Pulitzer Prize for Illustrated Reporting and Commentary

The Pulitzer Prize for Illustrated Reporting and Commentary[1] is one of the fourteen Pulitzer Prizes that is annually awarded for journalism in the United States. It is the successor to the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning[2] awarded from 1922 to 2021.

History edit

Since 1922 the prize had been awarded for a distinguished editorial cartoon or portfolio of cartoons published during the year, characterized by originality, editorial effectiveness, quality of drawing, and pictorial effect.

Since 1980, finalists (usually two) have been announced in addition to the winner.[3]

Only two comic strips have been awarded the prize: Doonesbury by Garry Trudeau in 1976 and Bloom County by Berkeley Breathed in 1987.[4][5]

In 2021, with Ruben Bolling, Marty Two Bulls Sr, and Lalo Alcaraz the finalists, no winner was selected, which drew controversy.[6][7] (The same thing happened in the category in 1923, 1936, 1960, 1965, and 1973, but it had not happened in 48 years, and it was the first time no winner was selected when the finalists' names had been made public.)[7]

In 2022, the Editorial Cartooning prize was superseded by the revamped category of Illustrated Reporting and Commentary,[8][9] In response, the Association of American Editorial Cartoonists "issued a statement calling for the Pulitzer board to reinstate Editorial Cartooning as its own category while also recognizing Illustrated Reporting as a separate form."[10] They wrote:

"'Editorial cartoons are quick, in-the-moment commentary, whose artists have to educate themselves on complex issues and craft well-informed opinions in a single take that emphasizes clarity under daily deadlines. Illustrated reporting, or comics journalism, takes days, weeks, or months to craft a story, which can run for pages, and which may or may not be presenting an opinion.'"[10]

The 2022 award went to a work of comics journalism.[11]

