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Multi-way bridge

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A multi-way bridge is a bridge with three or more distinct and separate spans, where one end of each span meets at a common point near the centre of the bridge. Unlike other bridges which have two entry-exit points, multi-way bridges have three or more entry-exit points. For this reason, multi-way bridges are not to be confused with commonly found road bridges which carry vehicles in one direction from one entry point, and then bifurcate into two other one-way bridges.[1]

Multi-way bridges are located throughout the world, though they are rare. Some are as small as a footbridge, while others are multi-lane roadways.

Three-way bridges are often referred to as "T-bridges" or "Y-bridges", due to their shape when viewed from above. Three cities in Michigan each have a three-way bridge named "The Tridge", combining "tri" and "bridge".[1]

The unique shape of a multi-way bridge makes it easy to identify from an airplane. Pilot Amelia Earhart described Zanesville, Ohio as "the most recognizable city in the country" because of its Y-shaped bridge,[2] and the pilots of Enola Gay aimed for Hiroshima's T-shaped Aioi Bridge when they dropped the atom bomb.[3]

Three-way bridgesEdit

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Bridge name Location Coordinates Description Image
Aioi Bridge Hiroshima, Japan 34°23′47″N 132°27′09″E / 34.3964°N 132.4526°E / 34.3964; 132.4526 (Aioi Bridge) Vehicle and pedestrian T-bridge.  
Bergues Bridge (fr:Pont des Bergues) Geneva, Switzerland 46°12′21″N 6°08′49″E / 46.20593°N 6.147054°E / 46.20593; 6.147054 (Bergues Bridge (Pont des Bergues)) Pedestrian Y-bridge over the Rhône.  
BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee building footbridge Chattanooga, Tennessee, United States 35°03′08″N 85°19′05″W / 35.05223°N 85.31798°W / 35.05223; -85.31798 (BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee building footbridge) T-shaped footbridge.
Bridge With 3 Branches (Le pont à 3 branches) Pont-de-Veyle, France 46°15′59″N 4°52′45″E / 46.266467°N 4.879134°E / 46.266467; 4.879134 (Bridge With 3 Branches (Le pont à 3 branches)) Pedestrian Y-bridge over the Veyle.  
Bridge With Three Entrances (Ponte das Três Entradas) Oliveira do Hospital Municipality, Portugal 40°18′24″N 7°52′16″W / 40.306739°N 7.871198°W / 40.306739; -7.871198 (Bridge with Three Entrances) Vehicle and pedestrian Y-bridge.
Butterfly Bridge Copenhagen, Denmark 55°40′40″N 12°35′56″E / 55.677694°N 12.598943°E / 55.677694; 12.598943 (Copenhagen) Pedestrian Y-bridge. Two of the bridge spans may open for passing sailboats. When both spans open at the same time the bridge resembles a butterfly.[4]
Calatrava Bridge Petah Tikva, Israel 32°05′30″N 34°51′59″E / 32.091803°N 34.86641°E / 32.091803; 34.86641 (Caltrava Bridge) Y-shaped footbridge designed by Santiago Calatrava.  
Camp Evergreen Girl Scouts Camp bridge Cowlitz County, Washington, United States 46°12′40″N 123°12′24″W / 46.211098°N 123.206755°W / 46.211098; -123.206755 (Bridge at Camp Evergreen Girl Scouts Camp) Pedestrian Y-bridge over Mill Creek.
Chu Y Bridge Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 10°45′03″N 106°41′01″E / 10.750946°N 106.683653°E / 10.750946; 106.683653 (Chu Y Bridge) Vehicle and pedestrian Y-bridge built in 1937.[5]  
Colin Glen Forest Park Tri-Bridge Dunmurry, Northern Ireland 54°34′38″N 6°02′04″W / 54.577218°N 6.034307°W / 54.577218; -6.034307 (Raehills Three-Way Footbridge) Y-shaped footbridge.
Eco-Viikki Three Way Bridge Helsinki, Finland 60°13′34″N 25°02′03″E / 60.226107°N 25.034079°E / 60.226107; 25.034079 (Eco-Viikki 3-way Bridge) Pedestrian Y-bridge.
Fogelsangh State Three Way Bridge Veenklooster, Netherlands 53°15′48″N 6°06′35″E / 53.263396°N 6.109713°E / 53.263396; 6.109713 (Fogelsangh State) Pedestrian Y-bridge.
Jasenovac Tri-Bridge Between Jasenovac, Sisak-Moslavina County, Slavonia and Uštica, Bosnia and Herzegovina 45°16′05″N 16°55′01″E / 45.267997°N 16.916949°E / 45.267997; 16.916949 (Jasenovac Tri-Bridge) Vehicle and pedestrian Y-bridge originally built in 1973, destroyed in 1991, then re-built in 2005.[6]
Kang Ding Tri-Bridge Kang Ding Xian, Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, China 30°03′21″N 101°57′55″E / 30.05592°N 101.965254°E / 30.05592; 101.965254 (Kang Ding Tri-Bridge) Pedestrian Y-bridge.
Kikko Bridge Aoyamakogen Country Club, Mie Prefecture, Japan 34°42′01″N 136°24′04″E / 34.700234°N 136.401003°E / 34.700234; 136.401003 (Kikko Bridge) Y-shaped footbridge built in 1991.[5]
Krestovy Bridge Saint Petersburg, Russia 59°42′55.61″N 30°23′24.93″E / 59.7154472°N 30.3902583°E / 59.7154472; 30.3902583 Built in 1779, the Krestovy Bridge is a pedestrian Y-bridge over Krestovy Canal in Alexander Park.[7]  
