Tayabas, officially the City of Tayabas (Filipino: Lungsod ng Tayabas), is a 6th class component city in the province of Quezon, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 112,658 people.[3]

City of Tayabas
Malagonlong Bridge, Minor Basilica of Saint Michael Archangel, Casa Comunidad de Tayabas, City Hall, Tayabas Rice Terraces
Flag of Tayabas
Official seal of Tayabas
  • "La Muy Noble Villa"

(The Most Noble Villa)

  • "City of Festivals"
  • "Home of The Finest Lambanog"
  • "Rest and Recreation Destination of Quezon"
  • "City of 11 Spanish Bridges"
  • "Old Capital of Tayabas Province"
  • "Tayabas: Wala kang Katumbas"
Map of Quezon with Tayabas highlighted
Map of Quezon with Tayabas highlighted
Tayabas is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°01′N 121°35′E / 14.02°N 121.58°E / 14.02; 121.58
District 1st district
FoundedAugust 13, 1578
CityhoodJuly 14, 2007 (Lost cityhood in 2008 and 2010)
Affirmed CityhoodFebruary 15, 2011
Barangays66 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorMaria Lourdes R. Pontioso
 • Vice MayorRosauro Q. Dalida
 • RepresentativeWilfrido Mark M. Enverga
 • City Council
 • Electorate68,740 voters (2022)
 • Total230.95 km2 (89.17 sq mi)
228 m (748 ft)
Highest elevation
2,163 m (7,096 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 (2020 census)[3]
 • Total112,658
 • Density490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Households
Demonym(s)Tayabasin, Tayabense, Tayabeño (archaic)
 • Income class6th city income class
 • Poverty incidence
% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱ 772.7 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 2,757 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 522 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 414.4 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityManila Electric Company (Meralco)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)42
Native languagesTagalog

The city is known for various historical landmarks like ancestral houses, more than twenty Spanish colonial stone bridges, 16th century stone crosses believed to be abodes of nature spirits, festivals, and local delicacies like lambanog and various desserts, alongside resorts and rest and recreation facilities. It was the capital of the former province of Tayabas, now Aurora and Quezon. The prevalent architectural sites of the city, including its bridges, has led numerous scholars to campaign its inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage List. It is 9 kilometers (5.6 mi) from Lucena and 139 kilometers (86 mi) from Manila and it is accessible by land from Metro Manila passing through Rizal and Laguna East Via Manila East Road or via South Luzon Expressway.

History Edit

Early history Edit

Tayabas is at the center of the province's long-settled heartland, which possessed the best lands, the oldest parishes, and the most active commercial centers. The provincial heartland was later described by Manuel L. Quezon as having the "richest and gayest places in the province."

In 1578, Fray Juan de Plasencia and Fray Diego de Oropesa, two Franciscan missionaries from Spain founded the town of Tayabas in order to spread Christianity to its natives. Prior to the occupation, however, the native Tayabenses lived in rural settlements (barangay) typical of those times, headed by chiefs and a council of elders. During this time, ancestral stones and rocks that the people believed to be abodes of nature spirits were turned to stone crosses due to the influx of Christianity. They exist up to this day, however, many have been stolen, uprooted, sold and destroyed due to the belief of foreign treasure hunters that each cross contains treasures.

Historians and archaeologists have disproved these claims by treasure hunters and have found no treasure in any archaic stone crosses in Tayabas. The destruction and uprooting of these crosses has "endangered the stone cross tradition of Tayabas."[5][6]

From 1605 to 1901, Tayabas was the capital of the Province of Tayabas, now known as Quezon. In the 19th century, Tayabas was among the biggest towns in the country. Its Minor Basilica of St. Michael the Archangel, which was enlarged in the mid-1850s, is the longest church in the country and is a lasting testament to its glorious and historic past.

