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U.S. Route 23 (US 23) is a United States Numbered Highway that runs from Jacksonville, Florida, to Mackinaw City, Michigan. In the state of Ohio, it is a major north–south state highway that runs from the Kentucky border at Portsmouth to the Michigan border at Sylvania.

U.S. Route 23 marker

U.S. Route 23
Route of US 23 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by ODOT
Length234.83 mi[1] (377.92 km)
Existed1926–present
Major junctions
South end US 23 at U.S. Grant Bridge in Portsmouth
 
North end US 23 / US 223 at Michigan-Ohio state line near Sylvania
Location
CountiesScioto, Pike, Ross, Pickaway, Franklin, Delaware, Marion, Wyandot, Seneca, Sandusky, Wood, Lucas
Highway system
SR 22SR 23

Contents

Route descriptionEdit

The route crosses over the Ohio River via the U.S. Grant Bridge into the city of Portsmouth. Through downtown Portsmouth, it follows parallel one-way streets with northbound traffic on Gay Street and southbound on Chillicothe Street. These roads merge into Scioto Trail, which becomes a divided highway north of Rosemount, and again north of Lucasville, through Piketon to just south of Waverly.[2]

Within Waverly, the route becomes concurrent with SR 104, in addition to a four-block concurrency with SR 335 that ends in downtown Waverly. The concurrency with State Route 104 ends just south of Chillicothe, Ohio, at which point US 23 becomes an expressway.[2] The route bypasses Chillicothe to the east, including a short concurrency with US 35 before once again becoming a divided highway near Kingston. It continues as such through Circleville to the southern edge of Columbus, at the southern junction of Interstate 270.[2]

ColumbusEdit

 
Protected bike lane and bus stop island on Summit Street near the Ohio State University campus

In downtown Columbus, the route is applied to a one-way pair. It first jogs easterly via Livingston Avenue (north) and Fulton Street (south) before continuing northerly with northbound traffic on Fourth Street and southbound traffic on Third Street, which becomes Summit Street north of Fifth Avenue. The one-way pair ends at Hudson Street on the border of the SoHud and Glen Echo neighborhoods, with both directions of US 23 jogging westerly onto Hudson Street before continuing northerly on Indianola Avenue, closely paralleling Interstate 71. The route then moves westerly again via Morse Road, then north again onto High Street on the north edge of the East Beechwold neighborhood. North of the northern junction with Interstate 270, High Street becomes Columbus Pike.

The section immediately north of the northern junction with Interstate 270 was upgraded with a northbound-only set of express lanes which passes under Dimension Drive, Campus View Boulevard, Radio City Boulevard, and Flint Road, with the former alignment of US 23 providing access to those roads. This configuration, known as the "Trench", opened to traffic in September 2015, and its construction coincides with a reconfiguration of the I-270 exit.[3]

North of ColumbusEdit

In Lewis Center, US 23 once again becomes an expressway, and remains as such until Carey, except for a small portion north of Delaware.[2] Between Marion and Carey, all junctions with other routes are exits, except for SR 529 east of Marion and SR 294 east of Harpster. The route becomes concurrent with US 42 along an eastern bypass of Delaware, then bypasses Waldo and Marion to the east. It bypasses Upper Sandusky to the east and north, mostly in concurrency with US 30.[2] The route then departs the expressway at Carey, becoming concurrent with SR 103 while the expressway continues westerly as SR 15. Within Carey, the concurrency with State Route 103 ends, and a concurrency with SR 199 begins. The two co-signed routes continue as a rural highway to Fostoria, Ohio.[2]

Within Fostoria, US 23 becomes concurrent with SR 18 while turning westerly along Lytle Street, then northerly along a short, unnamed expressway in concurrency with SR 12. At the northern end of the expressway, State Route 12 departs while US 23, still concurrent with State Routes 18 and 199, continues westerly along Tiffin Street, then northerly along County Line Street. State Routes 18 and 199 both depart within Fostoria city limits, while US 23 continues northerly and becomes Fostoria Road. Northeast of Bradner, the route has a junction with US 6.

