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The Type 054A (NATO codename Jiangkai II) frigate is a class of Chinese multi-role frigates, the first of which entered service with the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force in 2007. The class is planned to comprise 27+ vessels. As of 2017, 25 are in service and 2 are under construction. It is a development of the Type 054 frigate, using the same hull but with improved sensors and weapons.

People's Liberation Army (Navy) frigate PLA(N) Yueyang (FF 575) steams in formation with 42 other ships and submarines during Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) Exercise 2014.jpg
Type 054A frigate Yueyang (575)
Class overview
Builders:
Operators:  People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force
Preceded by: Type 054 frigate
Subclasses:
Cost: ¥ 1.58 billion
In commission: 2008-present[1]
Building: 2 as of June 2017[2]
Active: 25 as of June 2017[3]
General characteristics
Type: Frigate
Displacement: 4,053 tonnes (full) (CCTV report)
Length: 134.1 m (440 ft) (CCTV report)
Beam: 16 m (52 ft) (CCTV report)
Propulsion: CODAD, 4 x Shaanxi 16 PA6 STC diesels, 5700 kW (7600+ hp @ 1084 rpm) each
Speed: 27 knots estimated
Range: 8,025 nautical miles (9,235 mi; 14,862 km) estimated
Complement: 165
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:
  • 1 × 32-cell VLS
  • 2 × 4 C-803 anti-ship / land attack cruise missiles
  • 1 × PJ26 76 mm dual purpose gun
  • 2 × Type 730 7-barrel 30 mm CIWS guns or Type 1130
  • 2 × 3 324mm Yu-7 ASW torpedo launchers
  • 2 × 6 Type 87 240mm anti-submarine rocket launcher (36 rockets carried)
  • 2 × Type 726-4 18-tube decoy rocket launchers
Aircraft carried: 1 Kamov Ka-28 'Helix' or Harbin Z-9C
Aviation facilities: hangar

The Type 054A was first revealed while under construction at the Guangzhou-based Huangpu Shipyard in 2005.

Contents

Improvements over Type 054Edit

The Type 054A carries HQ-16 medium-range air defence missiles and various anti submarine rockets in a VLS system. The HQ-16 provides area air defence from all engagement angles up to a range of 50 km, a considerable improvement over the HQ-7 carried on the Type 054 which have inferior range and limited engagement angles. Contrary to HQ-9 VLS on Type 052C destroyer which adopts a cold launch method, HQ-16 appears to adopt a hot launch method instead, with the same design principle of US Mk 41 VLS: a shared common exhaust system is sited between the two rows of rectangular launching tubes.The VLS system is also capable of firing anti-submarine missiles.[4]

The 4 AK-630 close-in weapon systems (CIWS) of the Type 054 were replaced with 2 Type 730 CIWS on the Type 054A. The autonomous Type 730 provides improved reaction time against close-in threats.[5]

The 100 mm main gun on earlier Type 054 class is replaced by H/PJ26 stealthy 76 mm dual purpose gun mount, which is a Chinese development of Russian AK-176. The adoption of smaller caliber gun is the result of the need of higher rate of fire for air defense, including sea-skimming anti-ship missiles. H/PJ26 utilizes advanced synthetic material such as fiber glass to a much greater degree than the original AK-176, resulting in over 30% of weight reduction to 11.5 ton of H/PJ26, as opposed to the 16.8+ tons of AK-176.

Another improvement of Type 054A over the original Type 054 (as well other older ships in the People's Liberation Army Navy) is its information systems (IS) for maintenance and inventory control, which automatically provides information to shore based facilities or supply ships on the parts in need, to the last detail, so that parts in need can be provided more quickly. The resulting down time due to maintenance & repair is reduced to a fraction of what it is for older vessels without this IS system. The Chinese[who?] have termed this IS for maintenance and inventory control another force multiplier because it increased availability for deployment by reducing downtime.[citation needed]

The Type 054A retains its predecessor's stealth features, including sloped hull design, radar absorbent materials, and a clean profile.[6]

Type 054A+Edit

An improved variant beginning with the 17th unit[1] launched from Huangpu Shipyard in 2009[7] has the 7-barrelled Type 730 CIWS replaced by the more capable 11-barrelled Type 1130, and is unofficially referred as Type 54A+.[8] Another reported improvement over the original Type 054A includes the incorporation of variable depth sonar and towed array sonar.[9]

