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Identity and Democracy (French: Identité et démocratie, ID) is a far-right[3][4][5] political group in the European Parliament launched on 13 June 2019 for the Ninth European Parliament term. It is composed of nationalist, populist and eurosceptic national parties from nine European nations. It is the successor to the Europe of Nations and Freedom group formed during the eighth term.

Identity and Democracy
European Parliament group
Identity and democracy logo.png
NameIdentity and Democracy
English abbr.ID
Formal nameIdentity and Democracy Group
Political positionRight-wing[1][2] to far-right[3][4][5]
European partiesIdentity and Democracy Party
From13 June 2019
Preceded byEurope of Nations and Freedom
Chaired byMarco Zanni
MEP(s)
73 / 751

Contents

HistoryEdit

On 12 June 2019, it was announced that the successor to the Europe of Nations and Freedom (ENF) group would be named "Identity and Democracy" (ID), and include Italy's Northern League (LN), the French National Rally (RN) and Alternative for Germany as member parties.[6] The Finns Party is also a member of the group.[7] LN MEP Marco Zanni was announced as the new group's chairman.[8] The group, composed of 73 MEPs, was launched in Brussels by RN leader Marine Le Pen on 13 June 2019.[5][4]

The Dutch Party for Freedom (PVV) failed to secure any seats at the election; however, it would have gained one in the post-Brexit apportionment of seats. Party leader Geert Wilders has stated his intention, once Brexit happens, to align the PVV with ID, provided that the post-Brexit apportionment is confirmed by the European Council.[9][10]

Member partiesEdit

The following parties have members in the ID group in the European Parliament:

Country National party European party MEPs
  Austria Freedom Party of Austria
Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs (FPÖ)
ID Party               
3 / 18
  Belgium Flemish Interest
Vlaams Belang (VB)
ID Party               
3 / 12
  Czech Republic Freedom and Direct Democracy[11]
Svoboda a přímá demokracie (SPD)
ID Party               
2 / 21
  Denmark Danish People's Party
Dansk Folkeparti (DF)
None
1 / 13
  Estonia Conservative People's Party of Estonia
Eesti Konservatiivne Rahvaerakond (EKRE)
ID Party               
1 / 6
  Finland Finns Party
Perussuomalaiset (PS)
None
2 / 13
  France National Rally
Rassemblement national (RN)
ID Party               
20 / 74
Jean-Paul Garraud
(Independent)
Independent
1 / 74
Thierry Mariani
(Independent)
Independent
1 / 74
  Germany Alternative for Germany
Alternative für Deutschland (AfD)
None
11 / 96
  Italy League
Lega
ID Party               
28 / 73
  European Union
Total
73 / 751

LeadershipEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Identity and Democracy Group: United on the Outside, Divided on the Inside? - Le portail de référence pour l'espace de liberté, sécurité et justice". 28 June 2019.
  2. ^ Fortuna, Gerardo (27 June 2019). "New European Parliament starts solving its power-sharing puzzle".
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ a b c Cook, Lorne (13 June 2019). "Europe's populists rebrand but policies remain the same". Associated Press.
  5. ^ a b c "France's Le Pen unveils new far-right European Parliament group". Reuters. 13 June 2019.
  6. ^ Weise, Zia (12 June 2019). "Salvini alliance to be named Identity and Democracy". Politico.
  7. ^ Nikolaj Nielsen (13 June 2019). "New 'ID' far-right EU parliament group falls short". EUobserver. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  8. ^ Alfie Tobutt (13 June 2019). "Marine Le Pen to unveil new far-right alliance in European Parliament". Euronews. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  9. ^ Morgan, Sam (31 May 2019). "Post-Brexit Parliament: Winners and losers".
  10. ^ "Europe's far-right politicians join forces to fight for more power". The Independent. 18 May 2019.
  11. ^ "Extrema direita une forças para eleições europeias". Terra. 25 April 2019.