Northwest of Woodville, the route becomes concurrent with US 20, with both routes continuing northwesterly to Perrysburg.[2] There, US 23 begins a brief wrong-way concurrency with I-75, then departs for a concurrency with Interstate 475, the western bypass of the Toledo metropolitan area. US 23 and I-475 are concurrent for the latter route's entire north-south portion, until I-475 departs in Sylvania to become an east-west aligned route. US 23 then continues northerly into Michigan as a freeway.[2]

HistoryEdit

Before the establishment of the United States Numbered Highway System in 1926, the route of what would eventually become US 23 was numbered as SR 4 from Portsmouth to Marion; SR 22 from Marion to Carey; SR 63 from Carey to Fostoria; SR 199 from Fostoria to Millbury; and SR 2 from Millbury to Toledo.[4][5] Over the years, portions of US 23 have been realigned to divided highway, freeway, or expressway portions. Among these are a bypass of Circleville built in 1958;[6] the Marion-to-Carey expressway routing, on which work began in 1962;[7] and a bypass of Chillicothe, on which work began in 1966.[8]

When first established, US 23 followed its current routing from Fostoria to Woodville, then continued north along present-day Fostoria Road into Millbury, and northwest along present-day Ohio State Route 51 (Woodville Road) into East Toledo. There, it followed East Broadway Avenue, Starr Avenue, and Main Street to the Cherry Street Bridge (now the Martin Luther King Bridge) across the Maumee River. The route then followed Cherry Street (present-day SR 120) to Detroit Avenue (US 24), before turning west onto Laskey Road and north onto Lewis Avenue.[5] Only a year later, the Fostoria-to-Toledo routing was shifted westerly, taking a northwest-southeast route that was originally designated SR 63 between Fostoria and Perrysburg, then East River Road into Toledo. It crossed the Maumee River via the Fassett Street Bridge, then followed South, Sumner, Logan, Summit, and Huron streets to rejoin its original routing. The Fostoria-to-Millbury routing was designated SR 199, and the Millbury-to-Toledo routing became SR 102,[9] which in turn became present-day SR 51 in 1955.[10] By 1940, US 23 was shifted westerly again in Toledo, taking the Anthony Wayne Bridge to Summit Street, then to Jefferson Avenue and Collingwood Boulevard before rejoining the previous routing.[11]

US 23 was realigned c. 1960 to follow Monroe Street northwesterly out of Toledo, joining with the first constructed segment of its current freeway routing in Sylvania.[12][13] The freeway was extended southerly to US 20 (Central Avenue) by 1964.[14] By 1969, the entire western freeway bypass of Toledo was complete, carrying the current routings of both US 23 and I-475. In addition, US 23 and SR 199 were swapped north of Fostoria in 1969, with US 23 reverting to its pre-1927 routing between Fostoria and Woodville, then becoming concurrent with US 20 from there to Perrysburg; the 1927-1969 routing of US-23 between Fostoria and Perrysburg thus became part of SR 199.[15]

