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The Movement is a Brussels-based right-wing populist[3] organization founded by Steve Bannon of the United States to promote right-wing populist and economic nationalist groups in Europe that are opposed to the EU governments and political structures of Europe.[3][4] The organization was expected to hire 10 full-time staff in Brussels before the European Parliament election in 2019.[5][6] In January 2017, Mischaël Modrikamen, leader of the Belgian People's Party, officially registered the group.[7][8]

The Movement
Formation2017 (registration), 2019 (relaunch)
FounderSteve Bannon
TypeNonprofit organization
Location
Region
Europe
LeaderSteve Bannon
Key people
Staff
10 (to be hired)

Contents

BackgroundEdit

Bannon initially discussed his plans for the organization with The Daily Beast, saying he wanted to create a populist "supergroup" bloc that could win up to a third of all 700+ MEP seats. He said he thought of the idea when he was invited to speak at an event hosted by Marine Le Pen.[9] Bannon also believes that Sweden's 2018 elections created the perfect timing to launch The Movement.[10]

The Movement stands as a counterpoint to George Soros' Open Society. Bannon has referred to Soros as "evil but brilliant", and expressed a desire to promote nationalism instead of globalism.[9]

Interest and supportEdit

In July 2018, Bannon and other former and current staff of Donald Trump met with the Prime Minister of Republika Srpska, Željka Cvijanović, in Washington, D.C., attempting to expand influence in the Balkans.[11][12]

The Movement has attracted the attention of Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán, who spoke positively of the group.[13] It was reported in September 2018 that the italian Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini had joined Bannon's new eurosceptic network.[14] UKIP stated they will work with the group.[15]

Since then, The Movement has also attracted the attention of Geert Wilders, leader of the Party for Freedom, an eurosceptic opposition party in the Netherlands. Wilders said he arranged to meet Bannon in the Netherlands to discuss the group.[10] Another such contact is Thierry Baudet, leader of another eurosceptic opposition party in the Netherlands Forum for Democracy.[citation needed]

It is reported France's National Rally party (formerly the National Front), led by Marine Le Pen, will be joining The Movement.[16]

Luigi Di Maio, leader of the Italian Eurosceptic party M5S, recently met with Bannon and spoke positively of The Movement, although he remains ambivalent on whether or not he will join.[17]

In February 2019, it was reported that Eduardo Bolsonaro, son of newly elected Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, will be its representative in South America.[18][19]

The Belgian People's Party was dissolved on 18 June 2019, thus ending its affiliation to The Movement.[20][better source needed]

CriticismEdit

Despite gains made by the group, the co-leader of the Alternative for Germany, Alexander Gauland rejected The Movement as an American conception and criticized its projections. He stated: "Mr Bannon will not succeed in forging an alliance of the like-minded for the European elections" citing what he believes to be their diverging viewpoints.[21] The next day, the Freedom Party of Austria's secretary general Harald Vilimsky stated his party, like Gauland's, is also unwilling to cooperate with Bannon, reiterating the party's independence and rejecting American influence in the populist movements of Europe.[22]

UKIP leader Gerard Batten stated in September 2018 that his party has no intentions of joining The Movement, saying UKIP "doesn't fit" into what Bannon proposes across Europe, and the party will instead pursue aims "for the British people".[23]

In October 2018, Marine Le Pen downplayed Bannon's plans for The Movement, saying that only Europeans would be "the political force behind the EU elections (...) to save Europe".[24]

Speaking to the Dziennik Gazeta Prawna, Law and Justice (PiS) MEP Karol Karski said that this was not an offer for his party. Karski states that PiS would never support European parties working with Russia, such as the National Front or Alternative for Germany. According to Karski, Bannon's offer is "for those who want to smash the EU."[25]

PartnersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hines, Nico (July 20, 2018). "Inside Bannon's Plan to Hijack Europe for the Far-Right". Daily Beast. Retrieved July 25, 2018. Bannon plans to spend 50 percent of his time in Europe—mostly in the field rather than the Brussels office—once the midterm elections in the U.S. are over in November.
  2. ^ Horowitz, Jason (7 September 2018). "Steve Bannon's 'Movement' Enlists Italy's Most Powerful Politician". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b "How Steve Bannon is evangelising Trump-style politics across Europe". The Independent. The Washington Post. 27 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Bannon vows to set up 'war rooms' to boost anti-EU radical right". France 24. 23 September 2018.
  5. ^ Stubley, Peter (22 July 2018). "Steve Bannon to set up 'The Movement' foundation to boost far-right across Europe". The Independent. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  6. ^ Goodfellow, Maya (10 August 2018). "How worried should we be about Steve Bannon's 'Movement'?". Aljazeera. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  7. ^ Macdonald, Alastair (25 July 2018). "Bannon's EU project eyes government allies". Reuters. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  8. ^ Macdonald, Alastair (24 July 2018). "Belgian lawyer launches Trump-inspired anti-EU movement". Reuters. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Steve Bannon plans Brussels-based foundation 'The Movement' for EU far-right". Deutsche Welle. 21 July 2018. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  10. ^ a b Bendeich, Mark; Balmer, Crispian (11 September 2018). "Steve Bannon hopes to unite Europe's populists under 'The Movement'". The Christian Science Monitor. Reuters. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  11. ^ Varagur, Krithika (7 September 2018). "Why Bannon Is Meddling With Bosnia". The New York Review of Books. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  12. ^ Krauthamer, Ky (7 September 2018). "Ex-Trump Staffers Court Bosnian Serbs". Transitions Online. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  13. ^ "Viktor Orbán Welcomes Steve Bannon's Efforts on Behalf of the European Far Right". Hungarian Spectrum. 30 July 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  14. ^ Tondo, Lorenzo (8 September 2018). "Italy's Matteo Salvini joins Bannon's European populist group". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  15. ^ Stone, Jon. "Ukip to team up in 'unholy alliance' with Steve Bannon's new far right European movement". The Independent. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  16. ^ "Marine Le Pen's far-right party to join Bannon populist project". Financial Times. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  17. ^ Borelli, Silvia. "Steve Bannon: Italian experiment 'will change global politics'". Politico. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  18. ^ Zuidijk, Daniel (2 February 2019). "Jair Bolsonaro's Son Joins Steve Bannon's Nationalist Alliance". Bloomberg. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  19. ^ "Son of Brazil President Bolsonaro joins Steve Bannon group". France24. 2 February 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  20. ^ M.R. (19 June 2019). "Modrikamen l'a annoncé: le PP, c'est terminé". La Libre (in French). Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  21. ^ "German far Right rebuffs Steve Bannon's effort to forge Europe-wide populist movement". The Telegraph. Agence France-Presse. 11 August 2018. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  22. ^ "Austria's far-right unwilling to collaborate with Bannon". The Times of Israel. Agence France-Presse. 12 September 2018. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  23. ^ James, William (21 September 2018). "UKIP will not join Steve Bannon's anti-EU movement, says leader". Reuters. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  24. ^ Giuffreda, Angela (8 October 2018). "Marine Le Pen: Steve Bannon has no part to play in 'saving Europe'". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  25. ^ Siemiński, Piotr (27 September 2017). "PiS will nicht an Zerschlagung der EU teilnehmen" [PiS does not want to participate in smashing the EU] (in German). Polskie Radio. Retrieved 2 February 2019.

[Category:Euroscepticism]]