Tootsie

Tootsie is a 1982 American romantic comedy film directed by Sydney Pollack and starring Dustin Hoffman. Its supporting cast includes Pollack, Jessica Lange, Teri Garr, Dabney Coleman, Bill Murray, Charles Durning, George Gaynes, Geena Davis, and Doris Belack. The film tells the story of a talented but volatile actor whose reputation for being difficult forces him to adopt a new identity as a woman to land a job. The film was adapted by Larry Gelbart, Barry Levinson, Elaine May and Murray Schisgal from a story by Gelbart and Don McGuire.

Tootsie
Tootsie imp.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed bySydney Pollack
Produced byCharles Evans
Sydney Pollack
Dick Richards
Ronald L. Schwary
Screenplay byLarry Gelbart
Murray Schisgal
Barry Levinson (uncredited)
Elaine May (uncredited)
Story byDon McGuire
Larry Gelbart
Starring
Music byDave Grusin
CinematographyOwen Roizman
Edited byFredric Steinkamp
William Steinkamp
Production
company
Distributed byColumbia Pictures
Release date
  • December 17, 1982 (1982-12-17)
Running time
116 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$21 million[1]
Box office$177.2 million[1]

Tootsie was a major critical and financial success, the second most profitable film of 1982, and was nominated for ten Academy Awards including Best Picture. Lange was the only winner, for Best Supporting Actress. In 1998, the Library of Congress deemed the film "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry.[2] Its theme song, "It Might Be You", performed by Stephen Bishop, was a Top 40 hit in the United States.

PlotEdit

Michael Dorsey is a respected actor, but nobody in New York City wants to hire him because he is a perfectionist and difficult to work with. He makes ends meet by working as a server in a restaurant and teaching acting classes. After many months without an acting job, Michael hears of an opening on the popular daytime soap opera Southwest General from his friend and acting student Sandy Lester, who tries out for the role of hospital administrator Emily Kimberly. In desperation, he impersonates a woman, auditioning as "Dorothy Michaels", and gets the part. Michael takes the job as a way to raise $8,000 to produce a play by his roommate Jeff Slater, which will star himself and Sandy. Michael plays Emily as a feisty feminist, which surprises the other actors and the crew, who expected her to be (as written) another swooning female. His character quickly becomes a national sensation.

When Sandy catches Michael in her bedroom half undressed because he wants to try on her clothes for ideas for Dorothy's wardrobe, he covers up by claiming he wants to have sex with her. Exacerbating matters further, he is attracted to one of his co-stars, Julie Nichols, a single mother in an unhealthy relationship with the show's amoral, sexist director, Ron Carlisle. At a party, when Michael (as himself) approaches Julie with a pick-up line to which she had previously told Dorothy she would be receptive, she throws a drink in his face. Later, as Dorothy, when he makes tentative advances, Julie—having just ended her relationship with Ron per Dorothy's advice—makes it known that she is not a lesbian.

Meanwhile, Dorothy has her own admirers to contend with: older cast member John Van Horn and Julie's widowed father, Les. Les proposes marriage, insisting that Dorothy think about it before answering. When Michael returns home, he finds John, who almost forces himself on Dorothy until Jeff walks in on them. A few minutes later, Sandy arrives, asking why he hasn't answered her calls. Michael admits he's in love with another woman, and Sandy screams and breaks up with him.

The tipping point comes when, due to Dorothy's popularity, the show's producers want to extend her contract for another year. Michael extricates himself when a technical problem forces the cast to perform live by improvising a revelation about Emily: that she is actually Edward, Emily's twin brother who took her place to avenge her. This allows everybody a way out, but Julie is so outraged at Michael's deception that she punches him in the groin once the cameras have stopped rolling and storms off.

Some weeks later, Michael is moving forward with producing Jeff's play. He returns Les's engagement ring, and Les says, "The only reason you're still living is because I never kissed you." Despite his anger, Les admits that Michael was good company as Dorothy, and Michael buys him a beer.

Michael later waits for Julie outside the studio. She is reluctant to talk to him, but he tells her that he and her father played pool and had a good time. She finally admits she misses Dorothy. Michael tells her, "I was a better man with you as a woman than I ever was with a woman as a man." Julie forgives him and they walk down the street together, engaged in conversation.

