling east on U.S. 42, north on U.S. 127, and south on Kentucky 338. This continues for less than a mile until it intersects with Richwood Pike where KY 338 splits off continuing south.

Continuing north for several miles the US 42-127 intersects with KY 536 (Mount Zion Road). Prior to KY 536 Ryle High School sits on the road's west side. Just south of Ryle, U.S. 42 turns from a two-lane country road to a five-lane road. US 42 passes through Union prior to continuing to the northeast with U.S. 127. After a couple of miles, it crosses Interstate 71/Interstate 75. Entering Florence US 42 intersects with KY 842 and KY 237. Within Florence U.S. Route 25 Dixie Highway joins in a concurrency with US 42-127 which takes on the name Dixie Highway.[citation needed] After crossing briefly into Elsmere, the route enters Erlanger. U.S. 42 becomes almost entirely a commercial road for the duration of its length in Erlanger. Prior to leaving Erlanger, U.S. 42 becomes narrower and more congested after it crosses KY 236.

U.S. 42 is primarily a commercial road prior to crossing under I-275 and proceeds to turn back into an almost purely residential road with a few exceptions while going north. The route intersects with KY 1303 (Turkeyfoot Road) northern terminus. The Crestview Hills town center lies just south of I-275 on the east side of the road, between Dixie Highway and Turkeyfoot Road. Dixie Heights High School is less than a mile down the road on the western side. Two intersections later US 42 is joined with KY 371 for about 500 feet (150 m). After crossing I-71/I-75 again the road heads in a northeast direction closely parallel to I-71/I-75. As it heads north U.S. 42 starts off mostly as a residential road, turning more and more into a commercial road.

As it winds down from the suburbs into Covington the highway's name changes from Dixie Highway to Pike Street prior to crossing I-71/I-75 again. US 25-42-127 turns left on Main St heading north and crossing KY 8. U.S. 42 crosses into Ohio from Covington on the Clay Wade Bailey Bridge, together with US 25 and US 127.

OhioEdit

U.S. 42 crosses into Ohio from Covington on the Clay Wade Bailey Bridge, together with US 127, into Cincinnati, Hamilton County. In Ohio the route is classified as 59.3% rural and 40.7% urban with only 1.1 miles (1.8 km) coded as freeway (while running concurrently with US 23 in Delaware) of 241.8 miles (389.1 km) total.[2] While heading Northeast out of Cincinnati US 42 parallels between I-71 and I-75 intersecting with I-275 prior to leaving Hamilton County. US 42 continues through Butler, Warren, Greene, Clark, Madison, Union, Delaware, Morrow, Richland, Ashland, Wayne and Medina Counties prior to reaching its terminus in Cleveland, Cuyahoga County.[3] The route barely enters Butler and Wayne Counties with about 3 miles (4.8 km) in each.

The portion of U.S. 42 in Warren County between Lebanon and Waynesville is designated "Sergeant Brian Dulle Memorial Highway",[4] in honor of a Warren County Sheriff's deputy who was struck and killed along U.S. 42 on May 10, 2011 by a stolen car, while he was laying out stop sticks to catch the driver.[5]

Major cities along the route are Xenia, London, Delaware, Mansfield, Ashland and Medina prior to reaching the Cleveland Metropolitan area. In London US 42 intersects with I-70. Other than a short concurrency at each end, in Delaware are the only other two concurrency with US routes. Entering Delaware from the south US 42 runs concurrent with US 23 in Delaware until the junction with US 36 which it follows east for about .25 miles (0.40 km) before turning back to the north. The 1.1 miles (1.8 km) concurrence with US 23 is the only stretch of US 42 that is categorized as a limited access freeway in Ohio.[2]

Heading into Cuyahoga County at Strongsville, U.S. 42 intersects I-80, the Ohio Turnpike, and continues through Middleburg Heights, Parma Heights, and Parma heading into Cleveland and is known locally as Pearl Road. US 42 continues north intersecting with I-71 and nearby exits to I-90. The route is part of the Ohio & Erie Canalway Scenic Byway while continuing north on West 25th. At this point on the route the road is a business district surrounded by varying business and residents of the Ohio City neighborhood. Along this stretch of the route, can be found many historic buildings, including the West Side Market. The last stretch of US 42 is a concurrency with US 6.

The eastern/northern end of U.S. 42 finds its terminus at the intersection of Superior Ave. and Ontario St. in the middle of Public Square in downtown Cleveland. This intersection also serves as the western terminus of US 322 coming from the east on Superior as well as the western termini of US 422, SR 14, and SR 87 and the northern terminus of SR 8 coming from the south on Ontario.

