Thrippunithura (Malayalam pronunciation: [t̪r̥ipːuːɳit̪ːurɐ]) is a municipality[3] in the Ernakulam district of Kerala, India. Thrippunithura is located about 7.1 km (4.4 mi) east of the Kochi city centre, and is a major satellite town of the city. Tripunithura being a prominent historical residential region in Kochi, was the capital of the erstwhile Kingdom of Cochin. The Hill Palace situated in Tripunithura was the palace of Maharaja of Cochin, the ruler of Kingdom of Cochin. Thrippunithura is known for its rich culture which includes the annual Vrishchikotsavam festival that takes place at the Sree Poornathrayeesa Temple.

Trippunithura
Clockwise from top: South block of Hill Palace Museum; Palace Oval Ground; Sree Poornathrayeesa Temple; Kalikkotta Palace; Pond in Hill Palace; Kotta Vathil
Trippunithura is located in Kerala
Trippunithura
Trippunithura
Locality in Kerala, India
Trippunithura is located in India
Trippunithura
Trippunithura
Trippunithura (India)
Coordinates: 9°56′38″N 76°20′58″E / 9.94389°N 76.34944°E / 9.94389; 76.34944
Country India
StateKerala
CityKochi
Government
 • BodyTrippunithura Municipality
Area
 • Total29.17 km2 (11.26 sq mi)
Population
 • Total69,390
 • Density2,400/km2 (6,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code0484
Vehicle registrationKL 39
Lok Sabha ConstituencyErnakulam
Websitewww.thrippunithuramunicipality.in

In recent years, due to the development and urban expansion of Kochi, Thrippunithura has merged with Kochi to form a contiguous urban area. Thus, although a municipality on its own, the area now functions as an important region of Kochi city. Many major projects, such as the Thrippunithura transit hub, have been under development for further integration of the town with the Kochi metropolitan area.[4]

Etymology edit

Some latter day Sanskrit enthusiasts describe the origin of the name to "pūrṇa vēda puri" — the town of Vedas in its entirety. Another possible origin to name comes from the meaning "the land on the shores of Poorna river" above doesn't give sense. Thirupunithra = Thiru punitha thara (or Thiru Punitha Thura) means the land that which is holy(thara literally means a platform or an elevated stage). The word Pooni has multiple means, two of which are 'bullocks', 'a type of water bird'. Pooni might also refer to the bag used to carry arrows.[citation needed]

History edit

Thrippunithura is known as the Raja Nagari (royal city) and is one of the most prominent centers of traditional Kerala cultural heritage. The palaces of the Cochin Royal House are renowned for being patrons of traditional arts, architecture, literature and music. The erstwhile rulers of Kingdom of Cochin were great patrons of art. This made fine arts and architecture flourish under them in many ways. The town is also a prominent centre of learning for classical arts like Carnatic music, Kathakali and Mohiniyattam besides percussion instruments like mridangam, chenda and maddalam. Much of this is facilitated by the RLV College of Music and Institute of Fine Arts was established here in 1956.[5] Another center of learning is Kerala Kalalayam which was established by Kathakali artist Padmashree Kalamandalam Krishnan Nair and Mohiniyattam artist Kalamandalam Kalyanikutty Amma in 1952. Tripunithura has many dedicated centers for stage performances and promotion of art established by the royal family[citation needed]

Politics edit

Thrippunithura is part of the Ernakulam Lok Sabha constituency in Indian Parliament.[6] The current elected Member of Parliament representing the constituency is Hibi Eden of the Indian National Congress.[7] The Ernakulam Lok Sabha constituency elects seven members to the state Legislative Assembly, one each from Ernakulam, Kalamassery, Kochi, Paravur, Thrikkakara, Thrippunithura and Vypin.

In the state legislative assembly, Thrippunithura comes under the Thrippunithura Assembly constituency. As of the 2021 assembly elections, the current MLA is K. Babu, elected from the Indian National Congress.

Local Government edit

Thrippunithura falls under the jurisdiction of Thrippunithura municipality. It is registered as Ward number 2, with a female reservation. The municipal chairperson is Rema Santosh, [8] elected from the CPI(M) party. [9]

Demographics edit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
199151,078—    
200159,884+17.2%
201169,390+15.9%
Source: [10]

As per the 2011 Indian census, Thrippunithura has a population of 69,390 and a population density of 3,713 inhabitants per square kilometre (9,620/sq mi). Of this, 48.9% are males and 51.1% are female. 8.18% of the population is under 6 years of age. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes constitute 9.44% and 0.24% of the population respectively. The total literacy rate was 97.71% (98.61% for males and 96.85% for females), which is higher than the state average of 94% and the national average of 74.04%.