In more than three centuries of Spanish occupation, only eight cities and towns were given the title of Villa, and Tayabas was one of them. These are La Villa del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus de Cebu in 1565, La Villa de Santiago de Libon (Albay, 1573), La Villa Fernandina de Vigan (Ilocos, 1574), La Villa Rica de Arevalo (Iloilo, 1581), La Noble Villa de Pila (Laguna, 1610), La Muy Noble Villa de Tayabas (Tayabas, 1703), La Villa de Bacolor (Pampanga, 1765), La Villa de Lipa (Batangas, 1887). While the others were conferred the title of noble villas, Tayabas was given the status of 'most noble' villa.

In the book "The Philippines", written by French traveler Jean Baptiste Mallat, and published in 1846, it appears that Tayabas had more than 21,000 people at that time. This was reduced to 16,000 when Lucena became an independent town in 1879. Due to low population growth during the Spanish period, this number remained unchanged until the coming of the Americans.

Philippine Revolution Edit

Casa Comunidad, a centuries-old building, is the place where Apolinario "Hermano Pule" Dela Cruz was tried and sentenced to death in 1841. It was restored in the 1990s through funds donated by the "Friends of Casa Comunidad," an organization of affluent Manila-based Tayabenses.

During the Philippine Revolution, a Spanish garrison occupying the massive church and convent buildings was besieged by Miguel Malvar's forces. The siege lasted 3 months, spanning from June 15, 1898 to August 15, 1898. The siege would end when the Spanish garrison unconditionally surrendered to Malvar's forces.

World War II Edit

Tayabas features numerous Spanish-era bridges which mirror its rich architectural past and serve as crucial connections to the city.[tone] Two of the longest bridges in Tayabas are the Malagonlong Bridge and the Malaoa bridges. During the second world war, Imperial Japanese Forces rapidly advanced toward the city, forcing the locals to rush fortifications. In a bid to slow the Japanese forces down, the locals planted explosives underneath the Malagonlong Bridge. The plan to destroy the bridge however was unsuccessful as the explosives failed to destroy the bridge. This can be attributed to the bridge's design, which was made to be extremely durable. Malagonlong Bridge was later declared a national historical site.

Later on in the war, the city of Tayabas became the target of small bombing runs from enemy forces. It again suffered a terrible blow near the end of World War II when it was completely burned to the ground after a bombing raid on 15 March 1945. Prior to that, the old houses of Tayabas rivaled those of Vigan's Spanish-era structures.

The local resistance continued their efforts to fight the Japanese all the way to when American Liberation forces and the Philippine Commonwealth troops finally secured the area.

Cityhood Edit

On July 14, 2007, the municipality held a plebiscite to ratify the conversion of the said act, with the residents voting in favor of the move, although there was a low turnout of voters for the plebiscite.

The Supreme Court declared the cityhood law of Tayabas and 15 other cities unconstitutional after a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines in its ruling on November 18, 2008. On December 22, 2009, the cityhood law of Tayabas and 15 other municipalities regain its status as cities again after the court reversed its ruling on November 18, 2008. On August 23, 2010, the court reinstated its ruling on November 18, 2008, causing Tayabas and 15 cities to become regular municipalities. Finally, on February 15, 2011, Tayabas becomes a city again including the 15 municipalities declaring that the conversion to cityhood met all legal requirements.

After six years of legal battle, in its board resolution, the League of Cities of the Philippines acknowledged and recognized the cityhood of Tayabas and 15 other cities.

Geography Edit

Barangays Edit

Tayabas is politically subdivided into 66 barangays. Each barangay consists of puroks and some have sitios.