List of winners edit

Year Winner Organization Rationale
1922 Rollin Kirby New York World "For 'On the Road to Moscow.'"
1923 No award given.
1924 Jay Norwood Darling Des Moines Register & Tribune "For 'In Good Old USA.'"
1925 Rollin Kirby New York World "For 'News from the Outside World.'"
1926 D. R. Fitzpatrick St. Louis Post-Dispatch "For 'The Laws of Moses and the Laws of Today.'"
1927 Nelson Harding Brooklyn Daily Eagle "For 'Toppling the Idol.'"
1928 Nelson Harding Brooklyn Daily Eagle "For 'May His Shadow Never Grow Less.'"
1929 Rollin Kirby New York World "For 'Tammany.'"
1930 Charles R. Macauley Brooklyn Daily Eagle "For 'Paying for a Dead Horse.'"
1931 Edmund Duffy The Baltimore Sun "For 'An Old Struggle Still Going On.'"
1932 John T. McCutcheon Chicago Tribune "For 'A Wise Economist Asks a Question.'"
1933 H. M. Talburt The Washington Daily News "For 'The Light of Asia.'"
1934 Edmund Duffy The Baltimore Sun "For 'California Points with Pride!'"
1935 Ross A. Lewis Milwaukee Journal "For 'Sure, I'll Work for Both Sides.'"
1936 No award given.
1937 C. D. Batchelor New York Daily News "For 'Come on in, I'll treat you right. I used to know your Daddy.'"
1938 Vaughn Shoemaker Chicago Daily News "For 'The Road Back.'"
1939 Charles G. Werner Daily Oklahoman "For 'Nomination for 1938.'"
1940 Edmund Duffy The Baltimore Sun "For 'The Outstretched Hand.'"
1941 Jacob Burck Chicago Daily Times "For 'If I Should Die Before I Wake.'"
1942 Herbert Lawrence Block Newspaper Enterprise Association "For 'British Plane.'"
1943 Jay Norwood Darling Des Moines Register & Tribune "For 'What a Place For a Waste Paper Salvage Campaign.'"
1944 Clifford K. Berryman The Evening Star "For 'But Where Is the Boat Going?'"
1945 Sergeant Bill Mauldin United Feature Syndicate, Inc. "For distinguished service as a cartoonist, as exemplified by the cartoon entitled, 'Fresh, spirited American troops, flushed with victory, are bringing in thousands of hungry, ragged, battle-weary prisoners,' in the series entitled, 'Up Front With Mauldin.'"
1946 Bruce Alexander Russell Los Angeles Times "For 'Time to Bridge That Gulch.'"
1947 Vaughn Shoemaker Chicago Daily News "For his cartoon, 'Still Racing His Shadow.'"
1948 Reuben L. Goldberg New York Sun "For 'Peace Today.'"
1949 Lute Pease Newark Evening News "For 'Who Me?'"
1950 James T. Berryman The Evening Star "For 'All Set for a Super-Secret Session in Washington.'"
1951 Reg (Reginald W.) Manning Arizona Republic "For 'Hats.'"
1952 Fred L. Packer New York Mirror "For 'Your Editors Ought to Have More Sense Than to Print What I Say!'"
1953 Edward D. Kuekes Cleveland Plain Dealer "For 'Aftermath.'"
1954 Herbert L. Block (Herblock) The Washington Post and Times-Herald "For a cartoon depicting the robed figure of Death saying to Stalin after he died, 'You Were Always A Great Friend of Mine, Joseph.'"
1955 Daniel R. Fitzpatrick St. Louis Post-Dispatch "For a cartoon published on June 8, 1954 entitled, 'How Would Another Mistake Help?' showing Uncle Sam, bayoneted rifle in hand, pondering whether to wade into a black marsh bearing the legend 'French Mistakes in Indo-China.' The award is also given for distinguished body of the work of Mr. Fitzpatrick in both 1954 and his entire career."
1956 Robert York Louisville Times "For his cartoon, 'Achilles' showing a bulging figure of American prosperity tapering to a weak heel labeled 'Farm Prices.'"
1957 Tom Little The Nashville Tennessean "For 'Wonder Why My Parents Didn't Give Me Salk Shots?' Published on January 12, 1956."
1958 Bruce M. Shanks Buffalo Evening News "For 'The Thinker,' published on August 10, 1957, depicting the dilemma of union membership when confronted by racketeering leaders in some labor unions."
1959 William H. (Bill) Mauldin St. Louis Post-Dispatch "For 'I won the Nobel Prize for Literature. What was your crime?' Published on October 30, 1958."
1960 No award given.
1961 Carey Orr Chicago Tribune "For 'The Kindly Tiger,' published on October 8, 1960."[12]
1962 Edmund S. Valtman The Hartford Times "For 'What You Need, Man, Is a Revolution Like Mine,' published on August 31, 1961."
1963 Frank Miller Des Moines Register "For a cartoon which showed a world destroyed with one ragged figure calling to another: 'I said we sure settled that dispute, didn't we!'"
1964 Paul Conrad The Denver Post "For his editorial cartooning during the past year"
1965 No award given.
1966 Don Wright The Miami News "For 'You Mean You Were Bluffing?'"
1967 Patrick B. Oliphant The Denver Post "For 'They Won't Get Us To The Conference Table...Will They?' Published February 1, 1966."[13]
1968 Eugene Gray Payne The Charlotte Observer "For his editorial cartooning in 1967."
1969 John Fischetti Chicago Daily News "For his editorial cartooning in 1968."
1970 Thomas F. Darcy Newsday "For his editorial cartooning during 1969."
1971 Paul Conrad Los Angeles Times "For his editorial cartooning during 1970."
1972 Jeffrey K. MacNelly Richmond News-Leader "For his editorial cartooning during 1971."