Religion edit

Religion in Thrippunithura (2011)[11]

  Hinduism (82.78%)
  Christianity (15.28%)
  Islam (1.35%)
  None (0.54%)
  Other (0.05%)

Thrippunithura is one of the most homogenous areas in Kerala in terms of religion. According to the 2011 census, Hindus are the majority with 82% of the population adhering to the religion. Christians form a small minority, constituting 15% of the population. Muslims constitute 1% of the population.[12]

Thrippunithura is home to the Sree Poornathrayeesa Temple, widely known throughout Kerala for its yearly Vrishcikotsavam. It is the first of the eight royal temples of the erstwhile Kingdom of Cochin. Thrippunithura also has had a long presence of St. Thomas Christians from antiquity. The Nadamel Marth Mariam Church (Nadamel Pally), established in A.D. 1175, is the oldest church in Thrippunithura.

Education edit

Tripunithura has many educational institutions which makes the place a good haven for education. Primary, High and Higher Secondary School education is available in many schools. The Government schools functioning in Tripunithura include the Government Sanskrit High School, Government Girls High School, Government Palace High School and Government Boys High School as well as private management schools like The Convent School and The Shree Venkiteshwara School.

There are also a few privately managed CBSE schools, namely, Bhavans Vidya Mandir, Chinmaya Vidyalaya, Sree Narayana Vidya Peetam Public School, the Nair Service Society (NSS) Higher Secondary School, The Choice School which function in various parts of the town to provide the necessary basics and also higher education for children. The landmark of the town is the RLV Music College which provides proteges with training in Classical music and has also produced many great singers most notably K. J. Yesudas.

Tripunithura also has 4 government colleges such as Government College Tripunithura (Arts College), Sanskrit College Tripunithura, RLV College of Fine Arts, and Government Ayurveda College.

Geography edit

In the south, Thrippunithura borders the Vembanad, the longest lake in India. The lake provides facilities for inland water navigation, with the Champakkara canal stretch of the National Waterway 3 forming its western boundary with Kochi and Maradu. The canal then merges with the Chithrapuzha river in the north, near Irumpanam. Thrippunithura has an average elevation of 8 m (26 ft) above sea level, with the areas near Thiruvankulam in the easternmost boundaries rising to 30m.

Transport edit

Tripunithura has a main bus-stand in its main centre with buses going from and coming into from different locations. Furthermore, it has bus-stops in almost every part of the town which makes travel by bus easier. Railway transport is also available. NH 85 (Kochi Madurai highway) or Old NH 49 passes through Karingachira. Ernakulam-Ettumanoor State Highway(SH 15) also passes through Thrippunithura.

Tripunithura railway station is a major railway station in Ernakulam to Kottayam route with many passenger trains and express trains having a stop here.

A new metro station is coming up at thripunithura, to be operational by June 2023[13] The iron bridge at Thrippunithura is one of the oldest iron bridges in India.[14]

Royal Heritage edit

Location edit

References edit

  1. ^ https://lsgkerala.gov.in/system/files/2017-10/localbodies.pdf
  2. ^ "PMAY profile - Thripunithura Municipality".
  3. ^ https://lsgkerala.gov.in/system/files/2017-10/localbodies.pdf
  4. ^ "Transit hub project hits slow lane". The Times of India. 25 June 2023.
  5. ^ officialwebsite of kerala.gov.in Archived 10 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 October 2008. Retrieved 19 October 2008.
  7. ^ "PRS Legislative Research - Find Your MP". Retrieved 24 August 2022.
  8. ^ "Rema Santhosh". www.lsgkerala.gov.in. Retrieved 31 July 2023.
  9. ^ "Thrippunithura Municipality". Retrieved 31 July 2023.
  10. ^ Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner (web), Delimitation Commission of India (web), Rand McNally International Atlas 1994, School of Planning & Architecture (web)
  11. ^ "Population by religion community – 2011".
  12. ^ "Thiruvalla Municipality City Population Census 2011-2023 | Kerala". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 15 August 2023.
  13. ^ "Kochi Metro: Final trial run along Tripunithura stretch commences".
  14. ^ "The bridge over the Padinjare Puzha". The Hindu. 18 September 2015. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 22 July 2023.

External links edit