The follow-on version of the frigate, the Type 054B, will be fitted with a full electric propulsion system.[1]

OperationsEdit

Type 054A frigate made its first operational deployment to the Gulf of Aden, when FFG-570 Huangshan set sail as part of 2nd Escort Flotilla/Task Group 167 on 2 April 2009, the Escort Flotilla arrived there on 13 April 2009, and took over form 1st Escort Flotilla/Task Group 169 on 15 April 2009. Since then, 11 Type 054A have deployed to the Gulf of Aden for anti-piracy operations.

In the lead-up to the Libyan civil war, the FFG-530 Xuzhou was deployed from anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden to help evacuate Chinese nationals from Libya.

In January 2014, the FFG-546 Yancheng was redeployed from anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden to the eastern Mediterranean Sea to escort Syrian chemical weapons destined for destruction.[10]

ExportEdit

According to an estimate by The Diplomat, Type 054A frigates have a per-unit cost of USD$348 million.[11]

ThailandEdit

In Feb 2013, China offered to sell Thailand 3 customized 054A frigates ("054T") for 30 billion Thai baht ($1 billion USD) total.[12] However, in April 2013 it was reported that South Korea had won the Royal Thai navy's frigate bid with 1 modified Gwanggaeto the Great-class destroyers at 13 billion Thai baht each.[13][14]

RussiaEdit

In early 2015, it was reported that Russia might consider buying 054A for its navy.[15][16]

MalaysiaEdit

According to a news report at LIMA 2015, the Royal Malaysian Navy will buy the C28A corvette export variant of the Chinese multi-role warship.[17][18]

Ships of ClassEdit

 Pennant Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Fleet   Status 
515[19] 滨州/ Binzhou[19] 29 December 2016[19] East Sea Fleet[19] Active[19]
530[20] 徐州/ Xuzhou[20] 27 January 2008[21] East Sea Fleet[21] Active[21]
536[22] 许昌/ Xuchang[22] 23 June 2017[22] South Sea Fleet[22] Active[22]
538[20][23] 烟台/ Yantai[20][23] North Sea Fleet[23] Active[23]
539[3] 芜湖/ Wuhu[3] Hudong-Zhonghua[3] 8 June 2016[3] 29 June 2017[3] North Sea Fleet[3] Active[3]
546[20][23] 盐城/ Yancheng[20][23] North Sea Fleet[23] Active[24]
547[20] 临沂/ Linyi[20] Active[25]
548[20] 益阳/ Yiyang[20] Active
549[20][26] 常州 / Changzhou[20][26] Active[26]
550[20] 潍坊 / Weifang[20] 2013[27] North Sea Fleet[27] Active[25]
568[20] 衡阳 / Hengyang[20] Active
569[20] 玉林 / Yulin[20] Active[28]
570[20] 黄山 / Huangshan[20] Active[29]
571[20][30] 运城 / Yuncheng[20][30] Active[30]
572[20] 衡水 / Hengshui[20] Active[31]
573[20] 柳州 / Liuzhou[20] 2013[27] South Sea Fleet[27] Active
574[20] 三亚 / Sanya Active
575[20] 岳阳 / Yueyang[20] Active
576[20][32] 大庆 / Daqing[32] Huangpu[32] Active
577[33] 黄冈 / Huanggang[33] Huangpu[33] January 2015[33] East Sea Fleet[33] Active[33]
578[34] 扬州 / Yangzhou [34] Active[33][34]
579[34] 邯郸 / Handan[34] Active[33][34]