  • Alitao
  • Alsam Ibaba
  • Alsam Ilaya
  • Alupay
  • Angeles Zone I (Poblacion)
  • Angeles Zone II
  • Angeles Zone III
  • Angeles Zone IV
  • Angustias Zone I (Poblacion)
  • Angustias Zone II
  • Angustias Zone III
  • Angustias Zone IV
  • Anos
  • Ayaas
  • Baguio
  • Banilad
  • Ibabang Bukal
  • Ilayang Bukal
  • Calantas
  • Calumpang
  • Camaysa
  • Dapdap
  • Kanlurang Domoit
  • Silangang Domoit
  • Gibanga
  • Ibas
  • Ilasan Ibaba
  • Ilasan Ilaya
  • Ipilan
  • Isabang
  • Katigan Kanluran
  • Katigan Silangan
  • Lakawan
  • Lalo
  • Lawigue
  • Lita
  • Malaoa
  • Masin
  • Mate
  • Mateuna
  • Mayowe
  • Ibabang Nangka
  • Ilayang Nangka
  • Opias
  • Ibabang Palale
  • Ilayang Palale
  • Kanlurang Palale
  • Silangang Palale
  • Pandakaki
  • Pook
  • Potol
  • San Diego Zone I (Poblacion)
  • San Diego Zone II (Poblacion)
  • San Diego Zone III
  • San Diego Zone IV
  • San Isidro Zone I (Poblacion)
  • San Isidro Zone II
  • San Isidro Zone III
  • San Isidro Zone IV
  • San Roque Zone I (Poblacion)
  • San Roque Zone II
  • Talolong
  • Tamlong
  • Tongko
  • Valencia
  • Wakas

Climate Edit

Climate data for Tayabas (1981–2010, extremes 1970–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.0
Average high °C (°F) 27.7
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.8
Average low °C (°F) 21.9
Record low °C (°F) 17.5
Average rainfall mm (inches) 163.0
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 18 13 10 9 13 15 18 17 18 22 23 22 198
Average relative humidity (%) 86 85 84 81 82 84 85 85 86 86 87 87 85
Source: PAGASA[7][8]

Demographics Edit

Population census of Tayabas
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 14,740—    
1918 14,983+0.11%
1939 18,172+0.92%
1948 16,989−0.75%
1960 25,758+3.53%
1970 35,166+3.16%
1975 37,756+1.44%
1980 42,137+2.22%
1990 54,355+2.58%
1995 64,449+3.24%
2000 70,985+2.09%
2007 87,252+2.89%
2010 91,428+1.72%
2015 99,779+1.68%
2020 112,658+2.42%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[9][10][11][12]

Economy Edit

Tayabas Public Market

The major agricultural products of Tayabas are rice and coconut. It is also known for sweet delicacies, budin (cassava cake) and lambanog.

Notable Places of Interest Edit

Tayabas is rich in history as it was the capital of Tayabas Province (Now in Quezon) during Spanish era. There are falls, caves, river, and hills/mountains to discover.

Minor Basilica of Saint Michael Archangel is considered one of the oldest and biggest church in the Philippines
Minor Basilica of St. Michael the Archangel
The Minor Basilica of St. Michael the Archangel is a Roman Catholic basilica located in Tayabas, Quezon. It is the largest Catholic church in the Province of Quezon. It is renowned for having the shape of a key. Locals often refer to the church as Susi ng Tayabas. On October 18, 1988, the title Minor Basilica was conferred by Pope John Paul II. It was proclaimed on January 21, 1989.
Casa Comunidad de Tayabas is the biggest "Bahay na Bato" ever restored by the National Historical Institute
Casa Comunidad de Tayabas
Constructed in 1831 when Don Diego Enriquez was gobernadorcillo, it is primarily designed as a guesthouse for visiting Spanish dignitaries. According to Buzeta and Brazo, Tayabas in 1851 had a Casa de Comunidad where the prison was located. The Tribunal seems to have been located in the Casa as well. In 1887, Juan Alvarez Guerra, a Spanish official, says that "beyond dispute, it is one of the best in the Philippines... It has spacious halls, magnificent decor, and ornate furniture". He adds that at one corner of the Tribunal was the telegraph station. Unfortunately, shortly after his book was written, a horrific fire consumed the building as well as others in the city. Alfred Marache locates the fire at around 1882–1883. During the American period, the reconstructed building became a public school. Thus from being the center of the local judicial system, it became the center of the community's intellectual life. It was destroyed once more in the bombing of 1945.[20] In the 2000s, Casa de Comunidad was reconstructed by the National Historical Institute. Casa de Comunidad is a national historical landmark which houses the local museum and the municipal library. It is host to many cultural and historical activities. This century old building, is the place where Apolinario "Hermano Pule" Dela Cruz was tried and sentenced to death in 1841.
Malagonlong Bridge is considered as a National Cultural Treasure and other 10 bridges in Tayabas
Malagonlong Bridge
A declared historical site by the National Historical Institute and a potential candidate for UNESCO World Heritage, Malogonlong Bridge is one of the oldest and longest stone arched bridges found in province of Quezon. It is a 136-meter-long (446 ft) bridge built between 1840 and 1850 under the direction of the "Ministro del Pueblo," Fray Antonio Mattheos, a Franciscan priest. It was the longest bridge ever made during the Spanish colonial era with approximately 100,000 adobe blocks used.
Nuestra Señora de las Angustias
Nuestra Señora de las Angustias
One of the oldest church in Tayabas. The chapel was built in 1838. In 1887, the chapel was described as having a small cloister, a modest presbytery and a sacristy to the right side of the presbytery. The walls had four windows of capiz and glass. In March 1945, the chapel was destroyed due to American bombings and only the walls remained. However, the walls served as a guide to its eventual restoration.
Santuario de las Almas
Sanctuario de las Almas
Built in 1855, the church was called "Cementerio de los Españoles" during the Spanish period. A former cemetery and now a place for devotees of San Diego de Alcala.
Camposanto de los Indios
Camposanto de los Indios
The cemetery was built in 1887. Today it is called "kamposanto". The cemetery has a gate composed of two stone column that carry a grill sign. The grills have two designs: 10 A rising sun symbolizing hope and thus a new life; 2) "O muerte, que amarga es tu memoria" (O Death, how bitter is your memory), and "Bienventurados los muertos que mueren en el Señor" (Blessed are the deceased who die in the Lord).[20]
Calle Budin
Kalye Budin is actually a short portion of Emilio Jacinto Street, a few blocks away from the public market, where local and foreign tourists drop by just to grab freshly baked budins (sold at PHP 28/USD 0.64/IDR 5,714 per cake) and other delicacies the town and the province are known for. Nilupak (pound cassava cake), halayang ube (sweet purple yam/taro), ube candy, pastillas (milk candy), espasol (sticky rice snack) and tikoy (the local version of the Chinese sticky rice cake) can also be found there. Lucban longganisa (sausage), pansit Lucban (noodles), puto seko (rice cookies) and the potent but liked lambanog (coconut wine/vodka), uraro (arrowroot cookies from Catanauan) and apas (thin sweet cookies from Sariaya), as well as mazapan (another kind of milk candy), cassava chips, fish crackers and meringue are also sold.

Culture Edit

Festival Edit

Mayohan sa Tayabas

Tayabas is also known for the annual Mayohan sa Tayabas (San Isidro Festival), celebrated every month of May. This is a harvest festival honoring San Isidro Labrador, the patron saint of farmers.[21][22] The festival is a significant event for the people of Tayabas, as it showcases their rich cultural heritage, promotes tourism in the area, and pays homage to the local farmers who have been the lifeblood of Tayabas' economy for generations.

This festival usually opens at the beginning of the month with a Parada ng Baliskog. Baliskog, the local term for welcome arch, is usually made of indigenous materials such as coco leaf, coco husk, bamboo poles, buli, rattan, dried flowers, tistis and other decors such as local flowers, corn, and palay. The parade also includes tao-tao, a local term for scarecrows used by farmers on their farms. A Parada ng Tagay is also included in the welcoming parade to promote Lambanog, the proudest product of the town. This parade is participated by some members of different barangays and also by various organizations and barangay associations.

The main highlight of this festivity is the procession of the image of San Isidro Labrador, which is held every May 15. It passes through the town center, where houses are decorated with pabitin, kiping, crops, and other indigenous materials. Men accompanying the procession will participate in Hagisan ng Suman, in which massive amounts of suman will be thrown at the crowd. Suman is considered a ritual gift by the Tayabasin people. It is believed that it will bring prosperity and luck. An estimate of at least 12,000 pieces of suman are thrown every Mayohan Festival.[23][24] The pabitin, which are tied with suman and other summer fruits like banana, pineapple, buko, and mango, will be emptied as soon as the image of San Isidro Labrador passes by.[25][22]

Transportation Edit

Jeepneys and tricycles are common options when travelling to destinations within the downtown and the city.

Notable personalities Edit

  • Orlando Nadres (1938–1991) – writer
  • Ireneo Samaniego – Leader of the Tayabas Regiment stationed in Malate, Manila who fought the Spaniards at Fort Santiago in 1843 to avenge the death of Hermano Pule.
  • Bishop Alfredo Maria Obviar – first bishop of the Diocese of Lucena, founder of MCST, declared a Servant of God
  • Hermana Fausta Labrador – born in Tayabas/founder of Sacred Heart College (Lucena City). her father's surname was originally San Agustin until he changed it to Labrador in compliance with the decree of Governor General Narciso Claveria
  • Paraluman (Sigrid Sophia Agatha von Giese y de Torres) – December 4, 1923 – April 27, 2009 – Award-winning actress active from the 1940s to the 1970s
  • Isidro Cabuyao Sia – 1992 TOYM awardee for Pharmacology
  • Victor Emmanuel Carmelo "Vim" D. Nadera, Jr. – 2003 TOYM awardee for Literature
  • Heidi Lloce Mendoza – Undersecretary General for the United Nations Office of Internal Oversight. The truth teller during the anomaly in AFP, and Quezon Medalya ng Karangalan awardee.
  • Belen Palad – Quezon Medalya ng Karangalan Awardee 2013 Agriculture
  • Tommy Abuel – a multi-awarded actor in the Philippines.

Sister cities Edit

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ City of Tayabas | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  5. ^ "Home". tayabas.ph.
  6. ^ "The strange stone crosses of Tayabas". October 22, 2017.
  7. ^ "Tayabas, Quezon Climatological Normal Values". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  8. ^ "Tayabas, Quezon Climatological Extremes". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  9. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  10. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. National Statistics Office. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  11. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. National Statistics Office.
  12. ^ "Province of Quezon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  13. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  14. ^ "Estimation of Local Poverty in the Philippines" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. November 29, 2005.
  15. ^ "2003 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. March 23, 2009.
  16. ^ "City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates; 2006 and 2009" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. August 3, 2012.
  17. ^ "2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. May 31, 2016.
  18. ^ "Municipal and City Level Small Area Poverty Estimates; 2009, 2012 and 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. July 10, 2019.
  19. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  20. ^ a b Ateneo Cultural Laboratory Report on Tayabas, Quezon.
  21. ^ Llemit, Kathleen A. "WATCH: Soles, suman, bills at Hagisan ng Suman for Mayohan sa Tayabas 2023". Philstar.com. Retrieved May 16, 2023.
  22. ^ a b Cornelio, Jayeel. "Religious Rituals in Tayabas, Quezon, Philippines". {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  23. ^ Unang Hirit: Unang Hirit, nakisaya sa Mayohan Festival!, retrieved May 7, 2023
  24. ^ "12,000 pirasong suman, inihahagis tuwing Mayohan Festival sa Tayabas, Quezon | I Juander - video Dailymotion". Dailymotion. May 23, 2022. Retrieved May 7, 2023.
  25. ^ Joan (May 12, 2021). "Mayohan sa Tayabas Festival 2018 | Come one, Come all!". The Cheerful Spirit. Retrieved May 7, 2023.

External links Edit

Preceded byas Capital of Kalilayan Capital of Tayabas
Succeeded by