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

In the 1970s, fashion company executive Charles Evans decided to get into filmmaking. It was an industry his brother, Robert Evans, was successful in as an actor, producer, and studio executive. Evans told the Los Angeles Times in 1995 that he got into producing "because I enjoy movies very much. I have the time to do it. And I believe if done wisely, it can be a profitable business."[3] His first foray into film production was a massive success. In the early 1970s Don McGuire had written a play, Would I Lie to You?, about an unemployed male actor who cross-dresses to get jobs. It was shopped around Hollywood for several years until it came to the attention of comedian and actor Buddy Hackett in 1978. Interested in playing the talent agent, Hackett showed Evans the script. Evans purchased an option on the play. Delays in the film's production forced Evans to renew the option once or twice,[4] but in 1979, he co-wrote a screenplay based on the play with director Dick Richards and screenwriter Bob Kaufman.[5] A few months into the process, Richards showed it to Dustin Hoffman, his partner in a company that bought and developed properties for development into films. Hoffman wanted complete creative control, and Evans agreed to remove himself from screenwriting tasks, instead becoming a producer of the film, which was renamed Tootsie.[4] Before Hoffman officially got involved, his role was offered to Peter Sellers and Michael Caine.[6]

The film remained in development for another year as producers waited for a revised script.[7] As pre-production began, the film ran into additional delays when Richards quit as director due to "creative differences".[8] He became a producer instead, and Hal Ashby took over as director. Columbia Pictures then forced Ashby to quit because of the threat of legal action if his post-production commitments on Lookin' to Get Out were not fulfilled.[9] In November 1981, Sydney Pollack signed on to the film as director and producer at Columbia's suggestion.[10]

It was Hoffman's idea that Pollack play Michael's agent, George Fields, a role written for Dabney Coleman. Pollack resisted the idea, but Hoffman eventually convinced him; it was Pollack's first acting work in years.[11] Pollack still wanted to keep Coleman on board and cast him as the sexist, arrogant soap opera director Ron Carlisle.[12]

To prepare for his role, Hoffman watched the film La Cage aux Folles several times.[13] He also visited the set of General Hospital for research, and conducted extensive makeup tests. In an interview for the American Film Institute, Hoffman said he was shocked that although he could be made up to appear as a credible woman, he would never be a beautiful one, and that he had an epiphany when he realized that although he found this woman interesting, he would not have spoken to her at a party because she was not beautiful and that as a result he had missed out on many conversations with interesting women. He concluded that he had never regarded Tootsie as a comedy.[14]

Scenes set in the New York City Russian Tea Room were filmed in the actual restaurant, with additional scenes shot in Central Park and in front of Bloomingdale's. Scenes were also filmed in Hurley, New York, and at the National Video Studios in New York City.[15] Additional filming took place in Fort Lee, New Jersey.[16]

ReceptionEdit

Box officeEdit

Tootsie opened in 943 theatres in the United States and Canada and grossed $5,540,470 in its opening weekend.[1] After 115 days, it surpassed Close Encounters of the Third Kind as Columbia's biggest domestic hit of all time.[17] Its final gross in the United States and Canada was $177,200,000,[1] making it the second-highest-grossing movie of 1982 after E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial. Box Office Mojo estimates that the film sold over 56.9 million tickets in the US.[18]

The film was the highest-grossing film in Germany with a gross of $19 million.[19]

Critical responseEdit

Roger Ebert praised the film, giving it 4 out of 4 stars and observing:

Tootsie is the kind of Movie with a capital M that they used to make in the 1940s, when they weren't afraid to mix up absurdity with seriousness, social comment with farce, and a little heartfelt tenderness right in there with the laughs. This movie gets you coming and going...The movie also manages to make some lighthearted but well-aimed observations about sexism. It also pokes satirical fun at soap operas, New York show business agents and the Manhattan social pecking order.[20]

On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a 90% approval rating, based on 49 reviews, with an average rating of 7.69/10. The critical consensus reads, "Tootsie doesn't squander its high-concept comedy premise with fine dialogue and sympathetic treatment of the characters".[21]