GalleryEdit

Comparable shipsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c China's 24th Type 054A Frigate Commissioned with PLAN South Sea Fleet - Navyrecognition.com, 24 June 2017
  2. ^ China's 25th Type 054A Frigate Commissioned with PLAN North Sea Fleet - Navyrecognition.com, 3 July 2017
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Tate, Andrew (30 June 2017). "Chinese navy commissions 25th Jiangkai II-class frigate". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  4. ^ 舰载武器SHIPBORNE WEAPONS 2013 AUGUST ISSUE
  5. ^ http://mil.jschina.com.cn/huitong/Jiangkai_Jiangwei.htm
  6. ^ http://www.sinodefence.com/navy/surface/type054a-jiangkai-ii.asp
  7. ^ 1st Type 054A+ launced
  8. ^ "中国海军054A+版护卫舰曝光:换装1130近防炮!(by anonymous author, with other person's photograph)" (in Chinese). 中华网. p. 4. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  9. ^ "中国海军054A+版护卫舰曝光:换装1130近防炮!(by anonymous author, with other person's photograph)" (in Chinese). 中华网. p. 9. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  10. ^ http://www.jpost.com/Breaking-News/Chinese-warship-in-Cyprus-to-aid-Syrian-chemical-weapons-removal-337057
  11. ^ Gady, Franz-Stefan (December 29, 2016). "China Commissions New Stealth Warship Into East Sea Fleet". The Diplomat. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. The Binzhou is the 23rd Type 054A frigate on active duty with the PLAN and constitutes the cornerstone of China’s surface warfare capabilities. The PLAN expects to commission another four Type 054 frigates by 2018. According to a cost estimate published in The Diplomat, the per unit price is set at around $348 million. 
  12. ^ http://defenseupdates.blogspot.com/2013/02/thailand-to-negotiate-purchase-of-3.html
  13. ^ http://news.securemymind.com/689.html
  14. ^ http://thaipublica.org/2013/08/frigate/
  15. ^ http://www.inews163.com/2015/04/17/russian-media-the-russian-warships-054a-can-be-purchased-from-china-is-the-best-choice-123334.html
  16. ^ http://www.wantchinatimes.com/news-subclass-cnt.aspx?id=20140930000078&cid=1101
  17. ^ "Malaysia Keen To Buy China Warships | Malaysian Defence". www.malaysiandefence.com. Retrieved 2015-05-24. 
  18. ^ "RMK11 Tabled | Malaysian Defence". www.malaysiandefence.com. Retrieved 2015-05-24. 
  19. ^ a b c d e Rahmat, Ridzwan (30 December 2016). "China commissions 23rd Type 054A frigate into East Sea Fleet". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence (2015). PLA Navy Identification Guide (PDF) (Report). Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
  21. ^ a b c ""徐州舰"正式命名入列 命名授旗仪式在舟山举行". People's Daily Online (in Chinese). 徐州日报. 29 January 2008. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  22. ^ a b c d e Tate, Andrew (26 June 2017). "Another Jiangkai II-class frigate enters service with the Chinese navy". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 27 June 2017. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g Yeo, Mike; Streetly, Martin (8 December 2014). "Chinese special mission aircraft cross Okinawa into West Pacific". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015. 
  24. ^ Hardy, James (14 May 2015). "US announces, then 'clarifies' B-1 deployment to Australia, ramps up South China Sea rhetoric". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015. 
  25. ^ a b Weening, Cornelius (2 December 2014). "China sends 19th naval escort piracy task force to Somalia". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015. 
  26. ^ a b c Rahmat, Ridzwan; Fisher, Richard D Jr (21 September 2014). "China sends destroyer, frigate to Iran in sign of growing naval ties". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015. 
  27. ^ a b c d Zhang, Tao, ed. (30 December 2013). "Newly-commissioned main battle ships of PLAN in 2013". mod.gov.cn. China Military Online. Retrieved 5 August 2015. 
  28. ^ Tate, Andrew (28 May 2015). "Simultaneous international drills show growing PLAN confidence". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015. 
  29. ^ http://www.shipspotting.com/gallery/photo.php?lid=1770888
  30. ^ a b c Tate, Andrew (13 January 2015). "PLAN ships call at Portsmouth". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015. 
  31. ^ Jean, Grace (20 August 2014). "USCG's fourth National Security Cutter passes acceptance trials as fifth vessel is named". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015. 
  32. ^ a b c Tate, Andrew (31 August 2014). "China adding towed sonars to Type 054A, Type 056 vessels". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015. 
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h Rahmat, Ridzwan (20 January 2015). "China commissions Type 054A frigate into East Sea Fleet". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015. 
  34. ^ a b c d e f http://www.janes.com/article/53139/china-commissions-second-type-052d-ddg-pushes-ahead-with-frigate-corvette-launches

External linksEdit