Major intersectionsEdit

CountyLocationmi[1]kmExitDestinationsNotes
GreenupSouth Portsmouth  US 23 south – Greenup, AshlandContinuation into Kentucky
Ohio River0.000.00U.S. Grant Bridge; Kentucky–Ohio state line
SciotoPortsmouth0.450.72   SR 73 west / SR 104 north (2nd Street)Eastern end of SR 73; southern terminus of SR 104
1.06–
1.13
1.71–
1.82
  US 52 (11th Street, 12th Street)Eastbound US 52 follows 11th Street; westbound follows 12th Street
Lucasville11.4318.39   SR 348 west / SR 728 east (Fairground Road) – OtwayEastern end of SR 348; western end of SR 728
11.9219.18  SR 823 – IrontonInterchange
PikeScioto Township20.6333.20American Centrifuge FacilityHalf-folded diamond interchange; access to Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant
Seal Township   SR 32 / SR 124Former diamond interchange; replaced by existing interchange following SR 32 realignment
23.0837.14   SR 32 / SR 124 – Jackson, CincinnatiDiamond interchange
Waverly28.5345.91  SR 104 south (Lake White Road)Southern end of SR 104 overlap
29.1746.94   SR 220 (Market Street) / SR 335 beginsSouthern end of SR 335 overlap
29.5247.51  SR 335 north (Clough Street)Northern end of SR 335 overlap
RossFranklin Township35.6357.34  SR 372 east (Stoney Creek Road)
Scioto Township41.4066.63  
   US 23 Bus. / SR 104 north (Bridge Street) / Three Locks Road
Northern end of SR 104 overlap; US 23 Business not signed southbound
43.2269.56   US 50 (Eastern Avenue) to US 35 eastNorthbound access to eastbound US 35 and from westbound US 35 to southbound US 23
43.7070.33   US 35 east to US 50 east – Jackson, AthensSouthbound exit and northbound entrance; eastern end of US 35 overlap
44.9872.39  To US 50 west (Main Street) – Chillicothe
46.0274.06  US 35 west – DaytonNorthbound exit and southbound entrance; western end of US 35 overlap
Springfield Township48.7878.50  
   US 23 Bus. / SR 159 (Bridge Street) – Kingston
US 23 Business not signed northbound
Green Township50.7881.72  SR 207 north
PickawayPickaway Township57.2492.12  SR 361 east
Circleville63.92102.87   US 22 / SR 56 – CirclevilleFive-ramp partial cloverleaf; northbound exit via Mound Street
South Bloomfield72.14116.10  SR 316 east – AshvilleSouthern end of SR 316 overlap
72.42116.55  SR 316 westNorthern end of SR 316 overlap
72.75117.08  SR 752 east
Harrison Township76.24122.70  SR 762 – Commercial Point
FranklinHamilton Township80.37129.34    SR 665 west / SR 317 east – Groveport, Rickenbacker Airport
83.36–
83.39
134.15–
134.20
83   I-270 to I-71 – Columbus, WheelingExit 52 on I-270
Columbus86.28138.85   SR 104 north to US 33
   SR 104 south to I-71
89.04143.30  US 33 east (Livingston Avenue)Southern end of US 33 overlap
89.13143.44   I-70 / I-71 south – WheelingNo access to northbound I-71; exit 100B on I-70
89.32–
89.41
143.75–
143.89
   US 62 south / SR 3 south (Main Street, Rich Street)Southern end of US 62 and SR 3 concurrencies
89.75144.44    US 40 / US 62 north / SR 16 (Broad Street)Northern end of US 62 overlap
89.95–
90.04
144.76–
144.91
   US 33 west / SR 3 north (Long Street, Spring Street)Northern end of US 33 and SR 3 concurrencies
Greater Columbus Convention Center shipping and dropoffUnsigned ramp, southbound exit and entrance
90.66145.90   I-670 – Dayton, AirportNorthbound-to-eastbound ramp also connects to northbound I-71; I-670 exit 4
Worthington99.66160.39  SR 161 (Dublin Granville Road)
Columbus101.23162.91101   I-270 to I-71 – Indianapolis, ClevelandExit 23 on I-270; south end of northbound-only express lanes; signed as exits 101A and 101B
Northwoods BoulevardNorth end of northbound-only express lanes