Major intersectionsEdit

StateCountyLocationmikmDestinationsNotes
KentuckyJeffersonLouisville0.000.00   US 31E north / US 60 west (East Main Street)Outbound access only; western terminus of westbound US 42; west end of US 60 overlap
   US 31E / US 60 (Baxter Street)Inbound access only; western terminus of eastbound US 42; west end of US 60 overlap
   I-64 to I-65I-64 exit 7
  US 60 east (Frankfort Avenue)East end of US 60 overlap
Brownsboro VillageDruid Hills line  KY 1932 south (Chenoweth Lane) – St. Matthews
LouisvilleNorthfield line   I-264 to I-71 – Louisville ZooI-264 exit 22; former US 460 Byp.
Louisville  KY 22 east (Seminary Drive)
Prospect    KY 841 south (Gene Snyder Freeway) to I-71 / I-265I-265 exit 37.
ProspectLouisville line  KY 329 east (Covered Bridge Road)
  KY 3222 east (Rose Island Road)
OldhamNorth Oldham  KY 1793 north – Creasey Mahan Nature Preserve
  KY 1694 south
  KY 393 south – Buckner
  KY 524 east – Westport
Russell Corner   KY 53 south to I-71 – La Grange
  KY 524 west
  KY 3223 south
  KY 1488
HenrySligo   KY 153 south to I-71
HenryTrimble
county line
  KY 157 east – Sulphur
TrimbleAbbott  KY 2868 west (Morton Ridge)
  KY 3175 south
Bedford  KY 754 west
  US 421 south – FrankfortWest end of US 421 overlap
  US 421 northEast end of US 421 overlap
  KY 2871 south (Connector Road)
  KY 3176 north
Carroll  KY 1226 west
  KY 36 west – MiltonWest end of KY 36 overlap
Prestonville  KY 55 south
Kentucky RiverCarrollton–Prestonville Bridge
Carrollton  KY 320 south
    KY 36 east / KY 227 south to I-71 – Worthville, General Butler State ParkEast end of KY 36 overlap
  KY 2350 south
  KY 2949 south
Ghent  KY 47 south
Gallatin  KY 184
   KY 1039 to I-71 – Markland Dam, IndianaInterchange
Warsaw   KY 35 south to I-71
  US 127 southWest end of US 127 overlap
  KY 1992 north
  KY 562 south
Boone  KY 2850 south
Hume  KY 14 east
Beaverlick   KY 338 north / KY 1292 east – Big Bone Lick State ParkWest end of KY 338 overlap
  KY 338 south – RichwoodEast end of KY 338 overlap
Union  KY 3060 east (Frogtown Road)
  KY 536 (Hathaway Road / Mount Zion Road) – Union Business District
Florence  KY 237 (Pleasant Valley Road / Gunpowder Road)
  KY 842 (Weaver Road)
Mall RoadFormer KY 3157 north
   I-71 / I-75 – Cincinnati, Lexington, LouisvilleI-75 exit 180
  KY 1829 east (Industrial Road)
  US 25 south (Dixie Highway)West end of US 25 overlap
  KY 1017 north (Turfway Road)
KentonErlanger   KY 236 (Commonwealth Avenue) to I-75 south
Crestview Hills     I-275 to I-71 / I-75 / KY 17 – AirportI-275 exit 83
Lakeside Park  KY 1303 south (Turkeyfoot Road)
  KY 371 north (Buttermilk Pike)West end of KY 371 overlap
Fort Mitchell  KY 371 south (Orphanage Road)East end of KY 371 overlap
   I-71 / I-75 – Lexington, Louisville, CincinnatiI-75 exit 188
Fort Wright    KY 1072 south (Kyles Lane) to I-71 / I-75West end of KY 1072 overlap
  KY 1072 north (Sleepy Hollow Road)East end of KY 1072 overlap
Covington   I-71 / I-75I-75 exit 191
5th Street (KY 8 east)One-way street
4th Street (KY 8 west)One-way street
Ohio River110
0.00
180
0.00
Clay Wade Bailey Bridge; KentuckyOhio line
  US 25 end; east end of US 25 overlap
OhioHamiltonCincinnati0.470.76   US 27 south / US 52 east (I-71 Alt. north)South end of US 27/US 52 overlap
      US 22 / SR 3 begin / US 50 / SR 264 west (Sixth Street Expressway) / I-75 – DaytonWestern terminus of US 22/SR 3 NB; ramps to/from US 50 are eastern terminus of SR 264; south end of US 22/SR 3 overlap; no access to I-75 south; I-75 exit 1C
     US 27 north / US 52 west / US 127 north (Central Avenue) to I-75North end of northbound US 27/US 52/US 127 overlap
0.981.58Seventh Street east (US 22 east / SR 3 north)One-way street; north end of US 22/SR 3 overlap
Ninth Street west (US 22 west / SR 3 south)One-way street
1.221.96    US 27 north / US 52 west / US 127 north (Central Parkway)North end of southbound US 27/US 52/US 127 overlap
2.073.33  I-471 south – Newport KYI-471 exit 7
2.584.15  I-71 north – ColumbusI-71 exit 2
5.709.17   SR 4 north (Paddock Road) to I-75
6.9011.10    SR 562 to I-71 / I-75SR 562 exit 2
8.2513.28   SR 561 (East Seymour Avenue) to I-75
Reading9.9416.00Galbraith RoadTo SR 126
Sharonville16.1325.96    I-275 to I-71 / I-75 – Dayton, ColumbusI-275 exit 46
Butler
No major junctions
WarrenMason24.4839.40    SR 741 to I-71 / I-75
Lebanon30.7249.44    SR 48 south / SR 63 west / SR 123 south (Main Street)South end of SR 48/SR 123 overlap
30.8749.68  SR 123 north (Silver Street)North end of SR 123 overlap
30.9449.79  SR 48 north (Broadway)North end of SR 48 overlap
33.0253.14   To SR 48 south / I-71 (via SR 48T)
Waynesville39.9864.34  SR 73 – Franklin, Wilmington, Caesar Creek
Greene47.3076.12  SR 725 west – Spring Valley, Bellbrook, Centerville
52.7484.88  US 35 – Dayton, Washington CHInterchange
Xenia 
  US 35 Bus. west (Main Street)
South end of US 35 Bus. overlap
54.7788.14   US 68 / SR 380 south (Detroit Street)
 