1973 No award given.
1974 Paul Szep The Boston Globe "For his editorial cartooning during 1973."
1975 Garry Trudeau Universal Press Syndicate "For his cartoon strip Doonesbury."
1976 Tony Auth The Philadelphia Inquirer "For 'O beautiful for spacious skies, For amber waves of grain,' published on July 22, 1975."[14]
1977 Paul Szep The Boston Globe
1978 Jeffrey K. MacNelly Richmond News Leader
1979 Herbert L. Block The Washington Post "For the body of his work."
1980 Don Wright The Miami News
1981 Mike Peters Dayton Daily News
1982 Ben Sargent Austin American-Statesman
1983 Richard Locher Chicago Tribune
1984 Paul Conrad Los Angeles Times
1985 Jeff MacNelly Chicago Tribune
1986 Jules Feiffer The Village Voice
1987 Berke Breathed The Washington Post Writers Group
1988 Doug Marlette The Atlanta Constitution and Charlotte Observer
1989 Jack Higgins Chicago Sun-Times
1990 Tom Toles The Buffalo News "For his work during the year as exemplified by the cartoon 'First Amendment.'"[15]
1991 Jim Borgman The Cincinnati Enquirer
1992 Signe Wilkinson The Philadelphia Daily News
1993 Stephen R. Benson The Arizona Republic
1994 Michael P. Ramirez Commercial Appeal "For his trenchant cartoons on contemporary issues."
1995 Mike Luckovich The Atlanta Constitution
1996 Jim Morin The Miami Herald
1997 Walt Handelsman Times-Picayune
1998 Stephen P. Breen Asbury Park Press
1999 David Horsey The Seattle Post-Intelligencer
2000 Joel Pett Lexington Herald-Leader
2001 Ann Telnaes Los Angeles Times Syndicate
2002 Clay Bennett The Christian Science Monitor
2003 David Horsey The Seattle Post-Intelligencer "For his perceptive cartoons executed with a distinctive style and sense of humor."
2004 Matt Davies The Journal News "For his piercing cartoons on an array of topics, drawn with a fresh, original style."
2005 Nick Anderson The Courier-Journal "For his unusual graphic style that produced extraordinarily thoughtful and powerful messages."
2006 Mike Luckovich The Atlanta Journal-Constitution "For his powerful cartoons on an array of issues, drawn with a simple but piercing style."
2007 Walt Handelsman Newsday "For his stark, sophisticated cartoons and his impressive use of zany animation."
2008 Michael Ramirez Investor's Business Daily "For his provocative cartoons that rely on originality, humor and detailed artistry."
2009 Steve Breen The San Diego Union-Tribune "For his agile use of a classic style to produce wide ranging cartoons that engage readers with power, clarity and humor."
2010 Mark Fiore Self-syndicated; appearing on SFGate.com "For his animated cartoons appearing on SFGate.com, the San Francisco Chronicle Web site, where his biting wit, extensive research and ability to distill complex issues set a high standard for an emerging form of commentary."
2011 Mike Keefe The Denver Post "For his widely ranging cartoons that employ a loose, expressive style to send strong, witty messages."
2012 Matt Wuerker Politico "For his consistently fresh, funny cartoons, especially memorable for lampooning the partisan conflict that engulfed Washington."
2013 Steve Sack Star Tribune "For his diverse collection of cartoons, using an original style and clever ideas to drive home his unmistakable point of view."
2014 Kevin Siers The Charlotte Observer "For his thought provoking cartoons drawn with a sharp wit and bold artistic style."
2015 Adam Zyglis The Buffalo News "Who used strong images to connect with readers while conveying layers of meaning in a few words."
2016 Jack Ohman The Sacramento Bee "For cartoons that convey wry, rueful perspectives through sophisticated style that combines bold line work with subtle colors and textures."
2017 Jim Morin Miami Herald "For editorial cartoons that delivered sharp perspectives through flawless artistry, biting prose and crisp wit."
2018 Jake Halpern and Michael Sloan The New York Times "For an emotionally powerful series, told in graphic narrative form, that chronicled the daily struggles of a real-life family of refugees and its fear of deportation."
2019 Darrin Bell Freelancer "For beautiful and daring editorial cartoons that took on issues affecting disenfranchised communities, calling out lies, hypocrisy and fraud in the political turmoil surrounding the Trump administration."
2020 Barry Blitt The New Yorker "For work that skewers the personalities and policies emanating from the Trump White House with deceptively sweet watercolor style and seemingly gentle caricatures."
2021 No award given.
2022 Fahmida Azim, Anthony Del Col, Walt Hickey and Josh Adams Insider "For using graphic reportage and the comics medium to tell a powerful yet intimate story of the Chinese oppression of the Uyghurs, making the issue accessible to a wider public."
2023 Mona Chalabi The New York Times "For striking illustrations that combine statistical reporting with keen analysis to help readers understand the immense wealth and economic power of Amazon founder Jeff Bezos."[16]