DelawareOrange Township104.36167.95  SR 750 – Powell, Columbus Zoo
Delaware111.74179.83  SR 315 south (Olentangy River Road)
113.36–
113.60
182.44–
182.82
  US 42 south / S. Sandusky StreetSouthern end of US 42 overlap; northbound US 23 to southbound US 42 access via S. Sandusky Street
114.86–
115.09
184.85–
185.22
114,
115
    US 36 / US 42 north / SR 37 (Central Avenue, William Street) / N. Sandusky StreetInterchange; northern end of US 42 overlap; signed as exit 114 northbound and exit 115 southbound; William Avenue signed northbound only; Central Avenue signed southbound only
115.96186.62N. Sandusky StreetFormer southbound exit and northbound entrance; converted to signalized intersection 2016, although ramp from N. Sandusky to US 23 remains[16]
Marlboro Township124.39200.19  SR 229 – Norton, Ashley
MarionWaldo Township124.75200.77  SR 229Secondary cutoff to SR 229; no entrances to US 23
126.35203.34  SR 98 – Waldo, BucyrusAccess to SR 47 and SR 423
Marion Township134.56216.55  SR 95 – Marion, Mount Gilead
135.57218.18  SR 309 – Marion, Galion
137.14220.71Marion-Williamsport Road
Grand Prairie Township140.64226.34  SR 4 – Bucyrus
143.52230.97  SR 231 – Morral, Nevada
WyandotPitt Township148.00238.18  SR 294 – HarpsterIntersection
151.68244.11  SR 199
Crane Township153.81–
153.86
247.53–
247.61
  US 30 east – Bucyrus, MansfieldSouthern end of US 30 overlap
Upper Sandusky155.48250.22CR 330 (Wyandot Avenue) – Upper Sandusky
158.17254.55   SR 53 / SR 67 – Upper Sandusky, Tiffin
159.42256.56  SR 199
Salem Township159.82–
160.54
257.21–
258.36
  US 30 west – Van WertNorthern end of US 30 overlap; left exit and entrance northbound
Crawford Township167.353–
167.62
269.329–
269.76
   SR 15 west to I-75 – Findlay, Toledo
  SR 103 – Carey, Fostoria
US 23 departs freeway, which continues to the west as SR 15; eastern terminus of SR 15; southern end of SR 103 overlap
Carey168.82271.69    SR 568 west / SR 103 east / SR 199 southNorthern end of SR 103 overlap; southern end of SR 199 overlap
SenecaLoudon Township178.20286.79  US 224 – Findlay, Tiffin
Fostoria182.99–
183.00
294.49–
294.51
  SR 18 eastSouthern end of SR 18 overlap
183.51295.33  SR 12 westSouthern end of SR 12 overlap
183.81295.81  SR 12 eastNorthern end of SR 12 overlap
184.33296.65   SR 18 west / SR 613 westNorthern end of SR 18 overlap
SenecaWood
county line
185.26298.15  SR 199 northNorthern end of SR 199 overlap
WoodSandusky
county line
MontgomeryFreedom
MadisonScott
township quadripoint
196.95316.96  US 6 – Bowling Green, Fremont
FreedomMadison
township line
199.95321.79  SR 600 east – GibsonburgWestern end of SR 600
202.81326.39  SR 105 – Woodville, Pemberville
TroyWoodville
township line
204.40328.95  SR 582 eastSouthern end of SR 582 overlap
204.44329.01  SR 582 westNorthern end of SR 582 overlap
205.95331.44  US 20 east – Woodville, FremontSouthern end of US 20 overlap
WoodTroy Township208.25335.1581BPemberville Road
208.82336.0681A   SR 420 to I-280 – ToledoTo Ohio Turnpike (I-80/I-90); connected to exit 81B eastbound
211.10339.73  SR 163 eastWestern end of SR 163
Perrysburg217.18349.52193   I-75 north / US 20 west – ToledoNorthern end of US 20 overlap; southern end of I-75 overlap; exit 193 on I-75
219.03352.49192   I-75 south / I-475 north – MaumeeNorthern end of I-75 overlap; southern end of I-475 overlap; I-475 exits 0A-B
219.40353.092  SR 25 (Dixie Highway) – Perrysburg
LucasMaumee222.74358.474  US 24 (Anthony Wayne Trail) – Napoleon, Maumee
224.72361.656    To I-80 / I-90 / Ohio Turnpike / Salisbury Road / Dussel DriveSalisbury Road runs west, Dussel Drive runs east; added 1989[17]