Lune Millennium Bridge Lancaster, Lancashire, England 54°03′08″N 2°48′09″W / 54.052191°N 2.802525°W / 54.052191; -2.802525 (Lune Millennium Bridge) Y-shaped footbridge.  
Louisa/Fort Gay Tri-Bridge Between Fort Gay, West Virginia and Louisa, Kentucky, United States 38°06′59″N 82°35′59″W / 38.11632°N 82.599821°W / 38.11632; -82.599821 (Louisa/Fort Gay Tri-Bridge) Vehicle and pedestrian T-bridge opened in 1906.[6]
Andorra Bridge Madrid, Spain 40°24′18″N 3°43′22″W / 40.405114°N 3.722811°W / 40.405114; -3.722811 (Andorra Bridge) Y-shaped footbridge over Manzanares River.  
Malvina Footbridge Malvina, Mississippi, United States 33°51′08″N 90°55′09″W / 33.852288°N 90.919145°W / 33.852288; -90.919145 (Malvina Footbridge) Wooden vehicle and pedestrian T-bridge built in the late 1920s, and demolished in 1972.[8]
Mangakahia Twin Bridges Nukutawhiti, New Zealand 35°37′26″S 173°50′48″E / 35.623797°S 173.846626°E / -35.623797; 173.846626 (Mangakahia Twin Bridges) Vehicle and pedestrian T-bridge over Mangakahia River.  
Margaret Bridge Budapest, Hungary 47°30′53″N 19°02′37″E / 47.514722°N 19.043611°E / 47.514722; 19.043611 (Margaret Bridge) Vehicle and pedestrian Y-bridge.  
nl:Noabers Badde, also called Mercedesbrug Veelerveen, Netherlands 53°03′12″N 7°07′39″E / 53.053361°N 7.127363°E / 53.053361; 7.127363 (Noabers Badde of Mercedesbrug) Pedestrian Y-bridge built in 1989 at the convergence of the Mussel, Diamonds, and During canals.[9]  
Overseas Highway Pigeon Key, Florida,United States 24°42′15″N 81°09′22″W / 24.704289°N 81.155974°W / 24.704289; -81.155974 (Overseas Highway) Partially abandoned vehicle and pedestrian T-bridge.  
Pierre Corneille Bridge Rouen, France 49°26′09″N 1°05′44″E / 49.435948°N 1.095497°E / 49.435948; 1.095497 (Pierre Corneille Bridge) Vehicle and pedestrian T-bridge over the Seine.  
Raehills Three-Way Footbridge Lockerbie, Scotland 55°13′38″N 3°27′55″W / 55.227105°N 3.465388°W / 55.227105; -3.465388 (Raehills Three-Way Footbridge) Y-shaped footbridge built in the late 1800s.[10]
Sancha Zijin Bridge/Hama Bridge Xingtai, Hebei, China 37°31′19″N 114°29′08″E / 37.522016°N 114.485609°E / 37.522016; 114.485609 (Sancha Zijin Bridge/Hama Bridge) Vehicle and pedestrian stone Y-bridge built in 1691.[11]
Staniastate footbridge Staniastate, Oentsjerk, Netherlands 53°15′25″N 5°53′50″E / 53.257006°N 5.897111°E / 53.257006; 5.897111 (Staniastate footbridge) Y-shaped footbridge.
Strömsborgsbron Gamla stan, Sweden 59°19′38″N 18°03′51″E / 59.327304°N 18.064282°E / 59.327304; 18.064282 (Strömsborgsbron) Vehicle and pedestrian T-bridge.  
Thetford Footbridge Thetford, England 52°24′48″N 0°44′49″E / 52.413277°N 0.746904°E / 52.413277; 0.746904 (Thetford Footbridge) Y-shaped footbridge.  
Three-Way Bridge Lyons Falls, New York, United States 43°37′01″N 75°21′26″W / 43.616879°N 75.357202°W / 43.616879; -75.357202 (Three-Way Bridge) Vehicle and pedestrian wooden T-bridge opened in 1849, replaced with steel in 1916, and demolished in 1965.[12]
The Tridge (Brighton) Brighton, Michigan, United States 42°31′50″N 83°46′59″W / 42.530473°N 83.783022°W / 42.530473; -83.783022 (The Tridge (Brighton)) Y-shaped footbridge.[13]  
The Tridge (Midland) Midland, Michigan, United States 43°36′40″N 84°14′55″W / 43.611052°N 84.248689°W / 43.611052; -84.248689 (The Tridge (Midland)) Y-shaped footbridge.  
The Tridge (Ypsilanti) Ypsilanti, Michigan, United States 42°14′44″N 83°36′42″W / 42.24561°N 83.6116°W / 42.24561; -83.6116 (The Tridge (Ypsilanti)) Y-shaped footbridge.
Trinity Bridge (Crowland) Crowland, Lincolnshire, England 52°40′33″N 0°10′06″W / 52.6757°N 0.168281°W / 52.6757; -0.168281 (Trinity Bridge) Y-shaped stone footbridge.  
Trinity Bridge (Greater Manchester) Greater Manchester, England 53°28′58″N 2°15′04″W / 53.482717°N 2.251098°W / 53.482717; -2.251098 (Caltrava Bridge) Y-shaped footbridge over River Irwell, designed by Santiago Calatrava.  
Vijversburg Estate Tri-Bridge Tytsjerk, Netherlands 53°13′01″N 5°54′28″E / 53.217052°N 5.907743°E / 53.217052; 5.907743 (Vijversburg Estate Tri-Bridge) Y-shaped footbridge.
Vines Mansion Bridge Loganville, Georgia, United States 33°51′43″N 83°55′25″W / 33.862035°N 83.923614°W / 33.862035; -83.923614 (Vines Mansion Bridge) Y-shaped footbridge.
Galena Y-Bridge Galena, Missouri, United States 36°48′19″N 93°27′40″W / 36.805393°N 93.460998°W / 36.805393; -93.460998 (Galena Y-Bridge) Y-shaped bridge historically used for vehicle traffic, now a footbridge.  
Ypsilon Bridge Drammen, Norway 59°44′40″N 10°11′43″E / 59.744396°N 10.195313°E / 59.744396; 10.195313 (Ypsilon Bridge) Y-shaped footbridge.  
Zanesville Y-Bridge Zanesville, Ohio, United States 39°56′26″N 82°00′52″W / 39.940417°N 82.014306°W / 39.940417; -82.014306 (Zanesville Y-Bridge) Vehicle and pedestrian Y-bridge.  