  US 35 Bus. east (Main Street)
North end of US 35 Bus. overlap
Cedarville62.74100.97  SR 72 south (Main Street)South end of SR 72 overlap
62.89101.21  SR 72 north (North Main Street)North end of SR 72 overlap
ClarkSouth Charleston74.00119.09  SR 41 (Chillicothe Street)
MadisonLondon84.82136.50    SR 38 south / SR 56 / SR 665 (Main Street)South end of SR 38/SR 142 overlap
85.03136.84  SR 142 eastNorth end of SR 142 overlap
85.24137.18  SR 38 northNorth end of SR 38 overlap
Lafayette89.39143.86  US 40Interchange
91.10146.61  I-70 – Dayton, ColumbusI-70 exit 79
92.12148.25  SR 29 – Mechanicsburg, West Jefferson
UnionPlain City103.77167.00  SR 161
104.79168.64  SR 736 north – Marysville
New California108.24174.20  US 33 – Marysville, ColumbusInterchange
Delaware115.11185.25   SR 257 north / SR 745 south – Scioto VillageSouth end of SR 257 overlap
115.68186.17  SR 257 southNorth end of SR 257 overlap
Delaware120.56194.02South Sandusky StreetInterchange
120.84194.47  US 23 southSouth end of US 23 overlap
122.13196.55    US 23 north / US 36 west (William Street / SR 521) to SR 37 west / North Sandusky Street – Toledo, MarionInterchange; north end of US 23 overlap; south end of US 36/SR 37/SR 521 overlap
122.33196.87  US 36 east (East William Street / SR 521)North end of US 36/SR 521 overlap
122.51197.16   SR 37 (East Central Avenue) to US 23 north
Ashley132.21212.77  SR 229 – Norton, Marengo
Morrow135.31217.76  SR 746 north – Caledonia
Cardington140.13225.52  SR 529 (Marion Street)
Mount Gilead145.43234.05   SR 61 south to I-71South end of SR 61 overlap
146.03235.01   SR 95 (Marion Street / SR 95A) to I-71
146.15235.21  SR 95 (High Street) – Mount Gilead State Park
146.38235.58  SR 61 north (North Main Street)North end of SR 61 overlap
Williamsport152.17244.89  SR 19 – Galion
Johnsville156.84252.41  SR 314 – Shelby, Chesterville
RichlandLexington162.56261.61  SR 97 westSouth end of SR 97 overlap
162.63261.73  SR 546 south
163.37262.92   SR 97 east to I-71 – BellvilleNorth end of SR 97 overlap
Mansfield169.15272.22   SR 13 south (South Main Street) to I-71South end of SR 13 overlap
169.39272.61  SR 13 north (South Diamond Street) – Mansfield Lahm AirportNorth end of SR 13 overlap; south end of SR 13 Truck overlap
169.46272.72  
   US 42 Truck north / SR 13 Truck north (South Adams Street)
North end of SR 13 Truck overlap
169.87273.38   SR 430 west / Lincoln Highway west (Park Avenue East)South end of SR 430 overlap; no left turn northbound
170.14273.81   SR 430 east / Lincoln Highway east (Park Avenue East)North end of SR 430 overlap
170.32274.10     
    SR 39 / US 42 Truck south / SR 430 Truck (East Fifth Street)
172.50277.61   US 30 to I-71 / Beal Road – Bucyrus, Wooster, Kingwood CenterInterchange
Ashland177.53285.71  SR 603 – Olivesburg, Mifflin
180.10289.84Claremont Avenue - AshlandInterchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance
Ashland183.05294.59   SR 60 / SR 511 – Ashland, Hayesville, LoudonvilleInterchange
184.44296.83    US 250 east / SR 96 to I-71 – Wooster, AshlandInterchange; south end of US 250 overlap
185.44298.44  US 250 west – NorwalkNorth end of US 250 overlap
189.88305.58  SR 89 – Polk, Jeromesville
191.28307.84  SR 302 – Savannah, Wooster
191.39308.01  SR 604 east
WayneWest Salem197.25317.44   SR 301 to I-71 north – Homerville, Lattasburg
Medina202.28325.54   US 224 west / SR 421 – Findlay, LodiInterchange; south end of US 224 overlap
206.05331.61    US 224 east / SR 421 west to I-71 – Akron, LodiInterchange; north end of US 224 overlap
Lafayette211.23339.94  SR 162 east (Wedgewood Road) – AkronSouth end of SR 162 overlap
211.70340.70  SR 162 west (Chatham Road) – SpencerNorth end of SR 162 overlap
Medina215.97347.57  SR 3 south (South Court Street)South end of SR 3 overlap
216.23347.99    SR 3 north / SR 18 east / SR 57 south (East Washington Street)North end of SR 3 overlap
216.31348.12   SR 18 west / SR 57 north (West Liberty Street)
Brunswick223.47359.64  SR 303 (Center Road) – LaGrange, Hinckley
CuyahogaStrongsville228.80368.22  SR 82 (Royalton Road)
230.64371.18   I-80 / Ohio TurnpikeOhio Turnpike exit 161
Middleburg Heights231.90373.21   I-71 to Ohio Turnpike – Cleveland, ColumbusI-71 exit 234
Parma237.96382.96   SR 3 south (Ridge Road) to I-480South end of SR 3 overlap
ParmaCleveland line238.47383.78  SR 17 (Brookpark Road)
Cleveland240.25386.64   SR 94 south (State Road) to I-480
241.51388.67   I-71 to I-90I-71 exit 245
  Scranton Road – Level I Trauma CenterInterchange; northbound exit only
242.74390.65  I-90 west – ToledoI-90 exit 170A
243.51391.89  SR 10 (Lorain Avenue)
244.06392.78   
    US 6 west / US 20 west / US 6 Alt. west (Detroit Avenue)
Southern end of US 6/US 20 concurrency; eastern terminus of US 6 Alt.
Detroit–Superior Bridge over Cuyahoga River
245.04394.35          US 6 / US 20 east / US 322 east / US 422 east / SR 3 south / SR 8 south / SR 14 east / SR 43 south / SR 87 east (Public Square)Northern terminus; northern end of US 6/US 20/SR 3 concurrency; northern terminus of SR 3/SR 8/SR 43; western terminus of US 322/US 422/SR 14/SR 87
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Google Street View. Retrieved 2012-07-19.
  2. ^ a b http://www.dot.state.oh.us/Divisions/Planning/TechServ/TIM/Pages/BasicRoadInventory.aspx Ohio Department of Transportation: State System Basic Road Inventory
  3. ^ Google Maps
  4. ^ "5533.752 Sergeant Brian Dulle Memorial Highway". Ohio Revised Code. LAW Writer. March 22, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2013. 
  5. ^ Hensley, Sarah Beth (May 10, 2013). "Memorial, highway honor Sgt. Brian Dulle two years after his death". WCPO-TV. Retrieved August 25, 2013. 

External linksEdit