AccoladesEdit

Award Category Nominee(s) Result
Academy Awards[22] Best Picture Sydney Pollack and Dick Richards Nominated
Best Director Sydney Pollack Nominated
Best Actor Dustin Hoffman Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Teri Garr Nominated
Jessica Lange Won
Best Screenplay – Written Directly for the Screen Larry Gelbart, Murray Schisgal and Don McGuire Nominated
Best Cinematography Owen Roizman Nominated
Best Film Editing Fredric Steinkamp and William Steinkamp Nominated
Best Original Song "It Might Be You" – Dave Grusin, Alan Bergman and Marilyn Bergman Nominated
Best Sound Arthur Piantadosi, Les Fresholtz, Dick Alexander and Les Lazarowitz Nominated
American Cinema Editors Awards Best Edited Feature Film Fredric Steinkamp and William Steinkamp Nominated
Bambi Awards Best Film – International Jessica Lange (also for The Postman Always Rings Twice) Won
Bodil Awards Best Non-European Film Sydney Pollack Won
Boston Society of Film Critics Awards Best Actor Dustin Hoffman Won
Best Supporting Actress Jessica Lange Won
British Academy Film Awards Best Film Sydney Pollack and Dick Richards Nominated
Best Direction Sydney Pollack Nominated
Best Actor in a Leading Role Dustin Hoffman Won[a]
Best Actress in a Leading Role Jessica Lange Nominated
Best Actress in a Supporting Role Teri Garr Nominated
Best Screenplay – Adapted Larry Gelbart and Murray Schisgal Nominated
Best Costume Design Ruth Morley Nominated
Best Make Up Artist Dorothy Pearl, George Masters, C. Romaina Ford and Allen Weisinger Won
Best Original Song "It Might Be You" – Dave Grusin, Alan Bergman and Marilyn Bergman Nominated
César Awards Best Foreign Film Sydney Pollack Nominated
David di Donatello Awards Best Foreign Actor Dustin Hoffman Nominated
Best Foreign Actress Jessica Lange Nominated
Directors Guild of America Awards Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures Sydney Pollack Nominated
Golden Globe Awards Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Tootsie Won
Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Dustin Hoffman Won
Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Jessica Lange Won
Best Director – Motion Picture Sydney Pollack Nominated
Best Screenplay – Motion Picture Larry Gelbart and Murray Schisgal Nominated
Golden Screen Awards Golden Screen Tootsie Won
Grammy Awards Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or Television Special Dave Grusin Nominated
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards Best Supporting Actress Jessica Lange Won
Kinema Junpo Awards Best Foreign Language Film Sydney Pollack Won
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards Best Screenplay Larry Gelbart and Murray Schisgal Won
National Board of Review Awards Top Ten Films Tootsie Won
National Film Preservation Board National Film Registry Inducted
National Society of Film Critics Awards Best Film Won
Best Director Sydney Pollack Nominated
Best Actor Dustin Hoffman Won
Best Actress Jessica Lange (also for Frances) Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Teri Garr Nominated
Jessica Lange Won
Best Screenplay Murray Schisgal and Larry Gelbart Nominated
New York Film Critics Circle Awards Best Film Tootsie Nominated
Best Director Sydney Pollack Won
Best Actor Dustin Hoffman Nominated
Best Supporting Actor George Gaynes Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Jessica Lange Won
Best Screenplay Murray Schisgal and Larry Gelbart Won
Online Film & Television Association Hall of Fame – Motion Picture Tootsie Won
Writers Guild of America Awards Best Comedy Written Directly for the Screenplay Larry Gelbart and Murray Schisgal Won

In 2011, ABC aired a primetime special, Best in Film: The Greatest Movies of Our Time, that counted down the best movies chosen by fans based on results of a poll conducted by both ABC and People Weekly Magazine. Tootsie was selected as the No. 5 Best Comedy.[23]

The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:

National Film Registry — Inducted in 1998.[2]

Musical adaptationEdit

A stage musical of the movie premiered at the Cadillac Palace Theatre in Chicago from September 11 to October 14, 2018 before opening on Broadway in the spring of 2019. The musical has music and lyrics by David Yazbek; Robert Horn wrote the book; Denis Jones choreographed and Scott Ellis directed. Santino Fontana starred as Michael Dorsey.[27] He was joined by Lilli Cooper as Julie Nichols, Sarah Stiles as Sandy Lester, John Behlmann as Max Van Horn, Andy Grotelueschen as Jeff Slater, Julie Halston as Rita Mallory, Tony winner Michael McGrath as Stan Fields and Tony nominee Reg Rogers as Ron Carlisle.

