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Thiruvananthapuram Central railway station

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Thiruvananthapuram Central is the main railway station in the city of Thiruvananthapuram (formerly Trivandrum) in the Indian state of Kerala. It is the largest railway station in Kerala in terms of passenger movement and revenue and an important rail hub in Southern Railway.[2] It is one of profitable stations under Southern Railway.[citation needed] The building of the railway station is one of the landmarks of Thiruvananthapuram. Thiruvananthapuram Central is also a terminating point for the proposed Chennai - Bengaluru - Thiruvananthapuram High Speed Rail (HSR) corridor and the starting point of proposed Thiruvananthapuram - Mangalore High Speed Rail corridor. The railway station is located opposite to Central Bus Station Thiruvananthapuram at Thampanoor.

Thiruvananthapuram Central
Regional rail and Light rail station
Tvmcentral.jpg
Thiruvananthapuram Central Station main building.
LocationTrivandrum, Kerala
India
Coordinates8°29′15″N 76°57′07″E / 8.4874°N 76.952°E / 8.4874; 76.952Coordinates: 8°29′15″N 76°57′07″E / 8.4874°N 76.952°E / 8.4874; 76.952
Elevation6.740 metres (22.11 ft)
Owned byIndian Railways
Operated bySouthern Railway
Line(s)Kollam–Thiruvananthapuram trunk line
Thiruvananthapuram-Nagercoil-Kanyakumari railway line
Platforms5
Tracks18
ConnectionsAirport interchange Bus interchange ferry/water interchange Taxi Stand,Pre paid Auto service, Thiruvananthapuram Central bus station of the KSRTC, Trivandrum International Airport
Construction
Structure typeStandard (on ground station)
ParkingAvailable
Disabled accessHandicapped/disabled access
Other information
StatusFunctioning
Station codeTVC
Zone(s) Southern Railway zone
Division(s) Thiruvananthapuram
History
OpenedNovember 4, 1931; 87 years ago (1931-11-04)
ElectrifiedYes
Traffic
Passengers (2017-18)40,908 per day[1]
Rank1 (in Kerala)
1 (in Trivandrum division)
Location
India Thiruvananthapuram

Trains from here connect the city of Thiruvananthapuram to major cities of India. This station is also noted for a whole range of amenities available within the premises. The station has book-shops, restaurants, accommodation and Internet browsing centers. A second satellite station was opened in 2005 at Kochuveli called the Kochuveli Railway Station, near the International Airport. Thiruvananthapuram is the first major city from south along the longest train routes in India, the Kanyakumari-Thiruvananthapuram -Dibrugarh Vivek Express route and the Kanyakumari-Thiruvananthapuram-Jammu Tawi-SVDK Himsagar Express route. A second terminal (south Terminal) was opened in 2004 to handle passenger traffic and later a West Terminal in 2007. To reduce traffic, the Central Railway Station has 18 railway tracks.[3] Number of long service trains are starts/ends in Thiruvananthapuram Central.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Madras-Quilon line was extended to the capital of the Princely State of Travancore, Thiruvananthapuram and was opened on 4 January 1918. The line then terminated at Chakka, which was the trading centre of Thiruvananthapuram then. M.E. Watts, Dewan of the erstwhile Travancore, took the initiative to extend the railway line to the heart of the city. The terminus was shifted to current location Thiruvananthapuram Central Thampanoor in 1931. The Thiruvananthapuram Central station building was built during the reign of Sethu Lakshmi Bayi, the Maharani of Travancore, and inaugurated on 4 November 1931. No bricks were used for the construction of this station building; it was built completely with rock masonry.[4] Thiruvananthapuram was a branch line station but the Maharani built it at par with the counterparts in the major cities of India.The station was built to handle two departures per day in 1931 and had only one platform in the beginning. The platform with a single line continued till the 70's.The extended platform continued to receive and send trains as a metergauge line until gauge conversion. It was presumably the longest covered platform at that time . The platform could accommodate two trains at a time in that single line platform.

LayoutEdit

This station has 5 platforms to handle long and short distance trains and a proposal to build additional 11 platforms in pipeline. The Thiruvananthapuram railway station has two entrances. The main entrance is opposite to Central Bus Station Thiruvananthapuram and eastern entrance is on Power House road.The train care centre functions adjacent to eastern side entrance.Nemom and Kochuveli Railway stations are announced in railway budget as satellite terminals to Thiruvananthapuram Central. Kochuveli satellite terminal has started functioning with trains originating from here.

FacilitiesEdit

Thiruvananthapuram Central is well equipped with modern security gadgets, and is the first station in the state to install video surveillance. The Networked electronic surveillance system is installed in this Central Station by Railway Protection Force (RPF) for improving the security and for monitoring the movement of passengers arriving at the station.[5]

Future expansion plansEdit

It was announced in railway budget to convert Thiruvananthapuram Central railway station into world-class standards. The foundation stone for expansion and modernisation of station was laid by Former Union Minister for Railways, Lalu Prasad in December 2006. Tenders have been invited for carrying out feasibility studies for this proposed project. More than 1,000 million (US$14 million) is needed for first phase of this project.[6]

A new complex of railway station will be built with a built-up area of 1,000,000 square feet (93,000 m2). All modern facilities including an office and commercial complex is planned here. The proposal to set up a passenger terminal at Nemom is announced in rail budget and yet to begin work. It is estimated that only a consortium would be able to take up expansion project of Thiruvananthapuram Central, since the project is a massive one.[7]

Feasibility study for Chennai-Bangalore-Thiruvananthapuram High speed rail corridor ongoing and is being planned along with other few corridors in country.

Landmark train servicesEdit

Landmark train services that originates or terminates from Thiruvananthapuram Central are:

Train No Train Name Remarks
12431 / 12432 Thiruvananthapuram Rajdhani Express
12515 / 12516 Thiruvananthapuram - Silchar Superfast Express
  • Longest running Superfast train
  • Least punctual long-distance train (average delay on a trip is about 10–12 hours)
  • Second longest running train in India.
12625 / 12626 Kerala Express
12643 / 12644 Swarna Jayanthi Express

IncidentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Station Re-development Data - Trivandrum Central(TVC)". Central Railway Zone - Indian Railways. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  2. ^ "Thiruvananthapuram Central to be made a world-class station". The Hindu. 7 March 2007. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
  3. ^ "Revised parking rates at railway stations come into effect". The New Indian Express. Thiruvananthapuram: Express Publications. 2 July 2012. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  4. ^ Quilon – Thiruvananthapuram Central Metre Gauge Line. Irfca.org. Retrieved on 2011-11-10.
  5. ^ Video surveillance system at Central. Hindu.com (2006-08-24). Retrieved on 2011-11-10.
  6. ^ Rs.100 crores for modernization. Hinduonnet.com (2006-11-08). Retrieved on 2011-11-10.
  7. ^ Trivandrum Central to be made a world-class station. Hindu.com (2007-03-07). Retrieved on 2011-11-10.
  8. ^ "Trains delayed as engine jumps signal". The Hindu. 30 June 2018.

External linksEdit