Four-way bridgesEdit

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Bridge name Location Coordinates Description Image
Bridge over Fondamenta Tre Ponti Venice, Italy 45°26′13.49″N 12°19′11.74″E / 45.4370806°N 12.3199278°E / 45.4370806; 12.3199278 Four-way footbridge over the intersection of three canals.  
Bridge over two canals at Les Attaques, France Les Attaques, France 50°53′35.63″N 1°58′11.89″E / 50.8932306°N 1.9699694°E / 50.8932306; 1.9699694 Four-way vehicle and pedestrian T-bridge over two canals.  

Five-way bridgeEdit

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Bridge name Location Coordinates Description Image
Treponti Comacchio, Italy 44°41′35″N 12°11′00″E / 44.692984°N 12.18329°E / 44.692984; 12.18329 (Treponti) Five-way stone footbridge at the intersection of five canals, built in 1634.[6]  

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "The Tridge – Michigan's Three Way Bridge". Kuriositas. January 2, 2012.
  2. ^ "Y Bridge". Zanesville-Muskingum County Visitors Bureau. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
  3. ^ "Aioi Bridge". Hiroshima & Nagasaki Remembered. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
  4. ^ "Butterfly Bridge / Dietmar Feichtinger Architectes". ArchDaily. April 19, 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Beautiful Tri-Bridges Around the World". Emorfes. October 21, 2010.
  6. ^ a b c "Tri-Bridges Around the World". November 3, 2012.
  7. ^ "The Krestovy Bridge". The Tsarskoye Selo State Museum-Preserve. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  8. ^ "Phalia / Malvina" (PDF). Msgw.org. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
  9. ^ "Noabers Badde". Structure. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
  10. ^ "Raehills, Wallace's Loup, Footbridge". Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
  11. ^ "Sancha Zijin Bridge aka Hama Bridge". Robert Cortright. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
  12. ^ "Three-Way Bridge". Village of Lyons Falls. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
  13. ^ "Brighton Downtown Development Authority - Standard Streetscape Details" (PDF). City of Brighton. July 2006.