The Miami News was an evening newspaper in Miami, Florida. It was the media market competitor to the morning edition of the Miami Herald for most of the 20th century. The paper started publishing in May 1896 as a weekly called The Miami Metropolis. The Metropolis had become a daily (except Sunday) paper of eight pages by 1903. On June 4, 1923, former Ohio governor James M. Cox bought the Metropolis and renamed it the Miami Daily News-Metropolis. On January 4, 1925, the newspaper became the Miami Daily News, and published its first Sunday edition.
|Type||Daily evening newspaper|
|Owner(s)||Cox Enterprises (Cox Media Group)|
|Founded||May 15, 1896(as The Miami Metropolis)|
|Ceased publication||December 31, 1988|
Cox had a new building erected for the newspaper, and the Miami News Tower was dedicated on July 25, 1925. This building later became famous as the Freedom Tower. Also on July 25, 1925, the News published a 508-page edition, which still holds the record for the largest page-count for a newspaper.
The News was edited by Bill Baggs from 1957 until his death in 1969. After that, it was edited by Sylvan Meyer until 1973. Its final editor was Howard Kleinberg, a longtime staffer and author of a comprehensive history of the newspaper. The paper had the distinction of posting its own demise on the final obituary page.
In 1966, the News moved in with the Knight Ridder-owned Herald at One Herald Plaza, sharing production facilities with its morning rival while maintaining a separate editorial staff. A 30-year joint operating agreement inked in 1966 made the Herald responsible for all non-editorial aspects of production, including circulation, advertising and promotion. Citing losses of $9 million per year, declining circulation (from 112,000 in 1966 to 48,000 in 1988 while households in the Dade County area grew 80 percent) and owner Cox Newspapers unable to find a suitable buyer to save the paper, the News ceased publication on December 31, 1988. Some of the newspaper's staff and all of its assets and archives were moved to nearby Cox publication The Palm Beach Post (now owned by Gannett) in West Palm Beach.
Notable employees Edit
Notable former employees include writer Marjory Stoneman Douglas, Dorothy Misener Jurney, journalist and author Helen Muir, Pulitzer Prize-winning cartoonist Don Wright, Boston Globe columnist Adrian Walker, photographer Michael O'Brien, columnist John Keasler and best-selling author Dary Matera, who served as a general assignment reporter from 1977 until 1982.
Pulitzer Prizes Edit
- 1939 – public service, for its campaign for the recall of the Miami City Commission
- 1959 – national reporting, Howard Van Smith, for a series of articles that focused public notice on deplorable conditions in a Florida migrant labor camp, resulted in the provision of generous assistance for the 4,000 stranded workers in the camp, and thereby called attention to the national problem presented by 1,500,000 migratory laborers.
- 1963 – international reporting, Hal Hendrix, for his persistent reporting which revealed, at an early stage, that the Soviet Union was installing missile launching pads in Cuba and sending in large numbers of MIG-21 aircraft.
- 1966 – editorial cartooning, Don Wright, for "You Mean You Were Bluffing?"
- 1980 – editorial cartooning, Don Wright
- "Miami Chronology: 1500s to 1900". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on December 9, 2004. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- "Miami Chronology: 1900 to 1920". Miami Herald. September 13, 2002. Archived from the original on January 6, 2005. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- Muir, Helen (1953). Miami, USA. New York: Henry Holt and Company. pp. 141–42.
- "Miami Chronology: 1920-1940". Miami Herald. September 13, 2002. Archived from the original on December 12, 2004. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- "Miami Chronology: 1960-1980". Miami Herald. September 13, 2002. Archived from the original on January 31, 2005. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- Kleinberg, Howard (1987). "History of The Miami News: 1896-1987" (PDF). Tequesta. 47: 27 – via Florida International University Digital Commons.
- "Miami paper facing sale or shutdown". Waco Tribune-Herald. Cox News Service. October 25, 1988.
- Knight, Jerry (December 31, 1988). "Miami News to Publish Final Edition". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
- Morris, Steven (January 4, 1989). "Cox Seeks Buyers Of Miami News' Assets". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
- "Miami News Collection". HistoryMiami. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
- "The Miami Metropolis: The City's First Newspaper". 7 August 2018.
- "The Miami Metropolis (Miami, Fla.) 1896-1908". Library of Congress.
- Miami Metropolis, freely available with full text and full page images in the Florida Digital Newspaper Library
- Daily Miami Metropolis, from 1904 to 1907 freely available with full text and full page images in the Florida Digital Newspaper Library
- Miami Daily News, from 1929 freely available with full text and full page images in the Florida Digital Newspaper Library
- History of The Miami News, 1896-1987, by Howard Kleinberg. Centennial history of The Miami News, written by its last editor.
- Sylvan Meyer and The Miami News