Gausdal is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Gudbrandsdal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Segalstad bru. Follebu is a township and sub-parish in eastern Gausdal.
|Administrative centre||Segalstad bru|
|• Mayor (2011)||Hans Oddvar Høistad (Arbeiderpartiet)|
|• Total||1,192 km2 (460 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,149 km2 (444 sq mi)|
|Area rank||84 in Norway|
|• Rank||163 in Norway|
|• Density||5/km2 (10/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||−2.1%|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-3441|
|Official language form||Neutral|
The Old Norse form of the name was Gausdalr. The first element is the river name Gausa and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". The river name is derived from the verb gjósa which means "stream forcefully".
In the 1880s, there was mining for nickel in Espedalen. The search for nickel was taken up again in 2004 by Blackstone Venture, a Canadian company. As of 2006, they are still drilling for mineral samples only.
The municipality of Gausdal was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). Gausdal was divided into the separate municipalities of Vestre Gausdal and Østre Gausdal in 1879, but they were reunited into one municipality in 1962.
Gausdal is bordered on the northwest by Sør-Fron municipality, on the northeast by Ringebu and Øyer, on the southeast by Lillehammer, on the south by Nordre Land, on the southwest by Nord-Aurdal and Øystre Slidre.
A popular ski area is located on the south slope of Skeikampen mountain.
Western tributaries of the Gudbrandsdalslågen include the Gausa River, which flows through Gausdal valley.
Norway's smallest national park, Ormtjernkampen National Park, lies within the municipality.
- Abraham Pihl (1756 in Gausdal – 1821) a Norwegian clergyman, astronomer and architect
- Hakon Adelsteen Sommerfeldt (1811 in Gausdal – 1888) a Norwegian naval officer and ship designer
- Sigurd Fougner (1879 in Østre Gausdal – 1959) a Norwegian Supreme Court judge
- Reidar Engjom, (Norwegian Wiki) (1907 - Gausdal - 1970) a Norwegian politician
- Simen Fougner (1701 in Follebu – 1783) a Norwegian farmer, poet and non-fiction writer
- Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson (1832–1910) a Norwegian author and Nobel Prize in Literature winner in 1903; lived in Aulestad in Follebu, 1874-1910
- Iver Holter (1850 in Gausdal – 1941) a composer and conductor of the Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra 1882-1886
- Ole Amundsen Buslett (1855 in Gausdal – 1924) Norwegian-American author, newspaperman, and politician
- Clara Tschudi (1856–1945) a Norwegian writer; lived in Gausdal
- Hans Aanrud (1863–1953) a writer of plays, poetry and stories of rural life in Gudbrandsdalen; raised in Auggedalen
- Inge Krokann (1893 – 1962 in Gausdal) a writer who wrote idiosyncratic nynorsk works
- Carl Gustav Sparre Olsen (1903–1984) a violinist and composer of Norwegian folk tunes; lived in Gausdal 1947-1966
- Magne Elvestrand (1914 in Østre Gausdal – 1991) a pianist, harpsichordist and organist
- Else Kveine, (Norwegian Wiki) (1933 in Gausdal - 2013) a Norwegian poet
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
- Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Kristians amt (in Norwegian) (4 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 183.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Archived from the original on 2007-07-15. Retrieved 2008-12-30.
- "Om Gausdal" (in Norwegian). Gausdal kommune. Archived from the original on 2009-08-21. Retrieved 2008-12-30.
- "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- "Vennskapstreff i Mora" (in Norwegian). Gausdal kommune. Retrieved 2008-12-30.[permanent dead link]
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