Home mediaEdit

The film was first released on CED Videodisc in 1983, on VHS and Betamax videocassettes by RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video in 1985, and on DVD in 2001. These releases were distributed by Columbia Tristar Home Video. The film was also released by The Criterion Collection in a LaserDisc edition in 1992. A special 25th Anniversary edition DVD, released by Sony Pictures, arrived in 2008.[28] In the high-definition era, the film was released on the visually superior Blu-ray Disc format in 2013, albeit at this point in time it was only distributed in selected international territories such as Germany and Japan. The film was released on Blu-ray and DVD as part of The Criterion Collection on December 16, 2014.[29]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Tootsie (1982) > Summary > Production Budget > Domestic Total Gross". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved 2012-08-31.
  2. ^ a b "Complete National Film Registry Listing | Film Registry | National Film Preservation Board | Programs at the Library of Congress | Library of Congress". Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. Retrieved 2020-02-27.
  3. ^ Eller, Claudia. "Real Key Is How Goldwyn Is Treated." Los Angeles Times. July 28, 1995.
  4. ^ a b Cook, Philip S.; Gomery, Douglas; and Lichty, Lawrence Wilson (1989) American Media: The Wilson Quarterly Reader. Washington, D.C.: Wilson Center Press, p. 95, ISBN 0943875102.
  5. ^ Thompson, Kristin (2001) Storytelling in the New Hollywood: Understanding Classical Narrative Technique. 2nd ed. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, p. 75, ISBN 0674010639.
  6. ^ Evans, Bradford (31 January 2013). "The Lost Roles of Peter Sellers". Splitsider. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  7. ^ "Marilyn Beck's Hollywood: Angie Dickinson bares all for 'Dressed to Kill role". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. July 25, 1980. p. 3. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
  8. ^ Blowen, Michael (December 12, 1982). "Dustin Hoffman tells why he was tough about 'Tootsie'". The Boston Globe. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
  9. ^ Dawson, Nick (2011). Being Hal Ashby: Life of a Hollywood Rebel. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0813134635.
  10. ^ Dworkin, Susan (2012). Making Tootsie: A Film Study with Dustin Hoffman and Sydney Pollack. Newmarket Press. ISBN 978-1557049667.
  11. ^ "How Conflict Gave Shape to 'Tootsie'." New York Times. December 19, 1982. p. 1, 16.
  12. ^ Joe Morgenstern (February 8, 2008). "Sketches of Sydney Pollack". wsj.net. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
  13. ^ Beck, Marilyn (1980-04-03). "Marilyn Beck's Hollywood: Producers Finding Financing Rough". The Victoria Advocate. Victoria, Texas. p. 11D. Retrieved 2010-09-02.
  14. ^ "Dustin Hoffman on TOOTSIE and his character Dorothy Michaels". American Film Institute on YouTube. 2012-12-17. Retrieved 2013-07-10.
  15. ^ Maslin, Janet. "'Tootsie': A Woman Who Is Dustin Hoffman." New York Times. July 13, 1982.
  16. ^ Anderson, Betsy (24 March 1991). "And the Winner Is . . . New Jersey, as a Location for Top Films" – via NYTimes.com.
  17. ^ "'Tootsie' Windfall". Variety. April 13, 1983. p. 3.
  18. ^ "Tootsie (1982)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2016.
  19. ^ "Pollack: From 'Eyes' To 'Hearts'". Variety. October 11, 1999. p. 28.
  20. ^ Roger Ebert (December 17, 1982). "Tootsie". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2007-12-22.
  21. ^ "Tootsie (1982)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  22. ^ "The 55th Academy Awards (1983) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
  23. ^ "Best in Film: The Greatest Movies of Our Time". March 22, 2011. ABC News. Missing or empty |series= (help)
  24. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-07-16.
  25. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-07-16.
  26. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition)" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-07-16.
  27. ^ McPhee, Ryan. " 'Tootsie' Musical, Starring Santino Fontana, Will Play Chicago Before 2019 Broadway Premiere" Playbill, January 24, 2018
  28. ^ "Tootsie - 25th Anniversary Edition". dvdtalk.com. 5 February 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  29. ^ "Tootsie (The Criterion Collection) [Blu-ray] [2016]". Retrieved 19 July 2018.

External linksEdit