Springfield Township226.89365.148  SR 2 (Airport Highway) – Toledo Express Airport, Swanton, ToledoSigned as exits 8A (east) and 8B (west) southbound
Sylvania Township231.81373.0613   US 20 (Central Avenue) / SR 120
231.98373.3414  I-475 east – ToledoNorthern end of US 23 overlap; signed as exit 232 southbound
Sylvania234.18376.88234    US 223 begins / SR 51 / SR 184 east (Monroe Street) – SylvaniaSouthern end of US 223 overlap
234.83377.92   US 23 north / US 223 north – Ann ArborContinuation into Michigan
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Office of Technical Servies (July 3, 2014). "DESTAPE". Ohio Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Ohio Department of Transportation (June 2011). Official Ohio Transportation Map (PDF) (Map). c. 1:570,240. Columbus: Ohio Department of Transportation. OCLC 5673562, 31884639.
  3. ^ Rouan, Rick (September 8, 2015). "Rt. 23 trench to open to traffic this week". The Columbus Dispatch. dispatch.com. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
  4. ^ Ohio Department of Highways and Public Works (August 1925). Map of Ohio Showing State Routes (PDF) (Map). 1:760,320. Columbus: Ohio Department of Highways and Public Works. OCLC 5673562.
  5. ^ a b Ohio Department of Highways and Public Works (August 1, 1926). Map of Ohio Showing State Routes (PDF) (Map). 1:760,320. Columbus: Ohio Department of Highways and Public Works. OCLC 5673562.
  6. ^ Ohio Department of Highways (1958). Ohio Highway Map (PDF) (Map). 1:633,600. Columbus: Ohio Department of Highways. OCLC 5673562, 13688035.
  7. ^ Ohio Department of Highways (1962). Ohio Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map). c. 1:563,200. Columbus: Ohio Department of Highways. OCLC 5673562, 7444243.
  8. ^ Ohio Department of Highways (1966). Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map). c. 1:563,200. Columbus: Ohio Department of Highways. OCLC 5673562.
  9. ^ Ohio Department of Highways and Public Works (June 1, 1927). Map of Ohio Showing State Routes (PDF) (Map). 1:760,320. Columbus: Ohio Department of Highways and Public Works. OCLC 5673562.
  10. ^ Ohio Department of Highways (1955). Ohio Highway Map (PDF) (Map). 1:633,600. Columbus: Ohio Department of Highways. OCLC 5673562, 7448742.
  11. ^ Ohio Department of Highways (1940). Ohio Highway Map (PDF) (Map). 1:633,600. Columbus: Ohio Department of Highways. OCLC 5673562, 54667346.
  12. ^ Ohio Department of Highways (1959). Ohio Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map) (1959–1960 ed.). 1:633,600. Columbus: Ohio Department of Highways. OCLC 5673562, 13687960.
  13. ^ Ohio Department of Highways (1961). Ohio Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map). 1:633,600. Columbus: Ohio Department of Highways. OCLC 5673562, 54667348.
  14. ^ Ohio Department of Highways (1964). Ohio Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map). c. 1:563,200. Columbus: Ohio Department of Highways. OCLC 5673562, 7448791.
  15. ^ Ohio Department of Highways (1969). Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map). c. 1:563,200. Columbus: Ohio Department of Highways. OCLC 5673562, 7448779.
  16. ^ Budzak, Gary (March 9, 2016). "U.S. 23/Pennsylvania Avenue exit ramp to close Tuesday". Delaware Gazette. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
  17. ^ McLaughlin, Mary-Beth (June 8, 2003). "Maumee Turned Risk Into Riches at Arrowhead Park". The Blade. Toledo, OH. Retrieved June 16, 2008.

External linksEdit

KML is from Wikidata
  U.S. Route 23
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