Tremont (microarchitecture)

Tremont is a microarchitecture for low-power Atom, Celeron and Pentium Silver branded processors used in systems on a chip (SoCs) made by Intel, it is the successor to Goldmont Plus.[2] Intel officially launched Elkhart Lake platform with 10nm Tremont core on September 23, 2020.[3] Intel officially launched Jasper Lake platform with 10nm Tremont core on January 11, 2021.[4]

Tremont
General information
Product code80691 (Lakefield)
80697 (Jasper Lake)
Architecture and classification
ArchitectureTremont x86
Instructionsx86-64, Intel 64
Extensions
Physical specifications
Transistors
Cores
  • 4–24
Products, models, variants
Model(s)
  • Pentium
    Celeron
    Atom
History
PredecessorGoldmont Plus
SuccessorGracemont [1]

DesignEdit

Tremont is 3rd generation out-of-order low-power Atom microarchitecture designed for the entry level desktop and notebook computers. Tremont is built on the 10 nm manufacturing process and supports up to 24 cores.[5] It includes the Intel Gen11 graphics architecture from Ice Lake.

Tremont microarchitecture provides the following enhancements over Goldmont Plus:

  • Enhanced branch prediction unit.
    • Increased capacity with improved path-based conditional and indirect prediction.
    • New committed Return Stack Buffer.
  • Novel clustered 6-wide out-of-order front-end fetch and decode pipeline.
    • Banked ICache with dual 16B reads.
    • Two 3-wide decode clusters enabling up to 6 instructions per cycle.
  • Deeper back-end out-of-order windows.
  • 32 KB[a] data cache.
  • Larger load and store buffers.
  • Dual generic load and store execution pipes capable of 2 loads, 2 stores, or 1 load and 1 store per cycle.
  • Dedicated integer and vector integer/floating point store data ports.
  • New and improved cryptography.
    • New Galois-field instructions (GFNI).
    • Dual AES units.
    • Enhanced SHA-NI implementation.
    • Faster PCLMULQDQ.
  • Support for user level low-power and low-latency spin-loop instructions UMWAIT/UMONITOR and TPAUSE.

TechnologyEdit

List of Tremont processorsEdit

Desktop processors (Jasper Lake)Edit

List of desktop processors as follows:[8]

Target
segment
Cores
(Threads)
Processor
Branding & Model
GPU Model TDP CPU Clock rate Graphics Clock rate L2
Cache

[MB]

L3
Cache

[MB]

Release
Date
Price
(USD)
Base Turbo Normal Turbo
Desktop 4 (4) Pentium Silver N6005 UHD Graphics 32 EU 10 W 2.0 GHz 3.3 GHz 450 MHz 900 MHz 1.5 MB[a] 4 MB Q1 2021
Celeron N5105 24 EU 2.9 GHz 800 MHz
2 (2) N4505 16 EU 750 MHz

Mobile processors (Jasper Lake)Edit

List of mobile processors as follows:[8]

Target
segment
Cores
(Threads)
Processor
Branding & Model
GPU Model TDP SDP CPU Clock rate Graphics Clock rate L2
Cache

[MB]

L3
Cache

[MB]

Release
Date
Price
(USD)
Base Turbo Normal Turbo
Mobile 4 (4) Pentium Silver N6000 UHD Graphics 32 EU 6 W 4.8 W 1.1 GHz 3.3 GHz 350 MHz 850 MHz 1.5 MB 4 MB Q1 2021
Celeron N5100 24 EU 2.8 GHz 800 MHz
2 (2) N4500 16 EU 750 MHz

Mobile processors (Lakefield)Edit

Pentacore Lakefield CPU consists of 1 "big" Sunny Cove core and 4 "little" Tremont cores.

Target
segment
Cores
(Threads)
Processor
Branding & Model
GPU Model TDP CPU Clock rate Graphics Clock rate L2
Cache

[MB]

Release
Date
Price
(USD)
Base Turbo Normal Turbo
  Mobile   1+4 (5) Core i5 L16G7 UHD Graphics 64 EU 7 W 1.4 GHz 3.0 GHz 200 MHz 500 MHz 1.5 + 4
  (L3)
Q2 2020 $281
Core i3 L13G4 UHD Graphics 48 EU 0.8 GHz 2.8 GHz

Processors for base transceiver stations (Snow Ridge)Edit

Target
segment
Cores
(Threads)
Processor
Branding & Model
TDP CPU Clock rate L2
Cache

[MB]

Release
Date
Price
(USD)
Base
  Server

    8 (8)

Atom P

P5921B

Not disclosed 2.2 GHz 9 Q1 2020 Not disclosed. These processors are exclusively produced for cell phone radio manufacturers.
  12 (12) P5931B 13.5
  16 (16) P5942B 18
  24 (24) P5962B 27

Source: Intel Atom® Processor P Series Product Specifications

Embedded processors (Elkhart Lake)Edit

List of embedded processors as follows:[9]

Target
segment
Cores (Threads) Processor
Branding & Model
GPU

model

TDP CPU Clock rate Graphics Clock rate L2cache

[MB]

Memory Release date Release

price (USD)

Base Turbo Base Turbo
Embedded 4 (4) Pentium J6425 UHD Graphics 32 EU 10 W 1.8 GHz 3.0 GHz 400 MHz 850 MHz 1.5 MB 4 × LPDDR4X-4267

2 × DDR4-3200

Q1 2021
N6415 16 EU 6.5 W 1.2 GHz 350 MHz 800 MHz
Celeron J6413 10 W 1.8 GHz 400 MHz
2 (2) N6211 6.5 W 1.2 GHz 250 MHz 750 MHz
4 (4) Atom x6425RE 32 EU 12 W 1.9 GHz N/A 400 MHz N/A
x6427FE
x6425E 1.8 GHz 3.0 GHz 500 MHz 750 MHz
x6413E 16 EU 9 W 1.5 GHz
x6414RE N/A 400 MHz N/A
2 (2) x6212RE 6 W 1.2 GHz 350 MHz
x6211E 3.0 GHz 750 MHz
x6200FE N/A 4.5 W 1.0 GHz N/A 1 MB

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Transistorized memory, such as RAM, ROM, flash and cache sizes as well as file sizes are specified using binary meanings for K (10241), M (10242), G (10243), etc.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Gracemont". Gracemont - Microarchitectures - Intel. WikiChip.org. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Intel Introduces Tremont Microarchitecture". Intel Newsroom.
  3. ^ https://newsroom.intel.com/news/iot-processors-industrial-edge/
  4. ^ https://newsroom.intel.com/news-releases/ces-2021-intel-announces-four-new-processor-families/
  5. ^ Cutress, Dr Ian. "Intel's new Atom Microarchitecture: The Tremont Core in Lakefield". AnandTech. Retrieved 2019-10-24.
  6. ^ https://software.intel.com/sites/default/files/managed/db/88/The-Architecture-of-Intel-Processor-Graphics-Gen11_R1new.pdf
  7. ^ "Developer and Optimization Guide for Intel® Processor Graphics Gen11 API". software.intel.com. November 25, 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Products formerly Jasper Lake". Intel. Retrieved 22 June 2021.
  9. ^ https://ark.intel.com/content/www/us/en/ark/products/codename/128825/elkhart-lake.html