Thomas King (novelist)
King in 2008
April 24, 1943 |
Sacramento, California, U.S.
|Pen name||Hartley GoodWeather|
|Occupation||Writer, presenter, activist, academic|
|Citizenship||United States, Canada (dual)|
|Period||1980s–present (as writer)|
|Genre||Postmodern, trickster novel; comedy and drama script|
|Notable works||Medicine River; Green Grass, Running Water; The Truth about Stories|
|Notable awards||Order of Canada, 2004|
Early life and educationEdit
Thomas King was born in Sacramento, California in 1943, who self-identifies as Cherokee, and German, and Greek descent. King says his father left the family when the boys were very young and that they were raised almost entirely by their mother. In his series of Massey Lectures, eventually published as a book The Truth About Stories (2003), King tells that after their father's death, he and his brother learned that their father had two other families, neither of whom knew about the third.
As a child, King attended grammar school in Roseville, California, and both private Catholic and public high schools. After flunking out of Sacramento State University, he joined the U.S. Navy for a brief period of time before receiving a medical discharge for a knee injury. Following this King worked several jobs, including as an ambulance driver, bank teller, and photojournalist in New Zealand for three years.
King eventually completed bachelor's and master's degrees from Chico State University in California. He moved to Utah, where he worked as a counselor for aboriginal students before completing a Ph.D. program in English at the University of Utah. His 1971 PhD dissertation was on Native Studies, one of the earliest of works to explore the oral storytelling tradition as literature. Around this time, King became interested in aboriginal oral traditions and storytelling.
After moving to Canada in 1980, King taught Native Studies at the University of Lethbridge (Alberta) in the early 1980s. He also served as a faculty member of the University of Minnesota's American Indian Studies Department. He is currently an English professor at the University of Guelph (Ontario) and lives in Guelph.
King was chosen to deliver the 2003 Massey Lectures, entitled The Truth About Stories: A Native Narrative. King was the first Massey lecturer of self-identifying aboriginal descent. King explored the Native experience in oral stories, literature, history, religion and politics, popular culture and social protest in order to make sense of North America's relationship with its aboriginal peoples.
King has criticized policies and programs of both the United States and Canadian governments in many interviews and books. He is worried about aboriginal prospects and rights in North America. He says that he fears that aboriginal culture, and specifically aboriginal land, will continue to be taken away from aboriginal peoples until there is nothing left to them at all. In his 2013 book The Inconvenient Indian, King says, "The issue has always been land. It will always be land, until there isn’t a square foot of land left in North America that is controlled by Native people."
King also discusses policies regarding aboriginal status. He noted that legislatures in the 1800s withdrew aboriginal status from persons who graduated from university or joined the army. King has also worked to identify North American laws that make it complicated to claim status in the first place, for example the U.S. Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1990 or Canada's 1985 Bill C-31. Bill C-31 was amended[when?] to allow aboriginal women and their children to reclaim status, which the bill had previously withdrawn if the woman married a non-status man. King explains that the amended bill, though progressive for women who had lost their status, threatens the status of future generations because of its limitations.
King has been writing novels, children's books, and collections of stories since the 1980s. His notable works include A Coyote Columbus Story (1992) and Green Grass, Running Water (1993) – both of which were nominated for a Governor General's Award[clarification needed] – and The Inconvenient Indian: A Curious Account of Native People in North America (2012), which won the 2014 RBC Taylor Prize.
King's writing style incorporates oral storytelling structures with traditional Western narrative. He writes in a conversational tone; for example, in Green Grass, Running Water, the narrator argues with some of the characters. In The Truth About Stories (2003), King addresses the reader as if in a conversation with responses. King uses a variety of anecdotes and humorous narratives while maintaining a serious message in a way that has been compared to the style of trickster legends in Native American culture. Within this story, King also integrates the recently popularized idea of turtles all the way down in an anecdote introducing this narrative, calling into the relevancy of this ideology in American and Native American history.
In April 2007 King announced that he would be seeking[clarification needed] the New Democratic Party (NDP) nomination for Guelph district. On March 30, 2007, he was acclaimed the NDP candidate. NDP leader Jack Layton was present at the nomination meeting. A by-election was called in the riding due to the resignation of incumbent Liberal Member of Parliament Brenda Chamberlain, effective April 7, 2008. Scheduled for September 8, 2008, the by-election was cancelled with the calling of the October 14, 2008 federal general election. King finished fourth behind Liberal candidate Frank Valeriote, Conservative candidate Gloria Kovach, and Green candidate Mike Nagy.
In the 1990s, he served as story editor for Four Directions, a CBC Television drama anthology series about First Nations which was held up by production and scheduling delays before finally airing in 1996. He also wrote the teleplay "Borders", an adaptation of his own previously published short story, for the series.