Repeat winners edit

Through 2017, eighteen people have won the Editorial Cartooning Pulitzer twice, and five of those have won it three times.

Name No. Years won
Rollin Kirby 3 1922, 1925, 1929
Edmund Duffy 3 1931, 1934, 1940
Herbert L. Block 3 1942, 1954, 1979[17]
Paul Conrad 3 1964, 1971, 1984
Jeff MacNelly 3 1972, 1978, 1985
Jay Norwood Darling 2 1924, 1943
Daniel R. Fitzpatrick 2 1926, 1955
Nelson Harding 2 1927, 1928
Vaughn Shoemaker 2 1938, 1947
Bill Mauldin 2 1945, 1959
Don Wright 2 1966, 1980
Paul Szep 2 1974, 1977
Michael Ramirez 2 1994, 2008
Mike Luckovich 2 1995, 2006
Jim Morin 2 1996, 2017
Walt Handelsman 2 1997, 2007
Steve Breen 2 1998, 2009
David Horsey 2 1999, 2003

Nelson Harding is the only cartoonist to have won the prize in two consecutive years, 1927 and 1928.[3]

References edit

  1. ^ "Illustrated Reporting and Commentary". The Pulitzer Prizes. May 9, 2022. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  2. ^ "Editorial Cartooning". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  3. ^ a b "Editorial Cartooning". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
  4. ^ 'Doonesbury' creator Garry Trudeau talks with Jane Pauley about 50 years of his Pulitzer Prize-winning strip. CBS News. Dec 2, 2018.
  5. ^ Solomon, Charles (November 26, 1987). "Strip That Split the Cartoonists". View. Los Angeles Times. Vol. 106, no. 358 (Main ed.). Los Angeles, CA. pp. 1, 42 – via Newspapers.com.
  6. ^ Fu, Angela (June 15, 2021). "The Pulitzers didn't name a winner in editorial cartooning. That's unusual, but not unprecedented: 'This feels like it's an insult to the entire profession,' said one of the finalists". Poynter.
  7. ^ a b Cavna, Michael (June 16, 2021). "COMICS: The Pulitzers did not pick a winner for cartooning this year. Artists feel 'mystified' and 'insulted.'". The Washington Post.
  8. ^ Tornoe, Rob (May 1, 2022). "Pulitzer change leaves illustrators feeling slighted: New category muddies distinctions between illustrated reporting and editorial cartooning". Editor & Publisher.
  9. ^ "2022 Pulitzer Prize Competition in Journalism Opens". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved Sep 1, 2022.
  10. ^ a b Tornoe, Rob (May 1, 2022). "Pulitzer change leaves illustrators feeling slighted: New category muddies distinctions between illustrated reporting and editorial cartooning". Editor & Publisher.
  11. ^ MacDonald, Heidi (May 10, 2022). "Fahmida Azim, Anthony Del Col, Josh Adams and Walt Hickey win new Pulitzer Prize for comic". The Beat. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  12. ^ Carey Orr (October 8, 1960). "The Kindly Tiger". Chicago Tribune – via Newspapers.com.
  13. ^ Ann Telnaes (Spring 2016). "Mooning the Pulitzer board". Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved 2020-07-11.
  14. ^ Tony Auth (July 22, 1975). "O beautiful for spacious skies, For amber waves of grain..." The Philadelphia Inquirer – via Newspapers.com.
  15. ^ "The 1990 Pulitzer Prize Winner in Editorial Cartooning". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 2020-07-11.
  16. ^ "The 2023 Pulitzer Prize Winner in Illustrated Reporting and Commentary". Pulitzer Prize. Retrieved May 15, 2023.
  17. ^ Biography|The Herb Block Foundation

Further reading edit

This book chronologically states the awards, displays the artwork, and then describes the cartoon: