Tancred Ibsen

Tancred Ibsen (11 July 1893 – 4 December 1978) was a Norwegian officer, pilot, film director, and screenwriter. [1]

Tancred Ibsen
Tancibsen.jpg
Tancred Ibsen
Born(1893-07-11)11 July 1893
Gausdal, Norway
Died4 December 1978(1978-12-04) (aged 85)
Oslo, Norway
OccupationFilm director, screenwriter, officer, and pilot
Spouse(s)Lillebil Ibsen
ChildrenTancred Ibsen, Jr.
Parent(s)Sigurd Ibsen and Bergljot Bjørnson

BackgroundEdit

Ibsen was the son of Sigurd Ibsen and Bergljot Bjørnson. He was the grandson of both Henrik Ibsen and Nobel laureate Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson. He married dancer and actress Lillebil Ibsen in 1919, and remained married to her until his death in 1978. His son Tancred Ibsen, Jr. (1921–2015) was a Norwegian diplomat.[2][3]

Aviation careerEdit

In 1917, Tancred Ibsen started the training for pilot at Kjeller Airport and entered his career in the Norwegian Army Air Service. He started the first civilian active airplane company, A/S Aero in 1920, financed by his uncle, businessman Einar Bjørnson, and two shipowners. The company successfully operated demonstration, advertising, and limited mail flights with Ibsen as the head pilot. The company also chartered airplanes to the Det Norske Luftfartrederi routes in southern Norway. The activity of A/S Aero ended, with the company becoming part of the aircraft factory A/S Norske Aeroplanfabrik in Tønsberg.[4][5]

Film careerEdit

A 1923 trip to New York and a screening of D. W. Griffith's Orphans of the Storm inspired Ibsen with the potential of filmmaking. He spent the next two years in Los Angeles, working at Metro Goldwyn Mayer as a handyman, electrician, and finally in the script department.[6]

Ibsen's return to Norway and directoral debut in 1931 was Norway's first feature-length sound film, Den store barnedåpen. Through the 1930s he would "dominate" the nation's film industry,[7] together with Leif Sinding (1895–1985) . Ibsen produced conventional melodramas more or less on the model of Hollywood films. In 1940 he returned to active military service against Operation Weserübung but continued to produce films through 1942.[8]

After the war, Ibsen took on the project To mistenkelige personer (1950), based on a 1933 book by Gunnar Larsen about a real-life 1926 killing. The completed film was banned by the Supreme Court of Norway, based on the privacy rights of one of the figures in the real-life killing, still alive.[9]

Second World WarEdit

Ibsen was arrested on 17 August 1943 during the Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany. He was imprisoned in Schildberg and then Luckenwalde until the camp was liberated.[10]

Selected filmographyEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tancred Ibsen". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  2. ^ "Lillebil Ibsen". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  3. ^ "Tancred Ibsen - diplomat". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  4. ^ Rob Mulder. "Tancred Ibsen and A/S Aero". europeanairlines.no. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  5. ^ "A/S Norsk Aeroplanfabrik (1918-1921)". europeanairlines.no. June 16, 2010. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  6. ^ Nordic National Cinemas, edited by Gunnar Iverson, Astrid Soderbergh Widding, Tytti Soila, page 105
  7. ^ Nordic National Cinemas, edited by Gunnar Iverson, Astrid Soderbergh Widding, Tytti Soila, page 105
  8. ^ "Leif Sinding". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  9. ^ "Gunnar Larsen". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  10. ^ Ottosen, Kristian, ed. (2004). Nordmenn i fangenskap 1940–1945 (in Norwegian) (2nd ed.). Oslo: Universitetsforlaget. p. 336. ISBN 82-15-00288-9.
  11. ^ "Ibsen, Tancred". Store Norske Leksikon. 7. Kunnskapsforlaget. 2005. p. 363.
  12. ^ "Forbudt film frigjøres for offentligheten: To mistenkelige personer". Norwegian Film Institute. 29 January 2007. Archived from the original on 5 February 2007. Retrieved 20 June 2007.
  13. ^ Ibsen, Tancred; Committee, International Olympic; Ibsen, Tancred; Committee, International Olympic (2017), Oslo 1952 : official film (in Norwegian), International Olympic Committee. Lausanne, retrieved 2020-04-04

External linksEdit