From 1997 to 2000, King wrote and acted in a CBC radio show, The Dead Dog Café Comedy Hour, which featured a fictitious town and a fictitious radio program hosted by three Native American characters. Elements were adapted from his novel, Green Grass, Running Water. The broadcast was a political and social satire with dark humour and mocking stereotypes.
His partner is Helen Hoy, a professor emerita of English and Women's Studies at the University of Guelph. She has written a study, How Should I Read These? Native Women Writers in Canada (2001). He has three children, Christian (b. 1971), Benjamin (b. 1985) and Elizabeth (b. 1988).
- Medicine River (Viking Canada, 1990), novel
- A Coyote Columbus Story (Douglas & McIntyre, 1992), illustrated by William Kent Monkman – Governor General's Award finalist
- Green Grass, Running Water (Houghton Mifflin, 1993), novel featuring Coyote, OCLC 26632171 – Governor General's Award finalist
- One Good Story, That One (1993), stories
- Borders (1993)
- Coyote Sings to the Moon (1998), illus. Johnny Wales
- Truth and Bright Water (HarperFlamingo Canada, 1999)
- Dreadful Water Shows Up (2002), published under the pen name Hartley GoodWeather
- The Truth About Stories (House of Anansi Press, 2003); U.S. edition The Truth About Stories: a native narrative (U. of Minnesota Press, 2005) – Massey Lectures
- Coyote's New Suit (2004), illus. Johnny Wales
- A Short History of Indians in Canada (HarperCollins, 2005), stories – McNally Robinson Award winner
- The Red Power Murders: A DreadfulWater Mystery (2006), as by Hartley GoodWeather
- A Coyote Solstice Tale (Groundwood Books, 2009), illus. Gary Clement
- The Inconvenient Indian: a curious account of native people in North America (Doubleday Canada, 2012)
- The Back of the Turtle (Doubleday, 2014)
- As editor
- The Native in Literature (1987)
- An Anthology of Short Fiction by Native Writers in Canada (1988)
- All My Relations: an anthology of contemporary Canadian native fiction (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1990)
Selected short storiesEdit
Short story collections are listed above.
Awards and recognitionEdit
- Nominated for a Governor General's Award in 1992 for A Coyote Columbus Story.
- Nominated for a Governor General's Award in 1993 for Green Grass, Running Water.
- Selected in 2003 to give the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) Massey Lectures. The series, entitled The Truth About Stories, was published that year by the House of Anansi Press.
- Green Grass, Running Water was chosen for the inclusion in the 2004 edition of Canada Reads, and championed by then-Winnipeg mayor Glen Murray. In the 2015 edition of Canada Reads, his non-fiction book The Inconvenient Indian was defended by activist Craig Kielburger.
- In 2004, King was made a Member of the Order of Canada.
- A Short History of Indians in Canada won the 2006 McNally Robinson Aboriginal Book of the Year Award.
- The Inconvenient Indian won the 2014 RBC Taylor Prize, and was a finalist for the 2013 Hilary Weston Writers' Trust Prize for Nonfiction and the 2014 Burt Award for First Nations, Métis and Inuit Literature.
- The Back of the Turtle won the Governor General's Award for English-language fiction at the 2014 Governor General's Awards.
|New Democratic||Tom King||9,709||16.49%||-5.51|
|Animal Alliance||Karen Levenson||73||0.12%||N/A|
- Thomas King in The Canadian Encyclopedia.
- "The Truth About Stories: A Native Narrative". Ideas. Massey Lectures 2003 (November 7). CBC Radio One (cbc.ca). Retrieved September 7, 2007. Archived May 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- "An Interview With Thomas King". Canadian Literature (canlit.ca). Retrieved April 7, 2014.
- "Thomas King Asks: What do Whites Want?". Macleans. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
- "Thomas King wins $25K RBC Taylor Prize for non-fiction". CBC News. March 10, 2014.
- "Tom King acclaimed as federal NDP candidate". The Fountain Pen. Guelph, Ontario. Retrieved September 7, 2007.
- "Writer urges CBC to let natives tell their own stories". Toronto Star. November 20, 1993.
- "CBC finally releases stirring aboriginal dramas". Ottawa Citizen. November 24, 1996.
- "I'm Not the Indian You Had in Mind". National Screen Institute (nsi-canada.ca). March 2012. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
- "Thomas King, Bev Sellars among finalists for 2014 Burt Award for First Nations, Métis and Inuit Literature". Quill & Quire. September 3, 2014.
- "Thomas King wins Governor General's award for fiction". The Globe and Mail. November 18, 2014.
- W. H. New. Encyclopedia of Literature in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002. 577-80.